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서울대학교 행정대학원> Journal of Policy Studies (JPS)

Journal of Policy Studies (JPS) update

  • : 서울대학교 행정대학원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  행정학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2799-9130
  • : 2765-2807
  • : korean journal of policy studies(~2021)-> Journal of Policy Studies (JPS)

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1986)~36권4호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 505
Journal of Policy Studies (JPS)
36권4호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1The Bureaucratic Perils of Presidentialism: Political Impediments to Good Governance in Latin America

저자 : John Polga-hecimovich

발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Journal of Policy Studies (JPS) 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-14 (14 pages)

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In the face of poorly performing bureaucracies, public management specialists and policy experts have been quick to suggest administrative reforms. Yet, since governance lies at the nexus of politics and administration, reforms limited to the administrative dimension are likely to fall short without concomitant political change. This essay argues that in contemporary Latin America, certain political-institutional arrangements or institutional traits are more likely to produce (in)effective governance than others. Specifically, Latin American presidentialism creates several “perils” for governance, including: the rigidity and short time horizons of presidentialism; multipartyism under presidentialism; weakly institutionalized party systems and non-programmatic parties; an imbalance of power between strong presidents and weak legislatures; the plebiscitarian nature of presidentialism; and democratic backsliding and the centralization of power in the presidency. These institutional traits incentivize patronage, promote myopic policymaking, and weaken bureaucratic autonomy. To illustrate how they manifest themselves in public policy, the paper uses evidence from the region's responses to the Covid-19 pandemic, then concludes by suggesting political reforms that may help to improve governance in the region.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Political Failure and Bureaucratic Potential in Africa

저자 : Cameron Wimpy

발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Journal of Policy Studies (JPS) 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 15-25 (11 pages)

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Recent scholarship theorizes that shortcomings in good governance are a result of political, not bureaucratic, failures. These challenges are no less important in the developing world, and they are particularly acute in many African countries where resources are scarce and political development is relatively limited. Although the impacts of public administration quality on governance outcomes in Africa are well established, the empirical relationship between political failures and bureaucratic capacity remains underexplored. In addition, political issues in developing countries often cause bureaucratic pathologies to vary across the additional dimensions of corruption, judicial independence, and political pluralism. Using a combination of unique datasets, I turn the recent theories on political failure into testable propositions for how these processes unfold in the African context. The findings are of interest both for improving governance in developing countries and adding to the growing body of literature examining the severity of the challenges posed by political failure in various contexts.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Populism and Bureaucratic Frictions: Lessons From Bolsonarism

저자 : Alketa Peci

발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Journal of Policy Studies (JPS) 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 27-35 (9 pages)

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How do populist governments approach public bureaucracies? Here we reflect on the rise of Bolsonarism as a form of populism in the Brazilian context and on its relationship with public bureaucracies. Bolsonaro's “strategy of governing” builds on an unstable coalition that combines neoconservatism, market-oriented economic approach and military nationalism and corporativism. We analyze how the antagonism at the center of this coalition shapes bureaucratic strategic positions and defend an understanding of Bolsonarism as an ideology of contentious governing that nurtures divisive bureaucracies.

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