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The Journal of Chinese Historical Researches

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~132권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 1,525
중국사연구
132권0호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1송인(宋人)의 고려(高麗) 입사(入仕)에 대한 일고찰 ―복건지역 출신자를 중심으로―

저자 : 李廷靑

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-37 (37 pages)

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10-13世紀, 為數眾多的宋人遠赴高麗求仕, 這些宋人大多是文人出身, 有不少已在宋朝科舉中進士及第, 他們主要來自以福建為代表的中國東部沿海地區。宋人赴麗求仕的現象總體而言是一直持續進行的, 甚至可能是貫穿整個宋代。這些宋人都是自願搭載宋人商船前往高麗的, 在那裏通過個人的努力得到了或高或低的官職。
當時這種歷史現象在中韓歷史上都是空前絕後的, 有著特殊的時代背景。宋代科舉製度漸趨完善, 科舉錄取人數相對有限但應舉人數日異增多, 其中大部分人那麽失意落第、要麽“永淪選海”。這種仕路壅塞導致嚴重的人員壅滯, 進而形成了文人外流的巨大推力。宋代福建科舉尤為興盛, 因此這種現象更為嚴重。這時求賢若渴的高麗便是他們實現“曲線為官”的理想之地。
為這些遠赴高麗求仕的宋人助力的是宋商。福建與高麗海上貿易繁盛, 作為對麗貿易的前沿陣地, 福建尤其泉州的失意文人先天地占據了“地利”和“人和”的優勢, 他們能比其他地方的人更快獲得高麗的動態、更方便搭乘本地海商的船舶前往高麗。這正是當時高麗投化官吏多為閩人的重要原因。

KCI등재

2거란-여진-몽골제국 시기 옥전 한씨 가문의 위상 변화에 관한 고찰 - '고선무대장군한공묘지(故宣武大將軍韓公墓誌)'(1269)의 분석을 중심으로

저자 : 權容徹 ( Kwon Yong-cheol )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 39-67 (29 pages)

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In this article, I examined the contents of existing historical materials and the meaning of Hanrui epitaph in order to analyze and review epitaph excavated from the Xian(西安). Although the epitaph is not long, it was necessary to analyze the history of Liao, Jin, and Yuan empire together to know the contents of epitaph. In addition to the existing official histories, other inscription materials were also compared to reveal the details of the characters who appeared in the epitaph in more detail. In the end, it was confirmed that the Hanrui epitaph showed the end of the Yutian Han family, which had its own political status in the Liao-Jin empire.
The Yutian Han family, which had distinguished themselves since the beginning of Liao empire, maintained its status during the Liao-Jin replacement period, as Hanqixian(韓企先) played an important role in establishing system of Jin empire. However, his descendants did not have the same status as Hanqixian. Thus, although there is no particular record of Hanqixian's descendants, Hanrui epitaph outlined the disappearance of his descendants during the Jin-Mongol replacement period. The sons of Hanrui, the main character of the epitaph, died early, so their descendants could no longer come out. However, Mengwenchang(孟文昌), the son of Hanrui's second daughter, was able to write his maternal grandfather's epitaph, and the discovery of this epitaph provide to us more detailed information on the last of the Yutian Han family.
In fact, Mengwenchang did not know much about his maternal family and all of contents in epithaph was not accurate. Mengwenchang did not even know what Hanrui's father's name was. But, this does not mean that the epitaph does not have historical value. This is because it provides a foothold for extending the study of the Yutian Han family to the Jin empire, and also clearly shows maternal family of Mengwenchang, a figure who was active in Xian at the early Mongol-Yuan Empire.

KCI등재

3조선출신 만주기인(滿洲旗人) 한씨(韓氏)·김씨(金氏) 일족 묘비문과 정착 특징

저자 : 朴現圭 ( Park Hyun-kyu )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 69-107 (39 pages)

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This study analyzed the tombstones of Han and Kim(Jin) families, who distinguished themselves from the people who came from Joseon and belonged to the eight banners of Manchu in the Qing Dynasty.
The tombstones, which were built by Han and Kim families such as 「Han Yun Tombstone(韓雲墓碑)」, 「Han Jieyin Tombstone(韓傑音墓碑)」, 「Kim Deokun Tombstone(金德雲誥命碑)」, 「Kim(Jin) Xindali Tombstone(金新達禮神道碑)」, and 「Kim(Jin) Huazhu Tombstone(金花住神道碑)」, have been handed down until recent days as the original copy of the rubbing or the records in literature. According to the records on Han and Kim families reflected in their tombstones, although two families all devoted their allegiance to the newly settled Qing Dynasty, the viewpoint of two families to Joseon as their mother country assumed different aspects.
The Han family defected from Joseon due to the involvement of Yi Kwal(李适)'s revolt and had such a sense of antagonism against the mother country, Joseon, enough to engrave the words on the tombstones that they conspired to usurp the throne of Joseon. The members of Han family were mainly acting as soldiers and won in various battles. On the other hand, the tombstones of the Kim family, who were taken as prisoners during the first invasion of Joseon(丁卯胡亂), exhibited that their roots were in Joseon while showing the intention to maintain a link with their mother country, Joseon.
Kim Changming(金常明), who took a high-ranking position in the royal court of Qing Dynasty, established a tombstone (誥命碑) at the grave in his hometown, Uiju (義州), where his ancestors were buried with the cooperation from the royal court of Joseon.

KCI등재

4근대중국 중남은행(中南銀行)의 경영(經營) 변천과정(變遷過程) 연구

저자 : 馬長偉 ( Ma Changwei ) , 張文 ( Zhang Wen )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 109-142 (34 pages)

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The China & South Sea Bank is a relatively successful one among modern Chinese commercial banks. Its organizational structure and management system had been productive for more than 30 years of operation. The implementation of the China & South Sea Bank's system is influenced by the objective society's economic environment and national policies. The China & South Sea Bank insisted on the principle of Conservatism. During the Northern Warlords period, the economic environment was loose and the management system was smooth, so it's business revenue has increased over the years.
In the later period of the Republic of China, due to the influence of the war, the intervention of the government, serious inflation and other aspects damaged its institutional arrangements, disrupted its implementation at the micro-institutional level, and reduced its profits. Its decline has left many lessons for the development of today's enterprises.

KCI등재

5비주얼 미디어로 본 만주국의 전시 프로파간다 - 포스터·만화통신을 중심으로

저자 : 全京先 ( Jeon Kyoungsun )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 143-173 (31 pages)

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This study aims to examine the contents and characteristics of the war propaganda, focusing on visual media such as posters and comics produced and distributed in Manchukuo during the early stages of Pacific War.
As soon as the war started, Information Agency in the Central Propaganda Organization of Manchukuo launched massive propaganda campaign to mobilize the people for the war. It was the visual media such as posters and comics that have been used as important media for government propaganda. Visual media were effective in delivering propaganda messages to Chinese people with high literacy rates.
Propaganda posters and cartoons show the victory of the Japanese army in various parts of Southeast Asia. These images visualize the realization of Japanese slogan, “Greater East Asia Co-prosperity” justifying its war of aggression. In particular, they persuade the people of Manchukuo that the Pacific War will bring them the material abundance symbolized by sugar and rubber. These visual media contributed to thoroughly concealing the brutality and violence of aggressive war.

KCI등재

6신민주주의 경제 조기 종결의 미시경제적 원인 ― 장가구(張家口)시 식량업(食糧業)과 제분업(製粉業)의 공사관계(公私關係)(1948~1953)

저자 : 王筱影 ( Wang Xiaoying )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 176-207 (32 pages)

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Zhangjiakou was an important grain collecting and distributing center before liberation. Both grain industry and flour industry played a significant role in Zhangjiakou's industry and commerce. Private wholesale grain store and flour mills began to resume production after the second liberation in December 1948. Simultaneously new flour grinding machine had been introduced with the encouragement of the government. Under these conditions, some private wholesale grain store made a transition to flour mills, which led to a rapid development of the flour industry. However, while the new regime encouraged private wholesale grain store to operate flour mills, it also strictly separated the grain industry from the flour industry and prohibited private flour mills from concurrently involve in the grain industry. At the same time, the new regime controlled the grain market through measures such as formulating list price, and state-run grain companies (hereinafter called grain companies) quickly took a leading place. Consequently, the transaction volume of private wholesale grain store decreased, and the purchase and sale of grain were more concentrated in grain companies.
Under such circumstances, the flour industry relies on grain companies to provide raw materials, more and more private flour mills became a processer of grain companies. Once the grain supply is tight, private flour mills would be out of business because grain companies could not provide enough raw materials. After the State Monopoly Policy for Grain Purchase and Marketing implemented in 1953, private grain industry completely withdrew from the market, only a few private flour mills maintained production as processing plants, and finally they became the object of socialist transformation.

KCI등재

7중국 고대 무송(無訟) 사상 탐구

저자 : 왕샤오수 ( Wang Xiao-shu )

발행기관 : 중국사학회 간행물 : 중국사연구 132권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 207-226 (20 pages)

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"무송" 사상은 중국 법률 사상 중 중요한 구성 부분으로 중국 고대 제자 백가 모두 "무송" 사상을 지지하였다. 해당 사상은 역사적 뿌리가 깊고, 당시 사회의 정치·경제·문화사상에도 영향을 끼쳤다. 또한 무송 사상은 입법실천, 사법실천, 통치자의 집권조치에서 서로 다른 존재 양상을 보이고 있다. "무송" 사상이 생겨난 근원지에서 유·도·법가 사상과 "조화" 관념이 촉진된 가운데 통치자는 정치 선전, 사법 실천을 통해 "무송"사상과 덕풍을 확산하였다. 이를 통해 "무송" 사상의 합리성과 한계를 분석하고 나아가 그 핵심을 취하고자 한다. "무송" 사상은 대안적 분쟁 해결 방식의 특징, 방식, 기능, 목표에 중요한 영향을 끼치는 연구 대상이라 할 수 있다.


The idea of "no litigation" is an important part of Chinese legal thought. All ancient Chinese scholars advocated the idea of "no litigation". Its appearance has profound historical roots, and also has the role of social politics, economy, and ideology and culture at that time. At the same time, the idea of "no litigation" has also shown different forms of existence in legislative practice, judicial practice, and the governance measures of the ruler. Starting from the origin of the idea of "no litigation", under the promotion of Confucianism, Taoism, legalism and the concept of "harmony", combined with the political propaganda carried out by the ruler, the "no litigation" dissemination in judicial practice, and moral education. The promotion of "non-litigation" can analyze the rationality and limitations of the "non-litigation" idea, and then take its essence, explore the important influence of the "non-litigation" idea on the characteristics, methods, functions, and objectives of the alternative dispute resolution mechanism.

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