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동남아연구 update

Southeast Asia Journal

  • : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소
  • : 사회과학분야  >  인문지리
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1991)~32권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 579
동남아연구
32권2호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 신근혜 ( Keunhye Shin ) , 박문정 ( Moonjung Park )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 3-29 (27 pages)

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태국 현대 미술의 아버지라 불리는 씬 피라씨는 이탈리아 예술가를 시암 왕실에 고용하려는 라마 6 세의 적극적인 방침으로 1922 년 이탈리아에서 진행된 선발과정을 통해 1923 년 시암으로 이주하였는데, 그의 대부분 그의 업적은 시암으로 이주한 뒤에 이루어졌다. 조각가로 수많은 작품을 남기기도 했지만 교육자로도 커다란 업적을 남겼다. 이에 본 논문에서는 씬 피라씨가 복잡다단한 태국의 근현대사를 관통하며 예술가이자 교육자였던 씬 피라씨가 태국 현대 미술에 어떻게 영향을 미쳤는지를 통시적으로 분석하였다.
그 결과 국가주의 문화정책과 문화교육정책, 그리고 '타이니스'라는 근대 태국의 정체성을 형성하는 흐름과 씬 피라씨의 예술 세계 및 교육관이 맞아 떨어지며 태국의 현대 미술의 아버지로 자리매김할 수 있었다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.


Silpa Bhirasri, considered the father of Thai contemporary art, emigrated to Siam in 1923 through a selection process conducted in Italy in 1922 in response to King Rama VI's active policy to hire and assign Italian artists to the Siamese royal family. Although he created numerous works as a sculptor, he also achieved great feats as an educator. Therefore, this study examines the complicated modern and contemporary history of Thailand and analyzes diachronically how Silpa Bhirasri, an artist and educator, influenced Thai contemporary art.
The results confirmed that the nationalist cultural policy, the cultural education policy, the nationalist identity called “Thainess”, and Silpa Bhirasri's art and educational perspective were in harmony, and that he was able to establish himself as the father of Thai contemporary art.

KCI등재

저자 : 이요한 ( Lee Yohan )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-58 (28 pages)

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본 연구는 미국·중국·일본-메콩 협력 거버넌스의 동력이 메콩 그 자체의 가치보다 근원적인 거시적 외교 전략에서 출발한다고 보았다. 역외국의 시각에서 메콩과의 협력 거버넌스는 자국의 외교적 영향력과 국익을 증대하는 동시에, 대상국(target state)의 영향력을 최소화하고자 하는 균형적 접근에서 출발한다. 주요국의 메콩 거버넌스를 비교하는 것은 역외국의 접근 방법과 목표를 분석함은 물론 한국의 메콩 협력 거버넌스에 매우 유용한 시사점을 제공한다. MRB의 지정학적 가치의 중요성과 경제 규모의 확대는 한국의 대 메콩 협력 거버넌스를 강화하는 계기가 되었다. 2011년 한·메콩 장관회의(Mekong-ROK Ministers' Meeting)로 시작한 양 지역 관계는 2019년 한국과 메콩의 최초의 정상회담을 통해 전환점을 맞았다. 본 연구는 한국의 메콩 협력과 관련해 거버넌스의 강화, 경제 관계의 확대와 더불어 거버넌스의 구체적 이행 등을 자세히 살펴봄으로써 현재까지 거둔 성과와 향후 과제를 정리해보고자 한다. 본 연구는 궁극적으로 한국이 아세안의 소지역인 MRB에 대해 주요국의 협력 거버넌스의 틈바구니에서 어떻게 협력을 개선해 나가야 할 것인지를 찾아보고자 한다


This study sees that the driving force of Mekong cooperative governance brings from the fundamental diplomatic strategy. Governance of cooperation with the Mekong River Basin(MRB) from the perspective of major countries starts from a balanced approach that seeks to minimize the influence of the target state while increasing its diplomatic influence and national interest. Comparing the Mekong governance of major countries provides very useful implications for Korea's Mekong cooperative governance as well as analyzing the approaches and goals of major countries. The importance of the MRB's geopolitical value and the expansion of its economic scale served as an opportunity to strengthen ROK's governance of cooperation with the Mekong. Relations between the two regions, which started with the Mekong-ROK Ministers' Meeting in 2011, reached a turning point in 2019 with the first summit between the ROK and the Mekong countries. This study aims to summarize the achievements and future tasks achieved so far by examining in detail the concrete implementation of governance as well as expansion of economic relations in relation to Mekong-ROK cooperation. Finally, this study aims to find out how Korea should improve cooperation with the MRB, a sub-region of ASEAN, among major countries' cooperative governance.

KCI등재

저자 : 최영석 ( Youngsuk Choi )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-93 (35 pages)

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This study compared and analyzed the determinants of trade in services and changes in the past 10 years compared to the case of trade in goods for six major ASEAN countries on several issues. In the analysis model, the basic gravity model was modified and supplemented. In particular, regional dummy variables were added to understand the effect of trade increase given by ASEAN and East Asia. Based on the findings as a result, the similarities and differences between countries can be summarized as follows.
As for the similarities for each explanatory variable, the larger the GDP of the trading partner, the more trade in services and goods increases. However, the larger the GDP of a trading partner, the greater the effect of trade increase is generally in goods trade than in service trade. And in the last 10 years, the magnitude of this GDP effect has not changed significantly in general.
As in the case of GDP, it is difficult to generalize as to whether the effect of GDP per capita, which indicates the income level of a trading partner, is greater for services or goods. However, in relation to the effect of GDP per capita, a characteristic common to trade in services and goods is that per capita GDP has a relatively small effect on trade increase compared to GDP.
It appears that the distance from a trading partner is inversely proportional to the trade of services or goods in general. In other words, the greater the distance, the lower the trade. However, in this study, the statistical test results found that there were many cases where services were less affected by distance than goods, and at least there were no cases where goods were less affected by distance than services. We also found that the effect of distance on trade in services and goods has been declining, with some exceptions.
There are some exceptions when the trading partner is the same ASEAN country, but in general, it has the effect of increasing exports and imports. This is believed to be due to various policies of ASEAN countries to expand regional trade. Even if the trading partner is an East Asian country, although there is considerable variation between countries, it is generally found to have an effect of increasing trade.
As for the differences between countries, as a whole, in the case of GDP per capita, positive (+) and negative (-) effects vary from country to country. Also, differences in regional effects between ASEAN and East Asia vary widely between countries, between services and goods, and between exports and imports.

KCI등재

저자 : 강영순 ( Kang Young Soon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 95-123 (29 pages)

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Papua in this research topic includes Papua Province and West Papua Province. Under Article 21 of the 2001 Act, special autonomy was implemented throughout Papua from 2002. Through the special autonomy system implemented in Papua which is rich in natural resources such as forest resources and mineral resources, Papua has aimed at social, cultural, economic and regional development, and political independence. Especially, the system has been implemented with the aim of realizing the independence of the natives, but has failed to achieve the desired purpose. 2021 marks the 20th anniversary of the implementation of the special autonomy system, and it is the year when government support ends. The current president, Joko Widodo, announced the extension from 2022 to 2041. The government has started the second session amid a resurgence of pros and cons on the efficiency of the special autonomy system. During the past twenty years, the funding of the government to Papua is astronomical but the cooperation between the central government and the local government is not smooth and so the visible effects are not considered to be significant. Evaluation of the implementation of funds and the effectiveness of policies, etc. of government subsidies from 2002 was not made accurately. There has been no careful consideration regarding lack of a welfare approach to Papua Aboriginal people, the problems of norms and institutions, and financial and political issues, the operation issues of subsidies and the standard issue of Papua. Problems such as the inbalance infrastructure policy, the incompleteness education policy, and the failure to equalize welfare emerged. Accordingly, for the sake of an efficient development of Papua, a fair development policy for the entire special autonomous region, in particular, an acceleration of infrastructure development, an improvement of education, and equalization of welfare are core tasks. For implementation these tasks, the sincerity of the government, integrity of local government leaders, and expertise of local administrative officials are absolutely required. In order to give Papua aboriginal people a fair chance, it is the task of both the central and local governments to come up with guidelines for effective Papua development.

KCI등재

저자 : 이정윤 ( Jeongyoon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 125-152 (28 pages)

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This article analyzed the internationally successful Thai horror films < Shutter (2004) > and < The Medium (2021) > from the perspective of 'subversive fantasy' that violates tradition, social order and customs.
< Shutter (2004) > subverts the existing order or system through the appearance of the ghost Natre and raises questions about the familiar world of experience. The ghost Natre disturbs the order of reality by exercising the threatening power of the other-typed death world on Thun, the perpetrator of sexual assault between death and reality. In < The Medium (2021) >, the transformation motif through possession is borrowed as a technique for expressing fantasy. Ming was possessed by ghosts and revealed the desires and taboos hidden by reality, such as the assassination of many people by the ancestors of the Asantiya family, the act of buying, selling, and eating dog meat, and the act of rejecting the god Bayan. It plays a role in resisting order and aiming for its overthrow. Therefore, Ming transforms into a person who harbors a grudge, an unfortunate dead person, an insect or a plant, causing a psychological effect of fear and trembling, and attempts to raise the issue of realistic order.
Ghosts and monsters appearing in Thai horror films express the oppressed or subvert the stipulated order, thereby destroying the order of the real society and threatening the prevailing social norms and rules, causing fear and anxiety to the audience.

KCI등재

저자 : 문지희 ( Moon Jihie )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 153-190 (38 pages)

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In this paper, focusing on the judgment of the Batavia Temporary Court Martial (Temporaire Krijgsraad) which was held by the Netherlands in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) immediately after World War II, I would like to view that there was coercion in the mobilization of comfort women. The Temporary Court Martial not only sentenced victims of forced prostitution charged with war crimes to prison sentences for the first time in history, but also proved the reality of the operation of comfort stations, the systematic intervention of the Japanese military, and the fact of forced mobilization of European women. In that sense, it has great historical significance.
On the other hand, this trial has obvious limitations and ambivalences. At that time, Dutch courts dealt only with crimes against European women (white Dutch and Indo-Dutch). Neither the Dutch government report nor records of the Temporary Court Martial included the issue of Indonesian comfort women. Therefore, I would like to reflect on the fact that there were more Asian comfort women who experienced human rights violations and sexual violence in history by examining this colonial way of thinking in the trial process. The Batavia Military Tribunal gives us questions about how we should approach the comfort women issue in the future based on the standard of universal human rights.

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저자 : 노채환 ( Roh Chaehwan )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 191-214 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze phonologically how words borrowed from English are pronounced in Burmese, focusing on the realization of consonants at the end of syllables. Burmese is a language licensing an empty nucleus at the domain final. However, there are restrictions on the consonants that can be realized at the domain final, so only the closed glottal /ʔ/ can be realized. Regarding the government-licensing principle of the licensed domain final empty nucleus, it is a nucleus-dominant language, and the method of application of the mother tongue is applied to English pronunciation as it is. Accordingly, in Burmese, all words with one consonant at the end of a syllable in English are pronounced by replacing them with /ʔ/ except for the nasal consonant. English words with nasal consonants at the end of syllables are pronounced in the form of nasalizing the preceding vowel in Burmese. And when two consonants come to the end of a syllable, except for the continuation of the nasal and obstruent consonant, one of the two consonants is dropped and the other replaces itself with /ʔ/. In a continuation of the nasal and obstruent consonant, the obstruent consonant is eliminated and the remaining nasal consonants are connected to the preceding vowel and pronounced as a nasalized-vowel.

KCI등재

저자 : Minjung Jung , Seungho Lee

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 동남아연구소 간행물 : 동남아연구 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 215-249 (35 pages)

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This study evaluates Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) projects in Thailand regarding flood risk management from 2011 to 2013. The study highlights two flood risk management projects in Thailand with the support of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) after the 2011 floods, namely the Project for the Comprehensive Flood Management Plan for the Chao Phraya River Basin and the Project for Flood Countermeasures for Thailand Agriculture Sector. The SFDRR is deployed for evaluating the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities and the OECD evaluation criteria for assessing planning, implementation, and result of the projects. The JICA tailored technology transfer and capacity building for Thailand's needs and priorities through both scientific data and local knowledge. Achievements of the project did not last for long because of a lack of Thai stakeholders' commitment and JICA's post-project management. The responsible Thai entities did not follow up the formulation of the Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) plans provided by the JICA, and there were no CBDRM plans retained in rural areas after the 2011 Floods. It is concluded that a development agency should consider impacts and sustainability of flood risk management projects more carefully at the stage of planning, and the practical application of knowledge, and technologies should also be monitored progressively after the completion of the project.

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