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부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소> Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA)

Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2017)~5권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 55
Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA)
5권1호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI후보

1The Populist Response to the Pandemic: Perspectives from Brazil and Mexico

저자 : Dwight Wilson

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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Some governing officials and segments of populations have shown an unwillingness to treat the virus as a serious health risk at all. Rather than a standard case of politicization dividing the left and right, judgments of the threat posed by the coronavirus do not clearly align with traditional cleavages, as both left- and right-wing leaders have disregarded bad news about the pandemic. This paper examines the responses of the right-wing Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil and the left-wing Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico, both of whom trivialized and often dismissed the pandemic. These leaders share a populist style of politics which posits a struggle between a wholesome people on the one handand a class of parasitic elites on the other. This totalizing struggle in which the people must prevail mandates an agenticand oppositional posture toward national problems. Thus, populists spend more time attacking their perceived enemies than they do underlying conditions - like a virus - that can have no malevolent intentions. Populist movements therefore upend the capacity for recognizing material threats to public well-being, calling into question the capacity of populist governments to meet challenges likely to emerge in a post-COVID environment.

KCI후보

2Deconstructing Pakistan-India Relationships and Covid-19 Implications

저자 : Adeel Irfan , Dongsoo Kim

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 23-42 (20 pages)

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States utilize various strategies, including economic makeovers, nuclear proliferation, strengthening ties, upgrading military, and transforming technology to maintain hegemony at the international level. In the strategic calculus of South Asia, nuclear deterrence plays a dominant role and serves as an assurance for peace and stability in the region. Experts claim that mounting nuclear warheads, ethnic, religious, and ideological conflicts, including the Kashmir issue, caused dilapidated security conditions between the Pakistan and India standoff. The research commences with a question as to why the government of India and Pakistan are involved in the latest cross-border incitement despite security challenges. Moreover, the study also examines the impact of Indian escalation on the regional security of South Asia in the era of Covid-19. In so doing, this study reviews the continuous escalating instability of South Asia, especially in the sub-continent, and tries to build a causal relationship between the balance of power and security dilemma. In due course, the causes of the latest Indian provocation will be discussed in reference to the hegemonic theory. Growing India-US strategic partnerships, a regional hegemonic approach, military modernization, and a rising economy were the factors that enabled the Indian military to achieve multiple objectives. Finally, the future prospect in South Asia after Covid-19 will be discussed.

KCI후보

3The Contribution of Profit and Loss Sharing (PLS) Financing For MSMEs of ASEAN Member States in the New Normal Post Covid-19

저자 : Tate Agape Bawana

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-62 (20 pages)

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COVID-19 has challenged the Micro, Small, and Medium-sized Enterprises which are the backbone of the ASEAN Member States' (AMS) economic growth. Profit and Loss Sharing (PLS) as a bank financing scheme offers an alternative model with flexibility in meeting the Covid-19 economic crisis by providing equity orientation for the MSMEs. This research aimed to investigate the contribution of PLS in supporting the MSMEs' economic recovery packages in the AMS during the New Normal post Covid-19. For this purpose, this research posits the comparative evidence of PLS contribution by gathering data from the central banks, financial authorities, commercial banks and literature reviews related to economic recovery policies in the AMS. The result indicates that PLS can provide an alternative model for supporting MSMEs by allowing all parties to share both risks and losses in their capital input ratio.

KCI후보

4China International Development Cooperation Agency: Establishment, Improvement, and Limitations

저자 : Wu Yue , Zhang Muhui

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 63-83 (21 pages)

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Foreign aid is a salient component of China's diplomacy. In recent years, China has gradually become a prolific donor and has attracted extensive international attention. In 2018, the Chinese government established the China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA) as a specialized agency to manage its outgoing foreign aid, which represents China's determination to reform its foreign aid system further. This paper analyzes the factors leading to the establishment of CIDCA and presents a comprehensive evaluation of its impacts on China's foreign aid. It argues that CIDCA is a product of the internal and external pressures faced by the Chinese government. The agency exerts a multifaceted influence on, institutionalizes the characteristics of, and alleviates the problems existing in China's foreign aid. However, CIDCA is not a panacea for Chinese aid because it has not completely solved existing problems. Thus, CIDCA is an initial step in the right direction. As such, its future influence and effectiveness require further observation.

KCI후보

5Research on the Social Mentality of Urban Poor Groups in Traditional Industrial Zones

저자 : Dong Jingzheng

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-110 (26 pages)

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The article selects urban poor groups in Northeast China as the research object, and conducts a questionnaire survey on urban poor groups. The questionnaire survey selects three cities in Northeast China: Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province; Shenyang City, Liaoning Province; and Siping City, Jilin Province for face-to-face interviews. There were a total of 957 valid questionnaires returned. By investigating variables such as life satisfaction, community satisfaction, social trust, social alienation, and social participation, we analyzed their social mentality.
Through the data analysis of the questionnaire regarding social groups in Northeast China, it can be found that economic system reform has made a large number of workers unemployed. Most of these people live in poverty after being unemployed, their living conditions are relatively backward, their economic status is low, their education level is low, and their society lacks resources. The interests of urban poor groups have been seriously damaged, which has brought a certain negative impact on their social mentality. This has led to dissatisfaction with vested interests and distrust of government agencies at all levels. Such mistrust may cause the disadvantaged to choose relatively extreme ways to seek help. This has laid hidden dangers for the stability of the society, and it is also not conducive to the harmonious and healthy development of society.
The investigation of social mentality is to try to verify some hypotheses in future research. Is there such a possibility that there is a certain correlation between people's subjective mentality and their poverty level? Does the distribution of resources in the objective world lead to poverty, which then has an impact on people's social mentality, and this influence further leads to the reproduction of poverty? Is there merit to the inference that a certain or a few social mentalities directly or indirectly produce poverty? These are questions worthy of research and proof.

KCI후보

6China's Humanitarian Aid and Efforts to Engage in International Humanitarian Assistance

저자 : Soomin Jeon , Chae-deug Yi

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 111-128 (18 pages)

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With the emergence of non-traditional donors in development cooperation, there have been debates on the expected roles of non-traditional donors among the policymakers and scholars in the field of development cooperation. Among them, China has gained attention because of its rising power and influence in global economics and politics. This article aims to facilitate the understanding of international humanitarian assistance and to identify the overview of China's humanitarian assistance in terms of backgrounds, trends, and size. It can be possible to identify the priorities of its humanitarian assistance and to predict the ways for cooperation with international society. Still, criticisms have been raised in China's humanitarian assistance with Chinese characters, covering the foreign aid policy of China. However, the international society welcomes the efforts of China to engage in the common efforts of humanitarian assistance and expects more coordination and harmonization of humanitarian assistance. By the strong support of the UN and OECD, the harmonized efforts for the collective outcomes and innovative financing for humanitarian assistance have been emphasized. Analyzing the features of China's humanitarian aid, this article concludes with the suggestions and the recommendations as follows. As a responsible rising power, it is highly expected for the Chinese government to actively engage in international humanitarian assistance in accordance with the agreed guidelines of international society. In line with its own strategic preparedness in the establishment of the Chinese International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA) and emphasis on international cooperation, this article suggests more coordinated efforts, especially in the form of trilateral cooperation in the end.

KCI후보

7An Empirical Analysis on China's Energy Sector Investments

저자 : Liekai Bi , Hae Jo Chung

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 129-147 (19 pages)

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Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the energy sector has been growing for more than 70 years. During the process of industrialization and urbanization, China's energy sector experienced numerous changes. As the energy sector has been increasingly affecting China's economic structure, scholars at home and abroad have been constantly working on issues related it. Among them, one of the most important topics is related to investment in the energy sector.
It is universally acknowledged that investment plays a fairly important role in improving the development an industry, including the energy sector. In order to analyze the characteristics of China's investment in its energy sector from both regional and industrial dimensions, an overview of China's energy sector was conducted and a few factors that could influence its development based on a literature review approach were analyzed. Additionally, an empirical analysis on China's energy sector investment structure from 2004-2017 using entropy statistics was conducted. Entropy analysis of energy sector investment was performed in both the industrial dimension and the provincial dimension, aiming at providing a scene of energy investment allocation.
Based on the entropy analysis of China's energy sector investment during the period of 2004-2017, a discussion is presented on several factors that have influenced changes in China's energy investments' structure such as energy price, environmental regulation, resource endowment, and regional economic development situation. The findings point to 3 different kinds of energy investment portfolios in China, which are resource-based type, economy-based type and mix type. In addition, the energy investment portfolios of each type are affected by different factors in some way.

KCI후보

8Long-distance Democracy and Political Parties in the Indonesian Overseas Elections

저자 : Tonny Dian Effendi

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 149-171 (23 pages)

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Indonesia is experiencing an increase of emigrants and diasporas population. Indonesian citizens living abroad have consequences for democracy, especially on fulfilling the political right to participate in elections. The relations between the citizen-home country and participation in the election may become part of long-distance democracy. In 2009, Indonesian citizens abroad had the opportunity to participate in the direct presidential election. Then, in 2014, they also had the opportunity to participate in the legislative elections. In 2019, they experienced simultaneous presidential and legislative elections. The overseas voters' participation in presidential elections increases, but participation in legislative elections stagnates or declines. Indonesia's long-distance democracy has practical and theoretical implications. First, political parties are starting to consider overseas voters. Second, political parties began to build relationships with Indonesian community groups abroad, organize their communication and campaign strategies, and pay attention to the diaspora issues. Third, although the number of voters abroad is minimal compared to domestic voters, the increase in the number of emigrants and diasporas and their participation in overseas elections will bring the study of political parties in Indonesia beyond national borders. In other words, Indonesia's long-distance democracy will bring political party studies to a transnational level.

KCI후보

9University Cooperation in Structural Violence, Public Administration, Climatic Changes, and Environmental Education

저자 : Gilberto Javier Cabrera Trimiño

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 173-195 (23 pages)

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This investigation focuses on the importance of University Cooperation. In order to analyse and achieve such cooperation in all strategies and policy projections for sustainable development we have applied an holistic conception of the environment, structural violence, and the importance of environmental education to face the impact of climatic change. This research is being done in coordination with the International Network, Iberoamerican University Network of Space and Mobility, and the Administration, Sports and Education Network. Evaluations of the administration of university knowledge are being done to contribute to the environmental security with a holistic perspective of public administration. This research contributes to the emergence and development of systemic processes of collaboration that have as their premise the interrelation between population, environment and development from an integrative optics and inter and multi-disciplinary approach to the relationship of structural violence--university --society--climatic changes and sustainable development.
The results offer alternatives for integrative reflections to highlight the importance of the Caribbean University Cooperation and Pacific Universities for the initiatives, to enhance preparedness before the impacts of the climatic change and natural disasters in all levels of organization of public administration and society.
The investigation strengthens the importance of cooperation to implement political environmental education that contributes to generate sustainable synergies in the efficient and effective construction of integrative methodologies and of participation by administration in environmental university knowledge.

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