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대한피부과학회> 대한피부과학회지> 원저 : 수두와 대상포진 환자에서 수두대상포진 바이러스에 대한 혈청 내 면역글로불린 M, G의 임상적 의의

KCI등재SCOUPUS

원저 : 수두와 대상포진 환자에서 수두대상포진 바이러스에 대한 혈청 내 면역글로불린 M, G의 임상적 의의

Original Article : Clinical Significance of Serum Varicella Zoster Virus Immunoglobulin M and G in Varicella and Herpes Zoster

김영균 ( Young Gyun Kim ) , 백준오 ( Jun Oh Paek ) , 김정수 ( Joung Soo Kim ) , 유희준 ( Hee Joon Yu )
  • : 대한피부과학회
  • : 대한피부과학회지 53권6호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2015년 07월
  • : 441-448(8pages)
대한피부과학회지

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Background: The presence of serum varicella zoster virus (VZV) immunoglobulin M and G (IgM and IgG) aid diagnosis of and confirmation of immunization against varicella and herpes zoster. However, the relationship between serum VZV IgM and IgG and the clinical characteristics of VZV infection remains unclear. Objective: We evaluated quantitative changes in serum VZV IgM and IgG in accordance with the clinical features of varicella, herpes zoster, and disseminated herpes zoster compared with a normal control group. Methods: A total of 922 patients were classified into 3 groups: varicella, herpes zoster, and disseminated herpes zoster. We assessed serum VZV IgM and IgG titers in association with age, severity of skin lesions, duration of skin lesions, immune status, and neurologic complications. Results: In patients with varicella and herpes zoster, serum antibody titer varied significantly depending on age and the duration of skin lesions. A high serum VZV IgM titer was related to varicella or disseminated herpes zoster viremia. In herpes zoster, elevated antibody titers, especially VZV IgM, were associated with severe skin lesions and the presence of neurologic complications. Conclusion: Serologic data for varicella and herpes zoster varied according to clinical features. A high serum VZV IgM titer was associated with an unfavorable clinical course of herpes zoster. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):441∼ 448)

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2015-500-001886428

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 피부과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 월간
  • : 0494-4739
  • : 2713-7627
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1960-2022
  • : 9674


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60권4호(2022년 05월) 수록논문
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1한국인 50세 이상 여성의 안면 피부 노화와 생활습관 간의 상관관계

저자 : 김승미 ( Seung-mee Kim ) , 이영윤 ( Young Yoon Lee ) , 황초롱 ( Cho-long Hwang ) , 신정민 ( Jung-min Shin ) , 권인선 ( In-sun Kwon ) , 박상현 ( Sang-hyun Park ) , 정경은 ( Kyung Eun Jung ) , 김창덕 ( Chang-deok Kim ) , 서영준 ( Young-joon Seo ) , 홍동균 ( Dongkyun Hong ) , 이영 ( Young L

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 201-208 (8 pages)

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Background: Skin aging can be divided into intrinsic and extrinsic processes, and occur due to several factors. Although the interest in skin youthfulness is increasing globally, research on facial skin youthfulness and lifestyle is limited.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the association between facial skin youthfulness and biophysical facial skin parameters in Korean women over 50 years of age. We further investigated lifestyle factors that make people appear younger than their chronological age.
Methods: We surveyed the essential information and lifestyle of subjects by questionnaires, and measured the biophysical parameters of the facial skin. We then performed clinical facial assessments, and the values were compared with the chronologic age. The associations between age differences, biophysical parameters, and living habits were evaluated.
Results: We identified a positive correlation between age and melanin index (r=0.245, p<0.001) and erythema index (r=0.119, p=0.002). The melanin index was statistically significantly lower in the group without regular outdoor activities (144.66±43.24 vs. 137.00±55.48, p=0.043). The melanin index and erythema index were the significant differences that defined younger perceived age than chronological age. The perceived age was younger in the group who wore a hat when performing outdoor activities than the group who did not (3.70±1.84 vs. 3.40±1.94, p=0.034).
Conclusion: To retain youthful skin, it is essential to reduce sun exposure, as this factor can affect the melanin and erythema indices by inducing photoaging. Therefore, avoiding the sun bia proper methods, such as wearing a hat and sunscreen during outdoor activities, is recommended to maintain skin youthfulness. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4): 201∼208)

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2대상포진 예방접종이 고령에서 발생하는 대상포진의 임상양상 및 경과에 미치는 영향: 단일기관의 5년간 후향적 연구

저자 : 김중호 ( Joong Ho Kim ) , 이수경 ( Soo Kyung Lee ) , 김명신 ( Myoung Shin Kim ) , 이운하 ( Un Ha Lee )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 209-219 (11 pages)

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Background: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a neurocutaneous disease caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus after primary infection. In Korea, it is recommended that all adults aged >60 be vaccinated against HZ. However, breakthrough infection with HZ can occur infrequently in vaccinated individuals.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the HZ vaccine on the clinical manifestations and courses of HZ in immunocompetent elderly individuals aged 60 years and older.
Methods: Among 848 immunocompetent HZ patients, 52 were vaccinated and 796 were unvaccinated. From this cohort, we chose 156 unvaccinated patients through a 1:3 propensity score matching analysis using three parameters; age, sex, and involved dermatome. We subsequently compared the clinical manifestations and courses between the vaccinated (n=52) and unvaccinated (n=156) groups.
Results: The vaccinated group had a lower peak numeric rating scale pain score and a lower rate of consultation with the pain control clinic than the opposite. Additionally, mild skin lesions without vesicles were more frequent in the vaccinated group than in the opposite. The vaccinated group had a shorter duration of total follow-up, shorter antiviral treatment period, lower admission rate, and shorter hospital stay than the opposite. Although postherpetic neuralgia occurred more frequently in the unvaccinated group than in the unvaccinated group, the incidences of other HZ-related complications showed no significant difference between the two groups.
Conclusion: Despite the possibility of breakthrough infection, the HZ vaccine should be recommended in the elderly as it can weaken the clinical features and course of the disease. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):209∼219)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3건선관절염을 동반한 중등증 및 중증 건선 환자에서 Secukinumab의 건강관련 삶의 질 개선 효과에 관한 후향적 연구

저자 : 홍용준 ( Yong Jun Hong ) , 고강민 ( Gang Min Go ) , 김미리 ( Miri Kim )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 220-227 (8 pages)

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Background: Psoriasis is a relapsing inflammatory skin disorder that can affect the nails and joints. Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) occurs in up to 30% of patients with psoriasis, leading to chronic articular pain, and impairing quality of life. Secukinumab is a human monoclonal antibody targeting interleukin-17A that has been shown to effectively improve the clinical signs and symptoms of PsA.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of secukinumab on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Korean PsA patients.
Methods: We retrospectively investigated the medical records and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) scores of 13 patients with PsA who completed the psoriatic arthritis impact of disease 12-item questionnaire (PsAID-12) before and 3 months after receiving secukinumab treatment between October 2019 and August 2021 in Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital.
Results: At week 12, significant reductions in the total and each item PsAID-12 and mean PASI score were observed (p<0.01). The mean decrease of total PsAID-12 score was 4.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.74∼5.86), with the greatest improvement observed in the item of 'embarrassment' (7.15; 95% CI, 5.59∼8.72). Of the 13 patients, 11 (84.6%) and 5 (38.5%) achieved PASI75 and PASI90 response, respectively.
Conclusion: This study showed that secukinumab improves the HRQOL of patients with PsA, implying a positive influence of secukinumab on patients' physical and mental status in a real-world clinical setting. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):220∼227)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4The Importance of Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Epidermal Cysts and Lipomas in the Field of Dermatology

저자 : Kihyuk Shin , Sang-hyeon Won , Chankue Park , Gun-wook Kim , Hoon-soo Kim , Hyun-chang Ko , Moon-bum Kim , Byung-soo Kim

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 228-234 (7 pages)

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Background: Ultrasonography (US) is a simple and reliable tool that can aid in the diagnosis of benign subcutaneous lesions such as epidermal cysts and lipomas.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of US for the differential diagnosis of epidermal cysts and lipomas.
Methods: A retrospective study of 100 patients with epidermal cysts (n=45) or lipomas (n=55) who underwent US and then received a pathological diagnosis in the dermatology department of Pusan National University Hospital was conducted.
Results: US and clinical impressions accurately diagnosed the epidermal cysts in 90.0% and 88.0% of the patients, respectively, and the lipomas in 92.0% and 88.0% of the patients, respectively. US combined with clinical impression significantly increased the diagnostic yield of epidermal cysts (98%) and lipomas (99%). On US, the frequency of posterior acoustic enhancement was higher for the epidermal cysts than for the lipomas (82.2% and 29.1%, respectively; p<0.001), and striated echoes such as internal linear echogenic reflections and dark clefts were more frequently found in the lipomas than in the epidermal cysts (90.9% and 6.7%, respectively; p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study implies that the diagnostic role of US can be greatly enhanced by knowledge of the clinical presentation. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):228∼234)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Anxiety Sensitivity and Psychological Distress in Patients with Rosacea: A Questionnaire-Based Study

저자 : Hyo-eun Kwon , Hye-jin Ahn , Min Kyung Shin

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 235-241 (7 pages)

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Background: Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the skin of the central face. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to the fear of sensations and symptoms arising from an expected experience of anxiety. High AS can cause anxiety disorders. Several studies have evaluated depression in patients with rosacea; however, AS has not yet been investigated.
Objective: We aimed to investigate AS, depression, and quality of life in patients with rosacea.
Methods: Eighty-five patients with rosacea and 85 controls (aged>18 years) were enrolled in the study. The severity of rosacea was evaluated according to the standard guidelines of the National Rosacea Society. Patients with rosacea and controls were asked to complete the Korean version of the anxiety sensitivity index-revised (ASI-R), beck depression inventory (BDI), and dermatology life quality index (DLQI).
Results: The ASI, BDI, and DLQI scores were significantly higher in patients with rosacea than in controls (p< 0.001). In particular, the cardiovascular subscale of the ASI was significantly increased in patients with rosacea. The ASI and BDI scores were significantly correlated. DLQI scores were weakly correlated with ASI compared with BDI scores in patients with rosacea.
Conclusion: Our study is the first to report that AS is elevated in patients with rosacea. It is necessary to consider the anxiety-related symptoms of patients with rosacea, as they may benefit from psychological intervention to alleviate distress. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):235∼241)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6A Study on the Correlation of Skin Types with Genetic Factors and Environmental Factors in Koreans

저자 : Kui Young Park , Jun Ki Hong , Sun Hye Shin , Young Gue Koh , Hye Sung Han , Nam Ju Moon , Gun Young Ahn , Seong Jun Seo

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 242-253 (12 pages)

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Background: The Baumann skin type (BST) classification provides a new approach for clinical care of dermatologic patients.
Objective: To investigate the correlation of skin types with genetic factors and environmental factors that have an important influence on Korean skin by comparing and analyzing the correlation between phenotype and genotype.
Methods: From July to October 2016, 774 adults who visited the one online shopping mall were subjected to skin BST questionnaire and gene single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) tests. Oral epithelial cells of the subjects were collected using a Genoplan DNA analysis kit, and 14 genes were analyzed by a genetic analysis agency (Genoplan Inc., Fukuoka, Japan).
Results: The most abundant skin type was OSNT (oily, sensitive, non-pigmented, tight) observed in 205 participants (26.5%). Of the filaggrin (FLG) SNPs, 143 participants (18.5%) had the GG (good) SNP; 391 (50.5%), GA (normal) SNP; and 240 (31.0%), AA (poor) SNP. Among those whose FLG SNP was GG (good), 121 (84.6%) were sensitive and 22 (15.4%) were resistant. Of those whose filaggrin (FLG) SNP was GA (normal), 337 (86.2%) were sensitive and 54 (13.8%) were resistant. Of those whose FLG SNP was AA (poor), 213 (88.8%) were sensitive and 27 (11.3%) were resistant. There was also a statistically significant difference in the fruit-vegetable consumption and use of a sunbathing bed between sensitive and resistant type in the groups that classified the FLG SNP as GA.
Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate the association of BST with genetic factors and environmental factors. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):242∼253)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7전완부의 덩이로 발견된 근육내 전이성 투명세포신세포암 1예

저자 : 최연구 ( Yeon-gu Choi ) , 이현주 ( Heun Joo Lee ) , 김원석 ( Won-serk Kim ) , 이가영 ( Ga-young Lee ) , 최영준 ( Young Jun Choi )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 254-257 (4 pages)

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Cutaneous metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) present as rapidly growing erythematous or purple-round nodules. An 88-year-old male presented with a solitary, deep-seated firm mass on his left forearm that had persisted for 3 years. Ultrasonography revealed an hypervascular mass with rich vessels. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.6×1.6×3.3 cm sized, high T2-weighted signal intensity mass at brachioradialis muscle. Histopathologic examination revealed cells with atypical, pleomorphic, oval to spindle-shaped nuclei, and clear cytoplasm with an alveolar pattern within an unencapsulated, lobulated mass. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the tumor cells were positive for PAX8, CD10, epithelial membrane antigen, and vimentin. Ultrasonography of the urinary tract revealed a lesion suspected to be RCC, which was thought to be the primary tumor. As our patient showed peculiar clinical symptoms and the primary tumor was later diagnosed as a metastatic lesion inversely, we report a rare case of metastatic RCC with an intramuscular mass on the forearm. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):254∼257)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8가족력이 있으면서 임상적 진단이 어려웠던 결절흑색종 1예

저자 : 정서미곤 ( Seo Mi Gon Jeong ) , 윤태진 ( Tae Jin Yoon )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 258-261 (4 pages)

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Nodular melanoma is a malignant melanoma which presents as blackish-brown or colorless nodules. Nodular melanoma shows rapid growth compared to other melanoma subtypes, and often exhibits clinical features that do not correspond to the ABCD rules, which is key in differentiating melanoma. This makes nodular melanoma difficult to differentiate from the initially suspected melanoma. As such, diagnosis of nodular melanoma is commonly delayed, and is therefore often identified at an advanced stage. Here, we report a case of nodular melanoma in a young man with a family history of melanoma. We emphasize the importance of early diagnosis through biopsy for malignant melanoma, which is difficult to differentiate based on clinical features. (Korean J Dermatol 2022;60(4):258∼261)

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9면역기능 정상 성인에서 겨드랑 부위에 발생한 모낭염 양상의 전염성 연속종

저자 : 김동성 , 허재영 , 박태흠 , 김우일 , 조문균 , 김수영

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 262-263 (2 pages)

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10저절로 호전된 원인 불명의 붉은 에크린색한증 1예

저자 : 이상균 , 홍승필

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 60권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 264-265 (2 pages)

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KCI등재SCOUPUS

1원저 : 안산 및 경기 서남부 지역 소아 감염 피부 질환의 기술 역학적 고찰(2003∼2013)

저자 : 이지민 ( Ji Min Lee ) , 김일환 ( Il Hwan Kim )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 423-429 (7 pages)

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Background: Pediatric infectious skin diseases are different from their counterparts in adults, since the sources of infection and disease progressions are distinct. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of epidemiologic studies of pediatric infectious skin diseases in Korea. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution of pediatric infectious skin diseases in the Ansan and Southwestern area of Gyeonggi-do, and to compare the results with previous reports about general pediatric dermatoses. Methods: The authors retrospectively evaluated 4,366 cases of pediatric infectious skin diseases from July 2003 to June 2013 in the Department of Dermatology at Korea University Ansan Hospital. The monthly, seasonal, and annual incidences, as well as the ages and genders of the patients were evaluated. Results: The study included 2004 (45.0%) girls and 2362 (55.0%) boys. The most frequent age of infection was 4 to 6 years old (range 0∼15 years), and the peak incidences occurred in July, August, and January. The most common infectious dermatoses were viral (76.0%), bacterial (11.5%), fungal (8.3%), and parasitic (4.0%). The 10 most common pediatric infectious skin diseases were viral wart (45.8%), molluscum contagiosum (20.9%), impetigo (10.3%), tinea (7.1%), scabies (3.8%), herpes zoster (2.5%), varicella (1.6%), herpes simplex (1.5%), eczema herpeticum (1.1%), and cellulitis (0.9%). Conclusion: Compared to previously published reports, the distribution of pediatric infectious skin diseases has changed and was different from general pediatric dermatoses. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):423∼429)

KCI등재SCOUPUS

2원저 : 달팽이 점액 함유 크림의 항노화 효과

저자 : 김범준 ( Beom Joon Kim ) , 노연아 ( Yeon A No ) , 이용희 ( Yonghee Lee ) , 김명남 ( Myung Nam Kim ) , 홍창권 ( Chang Kwon Hong ) , 유광호 ( Kwang Ho Yoo ) , 김용민 ( Yong Min Kim ) , 황정현 ( Jung Hyun Hwang ) , 공수연 ( Su Yeon Kong )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 430-436 (7 pages)

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Background: A cream made from mucus secreted by snails contains 80% mucin, as well as glycosaminoglycan, allantoin for skin rejuvenation, glycolic acid for keratin removal, and collagen and elastin, which are components of dermis. Objective: The goal of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of using cream containing mucus secreted by snails to reduce wrinkles, improve skin elasticity, restore dermal density, and lift the skin. Methods: Cream containing mucus secreted by snails was applied to the lateral epicanthal areas and the left cheek of 10 subjects for 4 weeks twice per day. Wrinkles, skin elasticity, dermal density, and skin tightening were evaluated at baseline and 2 and 4 weeks. A patient survey was conducted at 4 weeks. Results: There were statistically significant differences between baseline and 4 weeks after applying the cream in terms of wrinkles, skin elasticity, dermal density, and skin tightening (p<0.05). Conclusion: Use of cream containing mucus secreted by snails seems to be effective for anti-aging of the skin. Long term follow up studies, such as 3 or 6 months, to confirm the efficacy of the cream should be conducted involving a larger number of patients. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):430∼436)

KCI등재SCOUPUS

3원저 : 인터넷상 피부질환 정보에 대한 연구: 여드름

저자 : 정도선 ( Do Seon Jeong ) , 김지연 ( Chi Yeon Kim )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 437-440 (4 pages)

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Background: The internet is a growing source of information for patients, with increasing numbers of people searching for health information on the web. Patients with acne attempt to search for medical information from the internet. Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the current information of acne on the internet. Methods: We chose the largest portal sites to investigate the current information of acne and search for 'acne'. Results: 5.3% of the information provided by question-and-answer platform were written by dermatologist. 0.7% of the information provided by personal blog were written by dermatologist. 1.4% of the information provided by internet message board were written by dermatologist. Overall, only 2.4% of the information were written by dermatologist for provide the medical information. Conclusion: The internet provides a great deal of information in many types of resources. However, the quality of information has been more of a concern. Dermatologists should continue to counteract inaccurate information by providing quality information on the internet. Dermatologists should be more aware of the health-related online information and should guide patients to take the accurate information. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):437∼440)

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4원저 : 수두와 대상포진 환자에서 수두대상포진 바이러스에 대한 혈청 내 면역글로불린 M, G의 임상적 의의

저자 : 김영균 ( Young Gyun Kim ) , 백준오 ( Jun Oh Paek ) , 김정수 ( Joung Soo Kim ) , 유희준 ( Hee Joon Yu )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 441-448 (8 pages)

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Background: The presence of serum varicella zoster virus (VZV) immunoglobulin M and G (IgM and IgG) aid diagnosis of and confirmation of immunization against varicella and herpes zoster. However, the relationship between serum VZV IgM and IgG and the clinical characteristics of VZV infection remains unclear. Objective: We evaluated quantitative changes in serum VZV IgM and IgG in accordance with the clinical features of varicella, herpes zoster, and disseminated herpes zoster compared with a normal control group. Methods: A total of 922 patients were classified into 3 groups: varicella, herpes zoster, and disseminated herpes zoster. We assessed serum VZV IgM and IgG titers in association with age, severity of skin lesions, duration of skin lesions, immune status, and neurologic complications. Results: In patients with varicella and herpes zoster, serum antibody titer varied significantly depending on age and the duration of skin lesions. A high serum VZV IgM titer was related to varicella or disseminated herpes zoster viremia. In herpes zoster, elevated antibody titers, especially VZV IgM, were associated with severe skin lesions and the presence of neurologic complications. Conclusion: Serologic data for varicella and herpes zoster varied according to clinical features. A high serum VZV IgM titer was associated with an unfavorable clinical course of herpes zoster. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):441∼ 448)

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5원저 : 1,064 nm Q-switched Nd:YAG 레이저를 이용한 백서 피부의 반영구화장 제거: 반영구 화장 후 레이저 치료 시간 간격에 따른 반영구화장 제거의 차이에 대한 비교

저자 : 김지연 ( Ji Yeon Kim ) , 정의현 ( Euy Hyun Chung ) , 김현조 ( Hyun Jo Kim ) , 박영립 ( Young Lip Park ) , 황규왕 ( Kyu Uang Whang ) , 이종석 ( Jong Suk Lee ) , 이성열 ( Sung Yul Lee )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 449-455 (7 pages)

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Background: Various Q-switched (QS) lasers, such as ruby, alexandrite or neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) lasers, are used to remove tattoos and permanent makeup. To our knowledge, there has been no indication or guideline published for the optimal time for laser-mediated tattoo removal. Objective: To set a guideline for the optimal irradiation time for tattoo and permanent makeup removal via 1064 nm QS Nd:YAG (QSND) laser, we compared the degree of tattoo removal and skin histologic changes when the irradiation was employed at different time points. Methods: Rat skin was marked with 54 artificial permanent makeup marks with black ink using a permanent makeup machine. The marks were irradiated with a 1064 nm QSND laser on the application day, and 3 days, 5 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 3 weeks after application. Pigmentation changes were checked over time using a Mexameterⓡ and skin biopsy. Results: There was no significant difference in the degree of pigment removal as examined by Mexameterⓡ on the day of makeup application compared to 3 days, 5 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 3 weeks after application. Histopathologically, the permanent makeup pigments seemed to move from epidermis to superficial and mid dermis with time. The pigments were relatively well removed throughout the epidermis and dermis when the laser was employed 7 days after tattoo application, compared to laser irradiation on the day of application, as viewed histologically. Conclusion: Laser removal of permanent makeup is effective on the day of application, as determined by testing pigment levels. However, based on histopathology, it is recommended to use lasers to remove permanent makeup about a week after application, since the wound repair process is almost complete at that time. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):449∼455)

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6원저 : 아토피피부염 환자에서 체내 거대분자에 대한 산화 스트레스 지표 평가

저자 : 이은일 ( Eunil Lee ) , 오은하 ( Eun Ha Oh ) , 송해준 ( Hae Jun Song ) , 최원준 ( Won Jun Choi ) , 백진옥 ( Jin Ok Baek ) , 이종록 ( Jong Rok Lee ) , 노주영 ( Joo Young Roh )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 456-461 (6 pages)

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Background: Excessive exposure to reactive oxygen species (ROS) or decreased antioxidants leads to damage of proteins, lipids, and DNA. Previous studies suggest that oxidative stress may be important in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. Objective: To investigate whether oxidative stress is increased in atopic dermatitis patients compared to a normal control group, we examined DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, ROS production and antioxidant expression. Methods: Patients with atopic dermatitis (n=16; mean Scoring Atopic Dermatitis [SCORAD] index=53.06) were investigated compared to a normal control group (n=25). To examine DNA damage in the cellular level, we performed comet assays on lymphocytes and granulocytes taken from patients and control group. To measure lipid peroxidation products, urine and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were analyzed. To examine intracellular redox in lymphocytes, ROS were measured using flow cytometry. Expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) 1, 2 antioxidants were analyzed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Atopic dermatitis patients showed severe DNA damage compared to the control group in both lymphocytes (1.89 and 1.51, respectively, p<0.05) and granulocytes (2.07 and 1.58, respectively, p<0.05). While urine MDA levels were not significantly different between groups (1.64 and 1.13 μM/g respectively, p>0.05), plasma MDA levels were significantly increased in atopic dermatitis patients compared to controls (1.45 and 0.80 μM/g respectively, p<0.005). ROS production by activated lymphocytes was increased in atopic dermatitis patients compared to controls. SOD 1, 2 were expressed in all atopic dermatitis patients without significant increase compared to controls. Conclusion: Increased DNA damage, lipid peroxidation and ROS production in lymphocytes as indices of oxidative stress were observed in moderate to severe atopic dermatitis patients compared to normal control. Although precise mechanism of oxidative stress on the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis is not defined yet, decreasing ROS exposure or augmenting antioxidant defenses may be alternative therapeutic approaches for atopic dermatitis. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):456∼461)

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7증례 : 잘룩창자암 환자에서 항암치료 후 악화된 파종얕은광선땀구멍각화증 1예

저자 : 김경민 ( Kyung Min Kim ) , 이지현 ( Ji Hyun Lee ) , 김태윤 ( Tae Yoon Kim )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 462-465 (4 pages)

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Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis, a variant of porokeratosis, is an uncommon, hereditary or acquired keratinization disorder. It is characterized histologically by cornoid lamella and clinically by central atrophy with elevated borders. Porokeratosis lesions may be triggered by UV light exposure, infection, hematopoietic malignancies, or immunosuppression, but are rarely reported associated with malignancies of visceral organs. We herein report an unusual case of a patient with colon cancer who noted sudden exacerbation of a previously unrecognized disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis lesion after being treated with chemotherapy. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):462∼465)

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8증례 : 외국인 이주자에게서 발생한 감각소실을 동반하지 않은 결핵양형 나 1예

저자 : 이승우 ( Seung Woo Lee ) , 김영욱 ( Young Uk Kim ) , 김계정 ( Kea Jeung Kim ) , 허은필 ( Eun Phil Heo )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 466-469 (4 pages)

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Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The prevalence and number of new cases have recently markedly decreased in Korea, and the possibility of leprosy can therefore be clinically overlooked. However, leprosy is still endemic in various regions of the world. A 30 year-old male immigrant from Indonesia presented with an erythematous plaque without sensory loss on his face six months after immigration. The skin lesion was diagnosed as tuberculoid leprosy based on clinico-pathology. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):466∼469)

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9Case Report : Infantile Perianal Pyramidal Protrusion

저자 : 최진화 ( Jin Hwa Choi ) , 김연웅 ( Yeon Woong Kim ) , 김병수 ( Byeong Su Kim ) , 송승현 ( Seung Hyun Sohng ) , 신동훈 ( Dong Hoon Shin ) , 최종수 ( Jong Soo Choi ) , 배영경 ( Young Kyung Bae )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 470-472 (3 pages)

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A 2-year-old girl presented with a month history of a tender, erythematous pyramidal protrusion on the perineum, anterior to the anus. She had suffered painful defecation due to the protrusion, but had no history of constipation. The family history was negative, and physical examination showed no evidence of associated anal fissuring or skin atrophy. Histological examination revealed epidermal hyperplasia, dermal edema, and hemorrhage with inflammatory cell infiltration. The patient was treated with a CO2 laser to relieve painful defecation. Infantile perianal pyramidal protrusion (IPPP) is characterized by a solitary protrusion observed in the perineal and perianal area. Since IPPP is predominantly observed in female children in the perineal area, it can be misdiagnosed as sexual abuse, anogenital warts, or hemorrhoids. The disease is generally benign and may resolve spontaneously, with the exception of the lichen sclerosus-associated type. Physicians should be aware of IPPP to make an accurate diagnosis. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):470∼472)

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10증례 : 옻닭 섭취 후에 발생한 급성 전신성 발진성 농포증 2예

저자 : 김민성 ( Min Sung Kim ) , 김동진 ( Dong Jin Kim ) , 나찬호 ( Chan Ho Na ) , 신봉석 ( Bong Seok Shin )

발행기관 : 대한피부과학회 간행물 : 대한피부과학회지 53권 6호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 473-477 (5 pages)

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Rhus chicken is a common health food in Korea and is used as an herbal medicine to cure gastrointestinal diseases such as indigestion, loose stool, and peptic ulcers. Unfortunately, systemic contact dermatitis due to the ingestion of Rhus chicken occasionally occurs and its incidence is increasing. The clinical findings of systemic contact dermatitis induced by ingesting Rhus chicken are maculopapules, erythroderma, erythema multiforme-like lesions, vesicles, wheals, purpura, and pustules. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is an acute generalized pustular eruption characterized by rash with sterile pustules, high fever, and neutrophilia. Most cases are caused by drugs, predominantly β-lactams and macrolide antimicrobials, viral infections, and contact hypersensitivity. Rarely, intake of Rhus chicken can cause AGEP. Herein, we describe two cases of AGEP induced by ingestion of Rhus chicken. (Korean J Dermatol 2015;53(6):473∼477)

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