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대한내과학회> The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine

The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine update

  • : 대한내과학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  내과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
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  • : 1226-3303
  • : 2005-6648
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1986)~37권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 2,654
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
37권1호(2022년 01월) 수록논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Aerosolized antibiotics in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia/ventilator-associated pneumonia

저자 : Yun Jung Jung , Eun Jin Kim , Young Hwa Choi

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-12 (12 pages)

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Aerosolized antibiotics are being increasingly used to treat respiratory infections, especially those caused by drug-resistant pathogens. Their use in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients is especially significant. They are also used as an efficient alternative to overcome the issues caused by systemic administration of antibiotics, including the occurrence of drug-resistant strains, drug toxicity, and insufficient drug concentration at the target site. However, the rationale for the use of aerosolized antibiotics is limited owing to their insufficient efficacy and the potential for underestimated risks of developing side effects. Despite the lack of availability of high-quality evidence, the use of aerosolized antibiotics is considered as an attractive alternative treatment approach, especially in patients with multidrug-resistant pathogens. In this review, we have discussed the effectiveness and side effects of aerosolized antibiotics as well as the latest advancements in this field and usage in the Republic of Korea.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Metformin and its therapeutic applications in autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic disease

저자 : Ji-won Kim , Jung-yoon Choe , Sung-hwan Park

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 13-26 (14 pages)

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Metformin is a first-line therapeutic agent for type 2 diabetes. Apart from its glucose-lowering effect, metformin is attracting interest regarding possible therapeutic benefits in various other conditions. As metformin regulates cell metabolism, proliferation, growth, and autophagy, it may also modulate immune cell functions. Given that metformin acts on multiple intracellular signaling pathways, including adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation, and that AMPK and its downstream intracellular signaling control the activation and differentiation of T and B cells and inflammatory responses, metformin may exert immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. The efficacy of metformin has been investigated in preclinical and clinical studies on rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, scleroderma, ankylosing spondylitis, and gout. In this review, we discuss the potential mechanisms through which metformin exerts its therapeutic effects in these diseases, focusing particularly on rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Current status of the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis by ultrasonographic elastography

저자 : Kazunori Nakaoka , Senju Hashimoto , Ryoji Miyahara , Hiroki Kawashima , Eizaburo Ohno , Takuya Ishikawa , Takamichi Kuwahara , Hiroyuki Tanaka , Yoshiki Hirooka

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-36 (10 pages)

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Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is pathologically characterized by the loss of exocrine pancreatic parenchyma, irregular fibrosis, cellular infiltration, and ductal abnormalities. Diagnosing CP objectively is difficult because standard diagnostic criteria are insufficient. The change of parenchymal hardness is the key factor for the diagnosis and understanding of the severity of CP. The ultrasonography (US) or endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) elastography have been used to diagnose pancreatic diseases. Both strain elastography (SE) and shear wave elastography are specific diagnostic techniques for measuring tissue hardness. Most previous studies were conducted with SE. There are three methods of interpreting SE; the method of recognizing the patterns in SE distribution images in the region of interest, the method of using strain ratio to compare the hardness of adipose tissue or connective tissue with that of the lesion, and the method of evaluating the hardness distribution of a target by histogram analysis. These former two methods have been used primarily for neoplastic diseases, and histograms analysis has been used to assess hardness distribution in the evaluation of CP. Since the hardness of the pancreas increases with aging, it is necessary to consider the age in the diagnosis of pancreatic disorders using US or EUS elastography.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Is there sufficient evidence to justify changes in dietary habits in heart failure patients? A systematic review

저자 : Alejandra García-garcía , Luis A. Alvarez-sala-walther , Hae-young Lee , Cristina Sierra , Domingo Pascual-figal , Miguel Camafort

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 37-47 (11 pages)

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The incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) is increasing worldwide, leading to high morbidity and mortality. The global management of HF involves lifestyle changes in addition to pharmacological treatments. Changes include exercise and dietary recommendations, mainly salt and fluid restriction, but without any clear evidence. We conducted a systematic review to analyse the degree of evidence for these dietary recommendations in HF. Only randomized controlled trials (RCT), and observational studies in humans were selected. Studies were considered eligible if they included participants with HF and sodium and/or fluid restriction. Publications in languages other than English or Spanish were excluded. We included 15 studies related to sodium or fluid restriction. Nine RCT and six observational studies showed some improvements in symptoms and quality of life and a degree of reduction in new hospitalizations, but the results are based on limited population groups, applying different methodologies, and with different restriction goals. We found a lack of clear evidence of the benefits of sodium/fluid restriction in chronic HF. The evidence is limited to few studies with conflicting results. Randomized clinical trials are needed to fill this gap in our knowledge.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Challenges to be addressed in management of patients with sinusoidal obstruction syndrome after hematopoietic cell transplantation

저자 : Seong Kyu Park , Young Sok Ji , Se Hyung Kim

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 48-50 (3 pages)

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KCI등재 SCOPUS

6Efficacy of hydroxychloroquine for knee osteoarthritis

저자 : Young Ho Lee

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-52 (2 pages)

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KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Anti-fibrotic effects of branched-chain amino acids on hepatic stellate cells

저자 : Hae Lim Lee , Jungmin Lee , Jung Hoon Cha , Sungwoo Cho , Pil Soo Sung , Wonhee Hur , Seung Kew Yoon , Si Hyun Bae

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-62 (10 pages)

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Background/Aims: Patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) have low levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs). There is accumulating evidence that BCAAs have anti-fibrotic effects in cirrhosis. This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of BCAAs on the function and phenotype of activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs).
Methods: LX-2, an immortalized human stellate cell line, was used in in vitro experiments. LX-2 cells were exposed to transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and BCAAs or to valine, leucine, and isoleucine, which are components of BCAAs. Activation of the TGF-β signaling pathway in LX-2 cells was observed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting.
Results: The increased expression of snail family transcriptional repressor 1 (SNAI1) was observed in LX-2 cells activated by TGF-β1. After BCAA treatment, its expression was significantly decreased at the mRNA level. The increased expression of Col1α1 and TIMP2 at the mRNA level and alpha smooth muscle actin at the protein level in activated LX-2 cells decreased after BCAA treatment. Among the BCAA components, leucine and valine significantly abrogated TGF-β-induced activation of LX-2 cells. BCAA treatment led to the decreased phosphorylation of Smad2 and p38 proteins, which are markers for Smad and Smad-independent p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways, respectively.
Conclusions: BCAA treatment can improve hepatic fibrosis by directly affecting the activated state of hepatic stellate cells through inhibition of the TGF-β signaling pathway. Among BCAA components, leucine and valine mainly abrogated TGF-β- induced activation of HSCs. Our results suggest that BCAA may be used to attenuate the progression of liver fibrosis.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Current trends in the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms in Korea: a national survey

저자 : Hyung Ku Chon , Sung Hoon Moon , Sang Wook Park , Woo Hyun Paik , Chang Nyol Paik , Byoung Kwan Son , Tae Jun Song , Dong Won Ahn , Eaum Seok Lee , Yun Nah Lee , Yoon Suk Lee , Jae Min Lee , Tae Joo Jeon

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 63-76 (14 pages)

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Background/Aims: The study aimed to investigate the current practice patterns in the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms in Korea.
Methods: An electronic survey was systematically distributed by email to members of the Korean Pancreatobiliary Association from December 2019 to February 2020.
Results: In total, 115 (110 gastroenterologists, five surgeons) completed the survey, 72.2% of whom worked in a tertiary/ academic medical center. Most (65.2%) followed the 2012/2017 International Association of Pancreatology guidelines for the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms. A gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was the most common first-line diagnostic modality (42.1%), but a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan was preferred as a subsequent surveillance tool (58.3%). Seventy-four percent of respondents routinely performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration for pancreatic cystic neoplasms with suspicious mural nodules. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (94.8%) and cystic fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (95.7%) were used for cystic fluid analysis. Most (94%) typically recommended surgery in patients with high-risk stigmata, but 18.3% also considered proceeding with surgery in patients with worrisome features. Most (96.5%) would continue surveillance of pancreatic cystic neoplasms for more than 5 years.
Conclusions: According to this survey, there was variability in the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms among the respondents. These results suggest that the development of evidence-based guidelines for pancreatic cystic neoplasms that fit the Korean practice is needed to create an optimal approach to the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9Seroprevalence of viral infectious diseases and associated factors in Korean patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

저자 : Hee Seung Hong , Jiwon Jung , Sang Hyoung Park , Hwa Jung Kim , Sung Wook Hwang , Dong-hoon Yang , Jeong-sik Byeon , Seung-jae Myung , Suk-kyun Yang , Byong Duk Ye

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 73-87 (15 pages)

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Background/Aims: Data on the immunoprotective status against measles, mumps, rubella, varicella zoster virus (VZV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are still lacking. Therefore, we investigated the seropositivity rates for viral infectious diseases and the associated factors in Korean patients with IBD.
Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, serum immunoglobulin G antibody positivity rates against measles virus, mumps virus, rubella virus, VZV, HAV, and EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) were measured in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (UC) who first visited the IBD clinic. Seropositivity rates and their associated factors were analyzed.
Results: Between January 2016 and December 2018, 263 patients were enrolled (male, 167 [67.3%]; UC, 134 [50.9%]). The median age at serological test was 30 years (interquartile range, 22 to 46). The seropositivity rates were 84.0%, 85.2%, 66.5%, 87.4%, 50.0%, and 93.7% for measles, mumps, rubella, VZV, HAV, and EBV, respectively. Younger age at serological test was associated with seronegative status for measles (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88 to 0.96), VZV (aOR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.93), and HAV (aOR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.91 to 0.95). Furthermore, IBD type-UC was associated with seronegative status against VZV (aOR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.11 to 0.99).
Conclusions: Seropositivity rates for common viral infectious diseases in Korean patients with IBD were similar to those of the general population. In the younger age group, protective immunity against measles, VZV, and HAV is required, with proper vaccination, as necessary.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10Extracellular vesicles derived from small intestinal lamina propria reduce antigen-specific immune response

저자 : Tae-seop Shin , Jae Yong Park , Yoon-keun Kim , Jae Gyu Kim

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 37권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 85-97 (13 pages)

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Background/Aims: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted from various types of cells and have specific functions related to their origin. EVs are observed in the small intestinal lamina propria (lpEVs), but their function remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of lpEVs.
Methods: LpEVs were isolated from antigen (ovalbumin [OVA])-fed mice (lpEVs/OVA), and administrated to the naïve mice for 5 days before induction of lung inflammation. Afterwards, the mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA to evaluate the role of lpEVs/OVA in the regulation of immune tolerance.
Results: The isolated lpEVs/OVA were sphere-shaped, bi-layered vesicles of approximately 50 to 100 nm in size. The vesicles expressed CD81, A33 antigen, and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II on the surface. When administrated to naïve mice, the lpEVs/OVA migrated to the spleen. Intraperitoneal lpEVs/OVA administration to naïve mice decreased the immune response against sensitized antigen in a CD4+FoxP3+T cell-dependent manner.
Conclusions: EVs are actively secreted from small intestinal epithelial cells to deliver information about orally administered antigens to immune cells, which will facilitate the modulation of the immune response by acting as an intercellular communicasome.

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