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한국미생물생명공학회> 한국미생물·생명공학회지

한국미생물·생명공학회지 update

Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters

  • : 한국미생물생명공학회
  • : 자연과학분야  >  생물
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-642x
  • : 2234-7305
  • : 산업미생물학회지(~2001)→한국미생물·생명공학회지(2002~)

수록정보
수록범위 : 30권1호(2002)~50권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 1,235
한국미생물·생명공학회지
50권2호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : 강수경 ( Sookyung Kang ) , 조경숙 ( Kyung-suk Cho )

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 165-192 (28 pages)

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본 논문에서는 실외 대기 환경의 바이오에어로졸 혹은 입 자상물질의 미생물 메타게놈 특성과 이에 영향을 미치는 기후 및 환경 인자의 영향을 고찰하였다. 시료 채취 지역 및 환경 조건 특성별 대기 중 세균과 곰팡이 농도를 요약 하고, 에어로졸과 PM 시료의 세균과 곰팡이의 메타게놈 특성을 조사하기 위한 비배양법 기반 분석방법과 메타게놈 특성을 정리하였다. 또한, 세균과 곰팡이의 메타게놈 특성과 다양성 및 특성에 미치는 기상 인자와 환경 인자의 영향을 고찰하였다. 대기 중 미생물의 생존, 생장과 분산은 지역 기상 조건 및 대기 오염 물질에 의해 크게 영향을 받았다. 일반적으로 기온이 상승함에 따라 AM 농도는 증가하지만, 여름에는 고온과 강한 자외선의 영향으로 AM 농도가 감소하였다. 습도 와 미생물 농도는 양의 상관성을 보이나, 습도가 너무 높으 면 AM의 분산이 지연되었다. 이러한 종합적인 고찰 결과는 대기권에서 미생물의 역할과 기능을 이해하고, 이들 미생물


The microbial metagenome characteristics of bioaerosols and particulate matter (PM) in the outdoor atmospheric environment and the effects of climate and environmental factors on the metagenome were analyzed. The concentrations of bacteria and fungi in bioaerosols and PM were determined by sampling different regions with different environmental properties. A variety of culture-independent methods were used to analyze the microbial metagenome in aerosols and PM samples. In addition, the effects of meteorological and environmental factors on the diversity and metagenomes of bacteria and fungi were investigated. The survival, growth, and dispersal of the microorganisms in the atmosphere were markedly affected by local weather conditions and the air pollutant concentration. The concentration of airborne microorganisms increased as the temperature increased, but their concentration decreased in summer, due to the effects of high temperatures and strong ultraviolet rays. Humidity and microbial concentration were positively correlated, but when the humidity was too high, the dispersion of airborne microorganisms was inhibited. These comprehensive data on the microbial metagenome in bioaerosols and PM may be used to understand the roles and functions of microorganisms in the atmosphere, and to develop strategies and abatement techniques to address the environmental and public health problems caused by these microorganisms.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Sompong Tabunhan , Parunkul Tungsukruthai

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 193-201 (9 pages)

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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) are major causes of hospital- and community-acquired infections. The treatment of biofilm-related infections caused by these bacteria is a global healthcare challenge. Therefore, the development of alternative therapeutics is required. An essential oil extracted from Curcuma zedoaria (CZ) Rosc, also known as white turmeric, has been reported to possess various antimicrobial activities. In the present study, we evaluated the antibiofilm activities of an ethanolic extract of the CZ rhizome against MRSA and MSSA. The results showed that the CZ extract with the highest sub-minimum inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC), 1/2 MIC (0.312 mg/ml), significantly inhibited biofilm production by up to 80-90% in both tested strains. Subsequently, we evaluated the ability of the CZ extract to prevent cell-surface attachment to a 96-well plate and extracellular DNA (eDNA) release from the biofilm. The CZ extract demonstrated an inhibitory effect on bacterial attachment and eDNA release from the biofilm biomass. The CZ extract may inhibit biofilm formation by preventing eDNA release and cell-surface attachment. Therefore, this CZ extract is a potential candidate for the development of alternative treatments for biofilm-associated MRSA and MSSA infections.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Rujikan Nasanit , Sopin Jaibangyang , Tikamporn Onwibunsiri , Pannida Khunnamwong

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 202-210 (9 pages)

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Aflatoxin contamination in rice has been documented in a number of studies, and has a high incidence in Asian countries, and as such, there has been a growing interest in alternative biocontrol strategies to address this issue. In this study, 147 strains of yeasts and yeast-like fungi were screened for their potential to produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) active against Aspergillus flavus strains that produce aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Five strains within four different genera showed greater than 50% growth inhibition of some strains of A. flavus. These were Anthracocystis sp. DMKU-PAL124, Aureobasidium sp. DMKU-PAL120, Aureobasidium sp. DMKU-PAL144, Rhodotorula sp. DMKU-PAL99, and Solicococcus keelungensis DMKUPAL84. VOCs produced by these microorganisms ranged from 4 to 14 compounds and included alcohols, alkenes, aromatics, esters and furans. The major VOCs produced by the closely related Aureobasidium strains were found to bedistinct. Moreover, 2-phenylethanol was the most abundant compound generated by Aureobasidium sp. DMKU-PAL120, while methyl benzeneacetate was the major compound emitted from Aureobasidium sp. DMKU-PAL144. On the other hand, 2-methyl-1-butanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol were significant compounds produced by the other three genera. These antagonists apparently inhibited A. flavus sporulation and mycelial development. Additionally, the reduction of the AFB1 in the fungal-contaminated rice grains was observed after co-incubation with these VOC-producing strains and ranged from 37.7 ± 8.3% to 60.3 ± 3.4%. Our findings suggest that these same microorganisms are promising biological control agents for use against aflatoxin-producing fungi in rice and other agricultural products.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : 손현빈 ( Hyeon-bin Son ) , 배원빈 ( Won-bin Bae ) , 지광환 ( Kwang-hwan Jhee )

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 211-217 (7 pages)

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차아염소산나트륨(NaClO)은 병원 및 식품산업 분야에서 널리 사용되는 소독제로 세균, 곰팡이, 바이러스에 대해서도 항균 활성이 있다. 차아염소산나트륨의 항균 활성은 용액의 pH에 의해 조절되는 안정적인 HClO 농도의 유지에 있다. 차아염소산(HClO)은 화학적으로 중성이므로 세균의 막에 쉽게 침투할 수 있으며 차아염소산나트륨의 항균 활성은 차아염소산염 이온(ClO-)보다는 용액 내 HClO 농도에 의존하리라 사료된다.
본 연구에서 pH 조절에 따른 차아염소산나트륨의 항균 활성을 time kill test와 차아염소산나트륨 처리 전후의 활성 산소종(ROS) 및 ATP 농도 변화로 조사하였다. 또한 전계방출형 주사 전자 현미경(FE-SEM)을 통하여 세포벽의 파괴 정도를 확인하였다. pH 5 조건에서 5 ppm 차아염소산나트륨은 Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) 균에 대하여 99.9%의 항균 활성을 나타내었고, ROS 생성량은 pH 7 조건보다 48% 증가하였다. 또한, pH 5 조건의 차아염소산나트륨에 노출된 E. coli와 S. aureus의 ATP 농도가 각각 94%와 91% 감소하였다. FE-SEM 결과, pH 5 조건에 노출된 균의 세포벽이 파괴된 것을 확인하였다. 본 연구결과를 종합해보면, pH를 조절하는 것 만으로 5 ppm 농도의 차아염소산나트륨의 항균 활성을 향상시킬 수 있음을 시사한다.


Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) is a disinfectant widely used in hospitals and food industries because of its antimicrobial activity against not only bacteria but also fungi and virus. The antibacterial activity of NaClO lies in the maintenance of a stable hypochlorous acid (HClO) concentration, which is regulated by pH of the solution. HClO can easily penetrate bacterial cell membrane due to its chemical neutrality and the antibacterial activity of NaClO is thought to depend on the concentration of HClO in solution rather than hypochlorite ions (ClO-). In this study, we investigated the antibacterial activity of NaClO according to pH adjustment by means of time kill test and assays of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration changes before and after NaClO treatment. We also investigated that the degree of cell wall destruction through field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) exposed to 5 ppm NaClO at pH 5 exhibited 99.9% mortality. ROS production at pH 5 was 48% higher than that produced at pH 7. In addition, the ATP concentration in E. coli and S. aureus exposed to pH 5 decreased by 94% and 91%, respectively. As a result of FE-SEM, it was confirmed that the cell wall was destroyed in the bacteria by exposing to pH 5 NaClO. Taken together, our results indicate that the antibacterial activity of 5 ppm NaClO can be improved simply by adjusting the pH.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Keumok Moon , Hyun Su Park , Areum Lee , Jugyeong Min , Yunjung Park , Jaeho Cha

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 218-227 (10 pages)

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Glycosylation of aesculetin was performed using amylosucrase from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis DSM 11300 to improve the solubility and biological activity of aesculetin. A newly synthesized aesculetin glycoside was identified as α-cichoriin (aesculetin 7-α-D-glucoside) by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. The solubility of α-cichoriin was 11 times higher than that of aesculetin because of the attached glucose moiety. Aesculetin and α-cichoriin had no significant effect on the proliferation of normal cells, such as RAW 264.7, but they showed a cell proliferation inhibitory effect on B16F10 melanoma cells. Unlike treatment with aesculetin and α-cichoriin, aesculin (aesculetin 6-β-D-glucoside) showed no antiproliferative activity in B16F10 cells. Based on the molecular structures of aesculin and α-cichoriin, the position where glucose binds to aesculetin and the anomeric configuration between glucose and aesculetin are thought to be important for exerting an antiproliferative effect on the B16F10 cell line. Based on these results, we propose that α-cichoriin, the α-glycosylated form of aesculetin, may serve as a model for developing phytochemical analogs with therapeutic potential for the treatment of diseases associated with tumor cell proliferation without cytotoxicity to normal cells.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Kyoung-dong Lee , Hyeon-jin Sun , Mina Lee , Jiyeon Chun , Tai-sun Shin , Kap Seong Choi , Sun-yup Shim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 228-234 (7 pages)

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Helianthus tuberosus is perennial plant as Compositae family and is shown various physiological activities such as analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-spasmodic, aperient, cholagogue, diuretic, spermatogenic, stomachic, and tonic effects. In this study, we investigated the antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory effects of pancake mixture powder (PM) supplemented with H. tuberosus (PMH) in rat skeletal muscle L6 cells and murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, respectively. PM and PMH inhibited in vitro α-glucosidase activity. Glucose consumption was increased by PM and PMH without cytotoxicity in rat myoblast L6 cells. Western blot analysis revealed that PM and PMH down-regulated glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β activation in L6 cells. PM and PMH inhibited inflammatory mediator, nitric oxide (NO) production without cytotoxicity in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. The anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects of PMH was more stronger than those of PM. Anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects of PMH would be due to functional characteristics of the supplemented H. tuberosus and the presence of garlic and onion used as ingredients of PM. Taken together, our results that addition of functional materials such as H. tuberosus in product has synergic effects and PMH is potential candidate for treatment of diabetes through inhibiting inflammation.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Hak Jun Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 235-239 (5 pages)

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Psychrophiles have evolved to produce cold-adapted enzymes to enable survival in low-temperature environments. In this study, the cold adaptation of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (CpsEPSPS) from Colwellia psychrerythraea, a model psychrophile, was analyzed. The optimum temperature for the activity of CpsEPSPS was found to be 25℃, with 35% activity remaining at 5℃. However, the unfolding temperature of CpsEPSPS was 54℃. This phenomenon is frequently observed in cold-active enzymes. As is the cases for most cold-active enzymes, the Km values of CpsEPSPS for its substrates were higher than those of Escherichia coli EPSPS. These results indicate that CpsEPSPS is cold-adapted, but not perfectly.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Ho-dong Lim , So-young Han , Gi-hye Park , Dae-eun Cheong , Geun-joong Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 240-244 (5 pages)

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Precisely reliable and quantitative reporters can provide phenotypes that are consistent with research goals in protein expression. Here, we developed an improved reporter mATglu III 5 by directed evolution using a versatile β-glucosidase ATglu derived from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. When expressed in hosts, a vector containing this mutant distinctly showed a colored or fluorescent phenotype, according to the supplemented substrate, without any inducer. Analysis of mATglu III 5 showed it to be fully functional in fusion state with oligomeric proteins, especially under non-induction conditions, thereby offering an alternative to conventional reporters.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Hira Ikram , Hamid Ali Khan , Hina Ali , Yanhui Liu , Jawairia Kiran , Amin Ullah , Yaseen Ahmad , Sadia Sardar , Alia Gul

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 245-254 (10 pages)

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Cellulases are a group of biocatalyst enzymes that are capable of degrading cellulosic biomass present in the natural environment and produced by a large number of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi, etc. In the current study, we isolated, screened and characterized cellulase-producing bacteria from soil. Three cellulose-degrading species were isolated based on clear zone using Congo red stain on carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) agar plates. These bacterial isolates, named as HB2, HS5 and HS9, were subsequently characterized by morphological and biochemical tests as well as 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Based on 16S rRNA analysis, the bacterial isolates were identified as Bacillus cerus, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus stratosphericus. Moreover, for maximum cellulase production, different growth parameters were optimized. Maximum optical density for growth was also noted at pH 7.0 for 48 h for all three isolates. Optical density was high for all three isolates using meat extract as a nitrogen source for 48 h. The pH profile of all three strains was quite similar but the maximum enzyme activity was observed at pH 7.0. Maximum cellulase production by all three bacterial isolates was noted when using lactose as a carbon rather than nitrogen and peptone. Further studies are needed for identification of new isolates in this region having maximum cellulolytic activity. Our findings indicate that this enzyme has various potential industrial applications.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Mohamed E. Osman , Amany A. Abo El-nasr , Hagar M Hussein , Moaz M Hamed

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : 한국미생물·생명공학회지 50권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 255-269 (15 pages)

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Actinomycetes isolated from marine habitats represent a promising source of bioactive substances. Here, we report on the isolation, identification, productivity enhancement and application of the bioactive compounds of Streptomyces qinglanensis H4. Eighteen marine actinomycetes were isolated and tested for resistance to seven bacterial diseases. Using 16S rRNA sequencing analysis (GenBank accession number MW563772), the most powerful isolate was identified as S. qinglanensis. Although the strain produced active compound(s) against a number of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, it failed to inhibit pathogenic fungi. The obtained inhibition zones were 22.0 ± 1.5, 20.0 ± 1, 16.0 ± 1, 12.0 ± 1, 22.0 ± 1 and 24.0 ± 1 mm against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Escherichia coli ATCC 19404, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, Candida albicans ATCC 10231 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC6538, respectively. To maximize bioactive compound synthesis, the Plackett-Burman design was used. The productivity increased up to 0.93-fold, when S. qinglanensis was grown in optimized medium composed of: (g/l) starch 30; KNO3 0.5; K2HPO4 0.25; MgSO4 0.25; FeSO4·7H2O, 0.01; sea water concentration (%) 100; pH 8.0, and an incubation period of 9 days. Moreover, the anticancer activity of S. qinglanensis was tested against two different cell lines: HepG2 and CACO. The inhibition activities were 42.96 and 57.14%, respectively. Our findings suggest that the marine S. qinglanensis strain, which grows well on tailored medium, might be a source of bioactive substances for healthcare companies.

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