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수록범위 : 1권0호(2000)~44권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 432
언어와 정보사회
44권0호(2021년 11월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1[X+(을)+하다] 형식의 분리성 용언과 어휘고도제약

저자 : 이호승 ( Lee Ho-seung )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-26 (26 pages)

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This paper aims to examine what kind of relationship there is between [X-hata] and [X+ul+hata], and whether these two words can be analyzed internally or not. From the perspective of the prototype theory, the internal structure of typical words can never be separated by other linguistic units. However, arguing that lexical integrity is a necessary property of words is too strong. Certainly in Korean, several phenomena can be observed that suggest the internal structure of words is analyzable. Accordingly, parts of words that can be analyzed as independent words should be treated as peripheral words. If we take this perspective, we can analyze [X+ul+hata] as being the result of separating the interior of [X-hata] and qualifies as a peripheral word. Further, if we limit the scope of the lexical island constraint to a typical word, we can insist that the separable verbs of the form [X+(ul)+(hata)] do not violate the lexical island constraint.

KCI등재

2중국어 초급 단계 회화교재의 기능-어법 결합 현황 분석 및 고찰

저자 : 최은재 ( Choi Eunjae )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 27-64 (38 pages)

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The basic stage of the entire Chinese acquisition process is a very decisive period that determines the success or failure of Chinese acquisition. Therefore, based on the results of previous studies, this paper analyzes the status of the combination of functions and grammar covered by the conversation materials found in basic-level Chinese textbooks. Based on the results, it also explores the essential language functions required at the basic level and the grammar items effectively combined with these functions. Through textbook analysis, this paper first summarizes the distribution and status of language functions and grammar items found in the textbook. Second, changes in language function and grammar items are examined with improved stages of the basic level conversation textbooks. Third, based on this analysis, the characteristics and trends of language functions and grammar items of basic-level Chinese conversation textbooks are presented. Finally, it is discussed how to utilize the research results of this paper in basic-level Chinese education.

KCI등재

3중국어 성경에 반영된 차용어 표기법 연구: '이(以)'자를 중심으로

저자 : 신원철 ( Shin Wonchul ) , 송지현 ( Song Jihyun )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-87 (23 pages)

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This study aims to examine the tendency of loan word orthography reflected in Chinese Bibles, focusing on the Chinese character yi/以 including Yiselie/以色列 'Israel' and the tendency of transliteration at the time of Bible translation. 42 words written with yi/以 are found in the Bibles. To examine when this orthography began and how it was fixed in its current form, six chapter names and five words are selected, compared and arranged from a total of nine Bibles. The results are as follows: The transcription with yi/以 started with Protestant translations of Bible in the 1800s. It was found that the Gutzlaff version used the character yi/以 and the word Yiselie/以色列 in almost the same way as the current practice. All the Bibles published after the Schereschewsky version have used the same orthography as the current Bibles. The letter yi/以 is used in transliterations of proper nouns in most cases, but common nouns such as yifude/以弗得 'ephod' are translated in terms of meaning or in a different way depending on the context. Through this study, the origins and changes of words in Modern Chinese are investigated.

KCI등재

4챗봇의 자연어 이해 학습데이터 증강을 위한 의도 분석/생성용 언어자원의 구축

저자 : 황창회 ( Hwang Changhoe ) , 유광훈 ( Yoo Gwanghoon ) , 남지순 ( Nam Jeesun )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 89-125 (37 pages)

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This study aims to propose language resources named Deco-TIA/TIG, meticulously developed to annotate and generate TIAD (Topic-Intent-Annotated Datasets) as a NLU (natural language understanding) training dataset for customer service chatbots in the FinTech field. Deco-TIA/TIG are based on Semi-automatic Symbolic Propagation methodology with the DECO (Dictionnaire Electronique du COréen) Korean dictionary and Local-Grammar Graphs. By analyzing actual data web-scraped from fintech services, we found canonical linguistic constructs consisting of topic, event, discourse components with diverse patterns in Korean queries, complaints, and request texts. Deco-TIA/TIG are built to effectively provide high-quality annotated training data for Fintech CS chatbots by covering 32 topics, 38 events, and 15 discourse types extensively. For performance evaluation, we trained DIET (dual intent and entity transformer) and KoBERT framework with TIAD datasets. DIET-only shows F1-score 0.936 (Intent) / 0.854 (Slot/Entity), and DIET+KoBERT shows F1-score 0.95 (Intent) / 0.932 (Slot/Entity).

KCI등재

5한국어 자유 선택어의 양화적 특성과 명령문에서의 인허 조건

저자 : 허세문 ( Hoe Semoon )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 127-164 (38 pages)

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This paper studies two free choice items (FCIs) in Korean, focusing on their quantificational properties. For the first one, it is proposed that amwuna is an indefinite based FCI, which exhibits universal-existential quantificational variation, and that its universal quantificational force is derived in terms of conversational implicature. In contrast, it is argued that nwukwuna is an FCI which inherently conveys a universal quantificational force. To support these points, this paper investigates why the two FCIs show different distributions under imperatives. Especially, given the assumption that imperatives require a necessity modal operator (contra minimal/modal force-variability approaches), it is discussed (i) how a permission reading can arise in imperatives, and (ii) how it interacts with the licensing of the two FCIs in Korean.

KCI등재

6언어 학습자로서의 신경망 언어모델: 영어 주어-동사 일치를 중심으로

저자 : 정원일 ( Chung Wonil ) , 김유희 ( Kim Euhee ) , 박명관 ( Park Myung-kwan )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 165-191 (27 pages)

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This paper assesses the language-processing ability of the neural language model (L2-GPT-2) trained on data sets of English textbooks published in Korea using the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT)-2. Assuming that the language model (LM) is also an (artificial) language learner, we test it focusing on subject-verb agreement in English. It is a well-established fact that L1 speakers exhibit facilitatory interference effects in ungrammatical sentences with a plural subject and a singular form of verb. Unlike human native speakers, L2-GPT-2 as well as L1-GPT-2 display such effects in ungrammatical sentences either with a plural subject and a singular form of verb, or with a singular subject and a plural form of verb. Though there is a significant difference between human speakers and neural LMs in processing subject-verb agreement, the two LMs' sensitivity to interference by a distractor NP points to the fact that they can attain a remarkably human-like linguistic generalization on subject-verb agreement.

KCI등재

7고등학교 교육과정의 전문교과 외국어 계열 과목 재구조화 방안 연구: 해외 외국어 심화 과목 분석 및 외국어고 교사 F.G.I.를 중심으로

저자 : 김석영 ( Kim Sok-yong ) , 이주연 ( Lee Joo-youn )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 193-226 (34 pages)

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This study is the result of exploring ways to restructure specialized foreign language subjects and courses in the high school curriculum based on the analysis of overseas curriculums and F.G.I. for teachers. Education in Korea is currently preparing to implement curriculum reform and changes in education policies related to specialized subjects following the introduction of the high school elective credit system. Accordingly, this paper analyzes the system and characteristics of advanced foreign language subjects in Ontario, Canada, New South Wales, Australia, and Singapore, and analyzes the contents of the F.G.I. for teachers in the foreign language high schools. Based on the analysis, this paper suggests diversification of subject options and reinforcement of content-based subjects as a way to restructure specialized foreign language subjects and courses.

KCI등재

8언어별 음절 연구와 국어 음절의 특징

저자 : 신승용 ( Shin Seungyong )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 227-255 (29 pages)

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In this paper, three topics related to syllables, namely, types of syllable structure, the phonological reality of the skeletal tier, and the position of glides in syllable structures, are examined. The specifics of these three syllable-related themes differ from language to language. Therefore, the syllable structure of Korean, the phonological nature of the skeletal-tier in Korean, and the position of the glide of rising diphthongs in Korean are studied in relation to other languages. It is revealed that the syllable structure of Korean is a trifascicular structure, and that the skeleton of the skeletal-tier in Korean is a phonological unit having a psychological reality for the location of syllables. In addition, it is confirmed that the glide of the rising diphthongs is positioned in the nucleus along with the vowel.

KCI등재

9An Agree-Based Approach to Scrambling

저자 : Kwang-sup Kim

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 257-296 (40 pages)

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If scrambling is movement, we run into many problems, including scrambling paradoxes. As an alternative to the movement approach, this article explores the possibility of providing an Agree-based approach to scrambling. Revising Chomsky's (1986) Visibility Condition under the probe-goal approach, I propose that Case is a probe taking a thematic role as its goal. More precisely, the Case of an argument takes an unvalued thematic role as its sub-feature, and the unvalued thematic role takes the thematic role of a predicate as its goal. An important consequence of the Agree-based approach is that a Case position can be a thematic position: an argument can be assigned a thematic role although it is base-generated in a Case position. This proposal, along with the claim that case assigners move to C in Korean and Japanese, leads to the conclusion that short scrambling is not movement but an output of base-generation. This article shows that the Agree-based approach elucidates various puzzles centered around scrambling, including scrambling paradoxes.

KCI등재

10Extra-linguistic knowledge and Pragmatics in the Interpretation of Korean Relative Clauses

저자 : 연재훈 ( Jaehoon Yeon )

발행기관 : 서강대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어와 정보사회 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 297-336 (40 pages)

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This paper explores how morpho-syntactic and semantic constraints interact with extra-linguistic and pragmatic factors in the interpretation of Korean relative clauses. Relative clauses in Korean are qualitatively different from those in European languages. This paper demonstrates that the interpretation of Korean relative clauses depends on context and pragmatic factors. In prior research, particularly in formal syntax, pragmatic factors have been neglected in considering relative clauses. Extra-linguistic knowledge and pragmatic factors play important roles in acceptability judgements and plausibility conditions for the interpretation of relative clauses in Korean. We also propose that Korean relative clauses show similarities to topic constructions in Korean. The plausibility condition in relative clauses can be compared to the aboutness condition in topic constructions. Lastly, we have shown that various pragmatic information interacts with and contributes to appropriate interpretation of Korean relative clauses.

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