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한국외국어대학교 언어연구소> 언어와 언어학> On Knowledge of Binding Principles A and B by Adult Korean Learners of English

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On Knowledge of Binding Principles A and B by Adult Korean Learners of English

William Rago , Seok Hoon You , Eun Jeong Oh
  • : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소
  • : 언어와 언어학 51권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2011년 06월
  • : 129-155(27pages)
언어와 언어학

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In her study on the acquisition of Principle B with adult French- and Japanese-speaking learners of English, White (1998) showed that in adult SLA Principle B is not problematic, that Principles A and B emerge together, and suggested adults have Principle P. In their study of Sensitive Period Effects Lee and Schacter (1997) suggested that their adult Korean-speaking learners of English did not make the distinction between coindexation and coreference; Principle A emerges before B. This study partially replicates Lee and Schacter (1997) with three proficiency groups of adult Korean speakers and shows that knowledge of Principles A and B are shown to emerge together.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2016-700-000450395

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 언어학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-4967
  • : 2671-7581
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1973-2022
  • : 923


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98권0호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
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1A Form Set Approach to the CSC

저자 : Jaejun Kim , Myung-kwan Park

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-30 (30 pages)

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Since the formulation of the Coordinate Structure Constraint (CSC), extraction from coordinate structures has been observed to be illegitimate, but it is empirically challenged by exceptional cases. Given this, we propose that conjuncts in general are base-generated by Form Set (Chomsky 2020, 2021), being subject to the parallel structure constraint; extraction occurs in an across-the-board mode, capturing the CSC. Concerning the exceptional VP conjuncts where asymmetric extraction is allowed, we argue that they are properly labeled in the mode of syntactic restructuring (Choe 1988; Wurmbrand 2001) (Kim and Park 2021, 2022); accordingly, the requirement of the single event structure (Truswell 2007) is met, feeding sub-extraction. In short, this paper deduces the CSC by resorting to Form Set in tandem with labeling via restructuring.

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2한국어, 영어, 중국어, 일본어 수동표현의 사용빈도 비교 - 신약성경 사도행전을 중심으로 -

저자 : 송경안 ( Kyung-an Song )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-57 (27 pages)

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In some languages, active voice can usually be converted to passive voice without any problems. However, there are languages in which the use of the passive voice is quite restricted. This paper analyzes the frequency of the passive voice in Korean, English, Chinese, and Japanese based on the text of the Book of Acts in the New Testament. In the English text, 302 passive constructions were identified, while the Korean, the Chinese and the Japanese text used 198, 104, 215 passive constructions respectively. Korean and Japanese showed no meaningful difference. The four languages also showed differences in the number of passive markers or forms and their usages. Japanese has a single marker for passive voice. In English, two forms are used: the be-passive and the get-passive. The situations of the two other languages are quite different. In Korean, we could enumerate eight or more passive markers. Chinese grammars usually classify four or five passive markers, although some grammarians count twelve passive markers in Chinese. In Korean, eight markers were used with significant frequencies(more than nine cases). In Chinese, the bei(被)-type was mainly used (75 of 104 cases), and the shou(受)-type showed a frequency of 27. We did not find any other passive markers with a significant frequency in the Chinese text.

KCI등재

3The interactional functions of the Korean response tokens kulehci and maca

저자 : Sue Y. Yoon

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-85 (27 pages)

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This study applies conversation analysis to examine a collection of naturally occurring telephone calls to examine how Korean speakers differentiate their use of kulehci and maca in social interactions in which they exchange information or opinions. When they occur as freestanding tokens or are prefaced by a 'yes'-type token (e.g., ung and e), kulehci serves to indicate its producer's lack of ability or rights to fully affiliate with a stance conveyed in a prior turn, whereas maca displays its producer's ability or rights to fully endorse. In the case of kulehci and maca accompanied by the same speaker's additional talk, kulehci tokens are routinely followed by a reformulation of the prior speaker's talk, while maca tokens are followed by the addition of a new piece of information or opinion to an ongoing topic.

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4한국어 우언 조사의 결합 관계와 의미의 종합적 검토

저자 : 정해권 ( Jeong Haegwon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-111 (25 pages)

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In the grammaticalization of postpositions in Korean, certain periphrastic constructions may develop, and if these are not recognized as a grammatical unit, the meaning of sentences may be misunderstood. About sixty periphrastic postpositions are used in modern Korean, and they are grammaticalized as not only oblique markers but also delimiters. Additionally, some have similar meanings and show layering in the grammaticalization process, and their specialized meaning differences are revealed in contexts combined with different postpositions. The periphrastic postposition i/ka anila has developed like a delimiter and is one of the most frequently used, and serves as another periphrastic postposition combined with ppun and man.

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5문법 형태의 다의성에 반영된 은유와 환유 - 희망표현 '았/었으면 좋겠다'를 중심으로-

저자 : 함계임 ( Hahm Kye Im )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 98권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-136 (24 pages)

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This study found a problem arising in the use and biased meanings that is not pragmatically smooth due to the multi-sense meaning of '-at/eot umyeon joketta', one of the Korean expressions of hope, and determined that one of its causes is the system of textbooks and grammar books and the contents of the description without set standards. Therefore, in this study, a corpus search was performed to collect the instances where '-at/eot umyeon joketta' is used. A total 150 sentences were extracted through the corpus search, and all 4 meanings of '-at/eot umyeon joketta' were found to be used, including hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action and hope for the resolution of complaint. Examining each semantic component, the hope for the impossible, hope for a possibility, hope in request for action were observed to be in metaphorical expansion relationship with one another :the hope for complaint resolution was extended from the hope for action request. It is expanded from the adjacent meanings and it was confirmed that relationship was one of metonymous expansion. This result was confirmed that the left and right(road) extensions in the male form of '-at/eot umyeon joketta'were metaphorical and upper and lower(length) extensions were metonymous. This can be applied to instruction on the use polysemous grammar forms.

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1A Note on the Generic Usage of the Old English Demonstrative þæt in Beowulf

저자 : Yoo Kang Kim

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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The Old English demonstrative þæt is used with members of the neuter gender-class in nominative and accusative cases in the singular. Millar (1994) manifests that in Middle English the historical neuter form þæt begins to lose its morphological field, being developed as a gender-neutral demonstrative. Investigating 112 cases where þæt is used as a demonstrative adjective or pronoun in the Old English poem of Beowulf, this article presents that þæt starts to be used as a gender-neutral or number-neutral demonstrative earlier than Millar assumes. The result of this paper reveals that the majority of examples of þæt exhibit gender-neutral realization and the generic use of þæt is fairly widespread in OE, at least at the time of composition of Beowulf.

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2An Argument against Distributed Morphology

저자 : Sang Doh Park

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 19-43 (25 pages)

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Since Chomsky (1970) discussed the derivation of nominalization, many researchers have been actively engaged in the debates over to what extent the system for word formation differs from the mechanism of syntactic operations. Those in support of what is often called lexicalism claim that the word system operates independently of the syntax whereas the proponents of Distributed Morphology suggest a unified generative system for both words and phrases. The current paper evaluates these two approaches as they relate to middle constructions, and justifies the necessity of lexicalism by presenting empirical facts that cannot be properly accounted for in the framework of Distributed Morphology.

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3A Corpus Analysis of Grammatical Evolutions of Korean Positive Causal Expressions

저자 : Mi Kyung Ahn , Sung A Kim

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 45-70 (26 pages)

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This study aims at demonstrating that high frequency is not a motivating factor for grammaticalization but is the result of it by exploring grammatical evolutions of Korean positive causal expressions tekpwuney and tekey. The grammatical item tekpwuney has undergone 'polygrammaticalization (Craig 1991).' However, the noun t다 with -ey has not fully grammaticalized, and retained [+N] feature: The noun tek was modified by the possessive -uy, adjectives, and the modifying suffix -n. Along with the different morphosyntactic changes, tekpwuney and tekey have also different degrees of desemantization. This difference in grammaticalization degree of tekey and tekpwuney led to the difference in text frequency of the two expressions.

KCI등재

4영어 발음평가에서 한국인 평가자의 영어 숙련도에 따른 타당성 및 신뢰도

저자 : 윤원희 ( Weon Hee Yun )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 71-94 (24 pages)

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Accuracy judgment of non-native speakers`` English pronunciation may vary depending not only on what criteria raters set up in the pronunciation evaluation but also on whether or not raters are native speakers. As non-native raters, raters`` English proficiency could be a factor disrupting the consistency of the evaluation. Through Cronbach``s alpha and corrected item-total correlations as well as open correlations this study aims to see if there is any difference in consistency and evaluation patterns between three types of raters grouped by English proficiency. The results show the highest proficiency group composed of teachers is more reliable than the other two groups, suggesting a better consistency can be achieved by evaluation training and consistency is not much related to the raters`` English proficiency. We also found that the evaluation pattern of the teacher raters is similar to the higher proficiency student raters, suggesting high proficiency raters may share the implicit and intuitive pronunciation norm referred when raters set up their evaluation criteria. This implies that the different proficiency raters may have different pronunciation norms.

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5"개구리 이야기"내러티브 분석을 통한 국어와 영어 사용 아동의 명사수식절(名詞修飾節) 활용 비교

저자 : 전종섭 ( Jong Sup Jun ) , 이유리 ( Yu Ri Lee )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 95-127 (33 pages)

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The goal of this paper is to investigate the factors that determine Korean- and English-speaking children``s use of Noun-Modifying Clauses(=NMCs) using their speech transcripts. To this end, we interviewed 17 Korean children from age 5 to 12, and collected their narration of Mercer Mayer``s 'Frog Story' picture book. We supplemented the data with 17 English-speaking children``s 'Frog Story' narratives in the CHILDES(MacWhinney & Snow 1985) database. After we extracted NMCs from the corpora, we analyzed the frequency distribution using log-linear modeling. The result shows that children``s use of NMCs is determined by all two-way interactions among 'kinds of language,' 'children``s age,' and 'types of NMC.' We also found that the animacy of the modified noun is significantly involved in children``s use of relative clauses.

KCI등재

6On Knowledge of Binding Principles A and B by Adult Korean Learners of English

저자 : William Rago , Seok Hoon You , Eun Jeong Oh

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2011 페이지 : pp. 129-155 (27 pages)

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In her study on the acquisition of Principle B with adult French- and Japanese-speaking learners of English, White (1998) showed that in adult SLA Principle B is not problematic, that Principles A and B emerge together, and suggested adults have Principle P. In their study of Sensitive Period Effects Lee and Schacter (1997) suggested that their adult Korean-speaking learners of English did not make the distinction between coindexation and coreference; Principle A emerges before B. This study partially replicates Lee and Schacter (1997) with three proficiency groups of adult Korean speakers and shows that knowledge of Principles A and B are shown to emerge together.

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