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군사논단
108권0호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
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1유엔사 해체와 주한 미군 철수, 북(北)은 말할 자격 없다

저자 : 임호영

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 4-5 (2 pages)

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2북한의 해양 A2/AD 능력 강화와 우리의 대응전략에 관한 소고 -서북도서 방어와 SLBM 위협대비 대응전략을 중심으로-

저자 : 김덕기 ( Kim Duk-kim )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 9-34 (26 pages)

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The aim of this study is to analyze North Korea's maritime A2/AD threat that Pyongyang has recently strengthened as it advances its nuclear and missile technologies and suggests countermeasures. In particular, China's attempts to strengthen its maritime A2/AD capabilities and its efforts to turn the West Sea into its own sea seem to be intended to actively intervene in the crisis on the Korean Peninsula in the future. This paper suggested ROK's counter-strategy against North Korea's and China's strengthening their maritime A2/AD capabilities by dividing their maritime A2/AD threats and North Korea's SLBM threats.
In advance, the following strategies should be pursued to respond to the existing North Korea's and China's maritime A2/AD threat. First, the ROK Navy strengthen the projection of its naval forces in peacetime to prevent the Chinese Navy from crossing the median line in the West Sea. Second, in case of emergency, the Five Northwest Islands should be used as a strategic base with deploying long-range surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles to prevent China from entering through the West Sea. Third, the ROK Armed Forces must augment the Northwest Islands' joint and combined operational capabilities for reinforcement and support for them. Finally, South Korea needs to create a strategic environment that can create a strategically advantageous situation for the Northwest Islands through military cooperation with the US.
The additional counter-strategy was also proposed against North Korea's SLBM and SLBM-equipped submarine threat. First, in order to respond to die SLBM threat, the shortcomings of the KAMD should be augmented by building a 'Sea-based KAMD' system. Second, it is necessary to establish a real-time information sharing system with the United States. Third, the real-time response system that can track and monitor North Korea's SLBMs by the two navies must also be established.
This article also suggested ROK Navy's counter-strategy against North Korea's submarines that are equipped with the SLBMs and can operate in all waters on the Korean Peninsula as follows. First, the real-time information sharing system for North Korean SLBM-equipped submarines between South Korea and the US must be re-established. Second, Seoul and Washington should strengthen their response system that can track and monitor North Korea's submarines and actively conduct anti-submarine operations. Third, it is necessary to procure nuclear-powered submarines that can operate for a long time and track North Korea's submarines at an early stage. Fourth, the other emergency asset is an aircraft carrier that can carry out maritime interception operations and be also used as the mother-ship for ASW helicopters when necessary. Finally, it is necessary to minimize the power gap by promptly securing the aging P-3 maritime patrol aircraft, which are currently in operation for long-term submarine operations, with P-8 aircraft.

3남북한 군사력 비교·평가와 한국의 군사적 대비과제

저자 : 김강녕 ( Kim Kang-nyeong )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-71 (37 pages)

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This paper is intended to compare and evaluate the recent military power of the two Koreas and to analyze the military preparation tasks of Korea. To this end the paper is composed of 6 chapters tided introduction; die concept and evaluation method of military power, major cases of recent comparison of military power between the two Koreas, evaluation of military power comparison between the two Koreas, the ROK's military and security preparation tasks; and conclusion. Until now, comparative analysis and evaluation of military power between the two Koreas have been one of our important concerns as unstable military confrontation, conflict, and conflict between the two Koreas have continued since the division. The '2021 Global Firepower(GFP)' global military power index analyzed by the U.S. ranks South Korea sixth and North Korea 28th. The '2020 Defense White Paper' of the ROK Ministry of National Defense analyzes that North Korea is 2.3 times more than the ROK's troops and that some forces, including field guns and artillery, are also quantitatively dominant, but the ROK's troops are greatly dominant in the field of advanced weapons. The analysis of the military power of North and South Korea was conducted in 2004(Roh Moo-hyun government), 2009(Lee Myung-bak administration), and 2018(Moon Jae-in administration). In the case of conventional weapons, it can be summarized that South Korea is gradually becoming more qualitatively superior to North Korea. However, the remaining important issue is North Korea's nuclear missile power. Regarding our security tasks in the future, it can be summarized as ①the importance of developing a mutually complementary solid alliance, ②strengthening the power of incapacitation of North Korea's nuclear weapons, ③efforts to develop inter-Korean arms control, and ④maintaining, strengthening, and expanding power against future security threats. Self-help and cooperative efforts to incapacitate North Korea's nuclear power can be said to be an important task in the future. Self-help and cooperative efforts to incapacitate and denuclearize North Korea's nuclear power can be said to be an important task in the future.

4상호연계성에 기초한 한국군 군사교리 발전방안에 관한 연구

저자 : 전정배 ( Jeon Jeong-bae ) , 박효선 ( Park Hyo-sun )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 72-98 (27 pages)

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The objective of this study was to examine military doctrine which occupies a crucial portion in the innovation of ROK armed forces from the perspective of concept, and then present an effective developmental plan of military doctrine.
For this, In order to verify the interconnectivity of military doctrine, this study concentrated upon the examination of 『Joint Operation』 of Joint Manual and 'Operational Principles' contained in the basic doctrine of Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps from the perspective of joint operation. Regarding the interconnectivity of military doctrine for the execution of combined operation, this study comparatively analyzed 'warfighting functions' which are contained in US Army's 『Operation』and ROK Army's 『Ground Operation』and most frequently and commonly used in the execution of operation.
Based on above study findings, the developmental plans of military doctrine of ROK armed forces from interconnectivity is as follows:
First, it is necessary for the research institutes of Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps of ROK armed forces to establish a system to increase the interconnectivity of military doctrine for an effective joint operation. For this, it is necessary to organize institutes and experts in the research of military doctrine, establish a joint research system, and prepare a system for smooth control, adjustment and cooperation.
Second, it is necessary to work out a combined doctrine for the execution of effective combined operation. When considering future war in the Korean Peninsula, the importance of combined operation will increase all the more in the future and an effective combined operation, on the other hand, needs to increase the interconnectivity of military doctrine.
This study seems to be significant in that it proposed a practical research plan of military doctrine based on interconnectivity which could function as the base of military power use, when researches on military doctrine of ROK armed forces are at primary level.
However, this study could not what is a proper level of maintaining interconnectivity of military doctrine. In addition, this study has limitations in proposing what contents must be included in combined doctrine and what level must be maintained for proper interconnectivity.
Therefore, the author hopes follow-up studies will active discussions and researches on the level of interconnectivity, the scope of manuals, and the contents of concept paper will be carried out in the future, together with many discussions on combined doctrine.

5한국군이 지향할 이데아

저자 : 정경영 ( Chung Kyung-young )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-126 (28 pages)

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The ROK forces' Idea and Mission is the objective and direction which should be pursued by the ROK forces. The ROK forces' Idea is as follows: ① Country, Defend the territorial integrity and victory; ② Nation-state, Achieve a unified Korea, ③ History, Actualize the soul and spirit by the Korean ancestor, and ④ Era, Enrich the universal values and self-governing.
First, to defend the Republic of Korea is to conduct the monthly comprehensive regional and global security assessment and weekly situation analysis of North Korea, along with the ROK forces' leadership readiness posture and soldier、vigilance and operation, and training & exercise.
Second, to achieve a unified Korea is to support liberal democratic peaceful unified Korea by the powerful military forces, and contribute to building a unified Korea by developing new operational plan reflecting North Korea's increasingly direct nuclear and missile threat and the transition of wartime operational control, implementation, and victory in the event of war or North Korea's contingencies, along with will to fight and vigorous training and exercise by invincible warriors.
Third, to demonstrate the Korea nation-state's greatness is to actualize the soul and spirit of national ancestor, along with the study of a history of Korea, interalization and implementation.
Finally, to enrich the universal value and autonomy is to implement the participatory democracy, performance oriented management, human dignity, and rule of law, along with self-development, battalion echelon library, enlisted men self-governing system and program for return to society. The Republic of Korea which has demonstrated its national potentiality by 10th economic power, 6th technology and military power, along with Korea wave in the world should achieve a unified Korea, then take die lead in opening free and civilized neo-renascence era.

6시진핑 시대 중국군 개혁이 역내 안보에 미치는 영향

저자 : 조현규 ( Cho Hyeon-gyu )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 127-152 (26 pages)

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Xi Jinping (習近平), after 3 years of thorough preparation since his election as China's supreme leader in November 2012, carried out a massive military reform unprecedented in the history of the modem nation from the end of 2015 to 2020. They are working hard to follow up on that. Its ultimate goal is to realize the Chinese Dream(中國夢).
Xi Jinping's achievement of a strong military goal through military reform has important strategic implications for China. In other words, the first is an important foundation for the great revival of the Chinese nation, the second is a strategic support point for China to leap from a big power to a great power, and the third is a win-win security guarantee for China and other countries around the world. The current military development goals set by China are “to realize mechanization by 2020, achieve significant progress in information construction, achieve national defense and military modernization by 2035, and build a world-class military by 2050.” This proves China's determination to win die war of the future and prevent outside forces from interfering in local affairs. And this will inevitably have a direct or indirect impact on the security of the Asia-Pacific region and the Korean Peninsula.
From the perspective of the strategic environment in the Asia-Pacific region, the US Indo-Pacific strategy, the Taiwan Strait issue, territorial disputes in the South and East China Seas, and the Korean Peninsula issue are all potential factors for China to initiate war externally, and the impact on the security of the United States, neighboring countries, and the region is profound. Therefore, we should never overlook this.

7신시대 중국의 해양전략 분석과 전망

저자 : 이진성 ( Lee Jinsung )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 153-177 (25 pages)

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The Mahan era has passed, and Command of the Sea has disappeared, and each country has set a limited goal as Sea Control. With the United States traveling die five seas as the World Navy, China has gradually expanded its naval strategy to the combination of offshore defense with open seas protection beyond coastal defense with inshore defense and offshore defense. Now it is improving its strategic deterrence, counterattack, and maritime maneuvering and joint operational capabilities for the construction of a modernized navy capable of offshore defense and defense of national interests in the open sea. While focusing on developing modernized weapons and equipment such as aircraft carriers and new nuclear submarines to reinforce its open sea capabilities.
However, China waves sth aside on external threats to its maritime rise, and China says it has no conditions, will, or even ability to challenge the U.S. maritime hegemony. They argue that they are determined to oppose all forms of hegemony, power politics, unilateralism, and protectionism, maintaining cooperation, openness, and reciprocity in compliance with the trend of history, and play confrontation, blockade, and zero-sum games.
Professor Hubo at Peking University Center for Maritime Strategy Studies explained the importance of today's maritime and China's maritime rise in China's Sea Power in the Post Mahan Era published in 2018, while acknowledging the limitations of China's sea power and suggesting a path to sea power with Chinese characteristics. To protect the maritime interests spreading around the world, it aims at offshore control, regional existence, and global influence, and insists on innovation in framework, technology, and institutions. Strategic ambiguity so far is evaluated as rather poisonous and emphases the role of diplomacy to dispel die China threat theory.
Based on the Hobo's writing, this article first confirms China's maritime interests today, evaluates China's sea power, and analyzes and predicts China's maritime strategies in the New Era.

8신국가안보와 경항모 건조 -전략적·작전적 측면을 중심으로-

저자 : 정경운 ( Jeong¸ Kyeong Woon )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 178-201 (24 pages)

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Recently, there has been a heated debate over the construction of light aircraft carrier. Following last year, most of the government budgets related to light aircraft carrier allocated this year have been cut by the National Assembly. In favor of the construction of light aircraft earner, it is said that light aircraft carrier is a very useful national strategic asset that can be operated for various purposes, but the cost is not significantly borne. However, the logic against the construction of light aircraft earner argues that light aircraft earner are not more strategic and operational than the cost of their input in our strategic environment. The aircraft carrier is intended to project power into the sea, and it is dear that it is a national strategic asset and joint power closely related to national and military strategies. The process of building an aircraft carrier by a country that currently owns it was very complicated and rough. In particular, Britain has changed from the excessive debate over the construction of desirable naval forces and the construction of aircraft carriers in the strategic environment at hand since World War II, We should also look back to see if there has been sufficient discussion in the national decision to have a light aircraft earner. Many of the debates raised regarding the construction of light aircraft carrier disproves that sufficient discussion and consensus have not been formed through it. In the decision-making process, it is not known how much the military reduced the need for a light aircraft carrier and determined the cost. Large state-run projects require political decisions, but top-down decisions in acquiring national strategic assets can pose a lot of risks. Acquisition of strategic assets with large budgets can determine the direction of the military's construction of military power, and in the end, it is directly related to the victory or defeat of achieving national and military strategic goals. From this point of view, the construction of our light aircraft carrier should be examined one by one by related experts. As described by the authorities as now, the military should step up and verify whether the purpose of building a light aircraft carrier can be achieved in consideration of the enemy (threat), military strategy, military goal (target), and method. Excluding all historical considerations, we look forward to active discussions by related experts only in terms of national security and military construction.

9한국의 위기관리 체계와 군사 대응기구의 효율성 고찰 -법령체계와 구조, 운영 기능을 중심으로-

저자 : 김성진 ( Kim Sung Jin )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 202-229 (28 pages)

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In Korea, the National Security Office(NSC) has been in charge of the overall control-tower since 2004, but it is receiving disappointing evaluations every time. This makes Korea perceived as a country vulnerable to crisis management, both internally and externally.
Since the 2000s, traditional security threats such as the bombing of the Cheonan, the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong Island, the sinking of the Sewol ferry, the North Korean wooden ship, the low-altitude threat of Japanese maritime patrol aircraft, the invasion of KADIZ by Chinese and Russian military aircraft, and North Korea's tactics to launch ballistic missiles, etc. have been continuing a vicious cycle.
In addition, despite the expansion of non-traditional security threats such as MERS, Avian influenza, SARS, and Covid-19, efforts to improve and reinforce the crisis management system are difficult to find.
This study aims to improve the effectiveness of the crisis management system from a military perspective, in action and responding to various types.
The 'crisis management system' was set as independent variables, 'effiency' as dependent variables, 'conceptual keynote', 'structure of legal system and organization', and 'function and operation' were set as parameters.
Although it is difficult to ignore the limitations in reality, it is hoped that practical research will be active from the viewpoint of being difficult to overcome with only an external approach.

10징비록과 간양록을 통해서 본 임진왜란과 정유재란 조선의 군사전략과 전술

저자 : 송재익 ( Song¸ Jae Ik )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 108권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 230-260 (31 pages)

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On watching KBS drama 'Jing Bi Lok' in 2015, I arise to read 《Jing Bi Lok》(written by You Sung Yong) in mind, and then have read 《Gan Yang Lok》(written by Kang Hang). Two books were written on our national suffering history in 1st and 2nd Chosun-Japanese War (1592-1598)
I knew international politics of North East Asia about the end of 16 century, and strategy and tactics, political leadership, weapon system of Chosun Dynasty. Through reading 《Jing Bi Lok》and 《Gan Yang Lok》on 1st and 2nd Chosun-Japanese War, I made history view new, and happened to know a deep meaning on national and security view.
Lesson learn and suggestions to give contemporary ours through 《Jing Bi Lok》and 《Gan Yang Lok》are as follows. After we find a exact change of international politics in North East Asia, we have to establish and conduct a national security strategy and military strategy. Present Korea is not of Chosun of 16 century. As a smart dolphin beyond a hedgehog, Korea have to prepare the future, developing and enforcing education training and doctrine on combined operations and joint operations, and go abreast developing weapon system and spirit power. For achieving the Unity of Korea, we have to a changed idea on prisoner and we need to change the paradigm especially for North Korean People and a prisoner of Korean Peoples Army during Stability Operations.

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