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ALTAI HAKPO(JOURNAL OF THE ALTAIC SOCIETY OF KOREA)

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1989)~32권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 355
알타이학보
32권0호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 도정업 ( Do Jeongup )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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This study examines the similarities and differences between the special word forms in Chengenokeltay and the word forms in materials published in the Qing Dynasty. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the characteristics of Chengenokeltay's Manchu word forms.
Among the four Manchu textbooks of the Joseon Dynasty, Chengenokeltay is the representative material that reflects the knowledge of Koreans in Manchu, so this study used Chengenokeltay as the main material for discussion. Some of the special word forms of Chengenokeltay reflect the limitations of Koreans without Manchu intuition. However, it is confirmed that the majority of the special word forms reflect the characteristics of 17th and 18th century Manchu language used in the Qing dynasty. In conclusion, Chengenokeltay has some limitations because it was compiled by Koreans, but it can be said that it is a document with the intention of faithfully reflecting the Manchu language used in the Qing Dynasty at the time.

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저자 : Aoi Geka

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 23-37 (15 pages)

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The literature describes the Alasha dialect of Mongolian, which was originally an Oirat language, as having partially lost its Oirat features (in a 'de-Oiratization') and evolved into an interlanguage due to the interference of Inner Mongolian dialects. However, no study has performed a detailed examination of the influence of Inner Mongolian dialects and the realization of de-Oiratization. To address this research gap, this study focuses on the velar obstruent K in the Alasha dialect, which date back to *k in Proto- Mongolian, and analyses their phonetic realization using survey data. In Oirat Mongolian, the sound that dates backs to *k in Proto-Mongolian is realized as the plosive [k]. In contrast, in non-Oirat Mongolian, such as Khalkha Mongolian, the sound that date backs to *k in Proto-Mongolian is realized as the fricative [x]. The results of the survey data demonstrate that the velar obstruents are more frequently realized as the fricative [x] instead of the plosive [k] (which is occasionally realized as the affricate [k͜x]). From a diachronic point of view, the de-plosivisation of the velar obstruents in the Alasha dialect is found to be more likely at the non-word-initial and before vowels e, ü, and ö. This study's phonetic analysis of the velar obstruents reveals that, among the Mongolian languages, the Alasha dialect is in an intermediate stage of de-Oiratization.

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저자 : 道如娜 ( Dao Runa )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 39-60 (22 pages)

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There is a special time category in Mongolian and Korean, which is obviously different from the general time category. In Mongolian, this category of tense is reflected through the suffix of adjectival verb, while in Korean, it is reflected through the adnominal suffix. This paper studies it from the aspects of concept, grammatical features and grammatical functions. This kind of ending has obvious nominality, which can be inferred to originate from the gerund ending. The study of this tense category is of great significance for the establishment of the grammatical category types of Altai languages and the study of the homologous relationship between Mongolian and Korean.

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저자 : 苏日古嘎 ( Suriguga ) , 包桂兰 ( Bao Guilan )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-69 (9 pages)

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This article uses E-prime for the first time to conduct hearing experiments on Mongolian standard sound vowels /ɐ/ and /ə/. Which is divided into identification and discrimination tests. The author analyzes the participants' recognition rate and discrimination rate of various stimulus samples, and the perceptive boundary and boundary width of vowels /ɐ/ and /ə/ were explored. The results show that the F1 value at the boundary of the Mongolian standard sound vowels /ɐ/ and /ə/ is about 672Hz; the boundary width is about 100Hz; the distinguishing peak value is 88.19%. Through this article, we have taken the first step in the study of Mongolian vowel hearing experiments, and initially proved the feasibility of this research idea.

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저자 : Andrew Shimunek

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 71-98 (28 pages)

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This paper offers an analysis of the currently attested and decipherable paradigm of the Middle Kitan verb *uw- 'to give' in both Kitan Assembled Script (i.e., the putative 小字 'Small Script') and Kitan Linear Script (i.e., the putative 大字 'Large Script'). My analyses consider recent research on the 1084 Salbar Uul Inscription in Khentii province, Mongolia, funerary epitaphs and other texts from China, and important secondary studies such as Matsukawa (2008), Kim & Kim (2019), and Bao Aruna (2021), among others.
As I demonstrate in this paper, the Kitan verb *uw- 'to give' is widely attested in both Assembled Script and Linear Script sources. Simultaneously examining both textual corpora facilitates the decipherment of other Kitan words, thereby expanding our understanding of the Kitan lexicon and morphology.
After examining textual attestations of Middle Kitan *uw- 'to give', I offer an etymological analysis of this Kitan verb and its cognates in Middle Mongol and modern Mongolic daughter languages. This paper offers a text-and usage-based approach toward Kitan decipherment and Serbi-Mongolic historical-comparative linguistics and identifies several Mongolic cognates in the process.

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저자 : Naoki Ueta

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-117 (19 pages)

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The /g/ sound is a common sound in Mongolic languages. However, its phonetic and phonological status is not necessarily clear. This study claims that the Mongolic /g/ has characteristics of obstruent, sonorant, and glide, and whether /g/ is closer to obstruent or to glide varies across languages. This complexity is manifested by its phonetic realization, coda constraint, and behavior as an epenthetic consonant. In some Mongolic languages, /g/ is normally realized as a stop, which is a typical segment of obstruents, while the intervocalic /g/ can be pronounced with voicing and spirantization, as well as with clear formant structure, like a sonorant or glide. As for the coda constraint, some languages prohibit /g/ from occurring at the coda position, although the languages permit sonorant codas. On the contrary, in other languages, /g/ can form a coda with the following consonant, which is more parallel to sonorants than to obstruents. Moreover, in many Mongolic languages, /g/ is epenthesized between two vowels in order to avoid a hiatus. This behavior of /g/ can be explained by supposing that /g/ is phonologically a glide with no place feature.

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저자 : 姜根兄 ( Jiang Genxiong )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 119-128 (10 pages)

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Language changes with the changes of society and develops with the development of society. Language contact will be caused by contact in various forms, such as cultural exchanges among different ethnic groups, mixed living of immigration, and trade and so on. There are different types of language contact, the most common of which is the borrowing of vocabulary. Among the elements of language, vocabulary is the most easily affected and absorbed by language contact. The influence of language contact begins with lexical borrowing. Therefore, the study of loanwords is an important subject in the study of language contact, and it is also the basis of the study of language contact from the perspective of language ontology. Lexical borrowing is a cultural phenomenon and an inevitable reflection of cultural communication in language. During the long historical development of Mongolian Horchin dialect, with the deepening contacts with the Han people and the strong influence of Chinese, a large number of borrowing phenomena in terms of vocabulary emerged. On the basis of fieldwork, this paper will mainly describe the Chinese loanwords in Mongolian Horchin dialect, and observes and analyses the characteristics of Chinese loanwords in Mongolian Horchin dialect from the perspective of language contact. It has certain theoretical value for the study of language contact.

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저자 : 齐力格尔 ( Chelger ) , 达胡白乙拉 ( Dabhurbayar )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 129-141 (13 pages)

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With the rapid development of network science, more and more researchers begin to study human language as a complex network. Based on Mongolian news corpus and TV interview corpus, this paper establishes written and spoken corpora, constructs four Mongolian word co-occurrence networks with morphological changes and non morphological changes, counts the common parameters of their complex networks, and discusses the complex network characteristics of Mongolian word co-occurrence networks. The experimental data show that the common parameters of the four Mongolian words co-occurrence network are significantly different; The four co-occurrence networks have small world effect. The small world effect shows that there is a short path between any two words in the four Mongolian word co-occurrence networks, and the connection between words is relatively close; The four networks have scale-free characteristics, which shows that in the four Mongolian word co-occurrence network, a few words have very many connections, while most words have only a few connections.

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저자 : 海银花 ( Hai Yinhua )

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 143-155 (13 pages)

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The research on Mongolian Sentimental Vocabulary for natural language processing is in its infancy. However, previous studies in lexicology and rhetoric have rich theoretical foundations. This paper elaborates the concrete methods and implementation procedures of developing a sentiment resource-base by making use of the existing research results of literary corpus and the Mongolian nouns, adjectives and verbs, which include the semantic classification system of Mongolian word that has been developed by the research group, constructing “Mongolian Sentiment Word Resource-base” by matching the “Mongolian Semantic Information Dictionary” database with the labeled corpus. And the paper statistically analyzes the sentimental vocabulary's distribution characteristics in different texts and different parts of speech, and finally realize the sentimental judgment experiment of Mongolian sentences, which will provide basic resources and methodological references for deeper research on text sentiment analysis.

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저자 : Fuyuki Ebata , Arzhaana Syuryun

발행기관 : 한국알타이학회 간행물 : 알타이학보 32권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 157-170 (14 pages)

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This study first describes the uses of the Sakha and Tyvan WH-question suffixes, and then provides a contrastive analysis of the WH-question suffixes of the two cognate languages. The Tyvan WH-question suffix has a wider range of usage than the equivalent Sakha suffix. The appearance of the Tyvan WH-question suffix in non-existential and presumptive sentences is particularly interesting because they contain no WH words. The function of the Tyvan WH-question suffix in non-existential and presumptive sentences should be explained by the concept of egophoricity. In non-existential sentences, the WH-question suffix describes the speaker's mental status in the form of assertions and in questions the hearer's mental status. In presumptive sentences, it expresses an inference based on the speaker's feelings, memories, or observations. In conclusion, the occurrence of the Tyvan WH-question suffix is a pragmatically conditioned element rather than a grammatically required question marker.

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