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한국경찰법학회> 경찰법연구

경찰법연구 update

Journal of police and law

  • : 한국경찰법학회
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2003)~19권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 347
경찰법연구
19권1호(2021년 02월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1대학 성폭력 책임에서 징계와 형사의 이중 구조와 절차적 특수성

저자 : 장성원 ( Jang Seong Won )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 3-34 (32 pages)

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The responsibility for sexual violence at universities is planned to be both disciplinary and criminal responsibility. The treatment of sexual violence issues at universities is confused both in procedural and substantive terms over the two tracks of disciplinary and judicial. In this case, in terms of the relationship between the two responsibilities, it is necessary to confirm their own identity and universality.
The liability for sexual violence stipulated in the criminal law is deeply involved not only in criminal proceedings, but also in disciplinary responsibility within universities. It is directly introduced or referred to in university regulations and affects interpretation. This structural characteristic of disciplinary responsibility stems from the fact that both the inherent reasons for disciplinary responsibility itself and the external reasons such as criminal law are defined as grounds for disciplinary action. Criminal law itself is dualistic in that it acts as a basis for sanctions against sexual violence at universities and at the same time is used for disciplinary responsibility. The tendency to expand criminal responsibility is reflected with time difference even though it is a disciplinary responsibility for dealing with sexual violence at universities.
A particularly important question is whether disciplinary proceedings should be subordinated to criminal proceedings when the two proceedings are carried out at the same time regardless of their predecessor. Basically, the two procedures are mutually independent. Therefore, methods and procedures for investigating facts, selection of facts, and judgments based on them should all have their own unique values and be respected. Therefore, even if the two procedures are carried out simultaneously on a single case, the determination of the facts and the judgment based on them may differ from each other. However, depending on the way the two proceedings proceed, they influence each other, contrast the substance of each responsibility, and bring about repercussions.

KCI등재

2체포현장에서 피의자가 임의제출한 휴대전화기의 압수와 휴대전화기에 저장된 정보의 탐색·수집

저자 : 김태명 ( Kim Taemyeong )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-64 (30 pages)

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Modern people use mobile phones not only to make phone calls, but also for voice recording, recording and storage of photographs and videos, text message transmission and reception, SNS activities, using of web hard and cloud, internet banking, and various business processes including document work. Thus the mobile phones have literally become a mine of personal information. Even if an individual's mobile phone is exploited for a crime, if it is easily obtained or accessed by an investigative agency, not only the privacy of the individual but also the basic life itself as a human may be shaken.
The Constitution declares the principle of warrantism and due process with respect to search and seizure in order to guarantee basic human rights of individuals. And the Criminal Procedure Act requires that in principle a warrant should be issued for search and seizure, but only at the site of arrest, a place of crime, or in cases where urgency is recognized after an arrest a post-warrant should be received. Furthermore, in order to ensure the legitimacy of it's procedures, the participation of suspects and lawyers in the process, and the issuance of seizure lists to them are regulated.
However the Supreme Court has taken the doctorine that even at the site of arrest or crime of the suspect, items arbitrarily submitted by the holder may be confiscated without a warrant, and in this case, judicial police officers do not need to obtain a warrant later. There has been a concern that the principle of warrantism and due process may be compromised due to the doctorine of the Supreme Court,
If it is necessary to continue confiscation of items arbitrarily submitted by the holder, even at the site of the current criminal arrest or at the place of a crime, a post-warrant should be requested without delay. And in the search and collection of information from confiscated mobile phones, the principle of relevance and due process principles such as participation in the seizure and search procedures of the suspect or attorney and the issuance of the seizure list should be observed.

KCI등재

3강제집행에 있어 경찰 개입의 법적 근거와 한계 - 사법 및 행정 경찰로서의 권한 행사와 방식 -

저자 : 강성용 ( Sungyong Kang )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-89 (25 pages)

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민사집행 또는 행정대집행에 있어서 경찰관은 강제집행과정에서 야기될 수 있는 위험을 예방하거나 이미 일어난 침해에 신속히 대응하기 위하여 현장에 임장을 하게 되고, 때로는 집행관으로부터 직접 강제집행에 개입하여 줄 것을 요청받기도 한다. 위와 같은 강제집행에 있어서 경찰의 개입은 법상 어디까지 정당화되며, 이해관계까 충돌하는 쌍방이 존재하는 강제집행에 있어서 누구를 대상으로 어떠한 형태와 방식으로 개입을 할 수 있는 것일까?
본 연구에서는 민사집행법 또는 행정대집행법을 분석한 바 경찰은 경찰 고유의 직무와 조화되는 범위 내에서만 당해 강제집행에 대한 원조나 응원을 수행할 수 있다고 판단한 후, 경찰관직무집행법 및 형사소송법에 근거하여 경찰이 강제집행에 개입할 수 있는 권한과 한계를 제시하고자 하였다. 서로 다른 종류의 권한을 행사함에 있어서는 각각의 한계와 절차-형소법상 한계와 절차와 경직법상 한계와 절차-가 적용된다. 하지만, 비록 사법경찰과 행정경찰 또는 범죄의 수사와 위험의 예방이라는 개념들은 강학상 사후적으로 살펴볼 때 매우 간편하고 쉽게 구분되는 것처럼 보이는 개념들이지만, 실제 급박한 현장에서 이를 구분하고 적절한 한계와 절차를 준수하여 행사하기란 쉽지 않다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 강제집행 현장에서 가장 흔히 일어날 수 있는 범죄 행위나 위험한 사태를 예시로 들어 경찰 개입의 법적 권한과 한계를 제시하고자 하였다.


Police forces are required to be present at the scene of civil execution or administrative vicarious execution to prevent possible risks and to control crimes committed in due course. Often times, police forces are even requested by the executors to participate in compulsory execution itself. Under such circumstances, could the direct participation by the police forces in compulsory execution be justified? What is the scope of justified involvement by the police forces with compulsory execution? In what manner and form the legal authorities of the police forces need to be exercised?
This paper, after analysing that Civil Execution Act or Administrative Vicarious Execution Act does not provide any legal basis for the police forces to participate in compulsory execution in a manner in conflict with the original duties of police, illustrates the possibilities and limitations of police participation in compulsory execution based on the two different legal authorities of police granted under i) the Criminal Procedure Act and ii) the Act on The Performance of Duties by Police Officers. Each legal authority has its own aim-i) crime investigation as judiciary police and ii) risk prevention as administrative police-requiring to adhere its own procedures and limitations. However, though it may seem simple and easy to distinguish retrospectively the compulsory execution situations requiring different legal authorities to be exercised, police in the field confronting the immergent situations have difficulties in making proper and immediate differentiation. Thus, this paper suggests the proper legal authorities to be exercised and the limitations to be sustained by the police in regard to the crimes or risks usually encountered by the police during compulsory execution.

KCI등재

4자율주행 시대의 도래와 경찰의 과제

저자 : 송기복 ( Song Gi Bok )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 91-116 (26 pages)

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In order to respond to the age of artificial intelligence, companies are conducting macro trend analysis and conscious and organized response. It is time for the police to take measures to operate the police to adapt to changes in our society in the future. Especially in transportation administration, it is necessary to combine macro and micro perspectives. Although there was a limit to presenting in detail the vast tasks and points related to autonomous driving, the main school discussed the traffic police in preparation for the commercialization of autonomous vehicles. Based on this, we would like to present the following directions. First, it is necessary to establish a tight system so that self-driving cars with level 3 or higher can safely drive through revisions such as the Road Traffic Act, as well as legal and policy consideration to secure the safety of road traffic.
First of all, the revision of the Road Traffic Act requires a provision that a driver of a motor vehicle equipped with a self-driving system shall not use it to drive a motor vehicle unless the conditions of use of the self-driving system are met. In addition, the revision of the Road Traffic Act requires exceptions to the application of a uniform ban on storage and maintenance of mobile phones, etc. when drivers use the self-driving system properly. However, if a driver uses a self-driving system while imposing a safety driving obligation on drivers who use the self-driving system properly, the duty of caution such as forward looking has been lifted, which will be a very heavy issue.
Second, as a police officer, it is necessary to conduct research and development beyond the boundaries of each field under the function of various specialized institutions. In research and development, technologies needed to provide signal information should be established, and validity should be confirmed in empirical experiments linked to various businesses and local governments.
Third, if a new form of demonstration is conducted before autonomous driving or the practical use of delivery services, the police will have to respond appropriately by establishing new standards for handling road permits. In addition, the police shall promote that the functions currently being practical for drivers, etc. through partnerships with related agencies are driving support technology based on the premise that the driver is responsible and safe driving is not fully autonomous. Amid the development and commercialization of technologies for autonomous driving, a response is required from the perspective of the attitude toward autonomous vehicles. The receptive attitude may be measured by the intention of using autonomous vehicles, the desirability, the pros and cons of the dissemination, etc. However, various cognitions or tests may be involved as a regulatory factor. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss the recognition of performance defects, risks of accident or cyber attack due to malfunction, the recognition of benefits such as reduced traffic accidents, convenience, or improvement of comfort, and confidence in manufacturers and technologies.
Finally, traffic management can collect already advanced information, so effective use of probe information in the private sector can contribute to the safety and diversification of traffic. The police need to respond in partnership with related ministries and businesses to make autonomous driving suitable for Korea's transportation environment practical early by further reviewing tasks related to road maps, technology development trends, and international discussions.

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