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서울대학교 통일평화연구원> Asian Journal of Peacebuilding

Asian Journal of Peacebuilding update

  • : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 2288-2693
  • : 2288-2707
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2013)~10권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 163
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding
10권1호(2022년 05월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1The Embedded Conundrum of South-South and Triangular Cooperation: A Prologue to Shifting Frontiers from Collaboration to Contention

저자 : Taekyoon Kim , Shin-wha Lee

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-13 (13 pages)

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This special issue discusses, in-depth, the embedded conundrum of South-South and triangular cooperation (SSTC) whose frontiers are shifted from collaboration to contention within the United Nations (UN) development system and beyond. This introductory article provides the conceptual framework―the contentioncollaboration spectrum―that guides all the contributors and serves as the collective starting point for this project. The moving frontiers of SSTC reflect the shifting historic relationships between the global South and North as well as Southern partner countries. The framework enables the six articles of this special issue to investigate the paradoxical structure of contrasting dynamics of SSTC, which has always been exposed to historical transformations at multi-levels of analysis: global governance, regional engagements, middle power perspectives, and the UN development system and beyond.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Beyond Mainstreaming? Past, Present and Future of UN Support for South-South and Triangular Cooperation

저자 : Sebastian Haug

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 15-44 (30 pages)

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United Nations (UN) entities have repeatedly been asked to mainstream their support for South-South and triangular cooperation (SSTC). However, there is hardly any systematic evidence on whether and how they have done so. This article contributes to addressing this gap. The analysis focuses on organizational efforts over the last two decades to integrate SSTC support into institutional processes across the UN development system. It centers around a scorecard of fifteen UN entities that maps the levels and contours of their organizational focus on SSTC. In light of a highly diverse SSTC support landscape and the complex political dynamics behind mainstreaming efforts, the article discusses the way ahead for UN engagement with SSTC, including the potentials and challenges of a continued focus on mainstreaming itself.

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Various parts of the United Nations (UN) system have been part of the definition and implementation of technical cooperation among developing countries (TCDC), South-South cooperation (SSC) and triangular cooperation (TrC) over the years since the Buenos Aires Plan of Action of 1978 (BAPA). This paper will take the view that there is a perception that South-South and triangular cooperation have not achieved their potential to be transformative because accompanying changes needed for the modalities have not been pursued fully and thus these development modalities seemingly remain largely cosmetic. To respond to this perception, the authors will review what was expected of the United Nations development systems (UNDS) from Bandung to Buenos Aires and what has been achieved since noting the constraints of lack of data and measurement.

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In light of recent efforts by the UN to more firmly embed SSC and TrC in all its institutions, this paper examines the challenges that lie ahead by first tracing the emergence of the terms SSC and TrC on a discursive level in the UN system. Second, it reflects theoretically on the concepts of solidarity and development to show that voices from the Global South are suggesting alternative understandings that may do more justice to the poor and disadvantaged. Third, it explores what can be learned from various interlinked health crises and the recent COVID-19 pandemic regarding the flaws of SSC and TrC. Fourth, it sketches a way forward by looking at ways in which a more human rights based democratization of global health can be achieved.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Building on Bandung: What Does Cooperation Do for Regional Engagement?

저자 : Shailaja Fennell

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-105 (19 pages)

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This article examines the outcomes of collective forms of engagement in the ASEAN region. By examining how convening power in these south-south engagements has worked since the Bandung Conference, the paper reviews how the mode of consensus building adopted in 1955 has been channelled into regional cooperation. In particular, the paper considers the implications of these forms of cooperation for the consensus building that characterizes ASEAN today. The paper uses the processes evident in the ASEAN Development Outlook to set out the consequences of these findings for how the UN system can set out more effective criteria for global South cooperation. This has direct implications for institutional mechanisms for advancing capacity and expertise in new forms of cooperation between the global North and global South.

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This study illustrates collaborative platforms and diversifying partnerships for South-South and triangular cooperation in development. The English School's pluralism-solidarism spectrum is applied as a tool to explain transformative features of the changing international society in times of crisis. The study focuses on the intermediary pluralist-solidarism phase that shows dynamics of middle power coalitions using nation branding and collaborative governance as key strategies. The transitional phase is exemplified by two approaches. One is the bilateral approach to coalition shown through the case of China, whereas the other is the inclusivemultilateral approach demonstrated through the case of South Korea. Implications are given toward relatively loose networks that have the potential to evolve into platforms with institutional grounds, especially for middle powers seeking opportunities in the new normal.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Beyond Great Powers: Middle Power Paths to Resilient Multilateralism

저자 : Albert Sanghoon Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 131-157 (27 pages)

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Set amidst growing global challenges and great power politics, this article asks how middle powers might best promote global collective action. Adopting a historical approach, it explores four case studies on middle power multilateralism in (1) post-1974 UN New International Economic Order; (2) post-1989 Bretton Woods institutions; (3) post-1992 European Union expansion; and (4) post-2003 UN South- South cooperation. These inform a policy framework and an ensuing alternative termed “resilient multilateralism.” Adopting a foreign policy standpoint, this alternative entails principles on context specificity, complementarity, consensus building, and non-confrontation. By opening space for global action, it offers a timely approach to countering future shocks and coordination failures―whether wrought through nature or through hands of our own.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8The Conundrum of Policy Stability: The Case of Afghanistan's Centralized Planning and Budgeting Policies

저자 : Mohammad Qadam Shah

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 159-183 (25 pages)

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This paper explores why Afghanistan's centralized planning and budgeting policies, despite consistent failure to improve local participation and allocative efficiency, remained stable. Based on policy feedback theory, there are two explanations. First, policy actors, given their interests, often tend to keep the status quo unchanged; and second, policymaking processes play a facilitative role for policy actors. This paper explains how centralized policymaking processes enable policy actors to bypass specific constraints of institutional environment such as agenda setting, principalagent dynamics, information symmetry, and credible commitment to keep certain policies unchanged. With the recent collapse of Afghan state, the Taliban would most likely continue the centralized planning and budgeting policies given their past governance approach and their recent performance.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9North Korean Defectors as Cultural Other in South Korea: Perception and Construction of Cultural Differences

저자 : Kyung Hyo Chun

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 185-213 (29 pages)

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With around 34,000 North Korean defectors having arrived in South Korea (as of June, 2021), perceptions toward them remain ambiguous and unbalanced. The dominant discourse about North Korean defectors centers on adaptation, and cultural difference is often identified as one of the most challenging obstacles. This article examines how a specific conceptualization of culture is utilized to alienate North Korean defectors, while securing the belief in a single ethnicity of all Koreans. As a result, North Korean defectors are rendered as cultural other in South Korean society. While cultural difference is often believed to be the basis of discrimination for North Korean defectors, this article argues that social prejudice and discrimination reproduce and reinforce the discourse about cultural difference of North Korean defectors.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10Rising Strategic Instability and Declining Prospects for Nuclear Disarmament in South Asia: A Pakistani Perspective

저자 : Rizwana Abbasi , Sufian Ullah

발행기관 : 서울대학교 통일평화연구원 간행물 : Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 215-241 (27 pages)

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Growing instability marks the evolving security environment between Pakistan and India and hence modifies their strategic priorities. The prevailing security dynamics in the region, such as changing nature of conflicts, introduction of new technologies, evolving deterrent force postures, and suspension of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs), have increased states' reliance on arms build-up and decreased their inclination to arms control and disarmament. This paper offers a Pakistani perspective on how the prevailing regional environment seems less favorable to nuclear disarmament and more inclined to deterrent force modernization. To explain the above rationale, this study takes guidance from primary and secondary sources to assess disarmament challenges, and discusses the prospects for creating a new security environment in the region to promote a renewed consensus on nuclear disarmament.

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