This study examined the economic conditions of the small town residents by comparing Chungju and Jincheon in which previous studies were conducted with statistics of Yang An (land registers) in three small towns such as Yeongchun, Yeonpung and Hoein. The quality of land was poorer and the mean area of land was smaller in small town than those of the big and middle towns. Not many rich farmers were present among Siju(時主, land owner) in small town. Since they held less average Kyul (land unit), the average Kyul(結) that individual Siju held in small town was lower than that in big town. In contrast, middle, small and poor famer classes in small town showed the almost same economic conditions as those in big and middle towns. Since the landowners had smaller lands compared to those in big town, the difference in possession of lands between classes showed the small compared to the big town. It was difficult to select the landowners among rich farmers with the same basis applied in big and middle towns. However, since the similar types of management of landowners appeared as commercial landowners, absentee landowners, and tenancy cropping landowners, they could be compared. It has been known that conditions of those who had no farm in small town among tenancy farmers were poorer in small town than those in big town. In addition, the results of analysis on structure of the Myenri in big and devastated towns through Yang An showed that the structure of the Myenri system itself did not resolve the imbalance between Gun and Hyun (towns), but it rather strengthened the imbalance between big and small towns. As a result, as it came close to the 20thcentury, the imbalance between Gun and Hyun and the collapse of devastated town have been accelerated. With such a premise, we need to think one more about the reinforcement of the Myenri system conducted as national policy since the 17thcentury and its purpose. Even if more discussion are needed in the future, we don`t think that politicians at that time were not aware of the fact that if the operation of collection system based on unit of town with recognizing the difference between Myuns of big town and small town was strengthened, imbalance between Gun and Hyun and burden of devastated town residents grew heavier. Nevertheless, if they attempted to strengthen the collection, we assume that the purpose must strengthen to control tax source and increase the amount of collected tax with enduring the imbalance of taxes and the hardship of devastated town residents. And these heartless policies and wrong attitudes of politicians were the major causes to generate social chaos and farmers` resistance in the 19thcentury.
: 인문과학분야 > 기타(인문과학)
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