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Acta Via Serica

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2016)~7권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 169
Acta Via Serica
7권1호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI후보

저자 : 계명대학교실크로드중앙아시아연구원

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-2 (2 pages)

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저자 : Shahin Mustafayev

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-28 (28 pages)

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The province of the People's Republic of China, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has historically been known under various names - Eastern Turkestan, Chinese Turkestan, Kashgaria, etc. In the early 19th century this region was one of the least explored in Western scholarship and for the influence over which the so-called 'Great Game', geopolitical rivalry between Great Britain and the Russian Empire, gradually unfolded. This rivalry was one of the significant factors stimulating increased interest in an in-depth and comprehensive study of the geography, nature, and population of Kashgaria. Accordingly, in the second half of the 19th to early 20th centuries, several expeditions were organized that pursued serious academic goals alongside military, diplomatic, and commercial purposes. One of these expeditions, organized by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, was the so-called 'Tibetan expedition' led by a talented scientist and military figure M.V. Pevtsov in 1889-90. The expedition followed the routes of Eastern Turkestan, the northern outskirts of the Tibetan Plateau, and Dzungaria studying this vast region's geography, topography, nature, climate, and population. The results of this investigation were presented by M.V. Pevtsov in a detailed and comprehensive report published in St. Petersburg in 1895. An important part of this narrative is the so-called “Ethnographic Essay of Kashgaria,” which reflects the author's observations and thoughts on this region's ethnic composition, religious beliefs, language, customs, and rituals. This article offers insights and analysis of the content of Pevtsov's report, which provides valuable information about the daily life of the population of Kashgaria at the end of the 19th century to an English-speaking audience.

KCI후보

저자 : Maryam Kamali

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 29-51 (23 pages)

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This study investigates why Khwārazmshāh's rulers abandoned Khwārazm, their capital before the Mongols invaded this city. From a local dynasty in Khwārazm under the Saljuqs, the Khwārazmshāh dynasty (ca.469-628/1077-1231) rapidly expanded in the region. After conquering the Saljuqs (ca.429-590/1037-1194), they extended their territory from Hamedān in western Iran to Samarqand in Transoxiana and beyond that to Otrār to become one of the world's great medieval empires. During this critical time, Khwārazm remained their central hub of power. However, the split in the power of the Khwārazmshāh dynasty under Sultan Muhammad (ca.596-617/1200-1220) contributed to their failure to recognize the strategic role of Khwārazm in retaining and reconstructing their power. In essence, the Khwārazmshāh state was divided before the Mongol Invasion.

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The Hebrew word for silk, meshi, is mentioned in the Bible only once1 and there is a possibility that the item to which it referred was made of local wild silk. Although Jewish historical sources from the Roman and Byzantine periods mention silk many times, only a few silk textiles have been discovered at a sited dated to the Byzantine period (4th-7th centuries CE). The word “silk” occurs in the New Testament, although only once. A turning point in the history of the Negev (Southern Israel) occurred around 400 CE when it underwent a period of prosperity related to the advent of Christianity and pilgrimage, which enabled the purchase of imported silk textiles. The Early Islamic period (7-8th centuries CE) yielded four (out of 310) silk textiles from Nahal 'Omer on the Spice Routes joining Petra, in the Edom Mountains of modern Jordan, and the mercantile outlets on the Mediterranean Sea, notably Gaza and El Arish. The most important silk textile assemblage in the Southern Levant was found near Jericho at Qarantal Cave 38 and dates to the medieval period (9th-13th centuries CE). Linen textiles decorated with silk tapestry originating in Egypt date back to the 10-11th centuries CE. Mulham textiles ― silk warp with hidden cotton wefts ― were discovered in the medieval fortress on Jazirat Fara'un (Coral Island) in the Red Sea, 14 kilometers south of Elat and today located in Egypt. Mulham is mentioned in literary sources of the ninth century in Iraq and Iran, whence it spread through the Islamic world. The article will present aspects of the origin, transmission, and exchange of these textiles.

KCI후보

저자 : Eduardo Tzili-apango

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 83-103 (21 pages)

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This article attempts to explain current social perceptions in Mexico about the Silk Road. Based on a critical geopolitics approach, the author analyzes how the idea of the Silk Road is socially constructed in Mexican popular geopolitics, focusing on studying digital mass media between 2013 and 2020. The main research questions are: how is the Silk Road notion constructed in Mexican popular geopolitics and what are the geopolitical implications for Mexico? The article discovers that in Mexico, the idea of the “Silk Road” is profoundly close to the idea of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) given China's geostrategic discourse that constructs the BRI as a “New Silk Road”. The article also argues that Mexico's social-political agency to deal with China may be hindered by divergent social perceptions in favor and against the “Silk Road”.

KCI후보

저자 : Federico Manfredi Firmian

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 105-130 (26 pages)

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This paper argues that the war in Syria is partly the result of a global Islamist wave that contributed to fuelling conflict across large regions of Asia and Africa. Of course, the war that has consumed Syria since 2011 most certainly has multiple interrelated causes and driving forces, and any attempt to isolate one or even two or three runs the risk of advancing an overly simplistic interpretation of history. This essay, therefore, does not aim to offer an appraisal of the multiple variables that contributed to the war in Syria. Instead, it zeroes in on how political Islam came to impact Syria and its people. In doing so, it demonstrates how competing varieties of political Islam represented leading causes of conflict. Indeed, different Islamist movements contributed to the outbreak of the war in 2011, fuelled the conflict for years on end, and to this day represent major obstacles to the achievement of sustainable peace. Four broad Islamist currents are especially relevant to the case of Syria: the Muslim Brotherhood; the Shia revivalist movement at the nexus of the alliance between Iran, Hezbollah, and Syria; Salafi jihadism and its volatile and fractious underworld of competing armed groups, from Al-Qaeda to the Islamic State; and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's market-friendly Islamism, which induced Turkey to intervene in Syria's civil war.

KCI후보

저자 : Robert Winstanley-chesters , Adam Cathcart

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 131-147 (17 pages)

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While much has been written about Imperial Japan's encounter with geopolitics and developing ideas about Geography as a political and cultural discipline, little if anything has been written about relational and research Geographies between Japan and Silk Roads both ancient and modern. Memories of the ancient Silk Road were revivified in the late 19th century in tandem with the Great Game of European nations, as Japan modernized and sought new places and influence globally following the Meiji restoration. Imperial Japan thus sought to conquer and co-opt spaces imagined to be part of or influenced by the ancient Silk Road and any modern manifestation of it. This paper explores a particular process in that co-option and appropriation, research collaboration between institutions of the Empire. In particular it considers the exploration of Mengjiang/Inner Mongolia after its conquest in 1939/1940, by a collaborative team of Korean and Japanese Geographers, led by Professor Tada Fumio. This paper considers the making knowable of spaces imagined to be on the ancient Silk Road in the Imperial period, and the projecting of the imperatives of the Empire back into Silk Road history, at the same time as such territory was being made anew. This paper also casts new light on the relational and collaborative processes of academic exchange, specifically in the field of Geography, between Korean and Japanese academics during the Korean colonial period.

KCI후보

저자 : Niginakhon Uralova

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 149-151 (3 pages)

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저자 : Dmitry Shlapentokh

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 151-152 (2 pages)

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저자 : Kristóf Szitár

발행기관 : 계명대학교 실크로드중앙아시아연구원 간행물 : Acta Via Serica 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 153-154 (2 pages)

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