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이화여자대학교 통일학연구원> Journal of Peace and Unification

Journal of Peace and Unification update

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2011)~11권4호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 123
Journal of Peace and Unification
11권4호(2021년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1The Evolution of North Korean Nuclear Issues: Diplomatic, Militaristic and Regime-change Approaches

저자 : Seung-yeol Lee

발행기관 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원 간행물 : Journal of Peace and Unification 11권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 5-30 (26 pages)

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The diplomatic approach two ways of bringing North Korea to the table of dialogue. The first involves imposing strong economic sanctions, while the second entails positive engagement through accepting North Korea's demands. There are also two ways involved in the militaristic approach. The first employs a 'surgical attack', which indicates a limited military attack on North Korea's nuclear and missile facilities, while the second is a 'preventive war', which entails full military action. Finally, there is the regime-change approach, which also includes two ways of engagement. The first involves a strategy of promoting regime change through an agreement between the United States and China, while the second involves the direct elimination of Kim Jong-un by collaborating with the CIA. The following two scenarios can be derived from these three broad approaches of resolving the North Korean nuclear issue. First, the diplomatic approach will be determined by internal factors rather than external factors. Second, the militaristic and regime-change approaches will be determined by external factors rather than internal factors.

KCI등재

2Carter Administration's Human Rights towards South Korea: Reinterpretation of 1979 Summit

저자 : Won-gon Park

발행기관 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원 간행물 : Journal of Peace and Unification 11권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 31-59 (29 pages)

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Compared to the previous administration, the Carter administration has advocated moral diplomacy in the form of human rights policy. However, most of the literature studied during the Carter year's relations with South Korea raises the question that the administration did not apply its moral principle to South Korea. From this perspective, Carter's visit to South Korea in the summer of 1979 is another example to emphasize the U.S. security and economic interests, not promoting human rights for South Korea. This research has made a counterargument that the Carter administration did implement its human rights policy and reinterpreted the visit of 1979 as an apex of its moral diplomacy. By presenting the human rights issue secretly, and because the Carter administration considered its relationship with Korea as an ally and the repercussions of withdrawing U.S. forces from South Korea, this fact was not well known to the public.

KCI등재

3Comparative Analysis on the Factors of Migration to North Korea among Koreans in Japan and China

저자 : Seol-a Yoon

발행기관 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원 간행물 : Journal of Peace and Unification 11권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 61-90 (30 pages)

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When the Korean Peninsula was under Japanese colonial rule, many Koreans migrated to Japan and China. They experienced liberation outside the Korean Peninsula and entered North Korea after the country was divided. The purpose of this study is to analyze the migration factors of Koreans in Japan and China. For this purpose, in-depth interviews and literature analysis were employed. Using the push and pull theory, the analyzed factors were classified into political, economic, and social factors. Their migration was accomplished by a combination of the push factors from Japan and China, and the pull factors from North Korea. First, the North Korean authorities' efforts to resolve the labor shortage served as a political pull factor. The push factors were the Japanese government's intention to repatriate Koreans and the friendly relationship between North Korea and China. On the other hand, the relative poverty of Koreans in Japan, and the economic hardship of Koreans in China constituted the economic push factors. For Koreans in China, North Korea's rapid economic growth was a pull factor, whereas, for Koreans in Japan, North Korea's economic propaganda was a pull factor. The two groups showed similarities in the social factors. Experiencing mistreatment as a minority acted as a push factor, and the image of the 'homeland' shown by the North Korean authorities acted as a pull factor. In addition, their personal problems acted as the push factors as the migrating was perceived as an opportunity to solve or escape the problems.

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