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한국국방연구원> Korean journal of defense analysis

Korean journal of defense analysis update

  • : 한국국방연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1016-3271
  • : 1941-4641
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1989)~34권3호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 899
Korean journal of defense analysis
34권3호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Inwook Kim

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 339-361 (23 pages)

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What accounts for the pace, timing, and scope of the U.S.-ROK alliance's evolution? Through the prism of historical institutionalism, I construct a novel explanation for how the alliance, in particular its rule on operational control, has been subject to the confluence of internally generated dynamics, exogenous junctures, and historical processes. First, I illustrate how three crises―a coup in 1961, ROK forces deployment to Vietnam in 1965, and North Korea's provocations in 1968―were instrumental in exposing flaws and gaps, unanticipated in the original alliance design. Second, episodic analysis shows how each juncture temporarily loosened the structural constraints and allowed ROK to push for incremental revisions on U.S. vertical and unilateral exercise of operational control over ROK forces. Third, they collectively generated negative feedback, contributing to the establishment of more horizontal and institutionalized Combined Forces Command in 1978. The study highlights a client ally's agency and historical institutionalism's promise in understanding international security institutions.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Tan Er-win , Kim Jangho

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 363-384 (22 pages)

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Putin's invasion of Ukraine comes amidst indications that Moscow and Beijing are pursuing a condominium of geostrategic power to dominate Eurasia, with North Korea as a regional partner. Although there is muted mistrust between all three countries, this is outweighed by their common interests in seeking to displace the U.S. role in the post-1945 rules-based order. It is also likely that Beijing and Moscow view North Korea as a useful regional partner that can be used to occupy U.S. attention. Moreover, Xi Jinping's ambitions to absorb Taiwan into China comes when U.S. ability to maintain its “Two War” capability is under question due to Washington's efforts to contain Russian expansionism. Such developments pose a challenge for the ROK President Yoon Suk-yeol. Although the ROK has historically focused on the land warfare threat posed by North Korea, the possibility of the United States coming to blows with China in an air-naval standoff over Taiwan could leave the ROK in an awkward position insofar as its alliance obligations to the United States are concerned. Such trends underscore the need for the ROK to increase joint planning with the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command in planning for airnaval contingencies outside the Korean Peninsula.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Shin-wha Lee , Jae Jeok Park

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 385-410 (26 pages)

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Though the United States and China emphasize the significance of multilateral frameworks, they have not departed from power politics. As the confrontation between U.S.-led and Chinese-style multilateralism intensifies, the practice of multilateral cooperation based on openness and responsibility is losing ground. In this context, this paper compares U.S.-led multilateralism and Chinese-style multilateralism to examine U.S.-China rivalry in multilateral mechanisms. It then zooms in on the rivalry in the context of the Indo-Pacific region. U.S. President Biden's key strategy in his China policy is represented by the catchphrase “cooperate, compete, confront,” dubbed the “3C framework,” reflecting the complexities of U.S.-China relations. While the two states tend to show a mix of competition and cooperation relative to global multilateral mechanisms, they exhibit a mix of competition and conflict in the Indo-Pacific. The paper analyzes recent United States and Chinese approaches towards topical multilateral issues: on climate change issues for the former and on cybersecurity and advanced technology for the latter.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Ying Yu Lin

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 411-431 (21 pages)

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What distinguishes China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) from other countries' armies is the fact that the PLA was in existence, initially with a different name though, before the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the legitimate government of China, as opposed to the Republic of China (ROC) government, or the Nationalist government, that retreated to Taiwan after losing the Civil War. As an armed wing of the Communist Party of China (CPC) since its inception in 1927, the PLA has undergone a considerable transformation from a “millet plus rifles” force to one that Beijing can count on as a powerful backing for its “wolf warrior” diplomacy. The meaning behind all this is that China's military modernization efforts are paying off. Analyzing historical events in chronological order, this paper aims to find out how the wars involving or impacting China over the past seven decades, as well as specific international conflicts and China's domestic politics in the same period of time, have contributed to the PLA's modernization to date. The most recent round of military reform initiated by Chinese President Xi Jinping serves as a case for analysis in depth so as to have a better understanding of the PLA's modernization.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Xingxing Wang , Jiyong Zheng

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 433-452 (20 pages)

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China has gradually shifted its geopolitical focus from land-based control to sea-based developments out of both security and economic considerations. Marked by the official launch of its aircraft carriers a decade ago, China has dedicated resources to building up its navy as a blue water force rather than the offshore defensive force that it had primarily been until that point. Meanwhile, by serving as the pillar of sea power, these aircraft carriers will play more important roles in China's naval development, ultimately reshaping the global strategic picture of sea power. This article aims to explore the influence of Chinese aircraft carriers to maritime order of the South China Sea and strategic pattern of global sea power by analyzing the Chinese aircraft carrier fleet's operational design and the reconstruction of China's naval strategy. The presence of Chinese aircraft carriers in the South China Sea and their inherent combat capabilities has inevitably casted a subversive light on the region and brought the attention of the United States' and other regional actors' own activities and strategies for the region. This research has great significance for understanding China's grand strategic conception and practice on the South China Sea issue as well as the construction of a new maritime order in the context of China-U.S. competition.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Andrei Golobokov

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 453-474 (22 pages)

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The relations between great and middle powers in the Six-Party Talks are a particularly pertinent case in which to discuss the success and failure of multilateral security institutions. Why was this series of negotiations successful at first, followed by a stalemate, and then collapsed after two decades? There are many studies that focus on the behavior of North Korea, China, and the United States from a power perspective. This paper argues that a high degree of cooperation at the bilateral level among the majority of participants is a determining factor for the success of the talks. Strong reciprocal engagements, which are called “thick reinforcements,” resulted in solid unity among participating states and decisive collective action. The research finds different effects caused by combinations of thick reinforcement and weak engagement across dyads. While a strong “contagion effect” contributed to the success of the talks, the occurrence of hedging generated “offsetting” and “neutralization” effects, which stagnated the discussions. This paper develops a new metric to measure the various combinations of bilateral relations among China, South Korea, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The paper finds that in addition to non-proliferation, bilateral engagement and unity are vital for resolving nuclear crises.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Ryota Hiyane , Long Piao

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 475-492 (18 pages)

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Japan and the United States have been paying particular attention to political stability in Okinawa because of their national defense, security, and other interests, especially regarding the so-called “China threat.” Okinawa has played an important role as the location for U.S. military bases for a long time, and 2022 marks 50 years since Okinawa's return to Japan following the post-war U.S. occupation. Although Okinawa is now included in Japan's peace constitution, U.S. military related incidents continue, including a 1995 incident that incited a massive anti-base protest. Japan responded with a series of economic compensation measures for Okinawa; furthermore, Japan and the United States agreed to relocate the U.S. Futenma air base to another part of Okinawa, Henoko, to stabilize the base politics. However, the over-concentration of U.S. military bases in Okinawa has caused major dissatisfaction among the residents. This paper therefore utilized the Japan's Futenma base relocation process and its governance as a research case by employing the methods of firsthand literature, discourse analysis, and in-depth interviews to analyze the factors of political stability and base relocation. The results of this research found the following three factors―more direct compensation, unique history, and the Henoko environment―that made the relocation of the Futenma base to Henoko possible.

KCI등재 SSCI

저자 : Imran Ali Sandano

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 493-512 (20 pages)

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This study takes the argument that nontraditional security (NTS) diplomacy can provide the essential window of opportunity for China and Japan to move beyond traditional diplomatic history. However, NTS issues have become dominant in reforming bilateral relations between China and Japan, though there is no fixed edge in nontraditional security. To reveal, it explores the NTS diplomacy with the importance of nontraditional security issues as substance for the expansion and development of two leading economies. The non-military and transboundary character of NTS threats have constrained courtiers to pursue more substantial levels of security integration. This study argues that the significance of NTS diplomacy is twofold; first, it avoids sensitive historical hostilities and finds common ground for cooperation on NTS threats that traditional approach of diplomacy apparently is unable to envisage. Second, security interdependence approach can turn traditional diplomatic relations of China and Japan into a more conciliatory and prominent path. While NTS threats like natural disasters, environment degradation, and economy crisis have been taken as case studies to provide empirical evidence and significant opportunities for both rival states. This article, to some extent, describes the dynamic between traditional, nontraditional, and nontraditional security diplomacy through China-Japan relations.

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