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The Journal of Modern Chinese Literature

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수록정보
수록범위 : 22권0호(2002)~102권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 926
중국현대문학
102권0호(2022년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 피경훈 ( Pi Kyunghoon )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-30 (30 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to critically read Wang Hui's thoughts on the re-politicalization of China through the concept of 'people's war(人民戰爭)' proposed by Wang Hui. First of all, Wang Hui develops a discussion focusing on the depoliticized workers of today. According to him, today's workers do not imagine any kind of new political power in spite of capitalist oppression. Wang Hui emphasizes the need for workers' repoliticization in order to overcome the capitalist contradictions facing China today. His discussion can be read as an argument that emphasizes the power of the 'people'. However, if we take a closer look at Wang Hui's argument, he is ultimately responding to today's contradictions by restoring the “popular line” that the CCP had practiced in the past. But it remains to be seen more critically whether returning to the experience of the Chinese Communist Party is truly a possibility of radical politics. Therefore, this thesis will reveal the theoretical flaws existing in Wang Hui's argument by critically analyzing it.

KCI등재

저자 : 박자영 ( Park Jayoung )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-56 (26 pages)

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Since the 2010s, there has emerged a flow of cultural studies in China that re-includes the ideas and history of 'revolution' and 'practice' into the realm of cultural studies. Wang Xiaoming who is the first generation of cultural studies in China and Pan Jiaen, the researcher of cultural studies who is born in 1980s, have reconstructed the scope and direction of cultural studies, discovering the resources to operate cultural studies in the history of Chinese revolution and practice.
More specifically, Wang Xiaoming renarrates the history and ideas of the Chinese Revolution, illuminating the problems and perspectives of cultural studies as a criticism and movement. Pan Jiaen combines the historical reality of Rural Construction with the agenda of cultural studies, emerging the factor of “practice” that had been omitted from Chinese cultural studies to the surface of discussion and changing the characteristics of cultural studies.
This is an attempt to expand the perspective by intervening a macro perspective, that is, a global and historical perspective, rather than a microscopic analysis of the current Chinese contemporary reality in the field of cultural studies. In addition, this transforms the axis of cultural studies by presenting evaluation and perspectives while altering the framework of cultural studies analysis.

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저자 : 박지현 ( Park Jihyun ) , 김민정 ( Kim Minjeong ) , 이지원 ( Lee Jiwon )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 57-94 (38 pages)

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This study aims to review the trends in discourse on China's 'Education Modernization', and based on this, to gain a meaningful prospect for future development, by using lexicostatistic analysis. To this end, we searched for papers related to 'Education Modernization' published from 2019 to the end of 2021 from the academic journal category on the China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI, 中國知網); a total of 3,751 papers were examined.
First, after extracting all the abstracts of these papers, we generated a list of words using Parsing program, CorpusWord Parser and corpus analysis program, AntConc, Python, etc. Among them, a total of 1,482 words were confirmed as the final analysis target based on frequency.
Secondly, we calculated the rate of change in the frequency of each word by unifying the parameters of each year's papers, and thereby secured a spreadsheet showing the annual, as well as combined, frequency and rate of change of the target word during the period of three years.
Lastly, an analysis of the trends in discourse on 'Education Modernization' was performed using visualization methodologies such as statistical graphs and word clouds.
As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that the most crucial concept of the discourse on 'Education Modernization' during the period is '發展', and among the top 10 strategic goals proposed by 'China's Education Modernization Plan towards 2035', the contents related to “building a pool of teachers”, “training talent in university education”, and “education informatization” were raised as the central issues. In addition, it was found that the representative words that led to the direction of strong upward change during this period were '評價' when based on the frequency and '十四五' when based on the rate of change. The year-by-year changes in keywords of the discourse on 'Education Modernization' from 2019 to 2021 were also identified.
This study is meaningful in that based on specific numbers, it has laid a foundation for grasping to what degree of weight and intensity the new issues that cause a change in discourse affect and lead to substantial change among the main concepts and topics that form the core of the discourse of 'Education Modernization'.
The outcome of this study is meaningful in that it attempted to identify the overall outline of the discourse topography before specific and theoretical analysis on 'Education Modernization' discourse could take place. It also examines how the main concepts that form the core of the discourse combine with the emerging issues that can cause a change in discourse.

KCI등재

저자 : 문정진 ( Moon Jeongjin )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 95-118 (24 pages)

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Research on the opium question have mostly been centered on drug control policies, diplomacy, politics, economy and socioculture. This article takes a look at the medical perspectives on the opium question, focusing on Remarks on the opium question (Remarks) from The Medical Missionary in China: a Narrative of Twenty Years' Experience. What were mentioned foremost in Remarks were the addictive symptoms induced by opium (which were being used in traditional Chinese drugs), along with the possibility of curing the addiction. At the time, opium was considered not only as a personal taste but a prevalent cultural custom. Physical properties -either stimulant or sedative- of opium were highlighted, as the drug was processed into a luxury. However, Remarks paid attention to how opium abuse lead to disease manifestations and pain in the body and mind of addicted patients. Hands-on clinical experience with patients admitted to Shanghai's first modern hospital made this possible. From the clinical cases described, we could observe a beginning of narrative medicine, a modern therapeutical perspective built on the basis that patient-doctor relationships should be cooperative and bidirectional. Nowadays, since the addictive mechanisms of opioid substances have been scientifically revealed, opium is deemed a harmful drug, and 'substance abuse' is included and defined in the classification system of mental disorders. The treatment and disease narratives presented in the late Qing dynasty became a major precedent for the official categorization of drug addiction into a disorder.

KCI등재

저자 : 신민준 ( Shin Minjoon )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 119-142 (24 pages)

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After the advent of modern times, Chinese intellectuals saw themselves and other disparate things taking over the world. This was a big shock to the Chinese who have enjoyed hegemony in their worldview until then. Here, the 'heterogeneous' experiences of Chinese intellectuals put Chinese intellectuals on a kind of boundary in the issue of identity. This was a longing for the outside, a denial of himself, and on the other hand, a completely different rejection of the outside and a defensive appearance of himself. For Chinese intellectuals who had both contradictory ambivalence at the same time, the shock of being 'heterogeneous' had come in a great sense, and efforts to properly understand and analyze it were needed.
For the above reasons, I would like to try an approach to the identity problem that I would have experienced and felt foreign to Chinese intellectuals. In particular, I would like to examine this through the travelogue of Qu Qiubai(瞿秋白), one of the core of the Chinese intellectual world. Travel can be said to be an act that brings direct experience of heterogeneous things, especially heterogeneous spaces. Therefore, it is of great significance for the appearance of the Chinese intellectual system at that time to examine the thinking of Qu Qiubai contained in the travelogue through Michel Foucault's concept of 'Heterotopia'.

KCI등재

저자 : 박민호 ( Park Minho )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 143-163 (21 pages)

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This study critically examined the consciousness of 'nationalism' penetrating the flow of Chinese contemporary literature research, focusing on the study of the literature of occupied regions in China. And I tried to explore the possibility of reconstructing 'Aesthetics' and 'politics' out of nationalism through Wang Dewei's 'lyricism'. In my view, the problem with Chinese literature research on the literature of occupied regions is that it tries to grasp all criticism and resistance of literary works from the point of view of 'colonialism'. This overlooked the importance of the issue of 'governmentality' as a more general mechanism of oppression that existed both inside and outside the contemporary colonial space. On the other hand, Wang Dewei presents the link of 'Enlightenment', 'Revolution', and 'Lyrics' by modifying Li Zehou's outline of the development process of modern Chinese history with the two concepts of 'Enlightenment', 'Salvation'. What I noticed here was that Wang Dewei replaced Li Zehou's 'salvation' with 'revolution' and that the concept of 'lyricism' was closely connected with 'revolution'. His theoretical attempt overcomes the problems faced by the study of modern Chinese literature by escaping from 'nationalism' and highlighting the resistance of the people and intellectuals who resist the oppression of the times.

KCI등재

저자 : 김윤수 ( Kim Yunsu )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 165-184 (20 pages)

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Socialism of the Mao period broke up and neoliberalistic order got to take its place in the new system after reform and opening-up. Reform and opening-up caused rapid stratification. Accordingly, mass media began to be actively utilized for propagation and supply of Govern Culture. Maids' stories in TV shows produced against this backdrop could be found that various mechanisms to control society work. Taking note of this point, this thesis analyzed a methods and aspects of defining Maids in TV shows through Professor Tian and His Twenty-Eight Maids and Maids.
Maids' stories in the two TV shows show how to hide and seal discrepancies in social rhetoric called capitalistic order and equality caused by neoliberalism. After reform and opening, Maids who again got to appear in cities appeared in TV shows as the intimate and unfamiliar strangers. For example, the maids in TV shows exist as the persons who destroy or threat families, but the families of employers eventually embrace and accept them. On the contrary, the maids who are extraordinarily good and at the same time, make efforts to improve their qualifications can be upwardly mobile like Cinderella in a fairy tale. By the way, various conditions should first be satisfied to be upwardly mobile like Cinderella. They should properly implement the domain of 'intimacy' as the similar family of the employers and at the same time, should be civilized by improving their qualifications. And they should be willing to adapt themselves to a capitalist market economy and volunteer for sacrifice and dedication.
Like this, the maids in Tian and His Twenty-Eight Maids and Maids give shame to 'sense of morality' that the class responsible for low-level labour in society like maids. And their success stories to satisfy so-called 'sense of morality' hide discrepancies in social rhetoric called capitalistic order and equality caused by neoliberalism. That is, the stories of the maids who are willing to adapt themselves to and live in the capitalist market economy fulfill their instrumental role of propagating Govern culture by producing fantasies that everybody can equally and harmoniously live regardless of differences in social positions and economic status.

KCI등재

저자 : 김수진 ( Kim Sujin )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 185-204 (20 pages)

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The Chinese character for cynicism (冷笑) means 'cold laughter'. Satire and cynicism are representative narrative strategies that use aggression, a fundamental attribute of laughter. Although cynicism belongs to the subcategory of satire, it differs from satire in that it can be the object of me as well as others, and it is accompanied by a certain degree of acceptance attitude. Meanwhile, cynicism is negatively evaluated in that it sometimes results in nihilism. This study aims to examine the affirmative meaning of cynicism as one of the narrative strategies and to identify the way and meaning of cynicism. Since cynicism is not blind, it can be rather productive, and the gaze based on cynicism is an attempt to secure the distance of reflection. Therefore, cynicism shows the possibility of going to self-reflection and dissolution as an important key to entering into one's abyss. The narrative based on cynicism in Xu-kun's works is meaningful in that it is an expression of awareness and overcoming.

KCI등재

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Youngmi )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 205-244 (40 pages)

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'Beautiful China' is a concept presented at the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. This emphasizes the integration of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction into all aspects and processes of ecological civilization construction.
The documentary Beautiful China with the same title was a collaboration with the BBC in 2012 and a second edition in 2018. In the first production, the ecological position of the Chinese government is not revealed, and nature maintains a static state as an object to be viewed separately from humans. However, in the second documentary Beautiful China, nature is regarded as an economic resource, and nature is illuminated as the green economy, a new economic ecosystem of China. Here, the green economy means a new modernization of China, and the people who directly carry out this act, People and Xi Jinping, appear in the documentary.
In addition, the second documentary Beautiful China emphasizes the construction of a new Chinese-style civilization through various legal devices of the Chinese government, the government governance building system, and 'people-centered' emphasizing the active actions of the people. Also, we do not forget that the specific methods of modifying these forward-looking times are “Chinese Wisdom” or “Chinese Method (中国方案)”. This is the reality of what we call “Chinese modernization”. What is continuously emphasized here is the very strong populist color of 'Chinese style'. This is where storytelling comes in. This 'beautiful China construction' is one of the most important directions in the construction of China's imperialism, which seeks to establish a 'Chinese order' through Chinese wisdom and solution based on the temporality of the future. And just like how beautiful China is decorated, beautiful stories are established that run towards the formation of 'beautiful China'.

KCI등재

저자 : 김정구 ( Kim Jungkoo )

발행기관 : 한국중국현대문학학회 간행물 : 중국현대문학 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 245-271 (27 pages)

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From Cyber-Nationalism to Famdom Nationalism: The Case of Diba Expedition in China is an academic research book that discusses the characteristics and significances of the 2016 'Diba Expedition' and Chinese 'Cyber- N ationalism' in various ways. This book contains eight case studies on the 'Diva Expedition' which were conducted by media and communication researchers in China and U.S. They discuss the meanings of the 2016 'Diba Expedition' in details in terms of media, society, and culture.
First of all, an important characteristic of the 'Diba Expedition' that this book focuses on is the new sense of community formed by the Chinese young generation whose media environment called the Internet has become a basic condition of their lives. In other words, it explores the relationship between the perception of the 'imagined community' experienced online by Chinese young generation born in the 90s and the collective action they performed. This book analyzes the characteristics of the 'Diba Expedtion' and identifies them as an important feature that Chinese 'Cyber-Nationalism' was constructed under a completely different media environment from that experienced by previous generations.
Another point that is repeatedly emphasized in this book is that this Chinese 'Cyber-Nationalism' is a mass-led nationalism, unlike the existing official nationalism. If China's official nationalism is defined as top-down patriotic education, 'Cyber-Nationalism' has the characteristics of bottom-up consumer nationalism. In the sense of nationalism constituted by consumers, China's 'Cyber-Nationalism' has the characteristic of fandom nationalism, that is, a fandom culture that personifies the country as an idol and consumes it. This is actually due to the fandom culture of Korea, where the cultural industry is highly developed. From the point of view that nationalism linked to fandom culture is a voluntary action centered on the masses, this book understands the 2016 'Diba Expedtion' as a process in which commercial entities in the new media era are politicizing themselves.
Lastly, an important point to be found in this book is that their actions are based on playful games. Researchers who empirically studied the comments and meme images used in 'Diba Expedition' found that Chinese netizens' attitudes are not just admonishing or criticizing Taiwan's independence, but also include satire, humor, and sometimes understanding and embracing. They even stipulate that the 'Diba Expedtion' was a self-satisfying act by focusing only on one's own 'self-performance' without much interest in attacking or persuading Taiwanese netizens. These two concepts of them do not seem to match at first glance, playful nationalism and nationalism as a game, which were difficult to imagine in the past, constitute the core characteristics of this 'Diba Expedition' and represent the meanings of contemporary Chinese 'Cyber-Nationalism'.

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