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동남아연구 update

Southeast Asia Journal

  • : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1991)~31권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 546
동남아연구
31권1호(2021년 04월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

12000년대 인도네시아 소설에 나타난 동성애 모티브 고찰

저자 : 이연 ( Lee Yeon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 3-34 (32 pages)

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One of the new phenomena in contemporary Indonesia's literary world is the emergence of works dealing with homosexuality which is considered the thickest wall in the Indonesian Islamic culture. This phenomenon reflects the recent socio-cultural atmosphere that demands respect and recognition for sexual diversity. Moreover it expands the boundaries of subjects covered by Indonesian literature. However, it is difficult to determine whether the literary response to the issue of homosexuality is positive based only on the increasing number of literary works on homosexuality. In this sense, an academic discussion is needed on how literary texts deal with homosexuality and what discourse is formed in those works. Considering these points, this study aims at discussing the methods of treating homosexual motives in six Indonesian novels, Garis Tepi Seorang Lesbian(2003) by Herlinatien, Tabula Rasa(2004) by Ratih Kumala, Nayla(2005) by Djenar Maesa Ayu, Lelaki Terindah(2006) by Andrei Aksana, Pria Terakhir(2009) by Gusnaldi, The Sweet Sins(2013) by Rangga Wirianto Putra. As a result, it found barely new perspectives that drive changes in the existing ways of thinking of homosexuality. Mostly the methods of treating homosexual motives in those works reproduce or strengthen heterosexualism in society. Additionally, the views and attitudes toward homosexuality in those works are still tied to the existing dichotomous views of sexuality and heterocentrism.

KCI등재

2한국과 태국의 출생등록제도 비교 연구: 태국 제도의 시사점과 한국의 과제

저자 : 김철효 ( Kim Chulhyo ) , 한유석 ( Han Yuseok )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-65 (31 pages)

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A child born in South Korea is registered in accordance with 'Act on Family Relation Registration', which permits the registration of those who are born from those who are already registered following the old family registration system (hojeok). There is no system for citizenship registration in South Korea, for which the family registration system substitute. The resident registration system is also built up on the basis of the information in the family registration. The South Korean system which confirm its citizens and residents on the basis of blood-lines fails to respond to the new social needs of multi-ethnic society where 5% of whole population have migrant-background. The children born from foreign parents in South Korea is not permitted to register their birth under the South Korean system, which may even render them stateless.
Thailand which had also experienced similar problems for decades redressed them by reforming its Civil Registration Act and Nationality Act in 2008. The new laws obliged all children born in Thailand should be registered and introduced partial jus soli nationality system. After 2008, Thai government continued amendment of the acts in order to respond to changing domestic situation and accord to international standards. The amendments of Nationality Act in 2012 and of Civil Registration Act in 2019 are timely responses to increased inflows of migrants from neighbour states. Authors analyze the process of changes in Thai legal system in its political and social context, which has significant implications in reconsidering the South Korean systems.

KCI등재

3동남아 메콩경제권의 프랜차이즈 법제의 특징과 한-메콩 법제협력 전략

저자 : 이준표 ( Lee Joonpyo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 67-89 (23 pages)

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The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of franchise legislation in five Mekong countries(Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar), which are emerging as new franchise markets, and to seek legislative cooperation strategies between Korea and Mekong countries. To this end, Chapter 2(II) focused on the legislative trends of Mekong countries, and Chapter 3(III) presented legislative cooperation strategies related to franchises based on the current status and limitations of legislative cooperation.
In the Mekong countries, there is no unified law that only regulates franchise transaction, and they are establishing a legal system for franchising through the enactment and amendment of major laws and regulations. However, in the Mekong countries, the infrastructure at the legislative level is still insufficient compared to the trend of franchise industry development, and the ability to respond effectively is also at a low level.
At this time when Korea-Mekong cooperation is expanding, comprehension and cooperation on the legal system underlying the policy is essential. Specific legal cooperation strategies include establishing long-term and systematic strategies, accumulating and expanding legal information and researching target countries, supporting the introduction of unified franchise trading guidelines, and fostering human resources related to the franchise legislation.

KCI등재

4태국 유치원의 유·초 연계교육 현황: 피분밤펜 유치원을 중심으로

저자 : 이정윤 ( Jeongyoon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 91-118 (28 pages)

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This study aims to analyze the curriculum of Piboonbumpen Demonstration Kindergarten Burapha University in Thailand in terms of continuity, sequence, and integration by using Ralph Tyler's curriculum organizational principles. Second, it examines the perceptions of kindergarten teachers about connection between kindergarten and elementary school education in Piboonbumpen kindergarten. Third, it examines the status of early childhood education activities in Piboonbumpen kindergarten.
The results of analyzing the curriculum using Tyler's curriculum organizational principles are as follows. First, the curriculum achieved continuity by repeating the same educational content every grade. Second, Piboonbumpen Kindergarten introduces STEM Education to provide education, which is an activity that deepens and expands educational content. The curriculum showed a sequence by not only learning one topic once, but by deepening and expanding on the same topic as the grade went up. Third, by providing integrated education for the development of muscles, emotions, spirit, morality, sociality, thinking ability, vocabulary, imagination, and creativity, physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development can be achieved at the same time. Such a curriculum shows the integration that connects the contents of the curriculum horizontally and broadly between different areas and activities.
Piboonbumpen kindergarten teachers said that the curriculum in Thailand is well-connected based on the law, and that they also try to meet them. They said that in order to establish a connection in the actual educational field, they made a book of each child's personality and health and opened it to the elementary school and their parents. They also said that their efforts were supported, and the connection between kindergarten and elementary school was well established.

KCI등재

5경전과 법전 사이에서: 말레이시아의 이슬람, 헌법, 그리고 종교의 자유

저자 : 서명교 ( Myengkyo Seo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 119-145 (27 pages)

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The debate on freedom of religion is on the rise in Malaysia. This article claims that the issue of religious freedom should be viewed not from the dichotomous point of view that freedom grows or decreases, but from a larger framework of religion and the state. Freedom of religion in Malaysia is not a question of how far the scope of freedom of faith is allowed, but more a question of why individual faith has to be turned into a problem in the public sphere. This article investigates into the 1957 Federal Constitution and the 1988 constitutional amendment to Article 121, which provided the essential foundation for the politicization of religious freedom in the country. A series of legal lawsuits surrounding the Sharia courts, the cases of Shamala Sathiyaseelan and Lina Joy in particular, will be explored. In sum, Malaysia's unique legal system created by the interactions between religion and the state has constructed an environment that facilitates the politicization of religious freedom.

KCI등재

6프리포트 인도네시아의 지하광산 개발과 제련소 건설을 통해서 본 파푸아 복지문제 전망에 대한 연구

저자 : 강영순 ( Kang Young Soon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 147-183 (37 pages)

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This research concerns a case study on a Freeport mining company located in Timika of Papua province that has been designated as a special autonomous district since 2002 and is currently divided into Papua province and west Papua province. The Indonesian government, on the condition that the Freeport will transfer 51 percent of its shares and build a smelter, to the company agreed to extend the mining rights of copper, gold, mines in Grasberg mine, Papua province that are finished in 2021 for another 20 years until 2041. This paper analyzes the main tasks the Freeport is obliged to perform during the contract period, such as the underground mine development in Grasberg, mining, and a smelter construction, predicting the future of Papua by linking the sustainability and efficiency of welfare issues for the Papua local natives. Although, in the meantime, the Freeport has been in conflict with the government and residents, as part of the profits from the Grasberg open-fit mine, much effort has been made to ensure the well-being of the residents. In fact, the Freeport is hiring natives as a priority, giving you medical care, supporting education through the scholarship program and at the same time striving for community welfare. The underground mine development in the Freeport and the smelter construction may give local residents the opportunity to create jobs, build an infrastructure, greatly contribute to the welfare of local communities by preparing welfare facilities for residents. It is expected that the continuous sponsorship of the education and welfare sector may nurture talented people who can lead the welfare and regional development of Papua residents. Because the Freeport are also continuously building environmental protection and local infrastructure through recycling of mining waste, the outlook for the well-being of Papua communities and residents is positive.

KCI등재

7동남아시아 지역의 위협변화와 역내 안보협력 발전

저자 : 이숙연 ( Lee Sookyoun )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 185-215 (31 pages)

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ASEAN countries carried out only bilateral security cooperation centered on borders, as their perception of security threats was internal-looking and valued domestic stability despite communist threats during the Cold War. However, this pattern of security cooperation has changed since the 2000s as non-traditional and trans-border threats such as piracy, terrorism and illegal activities at sea have increased. Minilateral cooperation has begun, in which coastal states in the Strait of Malacca and Sulu-Sulawesi sign institutionalized treaties and carry out joint operations. And these sub-regional security cooperations further promoted regional cooperation at the ASEAN level. This shows that the scale of security cooperation has gradually expanded to bilateral, minilateral and regional dimensions as the patterns of threats faced by countries and their perceptions change.
This development of regional security cooperation has the usefulness of not only promoting security in Southeast Asia, contributing to the formation of the ASEAN Political Security Community(APSC), but also as a basis for preparing for traditional security in a comprehensive sense.

KCI등재

8미얀마인 한국어 학습자들의 종성 발음 오류 분석 - 비음과 유음을 중심으로

저자 : 퓨퓨아웅 ( Phyu Phyu Aung ) , 노채환 ( Roh Chaehwan )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 217-239 (23 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the errors made by Myanmar learners in producing Korean final consonants and to reveal the cause of the errors. There are seven sounds /k, n, t, l, m, p, ŋ/ that can be pronounced in the Korean final consonant position. However the only sound that can be pronounced in the Myanmar final consonant position is the glottal stop /ʔ/. As a result Myanmar learners have a hard time pronouncing the Korean final consonants. Especially Myanmar learners make many errors in the pronunciation of final nasal and liquid sounds. Myanmar learners make errors by replacing them with other sounds because they do not clearly recognize the final nasal sounds /m, n, ŋ/ in Korean. Because the exact articulation position of the final Korean nasal sounds is not well known, it is difficult to pronounce it, so the nasal vowel in the native language is applied to the pronunciation of the final nasal sounds in Korean. In addition, the final nasals /m, n, ŋ/ are confused with consonants in different positions to make pronunciation errors. These errors can be interpreted as being because learners are not familiar with the final nasal sound and their discrimination power for the three phonemes is poor. And, Myanmar learners make an error in pronunciation by dropping out when pronouncing the final sound /l/ and replacing it with a different sound[ɬ]. This can be interpreted as committing this error because Myanmar learners do not recognize the final liquid sound /l/ well and feel it difficult to pronounce it because there is no liquid sound /l/ in the final consonant sound of Myanmar.

KCI등재

9Interlanguage in Malay language learning as a second language

저자 : Cho Min Sung

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 241-264 (24 pages)

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Interlanguage is a terminology employed in acquisition study and second language learning. This field is closely associated with studies involving the first and second languages in applied linguistic disciplines. This research was designed to analyse the form of interlanguage produced in Malay language learning as a second language in essay writing. This study analysis was divided into linguistic data analysis and linguistic environment analysis. For analysing linguistic data, the findings of the essay data were analysed according to five interlanguage processes, particularly Learning Strategy, Communication Strategy, Extreme Generalisation, Language Transfer and Training Transfer. These processes were based on the Theoretical Framework built on Larry Selinker's Theory Framework. Linguistic data were analysed according to the proportion of sentences for each respondent, as seen in the appendix provided. Hence, this study is anticipated to benefit not only as general reading material but also as a reference for language researchers.

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10다시 동남아로: 정치적 자치권 없는 분권화

저자 : 김봉철 ( Kim Bongchul ) , 박종호 ( Park Jongho )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 265-297 (33 pages)

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연방주의 이론은 분권화 현상을 중앙정부의 협상력이 약해진 상황에서 비롯된 결과라고 설명한다. 그러나 아시아 각국에서 활발히 벌어지고 있는 연방주의와 분권화 현상은, 오히려 중앙정부의 계산된 '집중화' 시도에 가깝다. 이 연구는 아시아 지역의 분권화 현상을 정치, 예산, 행정적 측면으로 나누어 분석하였다. 아시아의 분권화는 대체로 정치적 자치권이 부재한 상황에서 예산과 행정의 분권화만을 허용한다는 특징이 있다. 정치적 자치권은 예산과 행정의 분권화를 제약하는 개념이므로, 중앙정부는 예산을 빌미로 지방정부를 정치적으로 압박할 수 있다. 결과적으로 아시아의 민주주의가 아직 불완전하며, 지방정부의 분리주의 현상이 경제적으로 어려운 지역에서 나타나는 경우가 많다는 점에서, 분권화는 오히려 지방정부의 중앙에 대한 의존도를 증가시킬 가능성이 높다.


Decentralization is believed to occur when the bargaining range of central government is narrowed vis-à-vis the subnational government. However, Asian federalism shows an idiosyncratic pattern since the nationwide leaders are exploiting decentralization in order to keep their entrenched rights. In this case, the bargaining power of subnational government remains stagnant. When representative democracy is not sufficiently matured and there is no robust institution, nationwide elites have frequently entrenched political resources and devolve fiscal and administrative autonomy to local provinces in return. Then, subnational governments would be subordinated to the center due to their reliance on intergovernmental transfers. The expansion of self-rule is a major trend of Asia, but it does not necessarily lead to an allowance of shared-rule.

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