간행물

동남아연구 update

Southeast Asia Journal

  • : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소
  • : 사회과학분야  >  인문지리
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  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-4738
  • : 2713-6337
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1991)~31권2호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 553
동남아연구
31권2호(2021년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1베트남 소비자의 모바일 결제 이용의도에 관한 연구: 혁신성과 불확실성 회피성향의 영향 분석

저자 : 응웬티꾹 ( Nguyen Thi Cuc ) , 표민찬 ( Pyo Minchan )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 3-26 (24 pages)

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This study examined the effect of consumer innovativeness and perceived risk on the intention to use mobile payment. In addition, this study also investigated the moderating effect of uncertainty avoidance on consumer's intention of mobile payment. The empirical results are as follows:
First, the consumer innovativeness has a positive effect on the intention to use mobile payment, while a negative effect on perceived risk related to mobile payment. In addition, perceived risk negatively affects the intention to use mobile payment. It was confirmed that consumer innovativeness not only directly affects the intention to use mobile payments, but also indirectly affects the intention to use via the mediation of perceived risk.
Second, the uncertainty avoidance shows the moderating effect between consumers' innovativeness and the intention to use mobile payment service, and between perceived risk and the intention to use. In the case of consumers with low uncertainty avoid, it was found that consumer innovativeness has a higher influence on the intention to use mobile payments. Additionally, consumers with a low tendency to avoid uncertainty are not sensitive to the risks associated with mobile payments, so the perceived risk has a lower influence on the intention to use mobile payment.

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2인도네시아 발리사회의 의례적 돼지고기 소비 관행: 띰브라 마을의 사례를 중심으로

저자 : 장상경 ( Sangkyung Jang )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 27-64 (38 pages)

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The primary aim of the paper is ethnographically examine the ritualized consumption of pork in a Balinese village (Timbrah), thereby demonstrating how communal practices at Balinese rituals constitute and operate orders of Balinese everyday life.
In the Balinese village, pork, as an sacred offering, is a ritual means to summon gods and deities. It also functions as a cosmological medium between microcosm and macrocosm. In the ritual and cosmological contexts, the Balinese customary law (awig-awig) plays a significant role of an ideological instrument to coordinate customary practices in communal rituals and shapes 'habitus' that guides the customary modus operandi of Balinese communal rituals.

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3<만랑전(蠻娘傳)>에 나타난 신불(神佛) 관계론

저자 : 최귀묵 ( Choi Kwi Muk )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-94 (30 pages)

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이 글에서 필자는 베트남의 한문 설화집 <<영남척괴열전(嶺南摭怪列傳)>>에 수록된 <만랑전(蠻娘傳)>의 내용을 검토하고, 신불(神佛) 관계론의 관점에서 해석해 보았다. <만랑전>은 농경(강우)을 관장하는 네 여신(女神)이 '성불(成佛)'이라는 형식을 빌려 부처가 되어 불전(佛殿)에 좌정(坐定)한 내력을 말하고 있다. 네 여신이 변화된 네 부처를 사법(四法)이라고 하며, 오늘날까지 여성 형상의 불상으로 만들어 모신다.
<만랑전>에서는 농경 여신이 성불하여 부처가 되었다고 한다. 그런데 여신들이 실제로 수행을 통해서 성불한 것은 아니다. 여신들이 화신(化身)을 내어 불전 안으로 들어가서 부처로 좌정한 것을 성불했다고 표현한 것이다. 작품 밖에서 여신 신앙을 전승해 온 사람들은 여신들의 화신이 곧 네 부처라고 하는 믿음을 가지고 있다. 여성성(女性性)과 다신성(多神性)을 가진 농경 여신의 화신이기에 부처가 여성 형상이며 넷이다. 또한 농경 여신의 직능(職能)을 이어받았기에 사람들은 네 부처에게 비를 빌고 공동체의 안녕을 기원한다.
여신들이 화신을 내어 부처가 되었다는 주장을 '신변성불설(神變成佛說)'이라고 말할 수 있다. 이 '신변성불설'은 토착 신격(=재래신격)이 본지(本地)(=본체)이고 불보살이 수적(垂迹)(=화신)이라고 말한다는 점에서, 중국의 노자화호설(老子化胡說), 일본의 반본지수적설(反本地垂迹說)과 상통한다. 토착 신격이 본지이고 불보살이 수적이라고 하는 이야기를 한데 묶어서 '신본불적' 유형이라고 파악할 수 있다. 베트남의 '신변성불설'은 노자화호설과 반본지수적설과 함께 동아시아 중세 시기에 정립된 신불 관계 유형 가운데, '신본불적' 유형에 해당한다는 것이 이 글에서 얻은 결론이다.


The author of this paper reviewed the contents of the 'Man Nương truyện' included in Lĩnh Nam chích quái liệt truyện a collection of Vietnamese legends written in Chinese characters, and interpreted it from the perspective of the Deity-Buddhist relational theory. The 'Man Nương truyện' narrates the history of four goddesses in charge of agriculture and rainfall who became Buddhas and reigned in a Buddhist temple. The four transformed Buddhas are called 'Tứ Pháp', and to this day, these female Buddhas are enshrined as statues.
While the 'Man Nương truyện' describes how the four goddesses entered Nirvana to become Buddhas, they did not attain Buddhahood through sacred meditation. In fact, the incarnated spirit of Buddha entered the bodies of the four goddesses and seated them on the temple, which essentially led them to transform into Buddhas. People who passed on their belief in idolizing goddesses continue their faith in the incarnation of these goddesses as the four Buddhas. As the goddesses symbolically represent femininity, polytheism, agriculture, and rainfall, this explains why the Buddhas have female forms as well as why there are four of them. Since these four goddess-Buddhas have inherited the ability to let farmers prosper in agriculture, people pray to the four Buddhas and pray for the well-being of the community.
The claim that the goddesses became Buddhas through incarnations can be said to be a theory of transcendent transformation into Buddhahood that goes beyond human understanding. This theory asserts that the native deity is the main body, and through the incarnation, the deity can take different forms to bring a new revelation to human beings. This theory aligns with the Chinese theory of Laozihuahua(老子化胡說), and the Japanese theory of Anti-Honchi-suijaku(反本地垂迹說). The compilation of stories that cover deities as the main body and the Buddhist saint as different forms of incarnation can be considered to be a type of theory on the horizontal relationship between deities and humanity. Upon analysis, it can be concluded that the Vietnamese Theory of Transcendent Transformation in Buddhahood, along with the aforementioned Chinese and Japanese theories, corresponds to the relational theory of deities and Buddhism that was prevalent in East Asia during medieval times.

KCI등재

4베트남 정치(政治) 일고찰(一考察)-베트남공산당 중앙집행위원회를 중심으로

저자 : 송정남 ( Song Jung Nam )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 95-129 (35 pages)

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본 연구는 올해 초에 수도 하 노이에서 개최되었던 베트남공산당의 제13기 전당대회와 여기에서 선출된 중앙집행위원회를 살펴보고, 베트남 정치의 미래를 다당제를 중심으로 다뤄보았다. 이 중 이번 전당대회의 큰 특징은 몇 인사는 고령에도 불구하고 당과 국가의 최고 핵심 자리를 유지했다는 것과 지금까지의 전통과는 달리 권력이 북부와 중부로 쏠린 점이다.
베트남 정치구조는 삼권분립이 아니라 당이 국가 위에 존재하면서 국가를 영도하는 형태이다. 당의 영도는 당은 물론 당과 같은 구조로 돼 있는 모든 국가 조직을 중앙집행위원회가 장악하여 끌어가는 형식이다.
베트남공산당은 1930년 설립 이후 지금까지 국가의 시대적 사명을 다했다. 베트남공산당 설립 100주년과 베트남사회주의공화국 설립 100주년을 바라보고 있는 작금의 베트남공산당은 부강한 베트남을 세우기 위하여 더 적극적으로 쇄신정책을 추진할 것이다. 근현대사에서 보여준 통치 능력과 다당제를 경험한바 있는 베트남공산당은 명분도 없을 뿐만 아니라 분열과 혼란을 일으킬 수 있다고 생각하는 다당제와 같은 정치실험을 절대 하지 않을 것이다.


This research deals with the 13th National Party Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam which was held in the capital Hanoi at the beginning of this year and the elected Central Executive Committee. It also covers the future of Vietnamese politics focusing on a multi-party system. One of the biggest characteristics of this National Party Congress is that some figures sustained the most important positions of the Party and the country despite old ages and the power was focused on the northern and middle part against tradition so far.
Vietnamese political structure is no separation of powers and the party leads the country by existing on the top. The leadership of the party is explained as a form that the Central Executive Committee dominates and leads the party and any national organization that has the same structure as the party.
The Communist Party of Vietnam has carried out its historical mission since it was established in 1930. Now the present Communist Party of Vietnam faces the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Therefore, they will push an innovational policy more aggressively to build a rich and powerful Vietnam. The Communist Party of Vietnam has shown its political ability in modern history and experienced the multi-party system so they will never try political experiments such as a multi-party system that has no justification and can cause division and confusion.

KCI등재

5아세안 6개 수원국에 대한 한국의 공적개발원조(ODA) 결정요인 연구

저자 : 원순구 ( Won Soon Goo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 131-155 (25 pages)

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본 연구의 목적은 한-아세안 6개 수원국(중점협력국)인 인도네시아, 필리핀, 캄보디아, 라오스, 미얀마, 베트남 간의 ODA(Official Development Assistance) 결정요인을 분석하는 데 있다. 분석결과 한국의 아세안 중점협력국 국가들에 대한 ODA 결정요인과 관련해서는 경제적 이해관계 측면에서 이들 국가와의 무역거래가 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 요인이었다. 그러나, 한국의 아세안 중점협력국 6개국가들에 대한 해외직접투자와 ODA와의 연계성은 미미하였다.
예를 들어 라오스의 경우 ODA 규모가 미얀마보다 2004년 이후 월등히 높음에도 불구하고 한국의 아세안 수원국에 대한 해외직접투자는 저조하였다. 앞으로는 경제적 이해관계 측면에서 볼 때 무역거래 뿐 아니라, 해외직접투자의 경우 아세안 중점협력국별 개발 수요 및 경제성장 측면에서의 필요 부문을 분석하여 FDI(해외직접투자)와 더욱 더 밀접하게 연계하여 ODA를 전략적으로 선택하고 집중할 필요가 있다. 또한 개발협력사업 구성 초기부터 민간부문과 함께 종합적으로 접근할 필요가 있을 것이다. 이를 기반으로 장기적으로는 ODA를 통해 민간기업의 아세안 6개 중점협력국 신규시장개척 및 해외진출을 동반함으로써 원조의 효과성을 더욱 공공히 할 필요 또한 존재한다. 마지막으로 한국은 OECD DAC의 ODA 취지에 적합하도록 경제발전 수준이 낮은 아세안 최빈국에 대한 ODA를 보다 적극적으로 확대시키는 것이 요구된다.


The purpose of this study is to analyze the determinants of ODA (Official Development Assistance) between Indonesia, the Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam, which are six ASEAN-Korea partner countries. As a result of the analysis, with respect to the determinants of Korea's ODA for ASEAN key partner countries, trade transactions with these countries had the greatest influence in terms of economic interests. However, the link between Korea's overseas direct investment and ODA for the six ASEAN key partner countries was insignificant.
For example, in Laos, Korea's outward FDI in ASEAN countries was low despite its ODA volume being much higher than that of Myanmar since 2004. In the future, in terms of economic interests, not only trade transactions but also in the case of overseas direct investment, we will analyze the necessary sectors in terms of development demand and economic growth by ASEAN key partner countries, and more closely link with FDI (foreign direct investment) to increase ODA You need to choose strategically and focus. In addition, it will be necessary to take a comprehensive approach together with the private sector from the beginning of the development cooperation project. Based on this, in the long term, there is also a need to further publicize the effectiveness of aid by accompanying private companies to develop new markets and enter overseas markets in the six key partner countries of ASEAN through ODA. Lastly, Korea is required to more actively expand ODA to the least developed countries in ASEAN to meet the ODA purpose of the OECD DAC

KCI등재

6한국의 마해송과 베트남의 또호아이 작가 비교

저자 : 이다빈 ( Lee Dabin ) , 박연관 ( Park Yeonkwan )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 157-191 (35 pages)

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Ma Hae Song and To Hoai, Korean and Vietnamese writers, went through similar historical events such as Japanese colonial rule, French colonial rule, wars, independence, and unification. However, these two writers had different thoughts and feelings since they lived in different countries, had different family backgrounds and personnel experiences. They also participated in different literature and social activities. These factors were reflected differently in their works. There are comparative studies on Korean and Vietnamese literatures, but there only few papers comparing writers from these two countries. Literature has a deep connection to writers, readers, and social conditions in which it was created and read. Knowing the writer's life or philosophy can often enhance the reader's understanding of the work. The study of writers is research type that analyzes and discusses the writer's lifetime related to his/her works. In other words, this type of study aims to trace back the writer's works and reveals his/her spirit, value, and literary characteristics. Studying writers from literary and sociological perspectives requires focusing on social backgrounds to analyze how the writer's experiences are embodied in literary works. Among the research types to study writers, the literary and sociological approach is one of the most appropriate way to identify the writer's literary characteristics. Therefore, this study takes literary and sociological perspective to compare two writers, Ma Hae Song and To Hoai, focusing on their different lifetimes and works.

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7Skin Colour Discourse on the Internet: A Content Analysis of Blog Entries by Malaysian Bloggers

저자 : Zulkifli Zulfati Izazi

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 31권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 191-229 (39 pages)

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The article is exploring the ideology of skin colour as portrayed by Malaysian bloggers through their blogging platforms. Colourism is regarded as a process that privileges light skin over dark. It is believed that the ideology of light skin and it's superiority is previously constructed by the traditional media. However, given the availability of the new media, the representation of skin colour is expected to provide a contrastive view. A content analysis is conducted towards a number of 15 blog entries that are addressing the subject of skin colour. The findings revealed five significant themes that are observed to be emerging on the discourse of skin colour made by the bloggers; namely negative experiences, the standard of beauty, the media's influence, personal preferences, and the obsession for light skin. It is discovered that through the independent and unregulated blog contents, a positive perspective that emphasize in respecting skin colour as they stand is identified; however, the influence of the existing ideology that privileged light skin over dark is found to remain substantial.

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