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Bilingual Research

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1983)~85권0호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 1,204
이중언어학
85권0호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1현대몽골어와 한국어 양 언어 학습자를 위한 명령문 대조 연구

저자 : 김기성 ( Kim Kisung )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-28 (28 pages)

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In modern Mongolian, the imperative mood is conveyed through what are sometimes called imperative optative terminating suffixes which are formed by connecting various types of personal terminating suffixes to the predicate verb. In Korean, in contrast, the imperative mood is formed by connecting several different types of imperative terminating suffixes to predicate verbs, and each is determined according to the Korean hearer honorific system. Both languages thus employ similar methods in the imperative mood by using terminating suffixes at the end of predicate verbs. Commands and strongly directive imperative sentences normally use second person endings of “ø,” “-аарай⁴,” “-аач⁴,” and “-гтун².” The personal terminating suffix of a Mongolian imperative mood indicates the person first, second, or third through its personal terminating suffixes, thus expressing very clearly which person is to receive the command. This differs from the Korean in that a Korean imperative terminating suffix itself reveals a variety of possible social distances based on the Korean system of honorifics. Korean commonly omits the subject of the command, which is the second person listener, while Mongolian will more often mention the subject's title. Korean imperatives can therefore be classified according to its system of honorifics contained within the imperative terminating suffixes, whereas Mongolian is relatively weak in this aspect. For this reason, Mongolian learners of Korean have difficulty in correctly understanding and gaining proficiency in imperative terminating suffixes at the varying honorific levels which reveal the relationship between the speaker and listener. As a solution to the problem, this study presents Mongolian imperative sentences that can be taught comparatively with Korean imperative sentences. (Dankook University)

KCI등재

2고급 학습자를 대상으로 한 한국어 읽기 디지털 교재 개발 방안

저자 : 김미숙 ( Kim Misuk )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-51 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to develop a digital reading textbook for advanced Korean learners. While research on textbooks for Korean language learners is being carried out steadily, most of the textbooks were published for intermediate and advanced levels published are integrated textbooks mainly used by language education institutes, textbooks for academic learners, and test books for preparing for TOPIK(Test of Proficiency in Korean) etc. However, there is a shortage of advanced textbooks for general purpose learners who are constantly learning Korean with interest in the Korean language and Korean culture. In particular, development of digital textbooks for the digital generation who are familiar with digital devices has not achieved much in terms of research achievements compared to the necessity. Digital textbooks are equipped with various learning materials, which further arouse learners' interest, enable them to learn self-directedly, and facilitate the supply and demand of textbooks overseas. In this study, the development of reading materials containing various topics was suggested to improve learners' reading ability. In particular, considering the characteristics of learners of the digital generation, I intend to develop digital textbooks that are easy to access even abroad. The content was based on a travel destination that learners may be interested in, and a theme-based textbook was developed by connecting it with reading texts on unfamiliar topics. In addition, reading strategies are included in the textbook to improve the reading skills of learners by learning reading strategies. In this study, a digital textbook was developed using a reading strategy, and it is expected that the discussion on digital textbooks will become more active in the future. (Seoul National University)

KCI등재

3필리핀 중등학교 한국어 교재 개발 방향 -필리핀 중등학교 현지인 한국어 교사 인식을 중심으로-

저자 : 김성희 ( Kim Sunghee )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 53-80 (28 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to understand teachers' perceptions on developing Korean language education textbook for secondary school students in the Philippine SPFL Korean program. The results are as follows. 1) Teachers recognized the importance of each Korean teaching area in the order of grammar, speaking, reading, writing, and listening. It was recognized that teaching and learning skills should be improved in the order of speaking, reading, grammar, listening, and writing. Teachers recognized the need for in-depth learning in the order of grammar, speaking, writing, listening, and reading; 2) Currently, “Sejong Korean 1-4” is used for secondary school textbooks by grade 7-10. Korean university languages' center textbooks and self-made online videos are also used. Teachers recognized that it was essential to develop localized textbooks for secondary school students; 3) Teachers demanded 'development of easier, localized textbooks considering the youth learning context'. It called for the integration of curriculum and textbooks, the development of localized textbooks, the development of teacher guidance books, consideration of youth learners, and the development of advanced textbooks. (Inha University)

KCI등재

4한국어 입문 단계 교육 자모 제시 방법 연구 -한글의 형태적 특징을 중심으로-

저자 : 김참이 ( Kim Charmyee )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-104 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to present an effective Hangeul teaching method at the introductory stage of Korean language education. To this end, this study attempted to propose an educational plan to expand the number of Hangeul letters from 17(8 vowels and 9 consonants) to 40 characters by adding or combining strokes on basic characters which were selected by the researcher. To increase the readability of educational materials in the teaching and learning process, each step was presented in a table so that learners could logically understand the concept of expanding letters. The educational effect was statistically verified by conducting the 'Hangeul summer course' for four weeks for two different classes composed of Italian students. As a result, it was confirmed that the method presented in this study could improve the understanding of Hangeul by early Korean learners, and it was particularly effective in the 'reading' part. However, the fact that the experiment was held online due to the COVID-19 situation and the subject with prior Hangeul learning experience was mixed in the randomly recruited sample group remains a limitation of this study. (Chonnam National University)

KCI등재

5세종학당의 한국어 초급 콘텐츠 재정비 및 활용 방안 연구 -온라인 세종학당 '사이버 한국어 초급'과 누리-세종학당 한국어 초급 콘텐츠를 중심으로-

저자 : 노채환 ( Roh Chaehwan ) , 박기선 ( Park Keeseon ) , 안유진 ( An Yujin )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 105-129 (25 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to prepare contents reorganization plan and linkage utilization plan by analyzing the 'Cyber Korean Beginner' of the online King Sejong Institute developed in 2019 and the previously developed contents of Nuri-King Sejong Institute. To this end, reorganization of contents plan was established, and the contents were reviewed by selecting target contents based on the learners demand. Afterwards, meta-analysis and tagging of the 160 contents was conducted. Based on this analysis, it was proposed to find a way to maximize the linkage between contents and information sharing through micro-contentization, segmentation, re-editing, and strengthening of search functions. In addition, a method for linking and utilizing online contents for beginners through contents reorganization was proposed. (Cyber Hankuk University of Foreign Studies·Cyber Hankuk University of Foreign Studies·University of Niigata Prefecture)

KCI등재

6공손 표현에 대한 중국인 한국어 학습자와 한국어 모어 화자의 인식 차이 비교 연구 -인스턴트 메신저 대화를 중심으로-

저자 : Niu Lei , 권순희 ( Kwon Soonhee )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 131-165 (35 pages)

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This study analyzed the expression patterns of polite expressions used by advanced Chinese learners of Korean when sending instant messengers. In addition, this study investigated the responses of Chinese Korean learners and native Korean speakers to the polite expression of messengers used by Chinese learners. Chinese Korean learners showed a high percentage of polite expressions through the use of honorific endings in instant messengers. In particular, the usage patterns of 'Biumnida(ㅂ니다)', 'Biumnigga(ㅂ니까)' accounted for 55.2% of the total 'honorable endings'. I was found that Chinese learners use respectful endings of honorific words the most when expressing politeness. In particular, 'Hapshoche(합쇼체)', which is the highest grade, was often used.
Instant messages sent by 10 Chinese graduate students to professors and seniors from September 2019 to March 2021 were analyzed. In order to understand the difference in politeness in expression of politeness between Chinese and Koreans, a 5-point scale perception survey was conducted on instant messages sent by Chinese learners to 30 Chinese and Koreans each. The average politeness scores of the two groups were compared and analyzed, and the survey results were examined focusing on low scores, high scores, and large differences in scores among them. Looking at the overall score, Koreans showed a wider range of recognition scores for politeness than Chinese.
It was found that the Chinese gave a generous score to politeness compared to the Koreans. This means that even if Chinese people recognize and use certain expressions as polite expressions, Koreans can underestimate politeness. If you look at the expressions that Koreans consider to be low in politeness, most of the cases in which Chinese learners speak only their own business and take other people's circumstances into account cannot be revealed in the message. These expressions may make the other person feel rude. In general, some think that native speakers lack politeness due to grammatical errors, but more importantly, it is due to the emotional attitude that Chinese learners contain in their messages. Through this, it can be interpreted that the criteria for judging Chinese and Korean politeness are different. In the case of most Chinese learners, they express their politeness centering on grammar. From the collected instant messages sent by Chinese learners, it can be seen that most Chinese learners mainly use 'Hapshoche (합쇼체)' when talking with professors. On the other hand, native Korean speakers do not simply consider grammatical factors regarding politeness through the results of recognition of the politeness level of native Korean speakers. There is a tendency to think that pragmatic elements such as feelings and emotions implied in the expression are more important than grammatical content. For this reason, there is a difference in the perception of politeness between advanced Chinese learners and native Korean speakers. (Ewha Womans University)

KCI등재

7한국어 교사의 쓰기 채점 방식이 쓰기 평가에 미치는 영향

저자 : 신희랑 ( Shin Heerang ) , 원미진 ( Won Mijin )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 167-186 (20 pages)

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This study focuses on how Korean teachers' writing grading methods affect writing scores for advanced learners. In addition, we tried to examine the correlation between the evaluation criteria of analytic grading and the comprehensive grading, and to find out which sub-criteria has the greatest relevance among them. Lastly, it was examined whether the difference in experience of teaching Korean and the difference in their experience of grading TOPIK are factors that affect the writing scoring. To this end, 30 skilled Korean teachers who teach Korean at Korean language institutions in University with different backgrounds, including experience teaching Korean, advanced Korean learners' education experience, and experience of grading TOPIK, grade advanced learner's writing in comprehensive and analytic way. The results are as follows: First, raters differed in their writing scores according to the grading method, but they give more strict scores for analytical grading than comprehensive grading. Second, all five sub-criteria of analytic grading had high correlation with comprehensive grading. Lastly, the difference between the raters' experience of teaching Korean and experience of grading TOPIK did not affect the analytic grading, but it was confirmed that the experience of grading TOPIK affected the Comprehensive grading. (Yonsei University)

KCI등재

8중급 한국어 학습자 발화의 조사 연속 구성 연구

저자 : 이승연 ( Lee Seungyeon )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 187-215 (29 pages)

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This study investigates frequency and accuracy of the combined particles observed in the spoken data of intermediate Korean language learners. Comparing the results of the analysis with the previous study results on beginner-level learners' data, we tried to discover the differences that occur according to the language proficiency level. Free conversation data were collected from 6 intermediate-level learners over 6 months and a spoken corpus was constructed. As a result of collecting and analyzing a total of 132,000 word-size data, the intermediate learners used 23 types of combined particles composition 138 times in total. Of these, 72 were grammatically correct and 66 were classified as errors, resulting in an error rate of about 48.5%. This is 12.7% higher than the beginner's error rate (35.8%), indicating that the accuracy of the combined particles is very low at the intermediate level. In Korean particle combination, case-markers and particles cannot be used as precedents. However, it seems this rule is not well established in the intermediate level as can be found through the frequent errors such as '을/를 도, 은/는도, 이/가도'. We stress the need for comprehensive education on particles at an appropriate time within the curriculum so that errors in the composition of combined particles in the learner's language would not be 'fossilized'. Through this study, it was possible to illuminate the process of learners' grammar acquisition and its development by observing the patterns of particle combination. (SahmYook University)

KCI등재

9자기결정성 이론에 기반한 한국어 학습자의 학문적 학습 동기 항목의 척도 개발 및 타당화 연구

저자 : 이주미 ( Lee Ju-mi )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 217-246 (30 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to develop items to measure the academic learning motivation of Korean learners studying at university and to verify the validity of them based on the self-determination theory, To this end, we analyzed AMTB, SRQ-A, SMS, and KASRQ, which are learning motivation measurement tools developed based on the self-determination theory, and extracted measurement items by considering the learning situational factors of foreign Korean learners. The extracted items were verified for validity according to the consensus of the expert panel. In most cases, the validity process was carried out in 2 rounds, but the external regulation item had a low alpha value in the reliability analysis of the 2nd result, so 3rd verification was additionally performed through an interview with the expert panel. Each item validated in this way was classified into items with a Cronbach's-α value of 0.7 or higher through reliability analysis, and as a result, 56 items were selected. Cronbach's-α for the 56 items classified with measurement tools was 0.887, indicating an excellent level of reliability and high internal consistency as measurement tools. (Ajou University)

KCI등재

10말뭉치를 활용한 '-으러', '-으려고'의 사용 양상 분석 연구 -중국인 학습자를 중심으로-

저자 : 정미 ( Zheng Mei )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 85권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 247-282 (36 pages)

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This study shows the necessity of an effective teaching method that can help Chinese learners to communicate precisely in Korean, to avoid them using'-eureo(-으러)', '-euryeogo(-으려고)' incorrectly.
To achieve that, the differences between the usage of '-eureo(-으러)', '-euryeogo(-으려고)' by Korean native speakers and the errors made by Chinese learners are analysed in this study, based on the Korean corpus released by National Institute of Korean Language. The aspects that have to be considered to make the teaching method are discussed based on the result.
The error analysis results of Chinese learners are as follows. Firstly, it is found that after showing students the grammar item, focusing on the morphological characteristics, reinforced input of various conjugation of verbs and meaningful practices are needed. Secondly, syntactic errors of using '-eureo(-으러)', '-euryeogo(-으려고)' are frequently found. For '-eureo(-으러)', errors of violating grammatical restriction of preceding or following clauses are observed, interference from native language is also found. For '-euryeogo(-으려고)', errors of preceding clause restrictions and sentence type restrictions are found. Student also find it difficult to understand the usage of '-euryeogo(-으려고)' in expressing purposes. In this study, the way of how grammatical restrictions of '-eureo(-으러)', '-euryeogo(-으려고)' is presented in textbooks are analysed in terms of educational purpose. Educational materials for Chinese learners should include grammatical restrictions of preceding or following clauses for '-eureo(-으러)', preceding clause restrictions and sentence type restrictions for '-euryeogo(-으려고)' respectively.
This study is meaningful in terms of describing an effective teaching method of '-eureo(-으러)', '-euryeogo(-으려고)' for Chinese learners at beginner level in morphological, semantical, syntactical, pragmatical aspects. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

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