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서울대학교 통일평화연구원> Asian Journal of Peacebuilding

Asian Journal of Peacebuilding update

  • : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 2288-2693
  • : 2288-2707
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2013)~9권2호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 150
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding
9권2호(2021년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1The Geopolitical Ethnic Networks for De-bordering: North Korean Defectors in Los Angeles and London

저자 : Haeran Shin

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 209-232 (24 pages)

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The transnational ethnic networks developed by North Korean defectors are factors in the (de-)bordering of North Korea. Ethnographic fieldwork in two destinations― London and Los Angeles―demonstrates, first, that through their practices of financial and social remittances, the defectors have proved that North Korea's border control is porous, and second, that the defectors have developed global and regional networks to challenge North Korean sovereignty. In the interaction between the defectors' daily lives and the geopolitical environment, these geopolitical ethnic networks play important roles. This contribution to the debate on borders and defectors encourages us to shift our attention from nation-states' laws and policies on border-crossers to the agency of the border-crossers themselves.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Comparing the Effects of Chinese and Traditional Official Finance on State Repression in Africa

저자 : Afa'anwi Ma'abo Che

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 233-254 (22 pages)

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Redressing biases in extant literature linking Chinese official finance and state repression, this article employs standard multiple regression analysis to comparatively assess the effects of different attributes of Chinese and traditional official finance on variations in rates of repression across Africa over the period of 2001-2018. Statistical outputs reveal more similarities than differences in the effects of Chinese and traditional official finance on repression. To prevent diversionary use of foreign official finance on repression, reforms towards specification of purposes of inflows in recipient African states are recommended.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Russia and Japan in 2012-2020: The Deadlock of Collective Identities

저자 : Ignat Vershinin

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 255-277 (23 pages)

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Territorial disputes are complicated by the long-term vicious cycle of “rival” identities constructed by continuous interactions. The purpose of this study is to analyze how Japan's commitments to certain types of collective identities affect bilateral relations with Russia, using two case studies that analyze how Russian political elites perceive Japan's position on sensitive issues of international politics. By doing so, the study argues that Japan's commitments to “Western” collective discourses in the international arena over the past decade have largely undermined relations with Russia, reducing the likelihood of significant progress on critical issues.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Unarmed Civilian Peacekeeping as a Transformative Justice Concept: Civilian Protection and Everyday Justice in the Bangsamoro

저자 : Raymond Andaya

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 279-304 (26 pages)

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This article explores the prospect of theorizing unarmed civilian peacekeeping as a transformative justice concept. Utilizing the principles of transformative justice theory as a framework of analysis, it finds that unarmed civilian peacekeeping produces an environment of everyday justice, thereby contributing to transformative peacebuilding. Crucial to this proposed concept of everyday justice is the ability of an unarmed civilian peacekeeping approach to form a link between the elite-level negotiating panels in a peace process and the grassroots constituency in a postconflict society. The case of voluntary and mandated nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) involved in the Bangsamoro peace process in Mindanao is used to corroborate these conceptual suggestions.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Why is Peace Elusive in Myanmar? An Answer from the Perspective of Thai Philosopher Prawase Wasi

저자 : Tony Waters , Somboon Panyakom

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 305-330 (26 pages)

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We re-evaluate Burmese history from the perspective of Thai philosopher Prawase Wasi who asserts that the basis for society is not simply individuals but the “self-forming group.” He discusses the essential nature of a self-forming group which is embodied in the Thai Buddhist concept of taam, which are sacred virtues emerging from self-organizing groups. In between the taam and self-forming groups are institutions of the state, economy, and education, etc. Prawase Wasi's approach has been used in Thailand to guide government policies for the last twenty years. In this article, we apply this model to the history of conflict in Burma. We contrast this approach with the more traditional focus on individualism and utilitarianism in western high modernism which typically shapes development policies.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6Preventing Religious Conflict in Papua Land: Adopting Cultural Traditions of Peacebuilding

저자 : Cahyo Pamungkas , Devi Tri Indriasari

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 331-356 (26 pages)

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This article aims to explain why recent tensions between religious groups in Papua, Indonesia, did not develop into ethnoreligious conflicts such as those which broke out in Ambon and Poso. Such tensions are likely to occur because of the migration of Muslim ethnicities from elsewhere in Indonesia that leads to political, racial, religious, and economic divisions. Migrant populations are generally Malay, Muslim, and prosperous, while native Papuans are Melanesian, Christian, and impoverished. The Christian indigenous Papuans feel threatened by the influx of Muslim migrants. Based on Lederach's concept of peace agents, we argue that the adoption of cultural mechanisms driving peace agencies is central to preventing ethnoreligious conflict. The curricula of local schools should include such local wisdom in order to reach all ethnoreligious groups.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Afghan Peace on the Horizon? An Examination of Public Opinion on the Ongoing Peace Talks

저자 : Zahra Tawana , Ahmadullah Azadani , Sughra Azizi , Mihr Khoda Mehrzad , Mahdiya Erfani , Zuhal Ahmadzai

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 357-382 (26 pages)

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What is missing from the ongoing Afghan peace talks is public opinion: whether the Afghan people are in broad agreement with the peace process and its potential outcomes. The current study is based on the opinions of 704 people from across twenty-five provinces of Afghanistan. The study uses a quantitative and qualitative approach to delve into public opinion on the process. The general finding of this study is that while almost all Afghans want peace, most are unwilling to accept a peace deal that would cost them their constitutional gains, including human rights, minority rights, gender equality, and an Islamic republic. Besides this, most Afghans would be unwilling to vote for the Taliban in any elections.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Democratic Deficits: Structural and Agency Factors in Myanmar's Ethnic Peace Process during Regime Transition

저자 : Narayanan Ganesan

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 383-410 (28 pages)

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Myanmar has undergone democratic transition since 2010 when the country introduced elections and a parliamentary form of government. The country has now had two successive governments, the first led by President Thein Sein and the second by Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy. Both governments have made the ethnic peace process, based on the 2015 Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement, a key policy issue. Nonetheless, only limited success has been obtained thus far, and important structural and agency factors inhibit greater progress. These factors, termed “democracy deficits” in this article, suggest that the peace process has limited scope for further success in the medium term, and that the interactions between these two factors has only worsened the situation. A postscript brings the article up to date.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9North Korea's Entrapment and Time Delay Tactics during Nuclear Negotiations

저자 : Ian Fleming Zhou , Jo-ansie Van Wyk

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 411-426 (16 pages)

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Weaker parties in a negotiation can change the assumed structural outcome of the negotiation by using strategies such as time delay tactics, which lead to entrapment. In this article, the Six-Party Talks are evaluated empirically to explore the utility of applying this bargaining tactic insight into international relations. The article applies Galin's (2015) five stages of time delay tactics to the fifth and sixth rounds of the Six-Party Talks, with a focus on the triangular relations between the United States, South Korea, and North Korea. The article shows how North Korea as the weaker negotiating party used the time delay tactic to affect the fifth and sixth rounds of the Six-Party negotiations in its favor. North Korea's use of several tactics included slowing down negotiations as much as possible, avoiding reaching a final agreement, prolonging negotiations by diversion, dragging out the negotiation process until some external or internal change occurs, and exhausting opponents until they are ready to concede. These tactics ultimately entrapped North Korea's opponents resulting in the unsuccessful outcome of the Six-Party Talks.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10Geostrategic Imperatives for Pakistan of Gwadar Port

저자 : Fakhar Hussain , Saadat Nawaz

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 9권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 427-441 (15 pages)

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The geographical environment is believed to be one of the most important elements influencing the expansion of human civilizations along watercourses. The contiguity of Gwadar Port to the dominant trading routes and energy chokepoints of the world contributes to its prominence in the regional framework. Gwadar will turn Pakistan into a regional corridor due to its geographic location in relation to the enormous supply and consumer market economies of different regions. This study is explanatory and qualitative, and it emphasizes the geostrategic imperatives driving the development of Gwadar Port, including those connected with Pakistan's economy and its position in the region, military strategy, and the development of Baluchistan Province, and concludes that the opening of the port has substantially enhanced the economy and security of Pakistan.

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