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한국국방연구원> Korean journal of defense analysis

Korean journal of defense analysis update

  • : 한국국방연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1016-3271
  • : 1941-4641
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1989)~33권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 867
Korean journal of defense analysis
33권3호(2021년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SSCI

1Five Futures for a Troubled Alliance

저자 : Jennifer Lind , Daryl G. Press

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 357-380 (24 pages)

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Many observers have noted that relations between the United States and South Korea have become increasingly strained. In this article, to contribute to discussions about the future of the alliance we (1) describe the source of current tensions: the allies' increasingly divergent strategic priorities with respect to China, and progress in North Korea's nuclear and missile technology. Second, (2) we outline different ways to fix the problems in the alliance, by outlining alternative visions in addition to the status quo. We consider an enhanced alliance, the option of “boots off the ground,” and no alliance. None of these, we argue, addresses the key pressures on the alliance nor advances the allies' key national security interests. We conclude that the best way forward is a fifth option, which is maintaining the alliance while South Korea acquires an independent nuclear capability.

KCI등재 SSCI

2Between Pro-Market and Anti-Market: The Cold War and the Formation of South Korea's Economic System

저자 : Yong-chool Ha , Kyong Jun Choi

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 381-402 (22 pages)

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This study investigates the effects of the Cold War's security environment on the formation of state-business relationships and the institutional development of South Korea's economic system. By examining the government's military spending policies and the purveyance of military supplies to its army during the Cold War, this study shows how excessive defense spending and the government's military procurement policy affected the formation of an intermingled economic system in South Korea. An analysis of the interactions between the military and civilian economic actors in South Korea during the Cold War reveals the impact of overriding security concerns, high military spending, and no-bid contracts for military procurement on the country's state-business relationships and economic structures, which were characterized by a mixture of anti-market and pro-market systems.

KCI등재 SSCI

3The People's Liberation Army Rocket Force in Space Warfare: With Available but Incomplete Capabilities

저자 : Yuan-chou Jing

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 403-427 (25 pages)

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Based on the military struggle readiness of Winning Informationized Local Wars, the PLA has underscored the need for dominance in space, looking for a privileged and commanding status in the context of space warfare. To further dictate the whole war, the PLA is currently devoted to the development of anti-satellite weapons (ASAT) to substantiate its Space Control Capability. The correlation between the PLARF and anti-satellite operations can be seen from two aspects. First, transformation of the military strategy towards the ideal of having both nuclear and conventional capabilities and deterring wars in all battlespaces in the wake of the recent military overhaul of the PLA markedly revealed Beijing's unwavering intent to force its influence into space. Second, empirical data of the PLARF's “reconnaissance, control and strike” joint construct and operational equipment showed that the PLARF has entered the developmental stage capable of undertaking successful anti-satellite operations. This study concludes that the PLARF is in charge of anti-satellite operations and then conduct this mission with the vertical commanding architecture from the Central Military Commission, Theatres, down to the PLARF units. This study also argues that for now and the foreseeable future, the PLA will focus all its efforts to integrate information links of the combat systems and extend the range of conventional ballistic missiles.

KCI등재 SSCI

4Emerging China's Challenge to the United States in the Gulf and Implications for South Korea

저자 : Kangsuk Kim

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 429-452 (24 pages)

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As the U.S.-China rivalry intensifies, South Korea has faced unprecedented pressure from both countries, and how it should respond has become a key issue. This study explores China's emergence as a challenger to U.S. dominance in the Gulf region and its implications for South Korea. Since the establishment of the Carter Doctrine in 1980, the United States has recognized the strategic importance of the Gulf and assumed the role of guardian to the entire region. However, President Obama's “Pivot to Asia” and Trump's retrenchment from costly foreign commitments marked a substantial shift in U.S. foreign policy. Consequently, this paper will assess the growing cooperation between China and the Gulf states in the midst of a perceived withdrawal of the United States from the region. It also attempts to reveal China's strategies that have the potential to challenge U.S. hegemony and growing U.S. vigilance against China's assertiveness in the region. By examining these questions, it is able to suggest implications for the South Korean government.

KCI등재 SSCI

5Issues and Prospects of AI Utilization in the Defense Field: Organizational Capability, Technology Maturity, Institutional Congruence

저자 : Junghyun Yoon

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 453-479 (27 pages)

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Modern warfare is rapidly shifting to automation and networking of battlefields. Artificial intelligence technology is seen as a technological breakthrough for military innovation. However, in Korea, a number of constraints impede the practical use of artificial intelligence technology by the military, despite announced government plans. This study reports a survey about such various constraints, in terms of organizational capacity, technology maturity, and institutional congruence. The evaluation factors for each arm of service were designed to address issues specific to the national defense sector, and the results of the evaluation were analyzed through a survey of a group of experts, including military policy officers, representatives of the defense industry, and researchers. The results of the investigation showed that AI technology in the field of defense has not yet been established to the extent that it could replace a commander's decision-making. In order to improve these limitations, security issues related to data utilization, training of professional AI personnel, and measures to revitalize public-private cooperation should be solved first.

KCI등재 SSCI

6The Future of the Korean Military Service System: Direction and Challenge for New Korean Military Service System Innovation

저자 : Byung-ook Choi

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 481-505 (25 pages)

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The discussion on the Korean military service system is the most controversial topic ahead of the Presidential election of March 2022 in the Republic of Korea. The change of the military service system has been discussed continuously in diverse backgrounds and contexts as it has a profound influence on the military and national society. The academic discussions on improving the military service system are generally divided into two options: transitioning to the All-Volunteer Military Service (AVMS) and maintaining the conscription service. However, discussions on the military service system are largely stagnant at the ideological and economic levels rather than rational ones. This study seeks ways to improve the ROK military service system facing the demographic cliff phenomenon beyond dichotomous thinking of the conscription service and the AVMS. The future military service system should lead the military structure innovation toward a technology-intensive army through reorganizing the military structure and reshaping the defense manpower system. Furthermore, the new Korean military system needs a change and innovation to secure national growth power in the low-birth and hyper-aging demographic cliff era. It is urgent to design and prepare a new Korean military service system based on the conscription system but expands the characteristics of the voluntary system.

KCI등재 SSCI

7Utilization and Construction of Taiwan's Air Force against Chinese Military Threats

저자 : Kwan Haeng Cho , Chan Min Hong , Myung Jin Kim

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 507-532 (26 pages)

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The relationship between China and Taiwan today is at the level of its greatest intensity since the 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis. Chinese military actions against Taiwan are considered to be the greatest threats from the Taiwanese perspective. As Taiwan sees its air force as a key component of its overall military power, a study on ways Taiwan constructs its airpower based on strategic concepts seems extremely timely, serving as a potential reference point for various future conflict scenarios. Against this backdrop, this paper poses two research questions: 1) what are Taiwan's military strategy and relevant strategic concepts against Chinese military threats? 2) what are the concepts and directions behind utilizing and constructing its airpower to achieve its strategic concepts? This paper finds that Taiwan is currently constructing its airpower to achieve its military objectives with a defensive strategic concept. Understanding and examining Taiwan's security environment and military strategy with strategic concepts put forth by the Taiwanese Air Force could serve as a valuable resource for countries with similar military assets and security environments.

KCI등재 SSCI

8Leadership and Public Service Motivation in the Military Organization: The Moderating Effect of Age

저자 : Young-gon Kim , David Shin

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 33권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 533-555 (23 pages)

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Drawing on survey data from 1,746 enlistees in the Republic of Korea military, this paper examines the moderating effect of age on the impact that the leadership of superiors have on their subordinates' public service motivation (PSM). Our analysis shows that transformational leadership and transactional leadership both have a positive statistical correlation with PSM. Furthermore, the relationship between transformational leadership and PSM is negatively moderated by age. This means that the higher the age, the smaller the positive influence of transformational leadership becomes on PSM. Based on our analysis, to cultivate public service motivation within a military organization, we make policy recommendations for building and practicing an integrated form of leadership that combines the advantages of the transformational and transactional methods, and in terms of discovering and applying forms of leadership in pursuit of the public good and social responsibility as organizational goals.

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