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British and American Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~29권3호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 634
근대영미소설
29권3호(2022년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 박하정 ( Hajeong Park )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 5-25 (21 pages)

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The Austen craze that continues into the 21st century stems not only from the original novels, but also from modern adaptations such as the 1995 BBC drama Pride and Prejudice. Shannon Hale's 2007 popular fiction Austenland shows how recent adaptations have played a significant role in connecting Austen's works of the Regency period with modern readers. Austenland features an Austen-themed place in the English countryside, where guests can experience the lifestyle and social customs of the Regency era. Drawing attention to Hale's portrayal of this unique Austen space, this essay examines how Austenland shows the way ardent fans participate in the rewriting of Austen through their theatrical experience, and how the novel satirizes the way the Austen industry responds to and exploits the growing demand of the fans. First, the essay discusses how during her 3-week visit in the Austen's place, a 33-year old Austen enthusiast, posing as Miss Erstwhile, acts out a romance story with gentlemen actors. Then, the essay addresses the heroine's inevitable dissatisfaction and disillusionment as she experiences fictional reality enacted in the theatrical space. Ultimately the essay demonstrates Hale's anticipation of how the growth of the modern reader will play a role in broadening the horizons of Austen rewriting.

KCI등재

저자 : 서정은 ( Jung Eun Seo )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-46 (20 pages)

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This article studies the way W. M. Thackeray's Vanity Fair foregrounds the commodification of femininity and literature in a market society. Vanity Fair has long been read as a novel which critically represents Victorian market society and addresses its issues of materialism and commodification. However, instead of the commodity culture in general my study focuses on the specific reason why Thackeray highlights the status of femininity and literature as the commodity. Within the Victorian cultural discourses both femininity and literature were imagined as the morally autonomous realms independent of and insulated from the corrupting effects of the market. Victorian society collectively imagined market defying virtues of femininity and art as the antidote to the corrosive power of the commercialism. Paying attention to this cultural expectation I argue that Thackeray questions the way Victorian society outsources the responsibility for the reformation of the market society to these two realms while keeping its capitalistic logic intact. Vanity Fair presents a reality in which femininity and literature are traded as commodities denying their status as the morally autonomous outside of the market. In a world of Vanity Fair where there is no outside of the market Thackeray confronts readers with the task of reflecting on the problems of the market society intrinsically.

KCI등재

저자 : 이혜수 ( Hye-soo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 47-78 (32 pages)

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This essay reads Heathcliff, the gothic villain of Wuthering Heights, in the light of Spinoza's ethics of desire. In Ethics, Spinoza not only exposes the anthropocentric nature of the concepts of good and evil but also argues that the desire of an individual (i.e., a singular thing) constitutes his/her singular essence. In other words, Spinoza's ethics of desire thrusts a radical critique of conventional morality as well as presents an individual's singular desire, not universal reason of human species, as his/her essence. Furthermore, proposition 57 of Part III in Ethics, which was used as an epigraph in Jacques Lacan's doctoral dissertation, makes it clear that an individual's singular essence lies in his/her singular affects. Heathcliff, a gothic villain or a Romantic hero in gothic novels, embodies Spinozist ethics of desire. His singular essence lies in his obsessive affects that deviate from “normal” social desire; the bizarre turn of his devaluation of human values, such as pity, humanity or duty, shocks our ordinary senses or affects, and challenges the entrenched regime of signs. While his singular desire is manifested in his desiderium (longing/desire) for Catherine and his pursuit of vindicta (vengeance) among the list of affects in Spinoza, it is ultimately the fulfillment of his death along with his strangely cheerful changes before it in the last part that epitomizes his singular and gothic essence: “my heaven.”

KCI등재

저자 : Jiyun Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 79-103 (25 pages)

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This paper joins the recent affective turn in Mark Twain studies, rethinking A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court as a trauma narrative of the postbellum industrial working class. This approach adapts the first-wave trauma theories, which are in close affinity with the American modernity of the late nineteenth century, the time when the perils of technological progressions refashioned the word “trauma” to denote psychical injuries. Resonating within this milieu, the protagonist Hank Morgan gets in a factory accident that connotes his loss of productivity. He flees from its shock into medieval fantasy, but his alienated “atom” echoes through derisive laughter in that memoryscape, cracking his illusion with its fear, shame, and anger. Eventually, Hank fails to engage with such emotions again, falling into the second dream and losing the opportunity to communicate his pain. Thus, his travelogue remains an unfulfilled attempt at restoring his congealed time-consciousness, embodied by his final rictus, “pathetic, obsolete smiles.” At long last, the baton of survival is handed over from the dead Hank to his witness, M.T., and hence on to readers. This paper concludes that the next adaptation of this novel should ethically participate in Hank's suffering by attending to the critical laughter from his open wounds, not suturing them with another self-delusion.

KCI등재

저자 : Seul Lee

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 105-123 (19 pages)

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This essay investigates Florence Nightingale's navigation of her vocational turn during the journey on the Nile by examining her travel correspondence with her family, collected in Letters from Egypt: A Journey on the Nile 1849-1850. Nightingale's travel to Egypt enabled her to avoid marriage and find a way to make her life more useful by not succumbing to women's domestic duties. To accomplish her desire to pursue a medical profession, Nightingale's travelogue employs a strategy: articulating the degenerative aspect of Egypt and its people, especially harem women, as a foil to highlight diligent white women contributing to the progress of England. This paper argues that Nightingale's observations of the two types of women―harem women and Catholic nuns―reveal her abhorrence of ennui; the binary that she sees as a sign of moral deprivation from harem women and a sign of progress from white nuns' acts as a narrative strategy that justifies her professional turn. Ultimately, this paper demonstrates that Nightingale's fear becomes a catalyst for becoming a nurse, eventuating from her anxiety that grapples with being both leisured and busy during her journey.

KCI등재

저자 : Haiyi Wang

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 29권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 125-140 (16 pages)

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The Joy Luck Club is the first novel of Chinese American writer Amy Tan. It depicts the conflicts and understanding between four first-generation immigrant mothers and second-generation immigrant daughters, and how they survive in the patriarchal American society. Ecofeminism takes nature and women as its basis and utilizes relevant theories of humanity. It reveals the domination of man over nature and man over women and aims to call for the joint efforts of all human beings to dispel the binary thinking mode, value hierarchy concept and logic of domination, and rebuild the network of human life to form an interdependent relationship between men, women, and nature. This paper aims to interpret The Joy Luck Club from the new and unique perspective of ecofeminism, which describes the mental journey of Chinese American women characters in the process of constructing their identity between Chinese and American cultures. It seeks to enable the deconstruction of patriarchal systems and build a world where men, women and nature coexist harmoniously in American society.

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