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Korean Semantics

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수록범위 : 1권0호(1997)~78권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 801
한국어 의미학
78권0호(2022년 12월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 리이 ( Li Yi )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-27 (27 pages)

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This paper aims to reveal aspects of semantic change in clipped loanwords in terms of the semantic broadening, narrowing and shift. Although loanwords in the new words participate in the word formation process as they are in the original language, it is found more often in its clipped form, when combined with other elements to form a new word. In the research on clipped words so far, there have been few studies on changes in the meaning of clipped words. A clipped word is characterized in that its meaning is not significantly different from the original word. However, among the clipped loanwords, there are not a few examples that in the process of undergoing a change in meaning. The semantic broadening and shift is more popular than narrowing in clipped borrowing words. The semantic broadening type is divided into two subtypes. The one is that generated by the scope of the object to be pointed becomes diversified such as '케미'. The other is that generalization of the scope of meaning such as '밍아웃', '드립', '디스'. The semantic narrowing is a type that specializes in semantic scope such as '팅'. And for the semantic shift, examples in which the meaning was changed by metaphor such as '테크', '인싸', '스펙', '피셜'.

KCI등재

저자 : 장수진 ( Jang Soo-jin )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 29-57 (29 pages)

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The directive speech act is a speech act that instructs and requires a listener to act and can have a great influence on the formation of human relationships. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore and compare the directive speech act pattern that appears between Korean textbooks and Korean native speakers for the development of Korean learners' correct communication skills. This study newly defined the concept and category of directive behavior in the 'psychological authority of the speaker', and based on this, directive behavior that appeared in three kinds of Korean textbooks was extracted. In addition, a Description Completion Test (DCT) was designed to ask Korean native speakers to write what kind of ending they would actually use to speak in the context of the command shown in the textbook. As a result, it was found that various expressions were technically used in Korean textbooks, but depending on the situation and variables of various psychological authority, actual Korean native speakers preferred to use basic commands and indirectly performed command expressions. Based on these results, if the direction of the textbook moves toward approaching sentence functions with various communication situations and socio-cultural variables as a starting point, more efficient learners' communication skills will be improved.

KCI등재

저자 : 이지용 ( Lee Jiyong )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-88 (30 pages)

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This study attempted to examine how items classified as idioms in Korean are translated through machine translation based on artificial neural networks. in the standard Korean dictionary The results of 14 items presented as idioms translated into English through Google Translator, Kakao Translator, and Papago Translator were compared focusing on the equivalence of the semantic and morphological aspects. This study looked at how the corresponding items were realized in the translation of the title words and examples, and whether the result of the title control translation was applied to the example translation, that is, the result of the title control translation and the result of the example translation were consistent in the same translator. In order to confirm the accuracy of the results translated into English, a BLEU evaluation was conducted to compare them with back translation and human-performed translation. Based on the results of this analysis, the results derived according to the translator were compared, and the types were classified based on form and semantic relevance. The significance of this study can be found in that it suggested the direction of the parts and utilization measures that machine translation should supplement to contribute to improving the quality of the translator through various aspects of the translation results.

KCI등재

저자 : 박미은 ( Park Mi-eun )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 89-117 (29 pages)

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In this study, the agent and the beneficiary are the same auxiliary verb 'Ju-' in which the agent and beneficiary are same were examined. In this case, when the speaker describes his or her actions, the agernt and the beneficiary are referred to as speaker. When the same context is understood as an instructive act, both agent and the beneficiary are the addressee. This is due to the register of vlog and context of its use. The vlogger's utterance is understood as both a description and instruction, because the vlog is communicative even though the usage is disconnected, In this context, 'jupnida' tend to be fixed in the form 'ju-' and does not combined tense elements. By introducing the syntactically redundant beneficiary argument, the objectivity of the utterance is secured the speaker's actions are expressed to be beneficial. Also, politely express the directivity of instructive speech.

KCI등재

저자 : 최경봉 ( Choi Kyeong-bong )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 119-143 (25 pages)

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In this paper, the relationship between lexical meaning research and lexical meaning education was explained by examining the content and methodology of lexical semantics reflected in language education. To this end, this paper developed discussions in two directions. First, the awareness about issues in lexical semantics and lexical meaning education was pointed out. This was done by reviewing 'the content and methodological characteristics of lexical semantics' and 'the achievement standards of Korean language education'. Second, we looked at how the awareness about issues in lexical semantics and lexical meaning education is connected, and how the content and methodology of lexical semantics are applied to lexical meaning education. Based on these discussions, this paper made some suggestions on the description of the lexical semantics area on the premise of compiling an introductory book on semantics that can be used as a reference grammar in lexical meaning education.

KCI등재

저자 : 최윤지 ( Choi Yoonji )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 145-171 (27 pages)

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This paper critically reviews the descriptions of presupposition found in the previous semantic-pragmatic textbooks and makes some suggestions for improvement. Based on the analysis of several textbooks selected, the notions of presupposition and presupposition triggers, especially the embedded clauses, dealt with in those books were examined and their problems were discussed. While the notions of presupposition are largely divided into a semantic presupposition and a pragmatic presupposition, depending on the textbooks, some of them focused on the former exclusively, and even if both were dealt with, the notions were somewhat different according to the books. Based on the relevance to linguistic expressions, we proposed to exclude the type of presupposition related to the appropriate conditions for speech act and to expand the contents related to the common ground of the speaker and the hearer, among various notions of pragmatic presupposition. In terms of the presupposition triggers, it was claimed to be important to consider the different forms of the complement clause chosen by the predicate, and it was shown to be dangerous to generalize that the embedded clause itself, such as an adnominal or adverbial clause, provokes a presupposition, but rather the properties of the entire sentence are claimed to be considered together.

KCI등재

저자 : 박철우 ( Park Chulwoo )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 173-200 (28 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to understand the nature of sentence meaning and to devise a plan to apply the study of sentence meaning to linguistic education. For this purpose, we first reaffirm the simple truth that the meaning of a sentence is the state of affairs to which the sentence refers, to the question of what the meaning of a sentence should be.
Then, as a methodology to study the meaning of Korean sentences, we present some explanation about the principle of compositionality and examples about how the principle of compositionality should be applied to the analysis of the meaning of Korean sentences. Although, in the meaning of sentences, there are parts to which the principle of compositionality can be applied, however, there are parts to which it is not. Therefore, we need to understand not only the generative aspects of sentence meaning, but also the context-dependent aspects.
Although these examples are often presented as counterexamples to the principle of compositionality, they are not counterexamples but examples that complement the principle of compositionality. In this study, three cases were presented. They are contextual dependency in the semantic analysis of noun phrases, understanding of unitity of idioms, specific constructions and elliptical constructions in compositional constructions, and distinction from implicatures. Just as a sentence syntactically has generative aspects and conventionally frozen aspects, there are parts in the meaning of a sentence that can be understood by operations, and there are parts that are subject to operations and cannot be analyzed any more. Applying the results of the study in sentential semantics to language education is to understand the cases in which the sentences are used step by step as the language learner progresses from the sentence type that results in the smallest operation to the sentence type that results in more complex operations. It may start with the hypothesis that it would be useful to present tasks and have them practice them so that they can acquire the ability to use sentences. This is because expanding the ability to use language from simple and objective sentences to complex and subjective sentences will surely serve the purpose of communication to communicate thoughts.

KCI등재

저자 : 김성기 ( Kim Seong Gi )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 201-220 (20 pages)

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This study proposes a pragmatic language education of '안', '-지 않다(will not)' for the pragmatic usage of meaning that Korean willful negative expression demonstrates. There is little suggestion regarding the necessary education of distinguishing between the meaning and the pragmatic function of a lingual form, and as a result learners express sentence structures simply into lexical meanings, rarely leading to rich expressiveness or expansion of fluency. This study will summarize what system of meaning the short-form and long-forms of willful negative have, reveal the functions of the neagtive used in context outside the semantic category. Through this study, it is argued that the content of pragmatic education should be presented additionally to negative expression education.

KCI등재

저자 : 김진웅 ( Kim Jinung )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 221-242 (22 pages)

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In this study, the theoretical issues on the interface between semantics and pragmatics that have arisen over the generalized conversational implicatures are identified, and how these theories are applied and influenced in the field of pragmatics of second language education. In the traditional Grice's semantic model, 'what is said' is regarded as the level of semantics and implicature as the level of pragmatics. However, the problem Levinson (2000) calls Grice's circle raises questions about the boundary between semantics and pragmatics. Grice's model explains that 'what is said' is the combination of the sum of the constituent elements of a sentence and the interpretation of the contextual elements. However, as pointed out by Levinson (2000), the process of determining the contextual factor has to include a process of pragmatic reasoning, which is similar to the process of fundamentally determining the implicature. Moreover, there is a lot of evidence that the implicature that has been considered separate from what is said are involved in the interpretation of what is said. There are two representative theories that suggest alternatives to Grice's model. Among them, the Default theory tried to solve the problem of the Grice's model by introducing pragmatic reasoning, that is, implicature, as a default value in the realm of semantics, and by negating the intermediate stage of 'what is said' in the Relevance Theory.
There are various research cases of experimental pragmatics to determine the superiority and inferiority of the two theories, focusing on the interpretation of scalar implicature. In the study of the first language, there are generally many cases that support the claim of the Relevance Theory. Meanwhile, studies suggesting the superiority of the Default Theory are emerging in second language research. However, a careful approach is required because the implicature research centered on the second language is just beginning.

KCI등재

저자 : 차준우 ( Cha Jun Woo ) , 이찬규 ( Lee Chan Kyu )

발행기관 : 한국어의미학회 간행물 : 한국어 의미학 78권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 243-276 (34 pages)

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This study examines the pragmatic information shown in Korean language education for Korean learners and identifies items necessary to describe pragmatic information. To this end, we first examined the aspect of pragmatic information necessary for speech education based on the intermediate textbooks used by five university educational institutions. It was found that pragmatic information in these textbooks was implicitly presented through discourse or illustrations rather than explicitly. To identify grammar items that present pragmatic information, the intermediate grammar items of the selected textbooks were sorted to select grammar items that overlapped with the intermediate grammar items of the International Standard Model for Korean Language Education. Eight grammar items overlapped with the “intermediate grammar items for conversational information technology” suggested by Lee, Jun-ho(2018) and we were thus able to extract and present information for three grammar items: the connecting ending (-느라고), the final Ending (-던 데 2), and one expression (- 는 바람에). Future research should focus on developing structure with grammar items in consideration with pragmatic information.

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