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한국중동학회> 한국중동학회논총> 한국교과서의 타문화 왜곡: 이슬람권을 중심으로

KCI등재

한국교과서의 타문화 왜곡: 이슬람권을 중심으로

Distortion of Other Culture in the Korean Textbooks: Focussed on Islamic Culture

이희수 ( Hee Soo Lee )
  • : 한국중동학회
  • : 한국중동학회논총 22권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2001년 08월
  • : 81-101(21pages)
한국중동학회논총

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『Social Science Ⅰ』 of the Korean middle school is the first textbook to touch other cultures and other peoples of the world. In this sense, the importance of 『Social Science Ⅰ』 textbook is tremendous, because the Islamic knowledge which Korean children learnt from the textbooks might continue life long. Thus, this paper mainly focused on the middle school textbooks to correct and give the most desirable guidance.  From the beginning to the 6th revised edition(1995-2000), the middle school textbook have been prepared by the Ministry of Education. The Ministry invited Islamic specialists to the 6th Textbook Committee. All the distorted expression and wrong information on Islam and Islamic culture became minimized in the 6th revised edition. The pictures of Prophet Muhammad which desecrate Islamic basic principles, were eliminated. Negative ideas on Islam were changed to objective ways. As far as I know, the 6th revised textbook was regarded as the best one comparing with previous ones.  However, from the year 2001(the 7th revised edition), all the middle school students begin to learn new textbooks designed not by the Ministry of Education, but freely written by so many authors. This time, no Islamic specialist included in the screening committee. The results was anxious situation.  Analysing 6 kinds of new edition of middle school and 9 kinds of high school textbooks, the results clearly tells us that distortion and ignorance on Islam and Islamic world described in the Korean textbooks are serious. The various miniature pictures or caricature of Prophet Muhammad appeared in the most of textbooks for the middle schools and high schools. In the many parts, the conception of Tawhid is dangerously distorted. They described "Allah" not as God but as god(알라신:literary means Allah god). In addition, we can find so many mistakes and wrong information on Islam and Islamic world. Some examples are here.  Therefore, It`s very urgent to prepare the most reliable a model textbook on Islam and Islamic culture and Islamic world based on objective ways to persuade the Education Ministry and authors of publication Companies. Without righteous understanding on Islamic world and its culture with 1.3 billion population, the globalization of Korea might be eventually limited to the half.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2009-910-003102713

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-8865
  • : 2733-9327
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1980-2022
  • : 773


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42권3호(2022년 02월) 수록논문
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저자 : 김강석 ( Kim Kangsuk )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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This study attempts to analyze the internal and external causes of the prolonged Syrian civil war using the analytic concept of politicization of sectarianism and proxy war theory. Internally, politicization of sectarianism can be seen as the cause of the exacerbation of the Syrian civil war by forcing both the Assad regime and the rebels to enter extreme conflict while refusing to search for political compromise. In other words, they tried to achieve their political goals by spreading a discourse of the conflictual identity of sectarianism, thus leading to a zero-sum civil war conflict between the two sides. Externally, it can be said that the Obama administration's passive and inconsistent strategy of proxy war generated unintended consequences in that it created a basis for the survival of the Assad regime and strengthened civil war conflicts. In particular, Obama's proxy war intervention using a surrogator of YPG to defeat ISIS exposed its limitations, weakening the rebel groups contrary to Washington's initial intentions. As a result, this study illuminates the prolonged Syrian civil war, which produced an unprecedented humanitarian crisis during the Arab Spring by focusing on the theoretical frameworks of politicization of sectarianism and proxy war.

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발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-26 (26 pages)

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Buddhism, propagated to Persia in the second century B.C. during the Parthian dynasty, was admired in Central Asia, including present-day eastern Iran and Afghanistan where the ancient Persian territory was. Persian Buddhism was propagated widely and integrated into arts and religious philosophies of the Sassanid dynasty and ancient Persia, thus developing a unique Buddhist culture different from early Buddhist schools in India. These Buddhism cultures were disseminated into Central Asia through the nomadic Sogd tribe , and influenced the ideas and arts of early Buddhism in Korea and China via the Silk Road. This study is aimed to investigate the Persian elements in the remains of Buddhism in Iran, Central Asia, China, and Korea so as to review the roles of Persian tribes and Persian Buddhism in the propagation of Buddhism to the East through Silk Road.

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3이라크 티슈린 운동의 함의와 광장 민주주의 실현 가능성 연구

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발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 23-50 (28 pages)

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The political legitimacy of Iraq, which collapsed in 2003, faced a challenge from the Tishreen movement in 2021. The protesters used the 2021 Iraqi parliamentary election as a test bed of democratic politics, but did not induce widespread citizen participation due to low turnout and did not fundamentally changed the existing political landscape. Nevertheless, it produced positive results in that the civic support group entered the political realm anew. The positive political experience achieved certain results in the realization of democracy in that it recognized that public opinion is an important political measure in Iraq's political ecosystem. As the demand for governance has the ultimate goal of realizing the demands of direct democracy expressed at the square through representative democracy, if corrupt and dysfunctional governance does not show fundamental changes and the legitimacy crisis deepens, the potential for another Tishreen uprising remains.

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저자 : 박승규 ( Park Seung-kyu ) , 김은비 ( Kim Eun-bee )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-75 (25 pages)

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The Taliban has ruled Afghanistan since the withdrawal of the United States. However, the inside of Afghanistan is suffering from security, economy, health, and women's rights problems, and this has caused many Afghans to leave their homeland and become refugees. Pakistan and Iran, which share long borders with Afghanistan, are concerned about the mass influx of refugees due to religious and ethnic similarities in addition to geographical proximity. In particular, the activities of armed members who are likely to be mixed among refugees are considered security issues. Therefore, this paper examines the reality of the refugee problem caused by instability in Afghanistan and analyzes the realistic concerns Pakistan and Iran are experiencing. Accordingly, it emphasizes that the problem of refugee security is not just a problem in Afghanistan and neighboring countries, but a problem that all the international community must strive to prevent and solve together.

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저자 : 양민지 ( Yang Minji )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 77-100 (24 pages)

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Turkey is a bridge between Europe and Asia. In addition, as it is adjacent to the Middle East, it is considered a strategic country amongst the great powers such as the United States, Russia, and China. In addition, the Korean government has designated Turkey as a strategic country, which is historically and culturally connected to Central Asian countries in the Eurasian region to realize the New Northern Policy. In order for Korea to continue to interact with Turkey, an emerging strategic country, it is necessary to understand the recent uncertainty in Turkish society, and through this, continuous cooperation will be required.
This study aims to promote an understanding of Turkish society by examining the news coverage on 'Turkey' in the Korean news media. This study examined news reported through Korean media dealing with Turkish political, economic, social, and cultural issues using a big data analytic system. To this end, the research results were derived through the Korea Press Foundation's “Bigkinds” news analysis service. The number of articles related to 'Turkey' amounted to 2,434 from 2017-2021. Through the study of keyword analysis and network analysis, major news issues in the area of politics was relatively high - including the Peace Spring Operation, Middle East issues, the EU-Turkey Summit on Refugee Issues, military cooperation with Russia, Saudi journalist Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi's death, the Islamic Strengthening Policy, the Hagia Sophia Mosque, words related to the Independence of Kurdistan, Libya's civil war, and US' sanctions on Turkey. The crisis in emerging markets which include Turkey and the Turkish currency depreciation were also major news issues.

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저자 : 유달승 ( Yu Dal-seung )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 101-132 (32 pages)

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Communitarianism can be seen as a new ideological trend that emerged in criticizing liberalism since the 1980s. Communitarianism emphasizes the need for a community life while criticizing the modern view of humanity formed by liberalism's free agreement or contract. Therefore, communitarianism emphasizes equality rather than individual freedom, responsibility rather than rights, and values judgmental discourse rather than value-neutral neglect. This paper examines the main issues of communitarianism and compares and analyzes the communitarian views of Confucianism and Islam. Confucianism and Islam have the communitarian values and concepts centered on families and communities, and today they try to construct their lives in a way that they want by utilizing Western modernity.

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발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 42권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 159-194 (36 pages)

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This study attempts to find the influence of different kinds of dictation on the listening skills of Arabic learners to explore for more effective ways to improve the ability to listen. Dictation can be utilized in various ways and types. Currently, the types of listening cloze and error identification which are included in most Arabic listening textbooks. Therefore, to determine whether the types of dictation are effective or not, tests on each type were conducted. Full dictation, a typical method, was also included in the experiment.
For this study, 27 Arabic learners (First Year 2nd Semester) in Hankuk University of Foreign Studies were divided into three groups: the listening cloze group, the error identification group and the full dictation group. The experiments were conducted once a week for 8 weeks, which totaled 8 experiments.
The main results obtained from this study are as follows. First, there was no statistically significant difference in assessment scores among groups; the types of dictation used did not affect the group's ability. Second, the results of influence on the types of dictation to the high-level and low-level learners in the three groups are as follows; there was no statistically meaningful difference for the high-level and low-level learners. However, in the case of the bottom-up questions on the test, the low-level learners showed statistically meaningful improvement after the listening cloze and error identification dictation. This showed that the cloze dictation and error identification could improve the low level learners' Arabic listening proficiency through effective listening class. Otherwise, the full dictation didn't bring the meaningful difference for both the highlevel and low-level learners. These results, it was proved that the partial dictation could be a good method for the low-level learners to improve the Arabic listening ability.

1
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4한국교과서의 타문화 왜곡: 이슬람권을 중심으로

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The Classical Arabic was influenced by languages of its neighboring countries. The evidences are found in the Quran, the Hadith, and the Literature of the Jahiliyyah concretely in the forms of foreign terms, borrowed words. In this study, the researcher tried to figure out the borrowed words in the Classical Arabic, especially in the Quran.  The study is divided into four chapters; Introduction, Borrowed Words in the Quran, Linguistic Features of Borrowed Words, and lastly Conclusion. In the second chapter, one of the two main chapters, the researcher dealt with borrowed words from the Greek and the Latin, the Aramaic and the Habashite, and the Persian.  Latin vocabularies are usually found in the semantic fields of commerce, administration, title, monetary unit, weight and measure. Meanwhile, Aramaic vocabularis range from the semantic fields of agriculture, handicraft, plants to trade and commerce, politics and administration. Borrowed words from the Habashite are mainly found in the vocabularies of religion. In the third chapter, the another main chapter, the researcher enumerated linguistic features of borrowed words as follows. First of all, borrowed words usually have not radical consonants or derivatives. Secondly, the Mizans of borrowed words is not pure Arabic. Finally, borrowed words usually do not fit the consonantal order of the pure Arabic.  The researcher concludes the study by hoping the simillar studies will come out in the near future, which focus upon the borrowed words found in another two resourced, the Hadith, and the Literature of the Jahiliyyah.

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This thesis aims at studying the Arabic poems which represent the warfares and conflicts occurred between the Moslems and the Crusades during about one hundred uears of the first Crusade(1096-1193 A.D.). For this period three leaders of Islamic world, ^(Im??d al-D??n Zank??, his son N??r al-D??n Mahm??d bn Zank??, and Sal??h-al-D??n al-`Ayy??b??(Saladin`) comsecutively conducted war against the Crusades.  Arab poets of that time showed in their warfare poems the fights and enmity between the Islamic camp and the Crusades, both of which tried desperately to capture jerusalem, the Holy Land common to Moslems and Christians. Though Moslems` apprehensions and fears of Crusades` invasion are expressed in Arabic poems, the Arab poets in general manifested in their poems Moslems` ardent wish and their indomitable will to defend the Islamic territory against the Crusades. Particularly the poets encouraged the Moslem leaders to keep up Jih??d, the Islamic Holy war in order to recapture Jerusalem from the Crusades` hands.  In their poems concerning Sal??h al-D??n`s recapture of Jerusalem in 1187, the Arab poets expressed the complex feeling of perplexity and joy, which Moslems had haven, wondering at the surprising result. Especially, paying attention to Sal??h al-D??n`s remarkable achievements, the poets were not hesitant to put his position among the great Arab figures who had made distinguished contributions in Islamic history. Even though some grandiloquence was found in the poets` attempts to make Sal??h al-D??n a hero of epic poetry, such exaggerated expressions could be interpreted as reflection of their intentions to strengthen the solidarity of Islamic community by giving him immortal fame in Islamic history.  The results of this study confirm that the Arabic poems furnish very important materials, from which we can get historical facts about the conflicts with the Crusades and understand Moslems` attitude toward the situation. Also the results prove that the Arab poets to whose participations in social and political affairs great importance had been attached traditionally, fulfilled their mission in the situation of the confrontation with Crusades.

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9인티파다와 팔레스타인 문학

저자 : 송경숙 ( Kyung Sook Song )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 205-223 (19 pages)

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This Paper investigates the response of Palestinian literature to the intif????a during the first four years, as reflected in the three main genres: poetry, short stories and novels.  This intif????a literature is an immediate response to events and it appeals to the readers` emotion directly, with poetry comprising the major part of it.  With few exeptions, Palestinian literature of the intia????a continues to be field with slogans and stereo types. In a word, the literature of intif????a can be characterized as deterritorialized literatures which tend to share the three aspects: 1)Political immediacy of the writings 2) A collective value 3) National identity.

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10나폴레옹의 이집트 침입과 알-아즈하르의 저항

저자 : 송경근 ( Kyung Keun Song )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 225-248 (24 pages)

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Al-Azhar is one of the oldest Islamic university which had also the role of mosque. It is a kind of world centre of Islamic tradition. It was founded in 970 by the Fatimid general Jawhar al-Siqilli as a Friday mosque and shortly afterwards, under the Caliph al-`Aziz, became a university. Egypt became the part of Othman Empire by Othman Turkey in 1517. However, Mamlukes were the governors of the provinces and the real ruling caste in Egypt. Frequent disputes between the Othman officials and Mamlukes, or among Mamluk princes plunged the country into civil war. Egyptian people had suffered from the corrutped and incompetent political system of Othman Turkey. In this social enviroment al-Azharian Sheikhs became a leading spiritual group to heal people`s anguish.  Napoleon and French army landed at Alexandria on July 01, 1798. The resistance of sword-wielding Mamlukes on horseback was in vain. Lacking modern arms and discipline, the Mamlukes were routed at Imbaba, near Pyramid, and the French entered Cairo on July 21. Napoleon assured the Egyptians that he did not want to destroy Islam, but want to free them from Mamluk tyranny. Few Egyptians believed that. Whatever the response of the Egyptians was, he considered al-Azharian Sheikhs and some notables as the leaders of the Egyptian people. He appointed them as members of Diwan, civil goverment. Although it didn`t have authority its members possessed the broader power. However Napoleon`s ultimate aim was to colonize Egypt for the benefit of France. When Nelson destroyed Napoleon` fleet he tried to raise taxes in Egypt. This move angered the Egyptian people and a rebellion broke out under al-Azharian leadership on October 21, 1798. But Egyptians lacked the means to resist. And the rebellion was crushed by French cannons and rifles. Al-Azharians had realized the superiority of Europe.  Napoleon sailed back to France, where he organized the coup d`etat that brought him to power. Kleber succeeded Napolen and Monou did him. The Anglo-Othman forces managed to force the French to evacuate Egypt in August 1801. Al-Azharians and notables who had been entrusted with administrative functions by French were exposed for the first time to the idea of popular rule, and began to see Mamluk rule in Egypt has to be ended. They observed that the powerful ability of the infidel was made possible by some kind of new powerful knowledge.

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