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건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소> Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)

Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) update

Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)

  • : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소
  • : 사회과학분야  >  사회학
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2016)~7권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 64
Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)
7권1호(2022년 02월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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In 2018, the Japanese government amended the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act to accept semi-skilled foreigners as workers for the first time, which was enforced from April 1, 2019. The success of the acceptance of Technical Intern Trainees as a new category could not be determined due to the corona-virus pandemic. However, compared to the planned number of Technical Intern Trainees, only a small number of them have continued to work in Japan, with various problems becoming apparent.
In this paper, the following three points would be discussed in order: first, the industries that have labor demands for this new category of workers and the nature of the industries that create such demands. Second, how foreign workers are positioned in the new category under Japanese legal order. And finally, factors that have contributed to failures in the acceptance of semi-skilled foreign workers that are known at this time would be highlighted. The decision-making of the government's acceptance of Technical Intern Trainees is a major first step. However, compared to Japanese nationals who have no restrictions on changing jobs or relocating their residences, foreigners face many restrictions, such as being unable to bring their families with them, even if they have a full-time labor contract with a company. Consequently, there is a grave divergence between Japanese nationals and foreign workers to date, with no change in the fundamental problems that the existence of foreign workers adds to Japan's society.

2Migration Processes in Central Asia - Key Trends and Challenges. A Glance from Kazakhstan

저자 : Leila F. Delovarova

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-57 (27 pages)

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Migration processes in Central Asia have been part of the global process of transformation of modern international relations and contribution to the development. Migration and mobility in the region have undergone significant changes during last three decades. Reflecting almost all of the global migration trends this space have their own characteristics and features. Considering the general trends in the region, it should be noted that all types of migration are active - seasonal labor migration, forced migration, frontier migrations and transit migrations, repatriation.
The main trends in Central Asia are labor migration, the steady growth of irregular migration, educational migration, feminization and family migration.
The key focus of this article is the international immigration situation in Kazakhstan in the field of low-skilled and unskilled labor migration with some overview the whole migration profile including some aspects of immigration policy and international cooperation.
One of the key trends is labor migration - low-skilled or unskilled labor migration which is mostly directed to Russia and Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has a diversified migration profile and it is an active participant in regional and extra-regional migration processes. Kazakhstan is mostly perceives itself as a host state. The fundamentals of migration policy are focused on attracting compatriots “kandas”, on attracting highly skilled labor and on balancing internal migration. Along with the official involvement of foreign labor, the situation on the labor market has evolved in such a way that there has been and continues to be a need for foreign labor at various levels. The main challenges of labor migration processes lie in the situation and status of migrants, ensuring their rights, integration into the local community and decent working conditions.
The pandemic, which has swept all over the world, has most affected vulnerable groups of the population, including migrants with an unprotected legal status. To review and analyze these aspects, it seems important to look at such aspects as the cooperation of all involved countries, the analysis of national, international legislation and international interaction, including the role of the non-governmental sector and the migrant networks themselves.

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This article examines gender, race, ideology, and ethnic prejudices exposed in the denaturalization and denationalization, expatriation policies introduced by the U.S. government from the early 20th century to World War II. The Loss of Nationality Act of 1907 deprived American women married to foreigners of their citizenship by birth. The Asian Exclusion Act and Naturalization Ban rulings were applied to revoking the citizenship of Chinese, Japanese and Indian naturalized citizens. The naturalization revocation provisions of the Naturalization Act of 1906, a left-wing radical jurist during World War II, Patrick Weil, conceptualized the vulnerable citizenship of naturalized people as “conditional citizenship”. Patrick Weil, The Sovereign Citizen: Denaturalization and the Origins of the American Republic (Philadelphia, 2013), p. 54.
This study extends the concept of conditional citizenship to US-born female citizens in the first half of the 20th century, and birth citizens such as Japanese and Mexican-Americans. During World War II, American-born American women who married foreigners in the United States between 1907 and 1931, Japanese Americans were forced to give up their citizenship in concentration camps. Although not covered in this article, many American-born Mexican-Americans were deported along with their immigrant parents during the Great Depression. In the first half of the 20th century, the U.S. government did not, on a case-by-case basis, deprive women and racial minorities of their birth citizenship or recognize their citizenship rights.
It was also used as a means of revoking citizenship and deporting radicals, German and Japanese Americans. Naturalized citizens rather than U.S.-born citizens, even U.S.-born women and children of immigrants, and descendants of immigrants from wartime enemy countries among U.S.-born children of immigrants, especially Japanese Americans, were vulnerable to the government's deprivation of citizenship. In the first half of the 20th century, the US government's policy of deprivation of citizenship reflected xenophobia, racism, and sexism that underlie the immigration and naturalization laws at the time. The United States prides itself on being a country that values the civil rights and freedoms of every individual. The story of the deprivation of citizenship policy in the first half of the 20th century and the Americans who resisted it reveals a new difference between the egalitarian ideal of American citizenship and the discriminatory reality.

4The Application of the Concept of Second Generation to the Youth with Migration Backgrounds in Korea

저자 : Han-jin Eom

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 111-153 (43 pages)

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This research aims at applying the term 'second generation' to the youth with migration backgrounds. It also tries to make more balanced and diversify the discussions on this social group. Especially it emphasizes not only the negative side experienced by the second generation immigrants, but also the positive one such as good academic achievement. In order to do this, we introduce the concept of second generation along definition and main characteristics. Along with this, the concept of the youth with migration backgrounds currently used in Korean society is treated by examining its actual situation and sub-categories. Finally, this article criticizes the stereotype about migrants' children which are considered as deficient and dangerous being. It's the time to regard them not as the target of support but as the competent social actor such as local talent and trans-national actor.

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Korean society is rapidly changing into a multicultural society due to the rapid increase in the inflow of foreigners staying for a long time and changes in the social structure such as the demographic structure of Korean society. However, among the laws that apply to foreigners and migrants, many laws do not sufficiently guarantee their human rights or have provisions containing discrimination.
The law speaks of its will (legislative purpose) through its text. The offender recognizes the will and goal of the legislator through the wording (article) of the law and makes it a rule of thumb for his or her actions. The text of the statute is prepared based on several principles for the realization and concreteization of justice, which is the essence and goal of the law. Accurate expression and preparation of legal terms that guarantee substantive equality is one of the essential contents for the realization of justice in legislation. Laws targeting foreigners and migrants are no exception.
Foreigners and migrants who are directly subject to immigration laws have few opportunities to participate directly in the legislative process. In most cases, foreigners are not granted the right to participate in the political process guaranteed by the Constitution. Also, due to their lack of Korean proficiency, they do not have the ability to understand and cope with the meaning of highly abstract and condensed laws (drafts). In the end, foreigners and migrants are in a position to passively accept the established legal system even though they are prisoners. In the end, foreigners and migrants are in a position to passively accept the established legal system even though they are prisoners. A legal system should be established to confirm that foreigners and migrants are independent individuals living together with me, not as a means to meet the Korean labor market, adequate population, and market demand.

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