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수록정보
수록범위 : 24권1호(2016)~29권5호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 264
환경정책
29권5호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1A Evaluation of Implementation Level of UN SDGs Goal 11 in Korea: Focusing on a Framework Application Based on Relative Efficiency Theory

저자 : Jonghoon Yoo , Byungseol Byun , Minkyoung Choi

발행기관 : 한국환경정책평가연구원 간행물 : 환경정책 29권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-56 (56 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation level of urban sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the Republic of Korea and to measure the extent of internal and external impact on implementation. An evaluation framework was established, based on relative efficiency theory, and the implementation level of urban SDGs at the local government unit in the Republic of Korea was examined by analyzing each stage. First, in reference to the 2018 of SDG 11, the implementation level for public transportation (target 11.2) was assessed as excellent across the country, compared with the implementation level for disaster safety (target 11.5), environment (11.6), and public space (11.7), which were all assessed as needing improvement. Second, the factors that positively impact implementation (target 11.2) were urban population, GRDP, financial independence, urbanization areas, and bus-only lanes, whereas the factors positively impacting implementation (target 11.5) were population density and GRDP. The positive factors influencing implementation (target 11.6; air quality sector) were found to be GRDP, financial independence, administrative area, and renewable energy generation, whereas the effective factors for implementation of target 11.6 (waste management) were found to be GRDP, financial independence, and the population density of households in waste management. The positive factors influencing the implementation level of target 11.7 were GRDP, financial independence, administrative area, and green areas.

KCI등재

2Measurement of Environmental Efficiency Based on Stochastic Directional Distance Function: A Metafrontier Approach

저자 : Ziyao Li , Sangmok Kang

발행기관 : 한국환경정책평가연구원 간행물 : 환경정책 29권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 57-87 (31 pages)

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This study measures environmental efficiency (EE) based on CO2 emissions for five groups of countries between 1998 and 2018, using the stochastic metafrontier directional distance function. The model estimates environmental efficiency scores for a panel of 163 countries using data on GDP and CO2 emissions as economic growth and the consumption of fossil fuels lead to increased CO2 emissions. Moreover, meta inefficiency and technical gap differences (TGD) are compared, and the findings indicate that most countries have higher mean TGDs than their group's average inefficiency measures. Furthermore, except for the low-income group, the OECD group is closest to the meta environmental frontier, suggesting that the OECD countries have advanced technologies to govern the environment. Alternatively, the findings also showed that upper-middle-income countries have the worst meta efficiency, implying that this group of countries sustain a high pollution growth path. Finally, we compare the difference between the stochastic metafrontier method and the pooling method and show that the pooling approach underestimates the severity of environmental problems.

KCI등재

3Establishment of SDGs in Stork Habitat Village

저자 : Sungchae Moon , Young Sook Nam

발행기관 : 한국환경정책평가연구원 간행물 : 환경정책 29권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 89-112 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to identify the goals and sub-goals of SDGs for stork village. The research method was conducted by telephone interviews with three persons related to Yesan Stork Village. An expert group was formed consisting of three stork experts and two sustainable development experts was formed, and expert advice and consultations with researchers were held four times. The research results and conclusions are as follows. Yesan Stork Village was engaged in eco-friendly agriculture to create a stork habitat environment, as well as forming a community-centered village cooperative, and expanding the stork re-introduction area. For the stork village SDGs, 12 goals and 52 sub-goals were selected in the areas of society, economy, environment and infrastructure. For the social field, the composition of the village community and residents' council, establishment of a communication system, and the establishment of an education system were selected. Regarding the economic area, eco-friendly agriculture and ecological service projects based on a circular economy were selected to revitalize the local economy. It was decided that severatl factors including conservation and management of local resources for the conservation of stork habitat, the creation of an environment for stork habitat and the control of threat factors were necessary in the environmental area. In the area of infrastructure, policy support and governance were selected to achieve the goals of stork village. This study is expected to be applied when constructing additional stork re-introduction areas. As a follow-up study, it is necessary to prioritize SDGs in stork villages and determine necessary policies and resources.

KCI등재

4Analysis of Pilot Projects and Its Guidelines for Paris Agreement Article 6

저자 : Jieun Kim , Ji Hyun Kim , Hyemin Park

발행기관 : 한국환경정책평가연구원 간행물 : 환경정책 29권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-140 (28 pages)

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While the Kyoto Mechanism ended in 2020 and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement is under negotiation, international organizations and developed countries are designing and implementing the Article 6 pilot project. This study analyzes how each provision of Article 6 is interpreted and applied in three examples of pilot projects, with a particular focus on “sustainability,” one of the primary values emphasized in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. To this end, this study analyzed how the African Development Bank, the Swedish Energy Agency, and the Swiss KliK Foundation interpreted and implemented each provision of the three main frameworks of Article 6, namely the cooperative approach (Article 6.2), the international trading mechanism on the reduction outcome under COP (Article 6.4), and the non-market approach (Article 6.8). As a result, the pilot projects reflected the core values of considering internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (ITMO), developing a baseline methodology, promoting environmental integrity, and the sustainable development of the host country.
Under the new Korean NDC, which increased the portion of overseas reduction, either the government planning a project under Article 6.2 or a company planning a project under Article 6.4 should selectively apply the trials and considerations from the preemptive pilots of Article 6 analyzed in the study.

KCI등재

5The Effects of Government Environmental Subsidies and Corporate Environmental Investments on Carbon Emissions of Chinese Firms

저자 : Sunghwan Kim , Wenxi Li , Yongshang Liu

발행기관 : 한국환경정책평가연구원 간행물 : 환경정책 29권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-171 (31 pages)

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This study investigates the effects of environmental investments and environmental subsidies on carbon emissions by Chinese listed firms on Shanghai Stock and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges from 2008 to 2018. Year-firm data from the RESSET database and financial data from CSMAR database including accounting, financial market, and Chinese government subsidization were utilized. To reflect the tangled relationships between carbon emission, environmental subsidies, and environmental investments, we applied simultaneous equation models (SEMs) and finite lag fixed effects models and report following unique empirical results. First, the government's environmental subsidies were found to have correlate with increasing carbon emissions significantly in the short- and long-term. Second, environmental investments by Chinese firms significantly correlated with short- and long-term carbon emission increases. Third, four other factors―exports, largest shareholding, government shareholding, and firm size―all have a significant effect on carbon emissions. Whether a firm has foreign shareholding is not statistically significant in all analyses. The results imply that most Chinese firms, if not all, have increased their carbon emissions despite receiving governmental environmental subsidies.

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