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대구대학교 한국특수교육문제연구소> Asia-Pacific Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (APJID)

Asia-Pacific Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (APJID) update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2014)~6권1호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 73
Asia-Pacific Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (APJID)
6권1호(2019년 06월) 수록논문
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The presence of a person with intellectual disabilities (I/DD) within the family creates considerable stress and burden to all family members, including the typically developing siblings. These siblings of persons with ID are likely to take on the role as future caregivers when their parents aged. This study using a qualitative research design focused on nine adolescent siblings between the age group of 16 to 21 years old who have a brother and sister with ID to understand their feelings and concerns of future caregiving as well as factors that could better prepare siblings for future caregiving. Semi-structured, in-depth, face-to-face interviews were employed. Results of the study illustrated that siblings largely have favourable views towards future sibling caregiving, if there are support services and planning in place to help siblings and families prepare for the future care and support needs. Siblings' views of being potential future caregivers for their siblings with I/DD are consistent with the model of sibling attachment, illustrating that there are more acceptance among the eldest and only sibling and worries would be more for those without siblings support. Future sibling caregiving could likely impact on their current and future life priorities, yet their positive thoughts keep them going.

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The aim of this study was to investigate the self-efficacy of undergraduates majoring in physical education (PE) towards inclusive physical education (IPE) with students with intellectual disabilities (ID) and physical disabilities (PD). 165 undergraduates majoring in PE were collected and the questionnaire related the self-efficacy of undergraduates specializing in PE towards IPE was used. Further, the one-way analysis of variance was used to investigate differences in the self-efficacy of undergraduates studying in PE towards IPE with students with ID and PD by sex, taking an adapted physical education (APE), experience teaching individuals with disabilities, and voluntary experience for individuals with disabilities using IBM SPSS 21.0. There were four conclusions based on the results of this study; first, the self-efficacy of male undergraduates majoring in PE towards IPE with students with ID and PD was higher than female undergraduates. Second, the self-efficacy of undergraduates who took the APE class towards IPE with students with ID and PD was higher than undergraduates who did not take the APE class. Third, the self-efficacy of undergraduates who had teaching experience with individuals with disabilities towards IPE with students with ID and PD was higher than undergraduates who did not have experience teaching individuals with disabilities. Finally, the self-efficacy of undergraduates who had voluntary experience for individuals with disabilities towards IPE with students with ID and PD was higher than undergraduates who did not have voluntary experience for individuals with disabilities.

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of classroom level positive behavioral support on the behaviors of general children and an child at risk of disability in 16 children (8 males and 8 females) of Daycare center. To support positive behavior at the classroom level, the Behavior Support Team collected data and conducted classroom assessments. As a result, disturbing behaviors that make it difficult to participate in educational activities, improper behavior directly related to the safety of children, and improper behavior in free choice play were classified as challenging behaviors that should be solved first. The results of the 7 - week intervention program were summarized as follows; First, classroom - level positive behavior support decreased the incidence of behavioral problem that occurred in the problem situation of the whole children in the classroom (story - telling, free choice activity, and stair - climbing). In other words, there was a significant difference as a result of the t-test of the corresponding sample, which was statistically verified for this change by problem situation. Second, the incidence of problematic behaviors of the child at risk of disability decreased..

4Perinatal and Socio-Economic Risk Factors of Autism in Children attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh

저자 : S. M. Fatema Ferdousy , Md Mizanur Rahman , Shaheen Akhter , Kanij Fatema , Muzharul Mannan

발행기관 : 대구대학교 한국특수교육문제연구소 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (APJID) 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 52-64 (13 pages)

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Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder where genetic factors play causal role. This case-control study explored the association between perinatal and socioeconomic status with risk of autism. It was a case control study among children who came from different areas of the country during the period of 2005 to 2015 for assessment in the outdoor facility of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University. One hundred children were diagnosed autism by Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)-Generic. Among them 79 were boys and 21 were girls. Another one hundred children without autism were taken as control, 65 of them were boys and 35 were girls. Perinatal and socioeconomic risk factors were analyzed in these two groups, using medical records. Mean age of the ASD children was 3.51+1.58 year and control was 3.80+1.53. Male predominance was observed in ASD children. After univariate analysis three significant variables identified to pose as risk for autism. These were parental advanced level of education (P=<0.001), urban residence (P=<0.001) and neonatal jaundice (P=<0.001). Variables like male sex, occupation as service holder and low birth weight at birth approached significance at the 0.05 level. Results suggested that parental profile as well as perinatal environment are associated with risk of autism and this factors act independently.

5Philosophy of Special Education

저자 : Hyangji Kim , Nari Choi

발행기관 : 대구대학교 한국특수교육문제연구소 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of Intellectual Disabilities (APJID) 6권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 65-69 (5 pages)

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There are two very different philosophies in special education, postmodernism and positivism. In the journal Exceptionality, Kauffman and Sasso (2006a) opened the beginning argument, Gallagher (2006) replied by following, and Kauffman and Sasso (2006b) finished with the rejoinder. Based on these three articles, this summary paper will synthesize critically their positions on philosophical theories as well as the nature of knowledge, truth, and reality. In addition, consequences of adopting the view of postmodernism and examples of malpractices of postmodernism in the special education field will be illustrated. Lastly, my own philosophical views of special education will be provided.

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Students with disabilities have low self-esteem and lack the ability to speak confidently because of their physical impairment and failure experiences. Therefore, in this research, the self-esteem training program was developed and applied to students with physical disabilities, and the effects of self-esteem and speaking ability of physically disabled students were examined.
The subjects of this study were 20 students from D special-education school in Daegu Metropolitan City. Experimental design methods applied for the experiment of this study are experimental design of pre- and post-test control group. After applying the self-esteem improvement program to the experimental group and not applying it to the control group, pre- and post-test were done to both the experimental group and the control group to compare the experimental treatment results.
The results of this study were as follows: First, the students of the experimental group who performed the self-esteem training program showed a positive improvement in general self-esteem, social self-esteem, family self-esteem and school self-esteem compared to the control group.
Second, the experimental group participating in the self-esteem training program improved speaking ability in four areas: content selection, content organization, expression and delivery, attitude.
Based on the above conclusions, it is suggested that the self-esteem training program for the students with disabilities should be developed in accordance with the characteristics of the learner, so that long-term training should be done using the creative experiential activity time.

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This study aims to provide the basic data for the improvement of swimming performance of swimmers with intellectual and developmental disabilities, analyzing technical factors and race strategies in the race, which are important in swimming through an approach from sports science to the race management of excellent swimmer In-guk Lee in the swimming event of swimmers with intellectual and developmental disabilities. For this purpose, the whole sections were filmed by installing two video cameras were at an interval of 25m to analyze the videos of freestyle 200m swimming race in the National Sports Games for the Disabled for the last three years in which the excellent swimmer with intellectual and developmental disabilities participated. For the analysis of data, based on the final record in freestyle 200m swimming, the mean speed, and record and speed in each section were examined by dividing them by the start section, the swimming section, and the turn section. As a result of the study, first, in his record and speed in each section of freestyle 200m swimming, he started fast to the first 50m section and showed a good record, maintaining a constant speed in the section from 50m to 200m in 2017 and 2018 as compared to 2015. It is judged that this results from the improvement of his physical ability of swimming while maintaining a certain speed in the section from 50m to 200m, and his record will further improve if physical training for swimming faster in the section from 150m to 200m is added. Second, of the technical factors in the starting section, underwater swimming distance was the longest in 2017 (16.10m) when he showed the best record and judging from this, it is desirable that he will maintain an underwater swimming distance of at least about 15m. Third, as for the number of strokes in each section, since he showed a faster record with smaller strokes while swimming 200m freestyle in 2017 and 2018 as compared to 2015, it is judged that he made use of more efficient strokes, and it is judged that the upper body muscular strength and muscular endurance in the motion of pushing in the water improved. It is judged that examining the physical factors, including muscular strength in the analysis of performance in the future will help analyze the relationship between physical strength and performance. Lastly, it is noted that his consistency improved while swimming 200m since of the technical factors of the turn section, the turn section was maintained constant at 5-6m in 2017 and 2018. It is judged that the application of these findings to the composition of the actual training will be utilized as the basic data for the improvement of the performance of freestyle swimmers with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the field as well as the improvement of the excellent swimmer's performance.

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