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Acta Via Serica update

Acta Via Serica

  • : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  인문지리
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  • : 2508-5824
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2016)~6권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 141
Acta Via Serica
6권1호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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1Transforming Understanding of Women's Rights in Kyrgyz Madrassas

저자 : Gulmiza Seitalieva

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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Education is a key element in shaping the worldview of the next generation and determines society's core values, ideology, and basic understanding of human rights. While Kyrgyzstan is a secular state, Islamic education, backed by Arab and Turkish sponsors, continues to increase in popularity with the construction of thousands of mosques and dozens of new Islamic educational institutions. Young women have become an important target for Islamic ideology and Islamic educational institutions seek to introduce a new type of ideal woman who is obedient, submissive, and modest. This research uses curricula content analysis, participant observation, and in-depth interviews with teachers and students to examine the effects of newly introduced Islamic education institutions and concludes that the schools are succeeding in training female Kyrgyz students for sheltered lives of dependency, threatening to fundamentally erode women's rights in the country. Two tasks thus demand the attention of policymakers: preserving Kyrgyzstan's secular state and introducing new interpretations of the Quran, which strengthen support for women's rights among believers.

2Editor's Note

저자 : Acta Via Serica

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-4 (4 pages)

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Radicalisation has become an important issue for the Kyrgyz Republic with an increasing number of individuals leaving the country for conflict zones. The government of the Kyrgyz Republic adopted a number of policies to prevent radicalisation and violent extremism among youth. One of these measures is piloting a new subject, titled, History of Religious Culture, (История религиозной культуры) in public schools. The analysis in this paper aims to explore the experiences of teachers, who have taught the new class. The article also examines any differences in the level of resilience of pupils in schools, piloting and not piloting the new subject, towards radicalisation and violent extremism. Data used in this article comes from a survey with 760 adolescents across public schools in six regions of the country and key informant interviews with teachers who have taught the new class. Qualitative findings showed a positive experience of teachers who reported expanding their pupils' and their own knowledge of various religions. Quantitative findings indicate that the new class, History of Religious Culture, may have had a positive impact on violence-related beliefs in pilot schools that reported views less supportive of violence. The study concludes that the government's response to radicalisation and violent extremism has expanded beyond a security approach by including education. This, however, poses a risk of securitising education.

4Russia and China in Central Asia: Deepening Tensions in the Relationship

저자 : Jeanne L. Wilson

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 55-90 (36 pages)

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In the last several decades, and especially since the Chinese launching of the Belt and Road (BRI) initiative in 2013, the Chinese presence in Central Asia has intensified. Russia and Chinese leaders deny that there is any conflict of interests between them, while the standard narrative has been that the two states adhere to a functional division of tasks in which China concentrates on economic activity while Russia acts as the security guarantor for the region. This article argues that the professed equanimity between the Russian and Chinese leaderships masks the emergence of widening cracks in their relationship with regard to Central Asia. The convenient narrative of a functional division of tasks between the two states is called into question by China's increasingly active presence in the military and security sector in the region, but China's influence is growing throughout the Central Asian economic, political, and social order. China's movement into Central Asia challenges Russia's claim to act as an equal partner of China, as well as its pretensions to regional hegemony. This development reflects the widening disparity between the two states with respect to their power capabilities but it also exposes the interactions between Russia and China in Central Asia as the most vulnerable aspect of their relationship. In Central Asia, a defensive Russia encounters an ascendant China.

5China's Belt and Road Initiative and its Implications for Global Development

저자 : Michael Dunford

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 91-117 (27 pages)

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China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is China's contribution to the need for the world to collectively address deficits of peace, development, governance, and problems relating to climate, the environment and human health. The rise of China and the BRI do challenge the current 'rules-based global order' and the economic dominance and moral, political, economic, and cultural leadership of the United States and its allies. However, China's goal is not hegemony but a multipolar world in which common values coexist with principles of peaceful coexistence (including non-interference in the internal affairs of sovereign states). The evolution of the BRI is outlined, and the ways in which it reflects Chinese interests are summarized, including its roles in addressing natural resource dependence and excess capacity, a transition from investment promotion and factor-intensive growth to going out and industrial upgrading, going West, and the effective deployment of China's foreign exchange assets. Although China does therefore potentially gain, the BRI is designed so that partners also gain in a quest for win-win co-operation and mutual benefit. The values that underlie this approach and the call for a community with a shared future are compared with competing western values, whose roots lie in Enlightenment thought and are associated with a record of colonialism and imperialism. In this light, the article concludes with a consideration of the global implications of the BRI, the challenges it confronts and the likelihood that the unipolar moment will give way to a multipolar global development path.

6The Turkey/Cyprus Conflict and its Implications for Russia

저자 : Dmitry Shlapentokh

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 119-140 (22 pages)

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Relations between Ankara and Washington, which have hardly been harmonious, recently became extremely tense, especially when Turkey decided to deal with Kurdish enclaves nearby its border. Russia naturally took advantage of the tension by providing Turkey with advanced S-400 missiles and by trying to play a peacemaking role in contested regions within Syria. Ankara's dealings with Moscow alienated it from NATO and the USA, and complicated relations with Russia and its allies in Syria, where Turkey's interests collided with those of Tehran and Moscow. While these aspects of the Ankara/Moscow relationship are well known, this article explores how the discovery of natural gas in the Mediterranean has increased Ankara's importance to Moscow, as a means of sowing dissension within NATO and helping Moscow hinder the emergence of alternative gas suppliers to Europe.

7The Khitans: Corner Stone of the Mongol Empire

저자 : George Lane

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-163 (23 pages)

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The Khitans were a Turco-Mongol clan who dominated China north of the Yangtze River during the early mediaeval period. They adopted and then adapted many of the cultural traditions of their powerful neighbours to the south, the Song Chinese. However, before their absorption into the Mongol Empire in the late 13th century they proved pivotal, firstly in the eastward expansion of the armies of Chinggis Khan, secondly, in the survival of the Persian heartlands after the Mongol invasions of the 1220s and thirdly, in the revival and integration of the polity of Iran into the Chinggisid Empire. Da Liao, the Khitans, the Qara Khitai, names which have served this clan well, strengthened and invigorated the hosts which harboured them. The Liao willingly assimilated into the Chinggisid Empire of whose formation they had been an integral agent and in doing so they also surrendered their identity but not their history. Recent scholarship is now unearthing and recognising their proud legacy and distinct identity. Michal Biran placed the Khitans irrevocably and centrally in mediaeval Asian history and this study emphasises their role in the establishment of the Mongol Empire.

8'Inter-Asia' through Inland Eyes: Afghan Trading Networks across Land and Sea

저자 : Magnus Marsden

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 165-184 (20 pages)

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This article demonstrates the significance of long-distance networks formed by traders from Afghanistan and Central Asia to the forging of present-day transregional connections within Asia. It identifies two connective corridors authored by these traders: a 'Eurasian corridor' connecting East Asia to post-Soviet Eurasia and extending into Western Europe and a 'West Asian corridor' involving traders originally from Central Asia linking East Asia to Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula. Empirically, the paper documents and analyses the varying cultural and political orientations of traders operating along these networks, and ways in which specific nodes in the networks contribute to their activities as a whole. Conceptually, the papers suggest that the study of 'inter-Asian' connections stands to benefit from deploying oceanic and inland models of geography in a non-dichotomous manner.

9Russian Practices of Governance in Eurasia: Frontier Power Dynamics, Sixteenth Century to Nineteenth Century

저자 : Marco Ferrario

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 185-189 (5 pages)

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10Turkey's Pivot to Asia: Geopolitics and Foreign Policy in a Changing World Order

저자 : Paul Kubicek

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 190-193 (4 pages)

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