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건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소> Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)

Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) update

Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2016)~7권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 69
Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)
7권2호(2022년 08월) 수록논문
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저자 : Lee Min-sol

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 5-23 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of adolescents' awareness of cultural diversity on their sense of community. For this purpose, a survey was conducted with 768 high school students (1st, 2nd, and 3rd graders) residing in the metropolitan area (Seoul, Gyeonggi, Incheon). For response results, regression analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0. As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that the consciousness of cultural diversity had a positive(+) significant effect on the sense of community. Cultivating a sense of cultural diversity while being exposed to various cultures and new values can be seen as enhancing the quality of life of individuals, awareness of human rights, and the degree of interaction with others or other groups. Since cultivating a sense of cultural diversity can be said to be the same as forming a sense of individual and community, it was suggested that education for young people should be further strengthened.
(minsol37@hanmail.net)

저자 : Chun Yun-ku

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 25-48 (24 pages)

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Compared to the 1980s, when the Immigration Control Act was revised and the sojourn management of foreigners began in earnest in the 1980s, Korea's economy and industry have advanced and have grown considerably in size. In this situation, industrial fields that cannot be upgraded or are difficult to upgrade have become increasingly depleted of manpower as they are coupled with demographic changes due to the low fertility rate. Korea, which has become a country with a permanent labor shortage, will inevitably become dependent on foreign workers in the future. If the reality of modernization is industrialization in the economy and democratization in the political system, then the time has come for a democratization point of view to be implemented even with respect to the foreign manpower system. The point of view of democratization is the issue of granting appropriate membership rights to outsiders brought in by society for various economic and political purposes. In the employment contract, which can be the starting point, I think that it grants at least the same 'right to have rights' as Korean nationals. Based on the colonial experience of discrimination, I think it should have been more so if the country had implemented the anti-discrimination clause from the beginning.
(jynine@kgu.ac.kr)

저자 : Seo Jong-hee

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 49-111 (63 pages)

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Birth registration is a basic and essential element to receive legal protection and public services such as education, health care, and social security as a member of society. It is the first gateway we experience as a human being. According to Article 7(1) of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the child shall be registered immediately after birth and (shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality. However, according to Article 1 of the Family Relations Registration Act of Korea, birth registration is basically applied only to persons with Korean nationality, and children of unregistered foreigner cannot file birth registration. This infringes on the right to be registered, a basic right that is a basic premise for inscriptions that must be guaranteed for human dignity and worth. Therefore, a birth notification system should be introduced that allows the birth of a child to be notified at the facility (ex: hospital) where the child was born, regardless of nationality. However, the birth notification system requires consideration for parents who are reluctant to reveal their identity as the fact of birth is notified or reported regardless of the parents' will. In short, in order to protect a child's basic rights (right to life, etc.) that can be exercised by exposure of identity, Germany's secret birth (vertrauliche Geburt, trust childbirth) system should be introduced along with the birth notification system. It is hoped that the discussion at the time of the enactment of the “vertrauliche Geburt” System in German Law(Das Gesetz zum Ausbau der Hilfen für Schwangere und zur Regelung der vertraulichen Geburt) presented in this paper and the evaluation of the “vertrauliche Geburt” System in German Law made through the 2017 report will be helpful as basic data for such discussions.
(sjhlaw@yonsei.ac.kr)

저자 : Kim Houn-joung , Choi Yoon-cheol

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-158 (46 pages)

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The nationality system is basically determined through the laws of a country. However, the powers of these countries are not without restrictions, and special attention will be required from the viewpoint of guaranteeing fundamental rights, especially in the case of loss of nationality that has already been acquired. Due to the legislative trend, such cases occur more frequently in relation to migration. In this article, the precedents of the European Court of Human Rights, which have relatively much experience, were reviewed in order to draw reference materials for the rights, examination standards, and considerations applied to the case of losing a person's nationality against the will of the person concerned. The European Court of Human Rights treats the issue of loss of nationality as a matter of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which protects the right to family life and privacy. Recent examples seem to focus more on privacy and comprehensively review individual identity and daily life. In terms of evaluation criteria, unlike general cases, the arbitrariness of the action and the results of the action are reviewed. However, the lack of consistency is a subject of criticism as the standards are slightly different even in cases of loss of nationality. As such, the precedents of the European Court of Human Rights have their own problems, but reference materials are also provided for reviewing the Korean system. Rather than limiting the issue of nationality to the issue of staying in Korea, it is desirable to understand it so that it can comprehensively consider the impact on social relationships and personality formation in daily life. It is also necessary to design a system that can properly control the discretion of the authorities. Furthermore, it is necessary to ensure that factors such as the possibility of becoming stateless, the diligence and swiftness of measures, and the impact on the family, including children, can be fully taken into account.
(kim.h.joung123@gmail.com·felixcyc@konkuk.ac.kr)

저자 : Kwon Hyeoung-jin

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 7권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 159-202 (44 pages)

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The demographic composition of New Zealand, which was geographically isolated and historically started as a colony of the British Empire, was greatly influenced by these two factors. However, immigration has been a very important factor in the population growth in New Zealand for more than 170 years since 1850. In particular, it can be said that three assisted immigration schemes between 1871 and 1979 played a decisive role.
Until the 2000s, the New Zealand government's immigration policy had not achieved much, even though it had eliminated discriminatory elements. In the 21st century, when an active multicultural immigration policy was introduced, immigration had an effect on the population composition of New Zealand. Historically, it can be said that immigration accounts for a very high proportion of New Zealand's long-term population change. In this situation, it can be evaluated that the three assisted immigration schemes played a important role in determining the direction of the overall immigration policy. This policy, which only favors white British (European) immigrants, has led to a white supremacist(White New Zealand) unification of New Zealand's population, which has historically led to criticism as a racist immigration policy.
(hjkwon@konkuk.ac.kr)

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