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대한폐경학회지 update

Journal of Menopausal Medicine

  • : 대한폐경학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  산부인과학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 연3회
  • : 2288-6478
  • : 2288-6761
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1995)~28권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 651
대한폐경학회지
28권2호(2022년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : John P. Micha , Mark A. Rettenmaier , Randy D. Bohart , Bram H. Goldstein

발행기관 : 대한폐경학회 간행물 : 대한폐경학회지 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 47-51 (5 pages)

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Several studies have examined the clinical benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). However, because long-term use of HRT has been implicated as a risk factor for the development of breast cancer, some women remain skeptical when considering this therapy to address their vasomotor symptoms. Hence, physicians and nurses should actively engage in constructive discourse with their patients regarding HRT while specifically reviewing the potential risks of its extended use as well as provide the available medical alternatives the patients could potentially use.

KCI등재

저자 : Kushal Gandhi , Nathan Joshua Manales , John Garza , Samuel David , Asley Sanchez , Gary Ventolini

발행기관 : 대한폐경학회 간행물 : 대한폐경학회지 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 52-59 (8 pages)

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Objectives: Female sexual and reproductive health is heavily influenced by the levels and ratios of Lactobacilli species and vaginal cytokines. Menopause marks a profound body change as it shifts to a natural and permanent non-reproductive state. Vulvovaginal diseases encompass a broad variety of sexual health conditions. Furthermore, both menopause and vulvovaginal diseases affect vaginal Lactobacilli and cytokine levels. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the correlation between menopause, vulvovaginal diseases, and vaginal Lactobacilli and cytokine levels.
Methods: Vaginal swab samples were collected as part of a prospective data bank creation to study vaginal conditions as approved by the Institutional Review Board of Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA. This study utilized 38 samples in this database, which were assigned to the pre-menopausal with no vulvovaginal conditions (n = 20) and post-menopausal with vulvovaginal conditions (n = 18) groups. A real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted to determine the relative concentration of Lactobacilli species, while cytokine analysis was performed using multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay immunoassay. The standardized mean difference, multivariate analysis of variance, and permutational unequal variance t test were used for the statistical analysis.
Results: Cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, IL-8, and Lactobacillus iners expression were significantly elevated in the control group compared to the study group (P = 0.03 for the cytokines, P = 0.0194 for Lactobacilli ).
Conclusions: The levels of vaginal cytokine and Lactobacillus profile were significantly different between the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal groups.

KCI등재

저자 : Jesús Lázaro-carrasco De La Fuente , Marcos Cuerva González , Silvia González Rodríguez , Juan Luis Delgado Marín , Carmen Cuevas Castillo , Concepción Nieto Magro

발행기관 : 대한폐경학회 간행물 : 대한폐경학회지 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 60-69 (10 pages)

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Objectives: This study aims to assess the effect of ultralow dose 0.005% estriol vaginal gel in women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM).
Methods: In this prospective and multicenter single-arm study, efficacy was assessed by the evaluation of the epithelial maturation value (MV), vaginal pH, symptoms and signs of vulvovaginal atrophy. Tolerability, acceptability, and the effect on intimate relationships were also evaluated.
Results: We included 35 postmenopausal women with moderate-to-severe vaginal dryness. The most bothering symptom reported was vaginal dryness. The mean increase in the MV after 7 and 14 days of treatment were 22.1 (P < 0.001) and 39.9 (P < 0.001) points, with an increase in the superficial cells of 17.7 percentage points (pp) (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.9-27.4; P < 0.001) and 41.4 pp (95% CI, 28.2-54.6; P < 0.001) observed at the timepoints. Additionally, the pH decreased by 0.6 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) at 7 days (P < 0.0001) and by 1.1 ± 0.8 at 14 days (P < 0.0001) from a baseline mean value of 6.3 ± 0.8. The severity of vaginal dryness (range, 0 [none] to 3 [severe]) was significantly reduced by a mean of 1.4 points (P < 0.0001) at 7 days and 2 points (P < 0.0001) at 14 days.
Conclusions: Ultralow dose 0.005% estriol vaginal gel produced a rapid improvement of most relevant symptoms and signs of GSM. This clinically meaningful response was observed from the initial days of treatment, confirming a fast onset and a progressive action.

KCI등재

저자 : Jae Yoon Jo , Yeon Jee Lee , Hyun Kyoung Seo , Min Ji Kang , In Ae Cho , Won Jun Choi , Seung Chan Kim , Min-chul Cho

발행기관 : 대한폐경학회 간행물 : 대한폐경학회지 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 70-77 (8 pages)

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Objectives: Greenhouse workers synthesize less vitamin D because ultraviolet light is blocked by the vinyl that covers the greenhouses. This study aimed to investigate the vitamin D status and bone health of postmenopausal women working in greenhouses.
Methods: This observational study enrolled women living in urban (n = 70, group 1) and rural areas (n = 91, group 2) and those working in greenhouses (n = 112, group 3). Serum levels of total and bioavailable 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D] and vitamin D binding protein were measured. T-scores of the lumbar spine and femur neck were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptionetry.
Results: Heights were shorter in group 2 and group 3 than in group 1. Bioavailable 25(OH)D levels were higher and T-scores of the spine and femur were lower in both group 2 and 3 than in group 1. T-scores of the femur in group 3 were lower than those in group 2. The linear regression analysis showed that levels of bioavailable 25(OH)D significantly correlated with the spine T-scores but not with the femur T-scores. The prevalence of spinal osteoporosis was higher in both groups 2 and 3 compared to group 1. Group 3 demonstrated greater femur osteoporosis compared to groups 1 and 2.
Conclusions: Vitamin D plays an important role in spinal bone health. Moreover, working conditions are likely to play an important role in femur bone health. Therefore, appropriate working conditions and nutrition are paramount to improve bone health in postmenopausal women working in greenhouses.

KCI등재

저자 : Min Seong Choi , Young Jin Lee , Eun Hyun Lee , Yong Il Ji , Min Jeong Park

발행기관 : 대한폐경학회 간행물 : 대한폐경학회지 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 78-84 (7 pages)

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Objectives: This study aimed to compare histological outcomes between pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women with cervical cytological abnormalities and to investigate the clinical factors affecting the misinterpretation of cytology and histology.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 599 patients with abnormal cervical cytology who underwent loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) between January 2010 and May 2019. Baseline characteristics were collected, including age, height, weight, body mass index, gravity, parity, and menopausal status. In total, 477 pre-menopausal women and 122 post-menopausal women were recruited.
Results: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions were cytologically observed in 73.4% (135/184) of the pre-menopausal women, which were high-grade lesions confirmed by LEEP. In postmenopausal patients with cytology results that cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASC-H) or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), 27.0% (24/89) were confirmed to have histologically low-grade lesions. High-risk HPV (hrHPV) prevalence in abnormal cervical smears was 92.2%. Moreover, other hrHPVs had a higher risk of unexpected histological outcomes unrelated to cytologic results.
Conclusions: Menopausal status and HPV infection are associated with misinterpretation of cervical cytology and histology. Therefore, the menopausal status of patients should be considered for the management of cervical cytology, and primary co-testing is recommended to identify women at risk of cervical abnormalities.

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