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수록범위 : 1권0호(1965)~77권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 845
사림(성대사림)
77권0호(2021년 07월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1한국사 정체론 비판과 1960년대 한국사 발전론의 확립

저자 : 도면회 ( Do Myoun-hoi )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-37 (37 pages)

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This paper sought to prove that criticism and overcoming of the stagnation theory in Korean history, which is the core content of colonialist historiography, has been established as development theory in Korean history since 1960 by two different historical views - 'modernization theory from the U.S.' and historical materialism.
The stagnation theory in Korean history, started as the theory of 'lack of feudalism' in the beginning of the 20th century, has served as a key theory that justified Japanese rule over Korea even after Korea's liberation. On the contrary, Korean Marxists have formed the development theory of Korean history by embracing the proposition of historical materialism since the 1930s, claiming that feudalism, bourgeoisie, and the bourgeois democratic movement existed in Korean history.
The development theory of Korean history has been established since 1960, when the modernization theory from the U.S. was accepted and Marxist and neo-nationalist historiography were revived. The modernization theory was intended to prove the development of Korean history by detecting similar phenomena as the capitalist development of Western Europe, and to recognize capitalism under the Japanese rule as 'modernization from outside'. However, due to Korean nationalist backlash, the introduction of modern systems or the development of capitalism under the influence of Japan have never been approved as “modernization”.
Historical materialism played an important role in detecting “capitalist sprout” in Korean history such as rich farmers and hand industries growing into capitalists, accepting the achievements of “controversy over transition from feudalism to capitalism”. It was applied to the period classification of the Korean history. However, it was difficult to distinguish historical materialism from modernization theory, because it was domesticated to nationalism enough to remove its key elements such as class confrontation and struggle. The intact historical materialism, distinct from the modernization theory, began to emerge in Korean historiography in the 1980s through the Gwangju People's Resistance, the growth of Korean capitalism, and the development of popular movements.

KCI등재

2박정희 정권의 민족담론 ― 신문 매체를 통해 표방된 '화랑' 활용 담론을 중심으로 ―

저자 : 조미은 ( Jo Mee Eun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 39-72 (34 pages)

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In this article, I tried to understand The National Discourse appearing in newspaper articles during the Park Jung-hee regime. In particular, among newspaper reports related to national discourse, I analyzed articles related to Hwarang, Park Jung-hee, nationalism, or nationalism, and analyzed the content and meaning of National Discourse that linked and utilized galleries during the Park Jung-hee regime.
The following is a summary of the terms expressed or mentioned in connection with the Hwarang in the national discourse that appeared in the newspaper reports, based on the ideological or spiritual aspect. National spirit, national identity, democracy, ideology and spirit of the National Education Charter, Yushin ideology, Saemaul spirit, Philosophy of national reunification in the 1980s, etc.
In the 'Hwarang and the Hwarang Spirit' discussed in the nationalist discourses or national discourses of the Park Jung-hee regime, the content that 'he gave his life or devoted himself to the unification of the three countries' was particularly emphasized. I think, The link between Hwarang and Hwarang spirit in the national discourse of the Park Jung-hee administration was essential not only at the regime level but also at the personal level of Park Jung-hee - to cover or dilute the national and historical disgrace as much as possible with “Korea Military Academy and 'Hwarang'”.
Park Jung-hee and his administration linked and utilized galleries to assert that they had historical legitimacy in the ideology and policies they particularly emphasized or produced, or spread such historical awareness. By doing so, he maintained his long-term power while justifying and rationalizing the dictatorship, consolidating and stabilizing it. In response to this, most of the newspaper articles related to national discourse linked to 'Hwarang', except for Hwang Hwang-deok's “Characteristics of the May 16 Military Revolution” in 1962 - sympathized with, and defended as a logical and systematic argument.

KCI등재

32017년 고등학교 국정 『한국사』 교과서의 냉전식민주의 역사인식 ― 북한ㆍ한미일공조체제ㆍ전쟁 인식을 중심으로 ―

저자 : 이신철 ( Lee¸ Sincheol )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 73-107 (35 pages)

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The key characteristics of the historical memory of cold-war colonialism that the government-approved Korean history textbooks for high schools published in 2017 indicate are as follows: first, they divide the modern and contemporary history of Korea, including not only South and North Korea but also Korean diaspora communities and even world history, by ideological standards; second, the textbooks reveal a tendency of anti-peace and anti-human rights to glamorize a war and cover up the mistakes caused by South Korea; third, they make it impossible for people to perceive the problem of the basic treaty between Korea and Japan called suspended settlement of colonialism by emphasizing the importance of the Korea-U.S.-Japan Cooperation; fourth, even Korean diaspora communities are judged and historicalized with the disruptive perception of history, and their roles are classified by utilizing their loyalty to the Republic of Korea as a measure, and thinking them is centered around their contribution to industrialization and democratization; finally, South Korea' military role is emphasized among its international roles. Korea society's perception of democracy and peace has grown too much to accept the historical perception presented by the government-approved textbooks as a path that it has to take.

KCI등재

4통사 쓰기와 민족사 서술의 대안들 ― 독일의 '특별한 길'(Sonderweg)에서 '서구에의 안착'까지 ―

저자 : 이진일 ( Jinil Lee )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 109-142 (34 pages)

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The Sonderweg thesis is not only a historical explanatory model, but also a political-moral belief linked to the self-understanding of the nation, that was built after the fall of the Nazi-dictatorship. So the Sonderweg Thesis is not just a matter of simply historical interpretation. In this paper analyzes the recent German historical works of four historians: Hans-Ulrich Wehler, Heinrich August Winkler, Jürgen Kocka, and Ulrich Herbert. Therefore, I intend to reevaluate how the Sonderweg theory is changing. that is, the way of relocating the Wilhelm Empire, and how the continuity and disconnection of German history leads to the subsequent period 1933, 1945, and 1989/90. The interpretation of Nazism, which is inevitably connected with the Sonderweg interpretation.
Through this work, it is also attempted to identify differences in views among the representative German historians who claim Sonderweg. The end of the division, symbolized by 1989/90, had an impact on the historical assessments of the period before 1933 and meant that the issue of continuity in German history began to be interpreted differently.
These four historians have attempted to reveal German history in the 19th and 20th centuries by connecting various historical events and characteristic moments under a structural connection without being bound by a specific ideology. In addition, they tried to explain the contradictory forces that commonly collide with each other in German history, and ultimately attempts to integrate the forces that make up society into national history. It can be said that this classical narrative method centered on political history has show its maximum. All of them attempted to understand the development of German history as a history of the eruption of its own power in Germany rather than in the European context, and write the development of West Germany after the defeat 1945 as 'successful democracy', 'success of modernization', or simply 'Westbindung'. It was the culmination of German national history in 1990, when it finally broke up with Sonderweg.

KCI등재

5구미 죽장사지 출토기와를 통해본 오층석탑의 축조시기 검토

저자 : 차순철 ( Cha Soon Chul ) , 박진 ( Park Jin )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 143-177 (35 pages)

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The five-story stone pagoda in Jukjang-ri, Gumi, is the tallest one of its kind in Korea. In literature, it is recorded as a part of Jukjangsa Temple. According to the analysis of the roof tiles and bricks from the Unified Silla Dynasty, excavated in the drain inside the precincts of Jukjangsa Temple, the excavation of roof tiles similar to the lotus-patterned convex tiles of Sui and Tang Dynasties of China, excavated in Gyeongju area which used to be the royal capital of Silla, indicates that the temple was established at the end of the seventh century (before A.D.679), close to this period. It indicates that Jukjangsa Temple was built earlier, considering the early Buddhist remains located in the Seonsan area where Ilseon-gun (county) was. Also, the anthemion-patterned brick (唐草文塼) associated with the pagoda hints the possibility that a brick pagoda could have existed before the construction of the five-story stone pagoda and that the brick pagoda existed in the middle of the current precincts when the temple was established and demolished or moved when the five-story stone pagoda was constructed during the reconstruction of the temple.
The five-story stone pagoda is estimated to have been constructed before the mid-eighth century based on the fact that it is biased toward the east in the current precincts of Jukjangsa Temple estimates. Also, its bias toward the east bears comparison with the layout of Jureuksa Temple which is located in the same region. It could have been an inevitable choice due to the limited space within the precincts, however, could be the evidence of distinction between the main building and the five-story stone pagoda. The layout of Jukjangsa Temple in Gumi can be estimated through the cases of Goseonsa Temple site in Gyeongju and Changnimsa Temple site in Namsan Mountain in Gyeongju. It is very likely that it was built the earlist among the temples constructed within Ilseon-gun.

KCI등재

6『삼국유사(三國遺事)』 재이(災異) 관련 기사의 기초적 검토

저자 : 이기봉 ( Lee¸ Ki-bong )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 179-206 (28 pages)

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This paper analyzed the records related to disasters and extraordinary events(災異), which caused important political and social changes in ancient history, mainly focusing on the articles in 『The Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms(Samgukyusa)』. 『Samgukyusa』 tells us that various disasters and extraordinary events occurred. However, the frequency of ocurrence is quite small compared to 『The History of the Three Kingdoms(Samguksagi)』. In addition, disasters such as lightning strikes, earthquakes, and droughts were recorded in relation to Buddhism more often than those recorded in 『Samguksagi』. Next, several features are found in the articles on extraordinary events. A number of articles on extraordinary events were recorded in relation to celestial phenomena. That is, there were many unusual occurrences related to the sun, the moon and stars. There were also a considerable number of extraordinary events associated with animals. Most of the articles on extraordinary events recorded in 『Samgukyusa』 are significant in that they are not found in the articles of 『Samguksagi』. Furthermore, unusual events occurred in certain areas and places. Specifically, according to the records, they occurred in the royal capital and in temples. This seems to be related to the fact that the author of 『Samgukyusa』 is Il-yeon.
The articles related to disasters and extraordinary events recorded in 『Samgukyusa』 inform several points. In particular, the records in 『Samgukyusa』 show that Buddhism played a significant role in responding to disasters and extraordinary events. In addition, the activities of Uisang and Gyeongheung show how monks perceived disasters and extraordinary events. Next, the records on '寂忍禪師碑' and '新羅 壽昌郡護國城八角登樓記' show that monks connected to the clan and local government responded independently to disasters and extraordinary events without the help of the central government during the late Silla Dynasty. In this regard, even though there are many records related to disasters and extraordinary events in 『Samguksagi』, attention should also be paid to the records in 『Samgukyusa』. Thus, a review of these articles on disasters and extraordinary related to Buddhism will help analyze political and social changes through disasters and extraordinary events in the future.

KCI등재

7전통적 수리(水利)시설의 근대적 변동양상 ― 한탄강수계(漢灘江水系) 철원(鐵原)ㆍ연천(漣川)지구의 사례

저자 : 정승진 ( Chung¸ Seung-jin )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 207-233 (27 pages)

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This paper is to clarify the modern reorganization process of traditional irrigation facilities such like Bo(洑) and Zeon(堤堰) in the modern transitory period, Korea rural. Zeon is a kind of reservoir, and Bo is an irrigation canal from the river-bank. In the perspectives of local society history, these traditional facilities in Cheorwon(鐵原) and Yeoncheon(漣川) county, Hantangang-river(漢灘江) valley, had continued long-term existence in the transitory period, colonial period. The case of Bo(洑) shows these characteristics well. This remarkable facts displays long-term sustainability of local irrigation community in a peasant community. Especially, historical materials in Joongang Irrigation Association(中央水利組合) of Cheorwon county present a lots of traditional irrigation facilities in the upstream of the Hantangang-river. This case study brings light on the research of close corporate community in context of East Asian studies.

KCI등재

81938년 재미한인사회의 갈등 속 신두식(申斗湜)의 역할

저자 : 박영훈 ( Park¸ Young Hun )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 235-260 (26 pages)

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As the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937, Korean-Americans' hope for independence rose up, however, a dispute over method was ignited. The headquarters of Korean National Association of North America(K.N.A) maintained the assistance to Provisional Government(P.G), while the United Korean Society to Aid China(U.K.S) insisted anti-Japanese movement in America. This resulted in division in K.N.A, as it was combined with political, emotional, and monetary problems.
Doo Sik Shynn, editor in chief of The New Korea, tried to arbitrate K.N.A.H.Q. and U.K.S. On the one hand, Shynn demanded K.N.A.H.Q. to execute possible methods, more than the monetary aid to P.G, and on the other hand, he explained the situation of K.N.A to members of U.K.S. to settle down their discontent.
K.N.A.H.Q. became antagonistic to Shynn who openly supported U.K.S, and as a result, Shynn lost his position in K.N.A and The New Korea. The absence of Shynn brought a full-fledged conflict. K.N.A.H.Q. attempted direct control over U.K.S, which U.K.S. openly opposed. Eventually, U.K.S. created a new political group, independent from K.N.A.

KCI등재

9전시체제기 『매일신보』의 근로 담론 연구

저자 : 윤효정 ( Yoon¸ Hyo-jung )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 261-295 (35 pages)

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This article explored the discourse of labor mady by Maeilsinbo, the bulletin of the Japanese Government-General of Korea in the wartime period. In Maeilsinbo, there were diaries, letters and reports written by Koreans; this editng method to use Koreans' voices is good to understand the characteristics and meaning of the discourse of labor although it is difficult to take all of the contents of the diaries etc. as facts.
The period was divided into June 1938, when the Labor Patriotic Corps activities began, November 1940, when the 'Guideline for Establishing a New Labor System' was published, and around September 1944, when the conscription order was expanded.
First, since the beginning of the Labor Patriotic Movement in June 1938, MaeilShinbo had shown the superiority of collective and overall power centered on the experiences of young men who were active in the Labor Patriotic Corps, and had realized the image of the Subjects of Japanese empire who had storonger powers than the total sum of powers of members of the Subjects.
Second, after the publication of the 'Guideline for Establishing a New Working System' in November 1940, the Maeil Shinbo explained labor as one of the standards of national ethics. Accordingly, it was explained that the working spirit was a virtue that everyone should work without exception. MaeilShinbo explained the National Labor Patriotic Cooperation Ordinance(November 1941), which did not ordered but requested for young men and women to work in the military industry. In addition, in order to establish a common sense that the women and the elderly were responsible for agricultural labor, the production labor of married women and the elderly was shown as a natural and moral duty in a way that equalized the family and the country with the cases of Japanese women and the edlderly in rural areas.
Finally, before and after September 1944, MaeilShinbo tried to show the desire to labor. MaeilShinbo, described the work of rear ground embracing the battlefield with pleasure in a way that alludes to the desire to win and the desire to post-victory ideals.
In particular, it directly conveyed the feelings of pleasure and satisfaction from work revealed in the diaries of the conscripted students and the letters of members of the Korean Women labor corps. and indirectly metaphorized the pleasure and satisfaction of labor with cases of labor without complaints or labor without rest of conscripted workers, members of the port labor corps and rural women.

KCI등재

10부산 서독적십자병원 폐원과정을 통해 본 1950년대 한독관계

저자 : 이정민 ( Lee¸ Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 수선사학회 간행물 : 사림(성대사림) 77권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 297-322 (26 pages)

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This study examined the process of closing the DRK(West German Red Cross) hospital in Busan with an emphasis on the illegal disposal of foreign currency in 1956 and the discussions about hospital closure from 1958 to 1959. DRK hospital was founded by mutual agreement with the West German government and the US government in support of the postwar restoration of South Korea, and the strategic interests of West Germany and the US were inevitably reflected in the closing process. When medical aid from the Swedish Red Cross Hospital and other countries ended, the United States' strategic needs for the West German Red Cross Hospital also declined. West Germany felt difficult to maintain a hospital with the growing financial burden of free medical treatment. The hospital had internal accidents continuously. The Rhee Syngman government was unable to express its position during the opening and closing of the DRK Hospital, but it played some role in the worsening financial situation and the closing of the hospital, because they made no effort to improve the situation.

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