간행물

중앙아시아학회> 중앙아시아연구

중앙아시아연구 update

CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES

  • : 중앙아시아학회
  • : 사회과학분야  >  인문지리
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 1738-0200
  • :
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~26권1호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 291
중앙아시아연구
26권1호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
| | | |

KCI등재

1러시아 투바지역 흉노 조사의 최근 연구 동향

저자 : 이우섭 ( Lee Wooseop )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

From the end of the 3rd century BC to the 1st century AD, the Xiongnu annexed the surrounding nomads through active wars with the Han dynasty, and played a major role in East-West exchanges in Eurasia. The research area of Xiongnu archaeological research has been steadily expanding in terms of the history of negotiations through the northern steppe road, starting from interest in the origins of the Korean people.
However, despite this quantitative expansion of the research on the Xiongnu, the archaeological achievements of the investigation of the remains of the Xiongnu in Tuva, Russia are not well known. The reason that the Republic of Tuva became widely known in the world archaeological and historical circles was when the Arzhan-1 Kurgan was excavated. As the date through absolute dating was increased to around the 9th century BC, many possibilities were presented in the context of Eurasian archaeological research. On the other hand, the tombs of Terezin and Alatei, located on the left bank of the Yenisei River, are not large noble tombs, but various artifact of the Xiongnu period were recently discovered. Also, the method of burial of the deceased is similar to that of Scythian burial that has existed for a long time in the Tuva region.
According to historical records, a new material culture and inhabitants were introduced into the Tuva region between the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, but the specific aspects of the transition period are unknown. How did archaeological migration and material culture change from this perspective? Also, research on how the complexes of relics found in tombs moved organically with the surrounding area is required. In addition, it is essential to study the development of animal patterns of Scythian, Uyuk, Kokel, and Ozen-Ala-Beligskiy that existed before the Xiongnu-Sarmatian period. The Republic of Tuva, Russia, is an area where much research is expected in terms of archeology in the transition period from Uyuk culture -> Scythian / Scythian -> Xiongnu period. In the future, it is thought that many research results will be derived if it is combined with the results of the Xiongnu investigations in Mongolia, Baikal coast, Ordos, South Siberia, and Altai.

KCI등재

23세기부터 7세기까지 중앙아시아 타림분지의 불교 승려들과 생활한 아동에 대한 연구

저자 : 이지호 ( Yi Ji Ho )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-42 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The documents found in various sites in Tarim Basin tell us about children younger than twenty years old living in the Buddhist monastic community. It is surprising because there are almost no visual image or archaeological objects from the region that proves the existence of real children that lived with the monks and nuns. It seems as though that those children were only mentioned accidentally in the surviving records about economic transactions and legal disputes involving monks and nuns. This article will collect and discuss the pieces of information from those documents and Buddhist literature to do a general survey about the children who possibly lived within the Buddhist monastic environment in the Tarim Basin region.
The children had different social status within the monastic community: the personal slaves of the monks and nuns, the natural or adopted children of the monks and nuns, and those sent by their parents to the monastery to go forth themselves. In addition, Buddhist literature shows us that there could have been the children who entered the monastic community to live in security and protection. In conclusion, the children seem to have belonged to various social status, which played an essential role in deciding the nature of their relationships with others.

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

“Water Moon Avalokiteśvara Boddhisattva” produced in 1310 in Goryeo, is an interesting Buddhist painting that contains many historical stories along with excellent workmanship. Since the publication of the work, high-quality research achievements have been accumulated in Korea and Japan. But questions still remain regarding the production background and enshrining location.
In this study, tried to find the religious and political background of this painting in the relationship between Yuan and Goryeo outside the view of the Goryeo royal family.
Unlike existing research, the petitioner viewed King Chungseon and queen consort Kim.
The production result were Kublai's Immersive Species, Taji's Sponsorship of Hwaeom sect temple, King Chungseon's walk on Mt. Odae, Temple of Hyein related records, Chao Mengfu's advice.

KCI등재

413세기 초 포선만노(蒲鮮萬奴)의 정치·군사활동 재검토

저자 : 고명수 ( Koh Myungsoo )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-83 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The time of the foundation of a nation by Puxian Wannu is specified as October, the Year of Yihai(乙亥年, 1215), in all historical books, but no record of its location has been left. Most researchers argue that he founded a nation in Dongjing(東京). Yet, there is no enough evidence of it, so the foundation location has not been known yet. Wannu moved to Helanlu(曷懶路) in the east of Liaodong(遼東) after the foundation. It is guessed that his subordinates began to move at the end of 1215 right after the foundation, moved to the east right after subjugating Muqali who had entered Liaodong peninsula at the end of 1216, and then completed the movement to the east by April in the following year(1217). In historical books, it is recorded that Wannu invaded Shangjing(上京) twice in 1215 and 1217. In this paper, it was investigated that the name of the place, which had been written as Shanggu(上古) fortress in the record of 1215, was wrongly rewritten as Shangjing fortress in the process of comparing and correcting books. The only time he conquered Shangjing was the year of 1217.

KCI등재

5아팍 호자(Āfāq ḵwājah)의 하황(河湟)여행 - 17℃후반, 청(淸)-티베트 접경의 교역과 수피즘 -

저자 : 윤성제 ( Yoon Sungje )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-127 (43 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Āfāq ḵwājah was Altišahr's religious leader in the late seventeenth century. Defeated in factional struggle amongst the Naqšibandiyya, he was deported from Kāšġar and fled into exile. But after ten years he came back with the conquering forces of Züünġar and enjoyed immense religious authority. Although much research has been done on this person's dramatic life in the turbulent years of Altišahr, there are still many unknowns about his life of exile itself.
In this paper I trace his itinerary, starting by comparing sources written in two different regions of Altišahr in Central Asia and Hehuang (河湟) in China. He went to Hehuang region and visited Lanzhou, Hezhou and Xining in 1670's and took part in the tea trade, leading to building contacts with Muslim merchants and then recruited followers among them. Next he moved to Turfān, coming back to Altišahr. This comeback is the result of his construction of a commercial network between Xining (西寧) and Turfān. His trade network served as a stepping stone to secure a new political patron to support him, and it was quite natural that Ġaldan, the nomadic power who was in constant need of expansion and recruitment of commercial magnates, found each other. Āfāq rode Ġaldan's wave of conquest of Altišahr to make a dramatic entrance to Kašġar.

KCI등재

617세기 중앙아시아초원의 4오이라드연합과 호이드

저자 : 심호성 ( Shim Hosung )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 129-157 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article examines the political status and role of the Khoid aristocracy within the Four Oirad Confederation on the seventeenth-century Central Asian steppe. In the early to mid-fifteenth century, the Khoid aristocracy was one of the core ruling groups of the Oirad Empire and possessed vast appanages on the Mongolian steppe. During the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, however, the Khoid aristocracy lost its main domain on the Mongolian steppe due to the aggressive campaigns by the Khalkha Mongols. As a result, part of the Khoid aristocracy crossed the Altai Mountains and moved south to the Central Asian steppe, where they joined the Four Oirad Confederation. Within the Oirad confederacy, the Khoid nobility did not function as a principal member. As a secondary constituent, Khoid aristocrats participated in numerous joint enterprises of the Four Oirad Confederation. In the mid-seventeenth century, two factions emerged within the Four Oirad Confederation; hence, factional struggles ensued regarding political and military issues. The Khoid aristocracy took advantage of the factional conflict, considerably elevating its status within the Oirad confederacy. The end of the Oirad factionalism in 1661 caused the Khoshuud, Zunghar, and Khoid nobilities--who had once constituted the same clique--to pursue individualized paths toward the development and expansion of their respective principalities. For example, the Khoshuud, Zunghar, and Khoid principalities competed with each other to enhance their power and influence in the Tarim Basin. The Khoid aristocracy substantially strengthened its influence and presence in the oasis region by actively intervening in politico-military conflicts within the Moghul Khanate. The competition among the Oirad aristocratic houses in the Tarim Basin eventually led to the enmity between the Khoid nobility and the Zunghar ruling lineage. Thus, the Khoid aristocracy allied with Ochir Tsetsen Khan's Khoshuuds and Tsöökör Ubashi's Zunghars, forming a new faction to compete with the Zunghars of Sengge and his successors.

KCI등재

719세기 초중엽 중앙아시아 정치 환경 변화와 부하라-히바 관계

저자 : 이광태 ( Lee Kwang Tae )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 159-180 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The history of the “tribal dynasties” of Bukhara and Khiva in the nineteenth century remains little studied. One of the primary reasons for the lack of scholarly attention on the Bukharan Manghit and the Khivan Qungrat dynasties seems to lie in the prejudice that the nineteenth century was the period of decline and “Oriental despotism,” which were clearly shaped by Orientalism underlying the previous scholarship, both the West and the Russia-Soviet. In the same context, the relationship between Bukhara and Khiva in the early and mid-nineteenth century has been disregarded as “feudal” conflict of the two Oriental despotic dynasties. However, in light of changes that occurred in nineteenth century Central Asia, in relation to the unprecedented trade increase throughout the Eurasian continent, the Bukhara-Khivan relations should be reevaluated primarily from the perspective of Central Asia's political and social transformations.
Traditionally, the Abū'l Khayrids in Mā warā al-nahr and the ʿArabshāhids in Khwārazm, each established in the early sixteenth century, had maintained a political rivalry for centuries. The tradition of political competition continued even after the Manghits in Bukhara and the Qungrats in Khiva replaced the two Chinggisid dynasties in the late eighteenth century.
However, such a rivalry began to be conditioned by new political factors that emerged under the new circumstances in the nineteenth century. The huge growth in caravan trade across Central Asia brought Russia as an important player into the region even decades before the Russian Empire's expansion in the 1860s. The tribal resurgency in Central Asia accompanied by the establishment of another independent tribal dynasty in the Ferghana valley, or the Khoqand Khanate, had a crucial impact on the Bukhara-Khiva relationship. In addition, the Qājār Persia's activities, which were deeply affected by the world-wide confrontation between the Russia and the British Empires, influenced Central Asia's political situation particularly regarding the Turkmen tribal groups in Merv. The Turkmens' change of allegiance from Khiva to Bukhara proved critical for the hegemony of the latter over the former. In conclusion, the Bukhara-Khiva relations in the early and mid-nineteenth century show that Central Asia was never isolated but closely connected to the other parts of the world, undergoing various levels of political changes and transformations.

KCI등재

8독립 후 키르기스스탄 초지공유제도의 성과 일례 - 사르모굴(Sary Mogul) 마을 카샤르 주위의 공생관계 -

저자 : 공원국 ( Gong Wonkuk )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 181-211 (31 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan immediately implemented privatization reforms, and pasturelands were also subject to long-term leases. But due to private occupation, livestock movement was restricted and the minimum mobile-units necessary for movement could not be formed, resulting in side effects such as deterioration of summer pastures as well as pastures around the settlements. For this reason, the government banned private occupation of pastures and implemented a Community-based Pasture Management System from 2010. The essence of this system is that certain villages occupy and autonomously manage pastures exclusively. Even though the new system exposed various problems that correspond to the so-called “tragedy of the commons” such as free-riding practices, but such problems have been rapidly improved over the past decade. This paper aims to reveal how pastoralists accept and adapt to this system, using the large-scale barn built in the Soviet period called 'Kashar', and how they resolve conflicts and contradictions within given conditions. As a result of a field study conducted in Sary Mogul village in the Pamir mountain area, the current system turned out to be more suitable for mobile pastoralism than the former one, and the stratification within the pastoralist society, which is expected to hinder the survival of the present system, turned out to be smaller than expected. In addition, in the pasture, pastoralists were responding to the current system by developing various symbiotic relationships and using them as cultural assets to manage the commons, i.e., pastures. These observations prove that pastoralists always view pasture resources from the point of view of 'reproduction' rather than one-time production, and that when a certain kind of institutional conditions are met, pastoralists can demonstrate their capabilities to manage common resources. And finally, the results of this study will be able to offer policy makers a new perspective in formulating policies to utilize pasture resources in the steppes of Eurasia in the future.

KCI등재

9몽골 제국과 포스트 몽골 시기 중앙아시아와 킵차크 초원에서의 투르크 정체성

저자 : 이주엽 ( Joo-yup Lee )

발행기관 : 중앙아시아학회 간행물 : 중앙아시아연구 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 213-257 (45 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

내륙아시아 세계의 모든 투르크어 사용 유목민이 6세기 중반 돌궐(突厥) 제국의 부상과 함께 처음 출현한 투르크 정체성을 공유한 것은 아니었다. 최초의 투르크계 유목 제국을 세운 돌궐인들은 '튀르크'(Türk)라는 명칭을 자칭으로만 사용했다. 돌궐인의 뒤를 이어 몽골 고원을 지배한 위구르나 (예니세이) 키르기즈인은 튀르크인이라 자칭하지 않았다. 그 결과 8세기 중반 돌궐 제국이 붕괴한 뒤 투르크 정체성은 몽골 초원의 비돌궐 집단들 사이에서 존속되지 못했다.
투르크라는 정체성이 더 너른 의미를 얻은 곳은 이슬람 세계였다. 무슬림 저자들은 '투르크'[Turk, 복수형은 '아트라크'(Atrāk)]라는 용어를 투르크어를 사용하는 집단과 그렇지 않은 집단 모두를 포함한 내륙아시아 유목민을 지칭하는 데 사용함으로서 이 개념을 널리 퍼뜨렸다. 마찬가지로 몽골인들이 이슬람 세계에 진출한 뒤에 무슬림 저자들은 일반적으로 몽골인을 투르크인이라 불렀다. 일칸국의 몽골인들과 중앙아시아의 몽골 후계 국가(티무르조, 모굴 칸국, 시반조 우즈베크인) 모두 투르크인을 내륙아시아 유목민으로 정의한 무슬림적 시각을 받아들였고, 자신들을 투르크의 가장 명망 높은 분파로 여겼다. (본고에서 중앙아시아는 서쪽으로는 카스피해부터 동쪽으로는 중국 신장까지 내륙지역을 가리킨다. 내륙아시아는 초원지대를 지칭한다)
본질적으로 이들의 투르크 관념은 비타지크(非Tajik), 내륙아시아 유목민 정체성이었지, 비몽골(非Mongol) 정체성 혹은 돌궐 제국과 연관된 정체성이 아니었다. 오히려 몽골 정체성을 포괄하는 관념이었다. 일칸국과 중앙아시아의 몽골 후계 국가들에서 작성된 사서와 문서류에서 언급되는 투르크, 즉 (유목민과 정주민의 통칭이었던) '투르크인과 타지크인'이라는 문구의 투르크와 칭기스조와 티무르조가 작성한 다양한 계보 속의 투르크는 일차적으로 몽골인을 의미했다.
그러나 이러한 중앙아시아적 투르크 정체성은 몽골 제국기와 포스트 몽골 시기 킵차크 초원에서는 아예 존재하지 않았다. (몽골 제국 이전 시기에도) 킵차크 초원에서는 '투르크'라는 용어가 킵차크와 같은 킵차크 초원의 비돌궐계 유목민 집단들의 자칭으로 사용되지 않았다. 당연히 킵차크 초원의 몽골 후예들(우즈베크, 카자크, 타타르) 또한 스스로를 투르크인이라 여기거나 부르지 않았다. 당대 중앙아시아의 몽골 후예들과 마찬가지로, 이들은 몽골인의 후예를 자처했다.

1
권호별 보기

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기