간행물

종교와 문화 update

Religion and Culture

  • : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소
  • : 인문과학분야  >  종교학
  • : KCI등재
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1995)~40권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 331
종교와 문화
40권0호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1무당의 기도: 근대성과 저항

저자 : 김동규 ( Kim Dong-kyu )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소 간행물 : 종교와 문화 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-27 (27 pages)

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In this paper, I explain the meaning of shamans' praying practices in public spaces such as public parks and historic sites in terms of modernity and resistance. Shamans' praying practices for themselves as well as clients in such spaces inevitably face the power of modernity, because the sites on which they pray have in most cases been constructed as a modern project. Previous research has shown that encounters between modernity and Korean shamanism resulted in the formation of various images of Korean shamanism on the level of official discourse. However, scholars have paid much less attention to how shaman agents have reacted to those discourses which embody modernity. By reference to James C. Scott's resistance theory, I would like to interpret shaman's praying practices in modern parks and historic sites as a form of “resistance” acting on a “hidden transcript.”

KCI등재

2미륵, 개벽, 요나오시 : 동아시아 종교사에서의 위기와 혁세 인식

저자 : 한승훈 ( Han Seung-hoon )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소 간행물 : 종교와 문화 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-52 (24 pages)

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Religion in a crisis works as a system of imagination and techniques to manage the difficulties. In such conditions, existing religious symbols and concepts are reorganized into new meanings. This article deals with the transformation of religious symbols during socio-economic crises in early modern East Asia. (1) Maitreya, the future Buddha, had been a deity to prayer for reincarnation into paradise and good fortune in Buddhism and folk religions. However, rebels in premodern China and Korea, who resisted state power, imagined that Maitreya would immediately appear and bring an end to the world. (2) In classical literature, Kaebyŏk was a concept to describe the creation of the world. Kaebyŏk as a radical cosmological transformation in the future, which have been generally accepted by new religions in Korea until the present, gradually emerged during political crises after the 18th century. (3) The concept of Yonaoshi, which had initially meant to pray for the abundance of agriculture, extended its meaning to demanding a radical renewal of the existing world in the period of natural disasters and political upheaval in the 19th century.

KCI등재

3한국·대만 천주교회의 코로나19 대응 요인 분석 : 포스트 코로나 시대, 종교의 공적 역할을 위한 조건 탐색

저자 : 김선필 ( Kim Seonpil )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소 간행물 : 종교와 문화 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 53-92 (40 pages)

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The COVID-19 Pandemic has caused various crises in our society. Religion, meanwhile, does not appear to be playing its part in dealing with the crises, which has led people to question the presence of religion in society and its public role. How can religion justify its existence and play a public role in the post COVID-19 era? This paper has analyzed the response to COVID-19 by the Catholic Churches of Korea and Taiwan, and confirmed the religious conditions for playing a public role. The Korean and Taiwanese Catholic Churches made active efforts to prevent COVID-19. What made this possible were the leadership of the Pope, close ties between him and regional churches, and the pursuit of and historical experience of a common good as a core principle of Catholic Social Doctrine. These indicate what conditions religion needs fulfill in order to play its public role in our society. According to these cases, the key conditions required for religion to perform its public role are the leadership of religious leaders, close ties among religious members, a social doctrine that pursues common good, and experiences of practicing it directly. It is hoped that subsequent studies will generalize the conditions that enable the public role of religion.

KCI등재

4엘렌 화이트(Ellen G. White)의 생기(vital force) 개념과 갈홍(葛洪)의 환정보뇌(還精補腦) 개념 비교 연구

저자 : 백숭기 ( Baek Soongky )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소 간행물 : 종교와 문화 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 93-127 (35 pages)

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Despite its historical importance, relatively little attention has been paid to the theory of vital force that nineteenth century health reformers put forward. Allegedly, the vital force is a life-sustaining energy peculiar to living organisms, including human beings, and different from all the other forces found outside in non-living creatures. In this vein, this article examines ideas of vital force that Ellen G. White, one of the co-founders of the Seventh-day Adventists, maintained in her series of books called The Spirit of Prophecy. Also, this article shows the historical context of contemporary vitalism that presumably induced her to discourage masturbation (self-abuse or solitary vice as she called it) because ostensibly vital force could be expended by reckless ejaculation. She believed that devout Christians' aim to maintain a holy body would be seriously thwarted by arbitrary semen leakage. For the purpose of comparative explanation, the article compares White's ideas with those of Daoists. According to the Daoist Ge Hong (葛洪), an ancient Chinese thinker from the Wei-Jin period, in his book “Neipian” of Baopuzi (抱朴子), anyone can become an immortal Daoist hermit (神仙) by means of ancient chinese sexual arts (房中術) by which one should refrain from wastefully expending his semen (jing 精). Finally, this article discusses the relationship between semen loss and brain damage in the context of White's masturbation taboo as well as Daoist semen-keeping arts called haijingbunao (還精補腦).

KCI등재

5아브라함계 종교와 세계인권선언: 인권관념 비교연구

저자 : 서창록 ( Soh Changrok ) , 최정음 ( Choi Jeongeum )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 종교문제연구소 간행물 : 종교와 문화 40권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 129-163 (35 pages)

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This article compares and analyzes the idea of human rights in Abrahamic religions. For this purpose, it reviews Abramamic religions' contribution to the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), their theological interpretations of rights-claiming culture, and human dignity. The article identifies two components that have shaped their varied notion of human rights. The first is that the religions have regarded the universalist claim of human rights as a moral challenge against their religious doctrines, which was established to preserve their Divine revelations. The second is that their historical experiences - religious persecution for Judaism, the Enlightenment for Christianity, and the West European Colonialism for Islam - have respectively shaped their initial hostility towards the idea of human rights. The concept of human rights is commonly considered to be founded on the Judeo-Christian tradition and the Western experience of the Enlightenment. Judaism and Christianity, however, alongside Islam, have in actuality often repudiated the idea of universal human rights following the adoption of the UDHR. This paper demonstrates that this conceptual distance between religion and human rights has ultimately been narrowed due to an increase in shared dialogue. In short, the idea of human rights has earned its universality in Abrahamic religions through a set of debates and compromises.

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