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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2018)~4권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 49
Public History & Museum
4권0호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1The Real and Virtual : Museum Exhibitions and the Use of Media

저자 : Lee Min

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 8-24 (17 pages)

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As places of remembrance and places of commemoration, museums pass down memories to the next generations using a variety of materials that represent the times they are remembering. Of the various tasks museums have, exhibitions play a part in sharing memories with the public and are developed with the help of media that represent the times. This paper deals with a situation where technology-driven expression forms are indiscreetly taking the lead as the central axis of museum exhibitions has shifted to digital technologies due to the recent COVID-19 crisis. In order to enhance the value of museums, which serve as the voice of the times, and to reveal its raison d'etre, the essential question about the novelty ultimately pursued by museum exhibition that crosses the real world and various virtual worlds (VR, AR, MR), considering MZ generation, the digital generation as a major target of, was also addressed. In the end, no matter what medium is adopted, we must avoid losing the balance between real things and media and between content and form in accordance with the purposes of each exhibition.

2The Role of Local Public Museums in the COVID-19 Era : Focusing on the Yeoju Museum

저자 : Cho Won-ki

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 26-35 (10 pages)

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This paper looks at the response of local public museums to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly at the Yeoju Museum. At the initial stages of the pandemic, local public museums had to suspend operations for an uncertain amount of time, to prevent the spread of the virus. During the extended closures, local public museums had the opportunity to consider what they could do to remain relevant during the pandemic. After they reopened, these museums sought to ensure a safe environment and cultural services for visitors, despite the personnel and facility limitations. As the pandemic made it difficult for people to visit in person, the museums offered more resources online, in addition to online exhibitions and education programs, to continue communicating with local residents and visitors. Ultimately, the pandemic has proven valuable to museums as they consider their future directions and seek to provide their services in the midst of COVID-19 restrictions.

3The Future of Cultural Tourism Commentators in the COVID-19 Era

저자 : Lee Kyung Sim

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 36-45 (10 pages)

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The COVID-19 pandemic, which broke out in 2020, has changed many things in our lives. Many restrictions were placed on traveling or attending performances and exhibitions where unspecified individuals gather, and small museums in small towns were no exception. The Donggureung Royal Tombs, a representative tourist attraction in the city of Guri, and the Goguryeo Blacksmith Village, a museum on Goguryeo history, are temporarily closed and have suspended their commentary programs due to social distancing requirements that depend on the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. Cultural tourism commentators who used to provide groups of individuals with commentary services face to face have been seeking to adjust to the unexpected situation with COVID-19. This paper is a record of the efforts of one small museum and its commentators as they sought to adapt and thrive in circumstances unprecedented in our times.

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The purpose of this review is to introduce the intentions behind planning of the permanent exhibition hall's History Gallery at the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History. Opening of the gallery marked completion of the first stage of full-scale reorganization of the permanent exhibition hall, which was the first of its kind since the museum opened. The gallery opened in June 2020 and was constructed on part of the third and all of the fifth floors, which together have the largest space (1,632 ㎡) and the highest ceilings in the museum. It exhibits the major events and flow of our history, from a general historical point of view, between 1894 and the present. As one of the people responsible for this reorganization, I seek to review what value, or ideology, the reorganization was based on; what exhibition system was established; how the planning strategy was developed; what issues were raised; what proposals were presented; and how and why the decisions were made. Further, towards an even better reorganization next time, I identify room for improvement.

5Beyond Statism and Perception of the Cold War, Exhibiting the Lives and Memories of People

저자 : Lee Sangrok

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 64-75 (12 pages)

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The History Gallery, the permanent exhibition at the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, has been reorganized after consultation during the preparation process with a variety of experts in different fields. The direction of this reorganization is to introduce the lives of ordinary people in an easy manner to visitors, and distance itself from the state-centered understanding of modern and contemporary history. Exhibitions that show people, such as “Stories within History,” which is uniquely composed of eight themes, and “Oral History Collection,” which tells of contemporary memories of ordinary people at the time, are effectively realized. Despite new attempts and meaningful achievements in terms of exhibition technology, it is somewhat disappointing that the basic historical narrative of the History Gallery is similar to what can be found in middle and high school history textbooks and that too much information is listed. Nevertheless, the History Gallery will be remembered as a meaningful permanent exhibition in the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, which aims for the democratization of memory.

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The raison d'être of a museum may vary depending on the times, but it may first be defined as a venue that displays multicultural contents indispensable to various communities and invigorates the public. During the first period of reorganization of the permanent exhibitions after its opening in 2012, the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History updated their contents in response to the requests of historical academia and civil society. However, it is questionable whether this endeavor could reasonably be described as a “full-scale” reorganization. First, it seems that the space was not sufficient for exhibitions of the whole period before the contemporary era. Second, there was a lack of consultation from various related experts in the operation of the advisory committee. Third, there were and are limitations to ensuring that the staff in charge of the exhibition reorganization continue to work on the same task. It is said that a history museum is a product of politics. Nevertheless, the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History must not be influenced in a way that its exhibitions are reorganized in accordance with regime changes. The National Museum of Korean Contemporary History Museum should stand upright, its management team should run the Museum with pride, and the people should support the cause.

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This paper looks at how the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History intended to represent and educate on the complex, multiple-perspective, controversial and sensitive nature of history, on which history education circles have recently focused, through its reorganized History Gallery. While the History Gallery has had some success in displaying multiple and complex historical interpretations, there is a lack of historical education devices for visitors to mull over what they are seeing.
The History Gallery represents the ups and downs of Korea's contemporary history, conflicts over the inheritance process among interested parties, the national narratives, and individual memories and inheritances in disharmony. However, the History Gallery's intention to represent the multiplicity and complexity of history seems too bold at this point in time, when there is little research on how best the educational community should handle the sensitive parts of that history.

8Permanent Exhibition at the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History : Exhibition Flow and Spatial Elements of the History Gallery

저자 : Suh Swoo Kyung

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 94-107 (14 pages)

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Opening in 2012, the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History was the first museum devoted to history in the nation. In June 2020, the Museum extensively renovated its History Gallery, which is its permanent exhibition hall. The History Gallery has impressed audiences with its unusual planning and composition to display historical facts in a more emotional way. Through collaboration with a variety of artists, it facilitates better understanding and remembrance of Korean history.
The History Gallery consists of three major parts organized in chronological order. This review of the History Gallery takes a designer's point of view and comments on how the spatial composition affects traffic flow of the space. In addition, this review looks at how the visual elements make communication easier, how technical expressions and emotional approaches are used in the space, etc. Finally, the author suggests the way ahead for the gallery in the future.
Audience perceptions of history can differ greatly by how historical facts are interpreted and creatively expressed in a given space. In light of this, this review discusses the overall composition of the History Gallery in terms of exhibition design.

9Literary Contents and Visualization of Literature History : Focused on the Museum of Korean Modern Literature

저자 : Heo Min

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 110-119 (10 pages)

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This article aims to critically examine the characteristics of the Museum of Korean Modern Literature, located in Incheon, and thereby to identify the current position, status, role, and value of literature houses in Korea. Today's literature house is a complex cultural space as well as a Larchiveum that plans and presents a variety of programs ranging from liberal arts education and lecture, creative writing and publication, performance and broadcasting, to experiential events, while remaining faithful to the role of a museum specializing in literature-related exhibitions. The Museum of Modern Korean Literature is assuming a leading role in exhibitions, education, and academic research related to literature, positioning itself as a comprehensive public literature house. In addition, the Museum has strived to reflect Incheon's cultural identity in the history of Korean modern literature, successfully establishing itself as a local literature house. Thus, based on the case of the Museum of Korean Modern Literature, this study proposes the theoretical possibility of establishing a literary museology.

10Experiencing the Interactive Gallery at the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History

저자 : Park Chan Hee

발행기관 : 대한민국역사박물관 간행물 : Public History & Museum 4권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 120-129 (10 pages)

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The National Museum of Korean Contemporary History's Interactive Gallery opened on March 29, 2021. The Interactive Gallery is part of the complete reorganization of the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History and is designed for visitors to “experience” contemporary history. The key theme is communication between the generations, with the Gallery itself designed for all generations, rather than targeting only a certain one. The Interactive Gallery consists of 17 exhibitions, which mainly focus on the history of life. Visitors experience the exhibits, rather than simply viewing them. As each exhibition uses a different method to facilitate this experience, visitors are able to enjoy a dynamic selection of differences between each one. The Interactive Gallery and the History Gallery complement each other―the latter exhibiting the history and the former drawing people into that history. Since there are very few museums that have experience centers that appeal to all generations, the Interactive Gallery serves as an important experimental place and starting point for examining what visitors experience and how.

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