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Journal of THE KOREAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1995)~28권4호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 767
대한영양사협회 학술지
28권4호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 오수연 ( Soo-yeun Oh )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 246-265 (20 pages)

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This study was conducted on the nutritional status of 1,805 patients with allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma) aged 19 to 64 years according to their state of depression, based on the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to diagnose depression. Subjects with a score of 10 or more were categorized into the depression group (n=152) and the rest into the non-depression group (n=1,653). The results of this study were as follows: The proportion of women (75.7%) was higher than that of men (24.3%) in the depressed group (P<0.01). In terms of energy intake per 1,000 kcal, both men and women in the depressed group showed a lower energy intake than the non-depressed group and this intake was less than the estimated energy requirement (EER). The nutrient intakes of protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, and vitamin C were below the estimated average requirement (EAR). Also, the intakes of fiber and potassium were less than the adequate intake (AI) (P<0.001). In the lifestyle parameters, the ratio of eating alone at lunch was 54.1%:33.1%, indicating that more than half of the depression group ate alone. In conclusion, it was observed that the nutritional status of allergic disease patients was imbalanced. The nutritional imbalance was due to insufficient energy intake and inadequate intake of nutrients, which was below the average requirements of vitamins and minerals and this was more evident in the depression group than in the non-depression group.

KCI등재

저자 : 박경애 ( Kyung-ae Park )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 247-266 (20 pages)

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This study examines the sociodemographic and anthropometric data, health-related and dietary habits, and nutrient intakes according to depression levels in men and women aged over 65 years. A total of 2,938 subjects were analyzed from the 2016∼2018 Korean National Health and Examination Survey. Statistical analyses for complex samples were applied using the SPSS software package. Based on the health questionnaire-9, the subjects were applied into two groups. The percentage of depression in women was significantly higher than in men (P<0.001). The factors associated with men's depression were marital status (P<0.05), household income (P<0.001), occupation (P<0.01), and body mass index (P<0.01). Women's depression was found to be significantly associated with household income (P<0.001), education level (P<0.01), basic living allowance (P<0.001), and body weight status (P<0.01). Perceived health status, stress level, quality of life, not feeling very well for the last two weeks, and activity restriction (P<0.001, respectively) were significant health-related habits associated with depression in both sexes. Diabetes (P<0.05) amongst men and hypertriglyceridemia (P<0.01) in women were significant factors associated with depression. Frequency of meals and eating meals together were significant dietary habits associated with depression by sex. Significant associations between improper nutrient intake and depression were also derived for both sexes; 7 nutrients were identified in men and 10 in women. Our results indicate that different factors are associated with depression in the elderly based on sex. Hence, sex-based health promotion programs are required to prevent the onset of depression among the elderly.

KCI등재

저자 : 최설이 ( Seoli Choi ) , 김지은 ( Jieun Kim ) , 공유빈 ( Yubin Kong ) , 박정희 ( Junghee Park ) , 이홍미 ( Hongmie Lee )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 267-280 (14 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the consumption status and perception of soy meat among university students and to compare their sensory evaluations of commercial meatballs and soy meatballs. The subjects were students at a university who were grouped into those majoring in food and nutrition and those not majoring in the subject. The results of the two groups were compared. The main sources through which the students became aware of meat analogs were examined. The food and nutrition major students were about three times more likely to learn about meat analogs through 'education', and those not majoring in the subject were about four times more likely to learn about them from the social media (P<0.01). The most common reason for having tried soy meat was 'curiosity' and that for not eating it was 'no opportunity'. Without significant differences between groups, the most common answer for questions relating to the product that they had eaten was 'Ramen flakes' (30.5%) and the most common answer for the routes for eating the product was in the order of: 'restaurants' (36.6%)>school lunches (24.9%)>large and medium-sized supermarkets (22.8%). The most common answer to the question inviting suggestions on 'improvement points to promote the consumption of soy meat' was 'taste'(19.2%), followed by 'product promotion' and 'reasonable price'. About half of the subjects failed to differentiate the soy meatballs from regular meatballs before the sensory test and 21.3% after that. The difference in the sensory test scores of the two types of meatballs with respect to 'texture' was significantly higher for the major students than for the non-major students (P<0.05). These results could provide basic information that could enable the promotion of soy meat.

KCI등재

저자 : 박정원 ( Jungwon Park ) , 손금희 ( Kumhee Son ) , 우사라 ( Sarah Woo ) , 박경희 ( Kyung Hee Park ) , 임현정 ( Hyunjung Lim )

발행기관 : 대한영양사협회 간행물 : 대한영양사협회 학술지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 281-292 (12 pages)

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The lower elementary school grades are an important period in which eating habits are formed. We examined the relationship between eating habits and school meal intake in the lower grades of an elementary school in Seoul. The eating habits were investigated using the Nutrition Quotient (NQ) for children. The school meal intake rates and preferred menus were obtained by automatically scanning the plate before and after meals using an artificial intelligence food scanner. The average school meal intake rate for the 347 subjects was 68.5±12.2%, and the nutrient intakes through the school meals were 353.5±70.0 kcal of energy, 51.8±10.2 g of carbohydrates, 14.6±3.1 g of proteins, 10.3±2.3 g of fats, 87.0±20.0 mg of calcium, and 1.8±0.4 mg of iron. The preferred menus were rice, grilled food, and dairy products, and non-preferred menus were salad, beverages, and stewed food. The eating habits that showed a positive correlation with the school meal intake rate were 'Diverse side dishes (r=0.332, P<0.001)', 'Vegetable side dishes (r=0.166, P<0.01)', 'Kimchi side dish (r=0.230, P<0.001)' and 'Less TV watching and computer game time (r=0.105, P<0.05)'. The NQ score also showed a positive correlation with the rate of school meal intake (r=0.216, P<0.001). The balance score was positively correlated with fruit (r=0.192, P<0.001), and the diversity score had the highest positive correlation with Kimchi (r=0.362, P<0.001). The regularity score was positively correlated with fried food (r=0.114, P<0.05). In conclusion, it was found that elementary school students in the lower grades had a higher school meal intake rate when their eating habits included eating side dishes evenly, and consuming vegetable side dishes and Kimchi.

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