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Studies in Modern British and American Poetry

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~28권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 406
현대영미시연구
28권2호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 김성현 ( Sunghyun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미시학회 간행물 : 현대영미시연구 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-32 (32 pages)

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The criticism on Official Verse Culture by Charles Bernstein takes on the similar features to the strategies of Cultural jamming which was caused in response to the spectacle of the capitalist society. Bernstein's language poetry takes on a similar feature in its subversive and resistant strategies to Culture jamming which turns out to be critical movement toward the daily life of Capitalist ideology represented by mass culture and consumerism. In the late 1990s, Kalle Lasn, who initiated the Culture Jamming, pronounced that historical context of Culture Jamming resulted from incipient punk rockers, hippie in 1960s, Situationist Internationalist, surrealists, dadaists, and anarchists resisting against capitalist social ideologies. In this vein, it seems possible to infer that Bernstein and the poetics of language poetry must have intellectual affinities with ideologically subversive and resistant aesthetics to capitalism society witnessed in the strategies of Culture jamming. In this respect, realizing that Bernstein's poetics takes on similar features to Debord's socio-cultural concepts, it seems possible to say that language poetry is not just a literary trend, but rather it should be regarded as ideological significance that redefine poetry as part of popular culture.

KCI등재

저자 : 김어진 ( Erjin Kim ) , 장근영 ( Geunyoung Jang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미시학회 간행물 : 현대영미시연구 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-60 (28 pages)

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This paper aims to explore how Seamus Heaney seeks harmony in his divided country through his language-related poems. It is almost inevitable that writers who have experienced colonization face confusion on their own identity. This is because they write in the language of imperialists instead of using their mother tongue. Irish writers have also encountered this phenomenon as other writers whose countries were colonized. So in Ireland, there was a movement, especially in the 19th century, to restore their language, which was thought to reveal Irish nationality. In Ireland, however, the Gaelic conservation policy failed since English was a means of social success.
On the one hand, Heaney also talks about grief at disappearing Gaelic, showing how it was faded away by the colonialists' language, which was English. On the other hand, rather than trying to revive Gaelic for national identity, Heaney propounds a common language that embraces all the people on the island of Ireland. Irish English, a combination of Gaelic vowels and English consonants, allows the Irish to be away from chauvinism that once caused brutal violence in Ireland. Moreover, this language, which transcends race, religion, etc., is a good example of cultural diversity which has been accumulated through their history. This is the harmonious image and embracement that Heaney desires through Irish English.

KCI등재

저자 : 김은성 ( Eunseong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미시학회 간행물 : 현대영미시연구 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-89 (29 pages)

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As other ecological writers, concerned with problems of industrial agriculture and commercialized society, Wendell Berry attempts to shape a new ethic with the way or order of nature. He identifies the problems with failures of human disciplines and moral virtues. Berry believes that the failures result from human abuse of land and then alienation of nature. Solutions for the failures which he provides include new ethic values such as ecological vision and awareness, work ethic, moral disciplines, and penance and atonement.
The order of nature, which Berry refers to as the structure of Creation, is based on interdependence and interplay between things in the natural world. Berry thinks that nature is orderly and mysterious. To be mysterious means that, although the natural world seems disorderly, the order is manifested in a potential process of birth, growth, death, and decay. This notion of order leads Berry to emotions of reverence, awe, fidelity, and commitment.
Berry's agrarianism begins with his respect and reverence for nature and land. For him, farming is an attempt and a ritual to build a corrective relationship between nature and humans. Berry believes that small-scale farming is not only humble and responsible participation in nature and land, and but a ritual for atonement for his ancestors' ecological sin. Most of all, he hopes a community which is both autonomous and organized within moral disciplines.

KCI등재

저자 : 김준환 ( Joon-hwan Kim ) , 이진주 ( Jin-ju Lee ) , 조찬영 ( Chan-young Cho )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미시학회 간행물 : 현대영미시연구 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 91-136 (46 pages)

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This paper aims to demonstrate the authors' investigation into how the poetry of the Harlem Renaissance entered the Korean literary space through smaller publications during the Japanese Occupation Era (1910-1945), and detail the process of creating a digital database through which information about their translation and circulation is made accessible. While during early Occupation the translation of Black American literature in Korea was largely limited to Harriet Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin in the 1910s and the work of Booker T. Washington in the 1920s, there was a quick increase in the introduction of Harlem Renaissance poets at the onset of the 1930s which met its peak in 1935, only to rapidly decline once again during the wartime period (1937-1945). Another surge in the circulation of Black American literature would occur in 1949, following the post-liberation U. S. Army Military Government era (1945-1948). The authors' research spans the breadth of extant historical documentation pertaining to this activity during the Occupation era in order to fully grasp the historical and literary significance of this outreach across literatures during an important time in Korean history. With reference to ongoing projects such as Brown University's Modernist Journal Project and the Chicago Text Lab as well as the ongoing discourse pertaining to the study of literary magazines in English literature, the authors compiled all relevant data concerning the circulation of Harlem Renaissance poetry in Korea, which was then digitized and processed using the Markdown processor Obsidian in order to create an organic yet simple visualized database of interactions between original texts, translated texts, poets, translators, and publications.

KCI등재

저자 : 김희성 ( Hee Sung Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미시학회 간행물 : 현대영미시연구 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 137-174 (38 pages)

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This article examines how T. S. Eliot presents a critical perspective on individualism and colonization, which paradoxically reveals the necessity of a cultural community. Eliot criticizes the loss of the local and cultural community. Eliot refutes free-floating characters since they imply the loss of local homogeneity. Specifically, Jews are represented as liberal individualists and cosmopolinatists who aren't rooted in homogeneous and concrete culture. In contrast, they disintegrate the particular and homogeneous culture of the community which is connected to the chaos of identity. In addition, Eliot criticizes the breakdown of regional boundaries due to colonization and wars. Colonization and wars dissolve the tradition of a community based on the geographical particularity, which decimates the whole pattern of communal life and experience passed through generations. Eliot resists individualism and colonization that tend to destroy a cultural community and cause personal identity crisis.

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