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한국학술연구원> Korea Observer> Political Institution and Protectionism in Korea: The Case of Korea-Chile FTA Ratification Process

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Political Institution and Protectionism in Korea: The Case of Korea-Chile FTA Ratification Process

Hyun Seok Yu
  • : 한국학술연구원
  • : Korea Observer 37권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2006년 12월
  • : 643-673(31pages)
Korea Observer

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UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2009-060-000948501

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 기타(사회과학)
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI,SCOPUS
  • : 계간
  • : 0023-3919
  • : 2586-3053
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1985-2019
  • : 1043


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1The New Policy Frame in Recent Economic and Social Changes in North Korea

저자 : Sauk-hee Park

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 483-503 (21 pages)

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This article aims to investigate the shift in a policy frame related to recent economic and social changes in North Korea. Most of the reforms in the Kim Jong-il era, including the "July 1, 2002 Economic Management Improvement Measure (EMIM)", failed. In comparison, its policy reforms have been reinstituted since the "June 28 Measure of 2012" in the Kim Jong-un era, and the policy frame in North Korea has been changed with more focus on civilian economic growth. Drawing on the policy framing approach, this article explores policy changes in the Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un eras and analyzes the features of a policy frame in each era in three aspects: framing contention, processes, and tasks. The findings imply that a new policy frame, formed on the Kangsong Taeguk doctrine, has been applied to recent policy changes since 2012 in North Korea in order for reforms to be stably instituted.

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2Evolution of North Korea's Peace Treaty Proposals and Sino-DPRK Relations Behind the Scenes

저자 : Daekwon Son

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 505-533 (29 pages)

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This paper aims to explore the peace treaties that North Korea has sought with the United States and/or South Korea historically and how Sino-DPRK relations have influenced these treaty proposals. By exploring North Korea's various treaty proposals in chronological order and scrutinizing Sino-DPRK relations behind the proposals, this paper argues that North Korea's peace treaty proposals have been considerably opportunistic and situational, consistently changing to achieve strategic goals, and that Sino-DPRK relations invariably have been a significant factor behind the changes. Based on this observation, this paper concludes that North Korea's primary goal, after the end of the Cold War, fundamentally shifted from forceful reunification of the Korean peninsula to regime survival, and that China increasingly has been taking an active role in signing a peace treaty.

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3Who Protest and Why? The Evolution of South Korean Civic Activism Since 2000

저자 : Kisuk Cho , Hye Yun Park

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 535-563 (29 pages)

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Street demonstrations had steadily decreased in South Korea after the country's democratization in 1987 and subsequent reform, but the country witnessed resurgence of a series of mass candlelight vigils since 2000. This study examines three competing theses to explain the individual-level sources of Korea's recent civic activism: 'disaffected radicalism,' 'social capital,' and 'Postmaterialism.' We used 2005 and 2010 World Values Surveys as well as the Lee et al. 2017 protest study to trace changes in protesters' characteristics and the motivations for protest over time during this period. Our results provide strong support for the Postmaterialism thesis and illuminate the evolutionary process of South Korean activism, demonstrating that the number of Postmaterialists has been slowly growing. The study confirms Inglehart's prediction that a nascent democracy will follow advanced democracies in an upward trajectory of elite-challenging activity and normalization of non-conventional participation by mobilizing traditionally inactive voters.

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4How Citizens Reshaped the Path of Presidential Impeachment in Korea

저자 : Byong-kuen Jhee , Johann Park

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 565-586 (22 pages)

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This study aims to explain what facilitates presidential impeachment in Korea. More specifically, it compares the impeachment of President Park Geun-hye with the case of former president Roh Moo-hyun, and examines how citizens reshaped the power relationship between the ruling and opposition parties, and, finally, led to the impeachment of the president. This study claims that presidential impeachment is a political punishment of citizens and that a "legislative shield" or a "judiciary shield" is not sufficient to protect presidents from impeachment when most citizens turn their backs against the incumbent president. Generating strong and widespread public support or resistance is the most critical determinant of the success or failure of an attempt to impeach a president, especially in those new democracies where party systems are less stable and political parties are less cohesive.

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5Political Engagement of Social Media Users in Korea

저자 : Sung-bou Kim

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 587-618 (32 pages)

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Improving our understanding of social media users is critical in promoting social media as a means of communication and interaction between governments and citizens. In this study, I used a representative sample of the Korean population to examine the change of social media and internet use over time and by age cohorts and also the relation between social media use and engagement in political activities. I found that while the youngest are the most active users of social media, the largest gains were found among the people in their 30s and 40s and that practically no gains were observed among those in their late 60s and above. Moreover, I found that social media use was significantly associated with online political expression as well as participation in online and offline voting activities and that this effect and magnitude differed between active and inactive social media users.

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6Cognitive and Behavioral Factors of Online Discussion as Antecedents of Deliberation and Tolerance : Evidence from South Korea, United Kingdom and United States

저자 : Irkwon Jeong , Hyoungkoo Khang

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 619-646 (28 pages)

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The current study examined cognitive and behavioral factors of online discussion as antecedents of attitudes toward opposing views and two aspects of social norms, perceived importance of public deliberation and social tolerance. Employing surveys in South Korea, United Kingdom and United States, this study found that adjustment motive and discussion heterogeneity are positively associated with perceived importance of public deliberation and social tolerance in all three countries. As compared to their American and British counterparts, Koreans tend to participate in an online discussion to strengthen their preexisting political views rather than to seek facts or to scan varied opinions surrounding those issues. Thus, in South Korea, polarization between groups having differing opinions on an issue could be more conspicuous among those who are frequently involved in the online discussion activities such as reading comments and posting their thoughts in the public sphere. Further implications from the results are discussed.

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7Analyzing Public Opinion and Emotions Using Tweets and Online-Comments toward Candidates in 2017 South Korean Presidential Election

저자 : Na Kyeong Lee , Jae Mook Lee , Gidong Kim

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 647-668 (22 pages)

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The 2017 Korean presidential election was different from previous presidential elections for two reasons: First, it was a by-election due to the unprecedented impeachment of the president Park Geun-hye, and second, more than three candidates from multiple parties competed in the election. Since Moon Jae-in was predicted to easily win, the fight for the second place - between Hong Joon-pyo and Ahn Cheol-soo - was very competitive. In order to understand the electoral dynamics, we collect and analyze tweets and online-comments toward major candidates with logic of granger causality. We find that public sentiment toward Ahn does Granger-cause changes in online sentiment toward other candidates both from major and minor parties. This result shows that Ahn played a pivotal role in the 2017 presidential election, and implies that Koreans are eager to have alternative forces.

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8North Korean Human Rights Activists and Networks : By Andrew Yeo and Danielle Chubb, Cambridge University Press, 2018

저자 : Seung Hyun Lee

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 4호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 669-671 (3 pages)

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1"Trials of the Century" in Korea (1995-1997)

저자 : Jung Kwan Cho

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2South Korea`s Nordpolitik and the Efficacy of Asymmetric Positive Sanctions

저자 : Yasuhiro Izumikawa

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 37권 4호 발행 연도 : 2006 페이지 : pp. 605-641 (37 pages)

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3Political Institution and Protectionism in Korea: The Case of Korea-Chile FTA Ratification Process

저자 : Hyun Seok Yu

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 37권 4호 발행 연도 : 2006 페이지 : pp. 643-673 (31 pages)

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4A Comparative Study on Regional Strategic Industries and Regional Innovation System in Denmark and South Korea

저자 : Sang Chul Park , Seong Keun Lee , Kwan Ryul Lee

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