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수록범위 : 1권0호(2005)~18권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 294
차세대 인문사회연구
18권0호(2022년 03월) 수록논문
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1安倍政権下での日本対外通商政策決定過程の転換ー何が日本のTTP交渉参加·主導をもたらしたのかー

저자 : ハンアラン ( Han Ah Ram )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-25 (25 pages)

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近年TPP交渉を代表とする動きにおいて、日本の対外通商政策決定過程は新しい転換を迎えているようにみえる。本来自由度の高い貿易交渉に対して強く懸念し、その参加決定を躊躇っていた日本政府であったが、自民党が政権復帰した第2次安倍政権に入っては、その参加決定から国内批准までかつてなかった迅速な動きがみられた。TPP交渉は、過去民主党政権の野田首相が参加表明し交渉への国内体制も整えていたものの、結局のところ参加決定に至らず、異例なことに農業産業の反発から自由でない自民党政権下で参加決断が行われた。一方、米国トランプ政権に入っては、TPP交渉プロセスにおいて米国の「TPP離脱」が実現された。それ以降日本は、米国のリーダーシップ役割を引き継いで参加国間の交渉を主導してきた。このような事実から、FTAなどの通商協定に消極的であった過去とは異なり、日本政府はいかにしてTPPのような自由度の高い通商交渉を主導することまで至ったのかという問題意識が、本研究の出発点である。そのような結果が、アジア外交の重視や政治主導を掲げていた民主党政権ではなく、自由度の高い貿易交渉が歓迎されなかった安倍·自民党政権の下で決定されたことに注目する。本論文では、安倍政権下で積極的に推進されてきたTPP交渉事例を通じて、日本の対外通商政策決定過程における政治的な決定要因について検討する。 「何が日本のTPP交渉参加·主導をもたらしたのか」という問いに対し、本研究では、TPP交渉過程の事例分析を通じて、米国による外圧が日本のTPP交渉参加の決定的な要因であり、官邸主導型の政策決定モデル、およびトップダウン型改革による農業利害集団のアイディア変化が、外圧がなくなった米国抜きのTPP交渉プロセスにおいても交渉を可能にした主因であったと主張する。安倍政権期にみられた米国による外圧の影響と、国内政治における変動要因は、従来の日本の対外通商政策決定パターンに明らかな変化をもたらしたのであった。


In recent years, the process of Japan's foreign trade policymaking process appears to be undergoing a new transformation in the movement representing TPP negotiations. Originally, the Japanese government hesitated to participate in the FTA/EPA negotiations, but when the LDP came back to power in 2013, there was a faster movement than ever before from the participation decision to the domestic ratification. Prime Minister Noda of the DPJ announced its participation in the TPP negotiations, but failed to participate in the negotiations, but the decision was made under the LDP government, which is known as not free from opposition from the agricultural interests. Moreover, when U.S. President Donald Trump was elected in the middle of the TPP negotiation process, “US exit” was realized. Since then, Japan has been leading negotiations among the participating countries, taking over the leadership role that the U.S. has left behind. Unlike the past when Japan was reluctant to sign free trade agreements, this study beings with a research question of how Japan has led highly liberal trade negotiations such as the TPP. It is noteworthy that such an outcome was decided under the Abe-LDP government, which did not welcome free trade negotiations before, rather than under the DPJ that emphasized Asia-oriented diplomacy or its political initiative. With the announcement of his participation in the TPP, it has changed PM Abe's attitude suddenly during the second Abe administration that returned to power, and has been actively engaged in negotiations. Based upon these facts, the research question of this paper is: “What made Japan lead the TPP negotiations?” In response to the research question, this paper argues that Gaiatsu from the U.S. was the decisive factor in Japan's participation in the TPP negotiations, and that Kantei-led policymaking as well as changes in the ideas of agricultural actors led by agricultural reforms were the critical factors of Japan's leading role in TPP negotiations. This paper mainly argues that the influence of Gaiatsu seen during the Abe administration and the following domestic political changes have brought about a clear change in Japan's foreign trade policymaking pattern.

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2沖縄のトートーメーをめぐる相続慣習と法制度

저자 : 渡口紘子 ( Toguchi Hiroko )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-42 (16 pages)

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本稿は、沖縄における祭祀継承の慣習をめぐる社会と法の動向を観察し、その変化の要因について若干の検討を加えるものである。 
かつて琉球王国として栄えた沖縄は、日本本土とは異なる歴史や文化をもつ地域である。祖先崇拝を中心とする民俗信仰を有する沖縄では、祭祀継承の一環として、「トートーメー(位牌)」の継承がなされており、トートーメーの継承者が、基本的にその家の財産のほとんどを相続するというのが慣習であった。トートーメーを継承できるのは、父親の血筋をひく男子であり、女子や父親の血筋でない男子による継承はタブーとされたため、トートーメーの継承ができない女性は財産相続からも排除されてきた。 
沖縄におけるトートーメー継承の慣習は、琉球王国時代に成立し、明治政府による琉球処分、第二次世界大戦後の米軍統治時代、日本復帰を経て、かたちを変えながら現在まで存続している。ここでは、1980年に沖縄の地元紙が、男女格差の問題として、沖縄の位牌継承・財産相続の在り方は、新民法の規定から逸脱しているとして取り上げたことを発端に、社会現象化した男系継承への批判に着目し、社会変動と近代法秩序のもとで慣習がどのような変化を遂げてきたのかを明らかにする。


This paper examines social and legal changes over the customs of succession of worship in Okinawa and the factors behind these changes.
Okinawa, which once prospered as the Ryukyu Kingdom, has a different history and culture from mainland Japan. In Okinawa, which has a folk religion emphasizing ancestor worship, “Totome [Buddhist mortuary tablet]” is succeed as part of the inheritance of worship, and it is a custom that the successor of Totome basically would inherit most of the property of the house. Only male descendants from the paternal line could succeed Totome, and it is taboo if succeeded by women or men of different linage. Therefore, women could not succeed Totome, and as a natural result, they are excluded from the property inheritance.
The customs of inheriting Totome in Okinawa were established during the Ryukyu Kingdom era(1429~1879). They still exist to this day, although the details have been greatly changed with some historical events such as the Ryukyu annexation by the Japanese government, US military rule after WWII, or the return to Japan administration in 1972. In 1980, an Okinawan local newspaper addressed the customs as a problem associated with gender inequality. They claimed that the way of succession of worship and inheriting of house property in Okinawa deviated from the provisions of the Family law revised after the war. Furthermore, they criticized the paternal inheritance system, and the movement became a social phenomenon.
Here, focusing on the social phenomenon, this paper explains how the custom has changed under social change and the modern legal order.

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3明治·大正期の日本がみたサモア諸島

저자 : 矢野涼子 ( Yano Ryoko )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 43-63 (21 pages)

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本研究の目的は、サモア諸島の植民地化に関する、明治期(1868~1912年)及び大正期(1912~1926年)の日本語史料の内容を明らかにすることである。
ドイツによるサモア統治と日本の植民地統治の関連は、これまで国内外の様々な分野で明らかにする必要が認識されていたものの解明されてこなかった。この解明のために、サモアの植民地化に関する日本語史料の検討はこれまで長期にわたり課題とされていたが、今日まで放置されてきた。本研究は、サモアの植民地化に関する日本語史料を取り巻く状況の改善を受け、この課題に取り組んだ成果である。


This article will reveal the contents of Japanese historical records 1868-1926 which was written about the colonization of Samoa islands.
In various academic fields at home and abroad, it has said that it is necessary to clarify the impact on Japan's colony from German rule in Samoa. However, that hasn't been investigated in detail. It has been the long-standing problem to examine the Japanese historical records which was written about the colonization of Samoa islands for solution of the impact. In recent years, the status of these historical records is improved. This research is the result of examining Japanese historical records in response to the improvement of the state surrounding them.

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4임진왜란 피로인 쇄환외교 -재일조선인 문제 및 한반도 내 포로문제에 관한 함의를 중심으로-

저자 : 문예찬 ( Moon Ye Chan )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 65-83 (19 pages)

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본 연구는 임진왜란 피로인 쇄환외교를 통해 재일조선인 문제을 비롯한 한반도 내 포로문제에 관한 함의를 전달하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 본 연구는 문헌연구를 통해 조선피로인 쇄환에 나타난 특성을 발굴하며, 그 중에서도 개인적 요인에 주목한다. 이후, 개인적 요인 관점에서 조선피로인 및 재일조선인 문제를 접근하여 송환 과정에서의 개인적 요인이 어떻게 작용하였는지 분석한다. 이를 통해 포로문제 논의에 있어서의 개인적 요인의 중요성을 제시하고 향후 한반도 내 포로문제 해결에 관한 접근방안을 제언한다. 한반도 내 포로문제는 납북자 문제와 비전향장기수 문제로 나뉘어 접근할 수 있다. 본 연구는 각 문제에 대한 구체적인 발전방향을 제시한다는 점에서 의의가 있다.


This study aims to convey implications for the issue of prisoners on the Korean Peninsula, including through the Diplomacy on Repatriation in the Imjin War(Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592). First, this study discovers the characteristics of the repatriation of Kidnapped Chosun People through literature research and focuses on individual factors. After that, this paper analyzes how individual elements worked in the repatriation process. Finally, it helps to understand the importance of individual factors in discussing the prisoner problem and propose an approach to solving the prisoner problem on the Korean Peninsula. This study is meaningful because it presents specific development directions for solving prisoners' issues in the Korean peninsula.

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5日韓両言語における否定極性副詞と否定接頭辞の呼応について

저자 : 飯田華子 ( Iida Hanako )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 85-102 (18 pages)

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この研究は、現代語のコーパスを対象とし、副詞語としての否定極性語と呼応する否定接頭辞「미(未)-, 비(非)-, 불/부(不)-, 무(無)-」に関して、それらが呼応する環境を日韓両言語比較の観点から考察したものである。具体的には、(1)日韓の否定極性語の意味関係と、(2)それらの否定接頭辞との呼応状況の二点に焦点を当てて考察した。否定極性語の意味関係の観点からの考察では、否定極性語の中で否定接頭辞と呼応するものとそうでないものが、それぞれ具体的に明らかになった。また、これらの否定極性語は、語彙間で、また日韓両言語間で、意味の共通部分を多く持っていることがわかった。否定接頭辞との呼応の観点からの考察では、否定極性語と呼応するものは、日韓両言語共通して「불/부(不)-」と「무(無)-」であり、「미(未)-」と「비(非)-」の呼応はほとんど見られないことがわかった。また、これらの呼応の組み合わせのパターンと、ぞれぞれの意味機能を見ることができた。


This paper examines the correspondence between negative polar words as adverbs and negative prefixes “미 (未)-, 비 (非)-, 불 / 부 (不)-, 무 (無)-”. It also considers the environment in which they respond from the perspective of comparing Japanese and Korean languages. The subject of consideration is the corpus. Specifically, it focuses on two points: (1) the semantic relationship of negative polar words between Japan and South Korea, and (2) the correspondence between those negative prefixes. From the perspective of negative polar words, we found out what negative polar words correspond to negative prefixes. It was also found that these negative polar words have a lot of common meanings between vocabularies and between Japanese and Korean languages. From the viewpoint of the negative prefix, the negative polar words correspond to “불 / 부 (不)-” and “무 (無)-” in both Japanese and Korean languages, and “미 (未)-” and “비 (非)-” was hardly seen. In addition, we were able to see the combination of these responses and the semantic functions of each.

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6韓国 「#MeToo」 運動の拡大要因 -フェミニズムの再浮上と主流マスメディアの影響-

저자 : 野崎文香 ( Nozaki Ayaka )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 103-123 (21 pages)

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この研究は、韓国において「#MeToo」運動が拡大した背景を明らかにするものである。2018年の検察庁内部からの告発をきっかけに、韓国における「#MeToo」運動は急速な拡大を見せた。その背景には、2015年前後の韓国社会に蔓延した女性嫌悪情緒とそれに対するフェミニズムの再浮上という背景が存在した。とくに2016年におきた「江南駅殺人事件」は、韓国の女性たちに「女性であること」を自覚させ、女性たちの連帯を導いた。また、韓国の主流マスメディアによる積極的な報道により、「#MeToo」はより多くの人々からの支持を受けながら拡大することが可能になった。今回、日韓両国の新聞各紙による「#MeToo」関連記事数の比較を行ったが、その数の差は歴然としていた。 
男性中心主義の社会構造はいまだ改善されたといえず、女性は変わらずジェンダーを基盤とした困難や差別を経験し続けている。しかし同時に、「#MeToo」運動をきっかけに、韓国社会の性認知感受性は確実に向上した。また、理念をはじめとする根強い社会葛藤などを越える、新たな社会的展望も見せている。


This study reveals the background to the expansion of the '#MeToo' movement in South Korea. The '#MeToo' movement in South Korea has expanded rapidly, triggered by accusations from inside the Prosecutor's Office in 2018. There was a background of the misogyny that prevailed in South Korea around 2015 and the re-emergence of feminism against it. In particular, the “Gangnam Murder” in 2016 made Korean women aware that they are women and led them to solidarity. In addition, active coverage by mass media in South Korea has made it possible for '#MeToo' to expand with the support of more people.
South Korea is still androcentric society, and women continue to face gender discrimination. On the other hand, this is also true that gender sensitivity of South Korea society has definitely improved as a result of '#MeToo' movement. It also shows a new social outlook that goes beyond the persistent social conflicts such as ideologies.

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7北方領土問題における語り部の研究 一元島民の「語り」への物語論的アブローチ一

저자 : 髙橋誠 ( Takahashi Makoto )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 125-148 (24 pages)

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本稿は、かつて北方領土に居住していた元島民が語り部となって紡ぐ戦争体験の「語り」に着目し、語りの構造や、そこに表れる元島民の思いを考察し、北方領土の言説がどのような物語の相互作用の下で構築されているものかを明らかにするものである。
日本とロシアの間には、北方領土問題、すなわち、択捉島·国後島·色丹島·歯舞群島の帰属をめぐる問題が存在している。その北方領土の返還を求める国の文脈で、元島民の戦争体験が表象される。しかし、そのような文脈の中においても、領土喪失とその返還を求める国の物語と元島民の紡ぐ故郷喪失の個の物語には差異があると考えられる。本稿では、元島民の「語り」に物語論的アプローチをすることにより、これら2つの物語の、どのような相互作用により北方領土という言説が構築されているのかを明らかにすることを試みた。そのため、予備的に計量テキスト分析を用い、元島民の語りの構造を把握し物語の領域を分類した上で、質的な考察を進めた。そして、ナショナルな物語状況ともいうべき語りの場所性の中で、元島民の語りが故郷である「島」を結節点としたレトリックとして構成され、2つの物語が絡まり合いながら北方領土の言説が構築されていることを論じた。


This paper focuses on the stories of the war experience spoken by the former islanders who once lived in the Northern Territories, and considers the structure of the stories by narratological approach with preliminary quantitative text analysis. Through the analysis of the stories, this paper aims to clarify how the discourse of the “Northern Territory” is organized, focusing on the differences in thought between the former islanders and the Japanese government.
Currently, Japan has some territorial disputes with neighboring nations, and one of the disputes is over the Northern Territories, which consist of Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and Habomai Islands.
There is an event called “Katarukai” in which former islanders speak about their war experience. The former islanders tend to tell stories in the context of the government, which seeks the return of the Northern Territories, so called place identity, because “Katarukai” is subsidized by the government. However, even in such a context, there may be differences between the narratives of the government and former islanders.
The stories of the former islanders may be told within the context of the government's larger narrative of territorial loss, but the former islander's story is one of individual loss of homeland, in which they were forcefully expelled from the Northern Territories to Hokkaido by Soviet troops. The narrative of the government, and the narrative of the former islanders need each other in some respects, and stand alone in others, but the word that ties them together is “island”, and the connection forms the rhetoric of the stories of the former islanders in “Katarukai,” and the overall discourse of “Northern territory”.

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8観光経験におけるツーリズム·パフォーミング·アーツの役割に関する考察 ―「行為遂行的真正性」の観点から―

저자 : 楊欣霖 ( Yang Xinlin )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 149-171 (23 pages)

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本稿では、ツーリズム・パフォーミング・アーツ(以下TPA)のあり方を観光客の視点から考察する。TPAを取り上げた従来の研究においては、地域文化のあり方や住民側の態度、観光開発の実践といったテーマが注目されたが、TPAそのものと観光客のダイナミックな関係性が考察の対象とはなってこなかった。そこで、本稿では、そのような関係性に着目し、「平遥をもう一度」という中国のTPA代表作を事例に、TPAが観光客の観光経験において果たす役割を論じる。本稿の関心は、TPAが持つ文化としての虚構性や構築性について議論することではなく、その存在がいかに観光客の志向に符合するのかを究明することである。本稿では「行為遂行的真正性」の観点からの分析を行い、TPAが観光地と観光客を関係づける媒介装置として機能し、観光客に共感状態を促すことで彼らの志向する真正性の生成においてエージェンシーを発揮することを明らかにする。


This paper aims to examine the role of Tourism Performing Arts (TPA) in tourist experiences. In previous TPA studies, the issues of regional culture and tourism development have drawn much attention, while the dynamic relationship between tourists and TPAs has not been considered as an important topic. In this paper, how TPAs' presence fits into the intention of tourists is investigated, from the perspective of performative authenticity. The concept of authenticity is utilized in this paper, because of the widely accepted notion of the tourist as a seeker after authenticity. Encore Pingyao, a representative work of TPAs in China, is taken for case study, since TPAs have recently attracted much attention in Chinese tourism industry as a type of tool for tourism development. Consequently, this paper indicates that TPAs generate and intensify tourists' empathy to the other, and thus contribute to their authentic experiences, as devices mediating between tourists and tourist destination. At the end, a new direction to study TPAs is suggested.

KCI후보

9한일 '백합물' 서사 속 소녀 표상의 시차

저자 : 신현아 ( Shin Hyeon A )

발행기관 : 동서대학교 일본연구센터 간행물 : 차세대 인문사회연구 18권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 173-197 (25 pages)

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본 연구는 '소녀'들이 재현되어 온 역사적 맥락과 '소녀'를 주인공으로 하고 소녀 간의 성애를 주요하게 다루는 장르인 '백합물'을 분석한다. 이를 통하여 가부장적 질서에서 재생산을 위해 예비된 미숙한 존재로 위치지어진 '소녀'가 소녀 간의 성애를 통해 그 자리 나눔을 깨부수는지 보고자 한다.
연약하고 대상화되어 있는 동시에 불온한 두려움을 내포하고 있는 '소녀'는 그래서 늘 통제의 대상이었다. '어머니' 이자 '아내'가 되기 이전의 존재이자 훼손되지 않은 순결함인 동시에 그렇기 때문에 늘 훼손당할 가능성을 가진 존재로서 통제되어야 했던 것이다. 그러나 소녀들은 그러한 통제를 계속해서 벗어나고자 한다. 본 연구에서는 소녀-여학생 대중서사 담론의 변화를 '백합물'이라는 장르의 역사적 맥락과 비교하여 살펴보고자 한다. 1990년대에 나타난 대중서사 장르인 백합물의 배경이 되는 여학교와 여학생들 간의 관계는 사실상 1910년대 일본의 여학교-여학생을 복제한 것에 가깝다. 당시의 여학교는 현모양처가 되기 이전의 소녀들의 순결을 유지하기 위한 공간인 동시에 여학생들의 해방적 공간으로 기능하였다. 그런 공간을 1990년대의 서브컬처에서 다시 소환하여 일종의 '장르'로 기능하게 만드는 것의 의미와 2010년대에 다시 그 장르를 재해석하면서 '소녀'에 관한 담론의 변화의 추이를 살펴보고자 한다. 그리고 1910년대 제국 일본의 여학교와 여학생이 1990년대에 재현되고 2010년대에 재해석되는 역사적 흐름과 식민지의 여학교와 여학생이 1990년대에 다시 재현되고 재해석되는 역사적 흐름을 비교해보고자 한다. 이를 통해 '소녀'의 내부에서 제국과 식민지의 차이가 어떻게 갈라지게 되는지를 살펴봄으로써 소녀 간의 사랑이 제국과 식민지에서 다른 해방성을 갖게 되는 것을 보고자 한다. 그리고 그러한 '소녀'의 내부에서 제국과 식민지의 차이가 어떻게 갈라지게 되는지를 살펴봄으로써 소녀 간의 사랑이 제국과 식민지에서 다른 해방성을 갖게 되는 것을 보고자 한다.


This study analyzes the historical context in which “girls” have been reproduced and “Yuri”, a genre that mainly deals with sexuality between girls with “girls” as the protagonists. Through this, I would like to see if a “girl,” positioned as an inexperienced being reserved for reproduction in a patriarchal order, breaks the sharing of the place through sexual love between girls.
The objectification of overflowing girls portrays a girl who was inexperienced politically and rationally as mature only sexually. This means, on the one hand, that the girl's body has always existed as 'non-human', 'uncontrollable'. A girl is a child who is fragile and deserves the protection of men, and at the same time, as a bleeding person with a womb, she is also a 'woman' who seduces men and leads them to ruin. At the same time, the girl is a 'unstable/imperfect' being who has yet to know what it will be or what it will be.
That's why the “girl,” which is weak and objectified, and at the same time harboring unwarranted fear, has always been the subject of control. It was a presence before becoming a “mother” and a “wife,” as well as unspoiled purity, and therefore, it had to be controlled as an entity with the possibility of being damaged all the time. But the girls keep trying to get out of that control. This study attempts to examine the changes in the discourse of girls and girls by comparing them with the historical context of the genre called 'Yuri.'
And by examining how the difference between the empire and the colony diverges within such a “girl,” I would like to see that the love between girls has a different emancipation from the empire and colony.

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