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Journal of The Korean Association of The Islamic Studies

  • : 한국이슬람학회
  • : 인문과학분야  >  종교학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2811
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1990)~31권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 602
한국이슬람학회 논총
31권3호(2021년 10월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1이슬람보험의 계약적 형태와 샤리아 아비트리지: 이슬람적 증여와 공유 개념을 중심으로

저자 : 오명석 ( Oh Myung-seok )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-47 (47 pages)

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Islamic insurance or Takaful has been developed as an alternative to conventional commercial insurance since the 1980s. As Islamic jurists(ulama) have resolved that conventional insurance should not be permitted because of excessive gharar(uncertainty) inherent in the sale of risk characteristic of insurantial contract between the insurer and the insured, they have attempted to formulate a shariah-compliant insurance based on the principles of gift(tabarru or hibah) and cooperation(taawun), which makes Islamic insurance similar to mutual insurance or cooperative insurance in its contractual form.
This paper analyzes the legalistic logic adopted by Islamic jurists in order to apply the Islamic concepts of gift and sharing to insurance. In evaluating this process, I will base my analysis on the notion of shariah arbitrage, which means to negotiate and arbiter differences and gaps between shariah regulations and the lived realities. I am particularly interested in the phenomena that shariah arbitrage which seems to be successful creates a new difficulty and contradiction, and needs further shariah arbitrages, while the opinions of Islamic jurists have divided on what is proper shariah arbitrage for authentic Islamic insurance. This phenomena is clearly evident in the shariah arbitrages employing diverse notions of Islamic gift, such as gift promise(iltizam tabarru), gift with rewards(hibah thawab), and conditional gift(hibah muallaqa) to legitimize the tabarru model of Takaful. Conscious of logical contradictions difficult to be solved in the tabarru model, there has been a recent trend among Islamic jurists to establish Takaful on the principle of cooperation(taawun) or sharing(nihd) rather than on the principle of gift.
This formulation makes Takaful closer to mutual insurance or cooperative insurance, and involves less shariah controversies. However, it occurs that the principle of taawun mainly remains in terms of the form of contract, but hardly reflects in the operational governance of takaful where takaful participants have little say in the management of takaful operators who are corporate companies much like conventional insurance companies. This shows another gap between shariah arbitrage and structural reality prevalent in the dual insurantial system adopted by most Muslim countries where Takaful has been introduced.

KCI등재

2쿠웨이트의 왕권승계 연구(1915-2021)

저자 : 최영철 ( Choe Young-chol )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-81 (33 pages)

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In Kuwait's succession to the throne, it had proceeded smoothly until 2006 that the Crown Prince automatically ascended to the throne upon the death of the former King (Amir). And the decision on the succession in Kuwait to the throne had been made within the al-Sabah ruling royal family by agreement without an interference of outside actors. Successions to the throne in 1965 and 1977 proceeded smoothly according to this rule. However, after the death of former King Sheikh Jabir al-Sabah on January 15, 2006, a serious crisis arose over the succession to the throne. On 24 January 2006, the Kuwait's parliament voted the new King, Sheikh Saad al-Abdullah al-Sabah, out of office for health problems. The rules of game on succession to the throne were changed, and the parliament became an actor in the decision-making process of succession. It is a structural change.
This study examines the succession process of Kuwait from 1915 to 2021. Variables applied to this study are: First, variables related to the leadership and blood ties, as suggested by Ibn Khaldun, and Second, the ruler's material and power resources. Third, the ability of alliance-building with members of the ruling royal family and with domestic and foreign political and social forces, and Fourth, the experience of powerful key positions in the Cabinet and the ability to manage state affairs.

KCI등재

3탈레반, 미진한 국민국가 형성, 그리고 아프가니스탄의 정치 불안정

저자 : 서정민 ( Seo Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 83-109 (27 pages)

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While acknowledging the negative impact of Islamism, this paper is based on hypothesis that Afghanistan's inherent problems, especially the deficient nation-state building, have a greater impact on political instability. To test this hypothesis, this study identified perspectives that explain various variables for political instability and evaluated the degree of Afghan nation-state formation. Furthermore, in order to determine which of the two independent variables, Islamism and nation-state building, had a more adverse effect on Afghan political instability, a quantitative analysis of books, articles, and reports related to instability of Afghanistan inside 'Google Scholar' was conducted to find the more appropriate independent variable The results of the analysis shows that academia also found that the incomplete nation-state formation is more influential on instability in Afghanistan than Islamism. In addition, a simple and straight-forward survey to understand the perspectives of local Afghan people revealed that the majority of locals also view that the deficient nation-state building has contributed more to ongoing instability than extreme Islamism.

KCI등재

4심연국가(Deep State)와 이집트 아랍민주공화국: 아랍의 봄 이후 이집트 군부의 지대추구체제 연구

저자 : 백승훈 ( Seunghoon Paik )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 111-138 (28 pages)

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After the Arab Spring, the Egyptian Armed Forces(EAF) emerged as an actor that surpassed the influence of the previous military in the political and economic aspects of Egyptian society.
Egypt's military currently dominates a key sector of the informal economy called the shadow economy or parallel economy. The Egyptian military has been involved in not only daily necessities such as food, diary products and flour, but also raw material industries such as cement, fertilizer, oil, mineral, and social overhead capital(SOC) projects such as ports, piers, roads, water supply and sewerage, electricity, and telecommunications.
Therefore, in this paper, theoretical framework of deep state and rentierism will be applied to examine the role of Egyptian military not only in El-Sisi government but as a whole history of Arab republic of Egypt.

KCI등재

5『바부르나마』의 현대 우즈벡어 및 위구르어 번역 비교 연구 - 어휘의미론적 관점에서

저자 : 송호림 ( Song Ho-lim ) , 후사무딘투이군 ( Hussamuddin Tuyghun )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 139-175 (37 pages)

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The goal of this research is to make a comparative study on the two translations of the Bāburnāma originally written in Classical Chagatāi: the version of Modern Uzbek language by Toshqin Bahoiy (Tāšqīn Bahāʼī, 2020) and that of Modern Uyghur Language by Hemit Tömür (1991). The two dialects are recognized as identical twins developed from dissimilar backgrounds. As the both languages evolved into modern times, therefore, we ought to examine and demonstrate the differences from Chagatāi period through comparing various manuscripts. For this purpose, I attempted a brief and lexical-semantic analysis of the two texts first. In addition, I utilized Bombay Persian manuscript (1891) translated by ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Ḵān-i Ḵānān, which is known to the oldest of the manuscripts containing the original literary style of Babur's era, and used Mano Eiji's Chagatāi critical edition that is also recognized as the best manuscript from a textual perspective.
As for translation of the two versions, that of Toshqin Bahoiy is a complete Afghani-Uzbek Arabic transcription of the 2008 Uzbek-Cyrillic translation of Vohob Rahmonov and Karomat Mullaxoʻjaeva. In other words, it shows a tendency to maintain a particular structure of Modern Uzbek - heavily persianized Turkic - and the use of much Arabic loanwords and disregarding phonological rules also remain the similar in Chagatāi manuscripts.
On the other hand, Hemit Tömür uses relatively more Turkic lexicons based on the Uyghur usage, a colloquial style, without damaging the meaning of the original context of Chagatāi. It also has a strong tendency of choosing concise Arabic-Persian loanwords that Uyghur readers can easily understand. But it often shows weakness in the translation of some complex meaning that require prior knowledge of Classical Persian adjectives.

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