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한국소년정책학회> 소년보호연구

소년보호연구 update

Korean Juvenile Protection Review

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1999)~35권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 408
소년보호연구
35권1호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 김혁 ( Kim Hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 35권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-34 (34 pages)

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Because sending to juvenile reformatories causes deprivation of freedom, due process in the treatment is important and there should be no unjust infringement of the juvenile's human rights. This is why the Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasizes that non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to live, survival and development, and respect for the views of the child. Nevertheless, juvenile reformatories in Korea have many problems, such as overcrowding and unsystematic treatment.
Meanwhile, in Japan, the Juvenile Service Act was revised to prevent improper treatment in the wake of the abuse that took place at the Hiroshima juvenile reformatory. Japan's reform of the system to prevent improper treatment at juvenile reformatories contains many factors to consider in reforming the treatment system in Korea. In this paper, I derived implications such as individualization of correctional treatment, improvement of treatment of mental illness inmates, and guarantee of human rights of inmates in the treatment process.

KCI등재

저자 : 박상민 ( Park Sang-min )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 35권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 35-58 (24 pages)

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This article was conducted as part of a study to come up with measures to protect and support children and adolescents who do not experience criminal damage by communicating safely online. What especially thought about here is that unlike other problems, it is difficult for children and adolescents to ask their parents for help. Because children and adolescents are exposed to online sexual exploitation damage when chatting and photo transmission, which are mainly online activities in the context of children and adolescents' play culture, are combined with inappropriate sexual conversation or economic consideration. In the case of minor victims, it may be ideal to proceed with the case with the help of a legal representative, but in the process of collecting evidence from the Sunflower Center, which integrates sexual violence, children and adolescents give up or refuse to report the damage. However, if children and adolescents give up reporting and support due to parental reprimand, disappointment, and fear of anger, the perpetrator is likely to try the next crime more boldly without punishment, and the victim will not receive timely and appropriate help, so the pain and damage will continue. It is necessary to discuss ways to prevent such a situation and supplement a gap if not notified to a legal representative, as it may infringe on the rights of child and youth victims by unconditionally notifying the legal representative or requiring parental consent.
The guardian agent system examines remedies for infringement of the rights of victims and adolescents, and should not conflict with the rights of victims to be protected in the sexual violence reporting process, and measures to guarantee the rights of victims and adolescents should be widely discussed through discussions on revision of related laws. One of them is the improvement of Article 13 of the National Police Agency's Criminal Investigation Rules, which requires notification of the progress of the investigation to legal representatives or counselors at victim support institutions, in consideration of decision-making ability. In addition, those in charge of the case, including front-line judicial police officers, need to understand and recognize that informing parents of their reports of sexual violence without the consent of the victim children and adolescents can violate the rights of the victim.
Under this awareness, this article first examined the route and damage patterns of children and adolescents induced by online sexual exploitation, and sought ways to improve related laws and systems by pointing out factors that are difficult to respond to and recover from damage, but in particular, it was overlooked in previous studies. In addition, the article was concluded with suggestions on the assignment of coping with and preventing online sexual exploitation of children and adolescents.

KCI등재

저자 : 박선영 ( Sunyoung Park )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 35권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-86 (28 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to provide policy implications for helping juvenile delinquents who cannot go back to their home after release from juvenile facilities to reintegrate into society. The reason why they cannot go back to their home is mainly due to the fact that they are raised at orphanages or they experienced child abuse at home. This study interviewed 8 youths who were raised in orphanages and currently reside or have experienced of living in shelters. Using qualitative research method, in dept interview, questions to examine what should be addressed for their successful reintegration into society are discussed during the interview. Based on research result, five policy implications are presented. First, early intervention from juvenile facilities is needed to make juvenile delinquents ready to adjust living in shelters. Second, at the initial stages of life in shelter, special emotional care for released youth should be provided. Third, to avoid conflict and violence among youths, the number of youth should be under 7 and the shelter should be single occupancy. Forth, an individually customized plan needs to be developed for busy and meaningful living in shelter. Fifth, as the Child Welfare Protection Act is revised to provide extended support from age of 22 to 24, this act should be strictly applied to the juvenile delinquents who once resided in orphanages.

KCI등재

저자 : 박찬걸 ( Park Chan-geol )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 35권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-113 (27 pages)

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In the light of the fact that recent 'online grooming' argeting children·youth has a severely damaging ripple effect as a result of production and distribution of sexual exploitation and recovery of damage is difficult, there is a need to punish it as a criminal act, and in response to criticism that it is necessary to lay down a special regulation for investigation for enabling judicial police officers to investigate using false identities to prevent digital sex offenses targeting children youth in advance and secure data with admissibility of evidence, the National Assembly promulgated a partially-revised bill (Law No. 17972) of 「Act on the Protection of Sexuality of Children and Youth」(hereinafter 'Act on Protection of Children and Youth against Sex Offenses') on March 23, 2021, and revised act has been in force from September 24, 2021 which is 6 months after the date of promulgation in accordance with Article 1 of supplementary provision.
The highlight of revised act can be largely into 4, and to be specific, ① statutory punishment against suggestion lure for solicit sex from children youth has been strengthened, ② punishment regulations against continuous or repeated conversation that causes sexual desire, shame or aversion aiming at sexual exploitation of children· youth have been established and ③ statute of limitations on the Criminal Procedure Code is not applicable to the crimes of producing·importing·exporting sexual exploitation of children·youth. In addition, ④ special regulations for investigation to allow closed and undercover investigation against digital sex offenses targeting children·youth have also been prepared. Hereinafter, this manuscript intends to examine recent countermeasures against sex offenses targeting children·youth focusing on the revised Act on Protection of Children and Youth against Sex Offenses that has been in force from September 24, 2021, and seek a more sensible improvement plan.

KCI등재

저자 : 정지원 ( Jung Ji-won )

발행기관 : 한국소년정책학회 간행물 : 소년보호연구 35권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 115-140 (26 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to understand the experiences of boys living in the No. 6 disposal facility. To this end, a phenomenological study was conducted that conducted in-depth interviews and data analysis with 6 boys residing in 6 facilities. As a result of the analysis, a total of 19 topic groups and 5 categories were classified. The categories were composed of five categories: 'Confusion', 'Facing conflict and hurt', 'Experience of love and concern', 'Process of change', and 'A new beginning with achievement'. As a result of the study, the essential meaning of the experiences of the boys living in child protection facilities was summarized as 'a turning point of starting over in chaos, facing inevitable conflicts and wounds, receiving love and attention, and achieving change and achievement'. achievement'. Based on the research results, the initial admission selection process, the role of workers, securing autonomy, the necessity of religious education, change and achievement, and follow-up management were discussed. The significance of this study is that it explores the essential meaning of the experiences of the boys who are the parties to the No. 6 disposal facility.

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