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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1977)~44권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 500
미국학
44권1호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1『호밀밭의 파수꾼』에 나타난 1950년대 미국 청소년의 정동과 질병서사

저자 : 김창희 ( Chang-hee Kim )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-37 (37 pages)

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J.D. Salinger's 1951 novel, Catcher in the Rye, has generally been known as a story of a young rebel, Holden Caulfield, who tries to break away from reality in the fifties, a decade prevalent with the strict rule and faultfinding culture of what he is taught at school: to simplify and unify. This novel often refers to a journey of an outsider who commits to playing a catcher in the rye, a fantasy world of innocence, infinity, and youth. As the story unfolds, Holden's ontology is rendered to show how vulnerable his affective ontology is to the ideological reality of containment and conformity. This informs how Holden is a pathological character that reifies the performative crisis of the postwar US Cold War ideology. That said, this paper examines the extent to which this novel can be possibly read as a narrative of illness to expose Holden's pathological conditions of illness, hysteria, and psychosis. Thus, it looks at his medical symptoms whose pathogens I attempt to analyze in terms of his affective potential of being ontologically engaged to the historical context, or the political unconscious, of the postwar US in the early Cold War years.

KCI등재

2몽고증과 미국 사회의 '오리엔트적 상상'(Oriental Imaginary)

저자 : 신지혜 ( Ji-hye Shin )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 39-79 (41 pages)

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This paper examines professional and popular medical discourse on “mongolism” (Down syndrome) in the early twentieth century to delve into the history of mongolism and the “Oriental imaginary” of modern America. The Oriental imaginary is a concept to explore the ways in which Americans, who had heard of mongolism or seen a “Mongol” themselves, imagined and conceptualized the defect in terms of the contemporary race relations. Moving beyond the interests of medical professionals discussed in the previous scholarship, this paper aims to include views and perceptions of the American public. The second section reviews the existing studies of the history of mongolism in the West. The third section discusses the mongolism of Asians and African Americans, among whom it had long been believed not to occur. Lastly, an analysis of American newspaper health advice columns on mongolism sheds light on the public reception and transmission of medical knowledge.

KCI등재

3미국 대통령 의제에 대한 여당의 투표 행태: 111-116대 의회 여당 하원의원들의 대통령지지투표 분석

저자 : 이종곤 ( Jongkon Lee )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-112 (32 pages)

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As polarization intensified in the United States, the voting support of the presidential party lawmakers has become the most important source of power for the president. The presidential party has been believed to legalize the president's agenda in a unified government and prevent legislation opposed by the president from being passed by the Congress within a divided government. However, even under party polarization, all the lawmakers and factions of the presidential party have not voted in accordance with the president's policy preferences. Statistical analysis shows that lawmakers who corresponded to the ideology median of the presidential party most strongly supported the president's agendas during the unified government. However, lawmakers with extreme ideologies voted more actively for the president than those with median ones during the divided government. Furthermore, this trend has been amplified regarding ideological factions.

KCI등재

4「샐리의 선택」: 엘리자베스 스토다드의 독특한 남북 전쟁 이야기

저자 : 장기윤 ( Ki Yoon Jang )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-135 (23 pages)

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The Civil War is widely accepted as the single most meaningful event in American history that overcame the most fatal crisis of internal division of the nation with much success. That meaningfulness in turn glorifies the North's triumph over the South and justifies hierarchical differences between the two. Yet, as shown in the studies of Civil War literature, such glorification and justification relies too much on the North-centered historical paradigm. This essay aims to offer a way of rectifying it by examining a short story by one of the persistently obscured writers of the period: Elizabeth Stoddard. The essay follows the cue of Alice Fahs's cultural-studies methodology of using popular wartime periodicals as the main resource of the war literature, and reads Stoddard's “Sally's Choice” as one of the examples that expose the hegemonic bias inside the North-directed discourse of the time. This essay is expected to demonstrate the necessity of expanding and deepening our conception of 'literature,' 'the Civil War,' and 'Civil War literature' in an ever-flexible and ever-changeable manner.

KCI등재

5Madness, the Smile, and Transnational Connections in “A Whisper in the Dark”

저자 : Seongeun Jin

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 137-154 (18 pages)

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Due to her successful novel Little Women (1869), Louisa May Alcott has generally become known as a writer of sentimental fiction. However, her thrillers demonstrate her keen insights into domestic and international issues. Alcott's so-called “left hand” shows her stances on political and historical issues in America as well as in Europe and Asia. Particularly, Alcott's supporting voice for women against social prejudices is metaphorically portrayed in “A Whisper in the Dark” (1861). Interestingly, in the story Alcott displays her knowledge of the drug trades and the cultural effects of white male colonizers exploiting other peoples and countries around the globe, which were issues that she had learned about from neighboring intellectuals and newspapers. In the paper, I examine Alcott's radical views on gender equality, chauvinistic attitudes, and transnational politics in the mid-nineteenth century.

KCI등재

6미국 예외주의의 변주: 영화 <라이언 일병 구하기>와 <위 워 솔저스>

저자 : 진성한 ( Seonghan Jin )

발행기관 : 서울대학교 미국학연구소 간행물 : 미국학 44권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 155-182 (28 pages)

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This study explores how American war films modify or reenact American exceptionalism depending on political and social situations in the United States. To this end, it analyzes the two war films, Saving Private Ryan and We Were Soldiers that were released before and after the 9/11 attacks as a critical juncture in the twenty first century, respectively. While the former conducts a partial modification on American exceptionalism in order to restore the national identity and moral authority of the United States lost ever since the Vietnam War, the latter demonstrates a complete reenactment of American exceptionalism in accordance with the foreign policy of the Bush administration and neoconservatism. It concludes with the illumination that the examination of American war films within the framework of American exceptionalism is efficacious in understanding from a broad perspective how American exceptionalism is utilized depending on political and social situations in the United States.

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