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수록범위 : 1권0호(1973)~92권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 887
언어와 언어학
92권0호(2021년 05월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1현대 슬라브어 복수대격 유형 비교

저자 : 정정원 ( Jungwon Chung )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-28 (28 pages)

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This paper classifies Slavic languages according to their accusative plural patterns. Modern Slavic languages with six or seven-case declension systems share the same singular nominal accusative case pattern based on the grammatical category of gender and the semantic category of animacy. On the other hand, these Slavic languages have different accusative plural patterns which can be classified into four groups with their own binary privative oppositions. The first Slavic accusative plural group consists of Slovene and BCS whose accusative plurals marked with [+Masculine] have their own accusative forms, while unmarked ones are replaced with their nominatives. Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian belong to the second Slavic accusative plural group where only the semantic feature [+Animate] plays a role, assigning the marked genitive-accusative form to animate accusative plural nominals and the unmarked nominative-accusative form to inanimate ones. The third group includes Czech where only the plural nominals with [+Masculine, +Animate] obtain their own accusative plural forms, while the unmarked rest have nominative-accusative forms. Polish and Slovak belong to the fourth group with the strictest criteria according to which only the accusative plurals with [+Masculine, +Animate, +Human] are marked with genitive-accusative and the other unmarked accusative plurals share their nominative forms.

KCI등재

2한국인 학습자의 러시아어 억양에 나타나는 중간언어 연구

저자 : 변군혁 ( Koonhyuk Byun ) , 김알레샤 ( Alesiya Kim )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-54 (26 pages)

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Intonation plays a very important role in conveying the speaker's speech intention, emotion, indicating the end of speech, and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to understand intonation in order to grasp the speaker's exact intention and communicate properly. This study examines the characteristics of Korean learners' interlanguage that appear in Russian intonations. In this experiment, the subjects participated in the 1st and 2nd year courses, respectively. The results of the two processes were compared and it was found that Korean learners in the second year course showed a significant increase in the degree of concordance of focus within sentences as compared to those in the first year course. This shows Korean learners focused on pronunciation of individual words rather than changes in intonation in sentences in the first year course, but they tried to find important words by grasping the meaning of each sentence in the second year course. Furthermore, there were many realizations of the high boundary tone H% in both the first and second year courses. Russian native speakers pronounced the high boundary tone H% only when the focus was at the end of the sentence, whereas. Korean learners pronounced H% in all sentences regardless of the location of the focus. This is due to the interference of Korean that maintains the accent at the end of the sentence in a rising tone.

KCI등재

3품사 연구에 있어서의 '의미'의 역할 - 개별언어적 접근과 통언어적 접근 간의 차이를 중심으로 -

저자 : 리우완잉 ( Liu Wanying )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 55-78 (24 pages)

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This paper focused on the concept and role of “meaning” (or so called “semantic categories,” “semantic criteria,” etc.) in parts of speech studies. From this study, we find no significant difference between individual linguistical studies and cross-linguistical studies, since the“meaning” of words is understood in an abstractive and conceptual sense . However, since building a parts of speech system in individual linguistical discussions is to identify the grammatical characteristics of words, there is a limit to reflecting grammatical characteristics from “meaning” rather than from “form,” “function,” or “distribution.” On the other hand, it is difficult to apply the approach used in individual linguistical discussions to cross-linguistical discussions. In a cross-linguistic discussion, “meaning” can reflect the universality between languages. Therefore, we can use “meaning” to establish the correspondence between several languages. In this paper, the concept and role of “meaning” in parts of speech research was reorganized, and in particular, the problem of mixing the concept and role of “meaning” in individual linguistical and cross-linguistical discussions was presented and discussed . Hopefully, this will provide basic data for related future discussions.

KCI등재

4의문 보문소로서의 'ㄹ지': 상위 술어의 (비)진실성과 (비)사실성

저자 : 강아름 ( Arum Kang ) , 송상헌 ( Sanghoun Song )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-106 (28 pages)

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This article concerns the semantico-pragmatic role of the interrogative complementizer (u)lci in Korean. Thus far, compared to (u)nci, which has a variant of interrogative complementizer, (u)lci has received less attention. The main question we address is why (u)lci gives rise to epistemic modal reading (i.e., speaker's/subject's uncertainty) in the embedded clause. Given that the core properties of a complementizer can be characterized by the types of main predicates that it takes, the main focus will be the realization of matrix predicates in Korean. For the detailed discussion, we conduct a corpus study and empirically verify that the predicates taking (u)lci should be non-factive and non-veridical. Such a connection is naturally predicated because historically, (u)lci must have been grammaticalized from the combination of the irrealis mood marker (u)l and the bound noun do which leads to the idea that the lexicon of (u)lci in modern Korean has come to have an irrealis mood meaning. Accordingly, there exists a strong tendency to show a gradience between (u)lci and non-veridical predicates.

KCI등재

5헝가리어 부정사구 InfP의 통사구조:PRO와 pro

저자 : 박수영 ( Soo Young Park )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 107-127 (21 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the syntactic structure of infinitive construction and the word-order of sentences with infinitives in Hungarian within the frame of the X' theory by Alberti Gábor and Medve Anna(2005). Hungarian infinitive has a non-finite verbform, V-ni, which can be inflected in certain constructions by the conjugation of the personal suffix of its agent. Thus according to its morphological form, the Hungarian infinitive construction has covert arguments PRO, PROarb, and pro. The infinitive phrase has its own argument-structure, and functions as a specifier of VP, which forms a semantic unity with its verb. The word-order of infinitive sentences shows grammatical characters in Hungarian, such as the dis-continuity of the infinitive construction from the compound verb-form, and the scope of argument-move by the non-lexical categories, such as topic, focus in inflected infinitive-sentences.

KCI등재

6한국수어 삼항동사 위치일치 분석

저자 : 조준모 ( Junmo Cho ) , 김연우 ( Yeonwoo Kim )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 129-156 (28 pages)

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This paper inquires the linguistic status of locus and deals in particular with its grammatical role in agreement phenomena in Korean Sign Language(KSL). Upon reviewing several ways in which locus is utilized in KSL such as its anaphoric usage in discourse, its sensitivity to grammatical function in Role Shift, and its asymmetrically underspecified interpretation in verbal inflection, we argue that a non-linguistic gestural account fails to provide sufficient explanation for its behaviors. Instead, it is proposed that locus agreement in KSL is an instance of agreement proper, governed by modality-independent syntactic principles. An explicit formal analysis within the Minimalist Program is proposed to account for a seemingly challenging ditransitive agreement phenomenon in KSL. The proposal captures the ditransitive agreement verbs' optional controller selection by identifying KSL as an object shift language where a complement of a verb undergoes an optional movement to a VP-external position, a phenomenon well-documented in multiple spoken languages. This again highlights the viability of modality-independent syntactic principles in operation for both signed and spoken languages.

KCI등재

7Emergence of that in long-distance wh-movement in the Korean-English interlanguage

저자 : Jongkuk Lee , Il Jae Lee

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 157-184 (28 pages)

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This article presents the emergence of that (termed the way-that for terminological convenience) as a remnant copy of wh-word in the course of acquiring long-distance (LD) wh-movement. A cross-sectional task using an elicited oral-translation task was carried out with 30 Korean-speaking university students learning L2 English. The goal was to corroborate the existence of that in the Korean-English interlanguage such as Who do you think that who lived in the house? by bilingual Basque-Spanish learners (Gutiérrez & Mayo 2008) and Who do you think that he go buy eggs? by Canadian French speakers (Slavkov 2009). The way that is argued to be a remanent copy of the moved wh-word, devoid of the [+WH] feature while preserving phonetic features, and is, pronounced as that, during the syntactic operation of deletion. The experimental data gathered reveal that (1) there are a few but still necessary instances of the way-that which allude that UG can be accessible in the Korean-English interlanguage, and that.(2) Korean L2 leaners can select a linguistic option available in UG but unavailable in their L1 Korean and L2 English. Furthermore, the way-that was found to not be the usual complementizer that, which commonly is placed in the specifier head, since it situates to the left of the wh-word in the specifier position. For the same reason, it was argued that the way-that was not a case of doubly-comp filter violation.

KCI등재

8An In-situ Approach to Sluicing in Locative Inversion

저자 : Seungwan Ha

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 185-209 (25 pages)

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This paper addresses an interesting phenomenon with respect to sluicing in locative inversion where a mismatch in grammaticality is observed; that is, sluicing improves grammaticality while its full-fledged counterpart is ungrammatical. To account for the mismatch, the previous research often appealed to either “repair-by-ellipsis” or “evasion” strategies, but I argue that neither of them are legitimate for locative inversion constructions, in that no island violation is involved in the relevant examples or the conditions for making use of evasion strategies turn out not to be satisfied. As an alternative, I propose an in-situ analysis of sluicing, based on Abe (2015), in which no wh-movement is triggered as long as C[Q] and wh-phrase are adjacent in PF; this can be done by sluicing since PF-deletion on the TP would lead the two to be close to each other. Under the alternative, the wh-subject is focused and remains in-situ, followed by deletion of the TP constituent except the wh-phrase. The ungrammaticality of the full-fledged structure is due to an independent factor. Following Rizzi's (1997) split CP-hypothesis, I argue that the wh-subject with focus cannot raise to a higher position than the locative PP. Thus, the in-situ approach explains the mismatch between sluicing and full-fledged sentences in locative inversion.

KCI등재

9Further Notes on Intervention Effects on Reconstruction

저자 : Suyoung Bae , Bum-sik Park

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 간행물 : 언어와 언어학 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 211-235 (25 pages)

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The main purpose of this paper is to examine the domain and properties of reconstruction of long-distance scrambled phrases in Korean. We argue that Beck & Kim's (1997) intervention effect can be extended to reconstruction cases, which corroborates the conclusion made by Bae (2020). The main evidence comes from the data showing that long-distance scrambled phrases (outside their base positions) can interact with the syntactic operations such as binding and also affect semantic interpretation of idioms. In particular, we show that the interpretive option for anaphors and idioms is determined by how far reconstruction can be implemented. The result further suggests that binding condition A is not a derivational condition in Korean (contra Belleti & Rizzi 1998).

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