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The Journal of English Cultural Studies

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2008)~15권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 335
영어권문화연구
15권2호(2022년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 고강일 ( Ko Kangyl )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 5-32 (28 pages)

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Surveying a genealogy of Wonder Woman since her first appearance in 1941, this essay explores its gender politics and discusses how Patty Jenkins's Wonder Woman (2017) examines different ideas and discourses about the female superhero's stories. Created as feminist character by psychologist and lawyer William Moulton Marston, she has served as discursive space for arguments over women's rights and the boundaries of gender. The first half of this essay charts the way in which Wonder Woman's portrayals vary within the contexts of changing feminist movements, cultural shifts in gender norms, and political ideology. I consider how the character of Wonder Woman has challenged gender boundaries by performing a determined and formidable warrior. This paper also addresses how it has conformed to traditional articulations of gender as an attractive, heterosexual, and white woman at the same time. In the second half of this paper, I analyze Jenkins's Wonder Woman, the first live-action solo movie about the Amazonian princess, and discuss the way in which the film mirrors and reflects on the history of Wonder Woman since its first introduction. This paper reads the film as a cultural commentary on Trumpism, and examines its gender politics. In doing so, this paper concludes that the cinematic text enacts a conservative cultural politics in which “compulsory heterosexuality” is aligned with “compulsory able-bodiedness” resulting in heteronormative disablism.

KCI등재

저자 : 김대중 ( Dae-joong Kim )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-53 (21 pages)

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This essay aims to trace down the origins and explore the phenomena of anti-intellectualism in the U.S. focusing on transcendentalist's writings including Ralph Waldo Emerson's essays and Henry David Thoreau's Walden. In turn, the essay read thorough Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America to show what kinds of anti-intellectual factors in the U.S. a foreign intellect could detect. And then, the essay consolidates whole arguments in the context of Richard Hofstadter's Anti-intellectualism in American Life. Analyzing Emerson's essays, this research finds out contradictions between spirtuality and practicality as well as between romantic vision of the world and prejudices against others. Tocqueville also noticed and critiqued contradictions and anti-intellectual elements in American democracy. Hofstadter presents genealogy of anti-intellectualism to discuss what makes common people in the U.S. ignore and even hate intellectual's ideas or practices by delving into the long history of contradictions in religion vs. science and populism vs. academism.

KCI등재

저자 : Kim Soyoun

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 55-79 (25 pages)

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Ballantyne's The Coral Island shows how cultural imaginings of the adventurer were used in the conception of nationhood and that of male development in the nineteenth-century British island adventure stories. Through a journey between islands, that is, home country and island(s) placed on the imperial frontier, The Coral Island illustrates that those who participate in overseas occupations contribute to the expansion of the empire. The anti-domestic message of the novel remains throughout the novel, highlighting the empire's general attitude toward the foreign. The Coral Island that the three boys come to inhabit is depicted like a school garden, thereby unsettling the myth of the idealized middle-class home-builder; the boy characters are at home without building a home there, which anticipates the later Victorian period in which the empire-building project involved no personal attachment to a unique space but mechanical expansion of territory instead. Likewise, the boys do not need to domesticate the Island of Mango either because they find it already a part of the extended empire. Through the characters who keep traveling without any sense of displacement, the novel evokes and supports the notion of perpetual roving that enables the empire to continue expanding.

KCI등재

저자 : 김영호 ( Kim Young Ho )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-111 (31 pages)

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This paper is to study Alice's adventure in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland from the perspective of affect and becoming. Alice's becomings accompany the play of (non)sense according to the occurrence of the event. Alice takes a curious affective adventure in the wonderland after descending into the rabbit hole. In the wonderland Alice's adventures are developed, experiencing the breakdown of her identity through various 'becomings'. This development can be explained by the concept of affect theory of Spinoza. In short, Spinoza's affect theory explains the variation of the body according to the intensity of Alice's adventures. Alice's becomings as affect are developed as three main features of language, time, and law. These three main concepts constitute an adventure that is fundamentally developed in Alice's 'becoming', namely, affective body becoming. In this context, Spinoza's affect is the logic of nonsense experienced in the adventure of the wonderland, and the breakdown of identity according to the sensual experience of time in pure form.

KCI등재

저자 : 김종갑 ( Kim Jong-gahp )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-135 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the short stories of Raymond Carver from the perspective of Deleuze's affect. Influenced by counterculture that emerged in the 1950s, minimalism aims to achieve maximum effect with minimum expression. Carver's work reflects this characteristic of minimalism well, and because of such a characteristic, uncertainty or indeterminacy in meaning causes difficulties in understanding his works. The indeterminacy of meaning in Carver's works can be found in the approach to change that occurs at the microscopic level regarding the relationship between people/objects.
The characters in Carver's work, seen through Deleuze's concept of affect, show aspects of change through their relationship with the surrounding objects. Carver's work does not present the existing value, but expresses 'intensity'. It occurs in a pre-linguistic dimension, and the strength that causes qualitative change is the power that produces difference. The point where these changes occur is the realm before language and is also the space where complex forces act. The indeterminacy of meaning, which is characteristic of Carver's work, can be said to stem from the expression of the power of life that occurs in the dimension before language.

KCI등재

저자 : Kim Jin-kyung

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 137-161 (25 pages)

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This essay aims at discovering some ontological reality of the human as an object in the digital Age by deconstructing two underlying ideas of the liberal Humanism, dualism and anthropocentrism. Bruno Latour's Actor Network Theory(ANT) and Graham Harman's Object-Oriented Ontology(OOO) provide some foundational ideas to understand techno-centered posthuman conditions in which the boundaries between humans and nonhumans are radically blurring. They do not directly engage their theories with posthumanism, but their theories which abolish the exceptional position of the human reverberate with a postumanist stance which attempts to put humans and nonhumans on the same footing. Latour demonstrates in the discussion of modernity how the dualist distinctions like nonhumans/humans, nature/ culture have ignored the hybrid nature of the real world. Harman expands the ontological realm of the objects by endorsing the things-in- themselves in his theory, OOO. The crux of these two philosophers' thoughts is to lift the human's burden to reduce every object and event for the humanist taxonomy, and to oppose any reductionist approaches to interpret the existence of a being.

KCI등재

저자 : 임은하 ( Eunha Leem )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 163-195 (33 pages)

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This article attempts to analyze representations of women's body in the Anne Sexton's poetry, focusing on Julia Kristeva's concept of “abject”. According to Kristeva, Abjection, a process of unconsciously separating, excluding, and removing something in the process of forming a subjectivity, occurs. Kristeva calls this removed one “Abject”. Abject is conventionally considered filthy and terrifying because it is threatening the existing social order, system, and identity. Anne Sexton puts women's abject body in the foreground of the poems. In a male patriarchal society, representation of the female body has been hidden and ruled out because it is considered shameful and filthy. By representing these women's bodies in poetry, Sexton subverts the women's abject body from hidden to visible and objectifiable one. These subversive attempts require a process of newly accepting and analyzing the women body as an object. In this process, women deviate from the social norm of being women, shaking the essence of gender. The women's abject body becomes the open body which is Subject in Process, and here we can find the possibility of re-subjectivization. The women's open body makes multiple subjectivities possible. Furthermore, Sexton develops these women's open bodies, the abject bodies, into a place of solidarity that embraces all other women's abject bodies. It becomes a new linguistic place to talk about various women's subjectivity through the women's abject body.

KCI등재

저자 : 조재희 ( Cho Jaehee ) , 이정화 ( Lee Jeonghwa )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 197-222 (26 pages)

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This paper investigates the reinterpretation of female Livia in Middleton's Women Beware Women. Middleton represents the marriage failure between Bianca and Leantio, the incest between Isabella and her uncle Hippolito, and the marriage between Duke and Bianca, resulted from Livia's manipulation. Although Livia is a widow in the patriarchal system, she tries to possess the power to control other women manipulating their psychology strategically, and to foster adultery fictionalizing familial identity. Livia's linguistic capital makes her speak freely and enables to show her power as a rhetorician. Even though Livia's machinations are successful, after her lover, Leantio's death by Hippolito, Livia turns into a revenger. Isabella as well as Livia, becomes a revenger because of Livia's fictionalization of her kinship. Finally, during the masque for the marriage of Duke and Bianca, all the characters involved in masque including Livia are killed. The play ends up in a chaos and tragic consequences. Middleton is suggesting that the woman possessing such a new type of daring and self-interested linguistic capital from symbolic capital in modern age as Livia, can be an fearful object to other woman in patriarchical culture.

KCI등재

저자 : 최진석 ( Choi Jin Seok )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 223-256 (34 pages)

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In general, 'Utopia' has been regarded as a trans-historical place to refer to an idealized paradise. However, at the same time, it has been considered an ideal space that must be planned indispensable to dream of a 'New community,' and activated through political and social contexts. For example, Thomas More's Utopia, Tommaso Campanella's City of Sun, and Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis etc. are the various visions of a literary utopia on the one hand, while a revolutionary utopia on the other. However, the outlook for the 'New community' in these Utopian models was constructed and limited through the conditions of the Modern state and society. If the Utopia since More has a characteristic of Modernity, despite its idealistic nature, it will also include problems related to the Modern state and society. For instance, the organization of labor for wealth reproduction, control and reproduction of population through individuals and families, and the organization and reproduction of knowledge for the maintenance and survival of the community were the most important aspects of Modern Statism and were originally included in Modern utopian project. The structural link between Statism and violence is one of the most important issues that continues to this era. Therefore, the fact that the utopian idea implied its connection from the beginning is a major focus in understanding the post-modern world. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the inherent connection between Modern Utopia, Statism, and violence, and where the starting point for new thinking beyond it is.

KCI등재

저자 : 최하영 ( Choi Hayoung )

발행기관 : 동국대학교 영어권문화연구소 간행물 : 영어권문화연구 15권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 257-289 (33 pages)

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This paper analyzes how Chang-rae Lee's Native Speaker and Leonard Chang's Fruit'N Food represent Boycotts of Korean Grocery Store in New York, assuming the writings of these two works were prompted by the experience of having observed 1992 LA riots. It explores similarities and differences between the two works, and elucidates how they contribute to understanding of the Korean-Black conflict.
First of all, both of the works attempt to deconstruct the myth of 'Model Minority' as a deceptive and misleading rhetoric, which consolidates established White dominance. In Native Speaker, Henry Park, the protagonist, is presented as a typical example of 'Model Minority,' but soon the text betrays a shabby inside of the sleek myth. The Fruit'n Food also deconstructs the myth by means of presenting Tom, the protagonist, who does not fit in the 'model minority' in any way. He works at a Korean grocery store below minimum wage, with no family, no social network, no solid career, and no ambition for future success. Each of the text resists stereotyping of Asian Americans by revealing its protagonist's individuality.
These two works share in common that they are interested in having Korean merchants' voices heard, which have been silenced in mainstream media's coverage of the boycott, and, at the same time, delivering black people's various positions without reducing them to a unitary demonstration machine. These two works diverge in the endings, where Henry seems to reconcile with his Asian American identity while Tom regresses to the state of coma, abandoning his will to survive. The two works, written in the 1990s, provide an insight to understand nowadays prevalent Asian Hate from the perspective of Asian Americans.

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