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한국어병학회지 update

Jouranl of Fish Pathology

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1988)~34권2호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 832
한국어병학회지
34권2호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 임종원 ( Jongwon Lim ) , 고은호 ( Eunho Go ) , 홍수희 ( Suhee Hong )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 123-131 (9 pages)

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IHNV는 국내 연어 양식업에서 경제적 손실을 발생시켜왔으며, 연어과 어류에 높은 폐사율을 초래한다. 본 연구에서는 강원도의 연어과 어류로부터 분리된 IHNV 분리주의 계통발생적 분류와 병원성을 조사하였다. 계통발생학적 분석은 IHNV의 303bp를 해당하는 mid-G 영역을 염기 분석하여 수행되었다. 바이러스주 모두 J 유전자형으로 RTDH 1709, RTJS1709, MSOK1711, RTYK1711, RTCC 1801 그리고 RTHC1802는 J-Nagano형이며, RTYK1801는 J-Shizuoka형에 속하는 것으로 확인되었다. 이러한 결과는 이전 연구와 일치하게 강원도에서는 두 가지 유전형이 분포한다는 것을 시사한다. 또한, 6개 분리주를 무지개송어 치어의 복강에 주사하여 병원성을 시험한 결과, J-Nagano형인 RTCC 1801와 RTJS1709 바이러스주로 주사된 그룹은 100%의 폐사율을 나타냈다. 그 뒤로, J-Nagano형인 RTHC1802, RTDH1709 그리고 MSOK1711 분리주가 주사된 그룹들은 50%, 30% 그리고 20%의 폐사율을 나타났다. 그러나 J-Shizuoka형인 RTYK 1711 분리주와 대조군에서는 폐사가 발생하지 않았다. 이러한 결과는 J-Shizuoka형이 J-Nagano형 바이러스 분리주보다 높다고 보고한 기존의 연구결과와 상반되며 J 유전자형 내에서 유전자형과 병원성간의 상관관계가 없는 것을 시사한다. 하지만 본 연구에서는 1개의 J-Shizuoka형 분리주만이 분석되었기 때문에 J 유전자형 내에서 유전자형과 병원성간의 상관관계를 확실하게 알기 위해서는 J 유전자형의 병원성에 대한 추가 조사가 필요할 것으로 보인다.


This study investigated the phylogenetic classification and pathogenicity of 6 infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) strains isolated from salmonid fish in Gangwon-do, Korea. Based on the nucleotide sequence of mid-G region, all six strains belong to J genotype, of which 5 are J-Nagano type and 1 J-Shizuoka type. In a challenge test, 5 isolates of J-Nagano type IHNV showed a various mortalities as 2 isolates induced a high mortality of 100% and the other 3 isolates induced mortalities of 50, 30, and 20% after intraperitoneal injection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Meanwhile no mortality was occurred by 1 isolate of J-Shizuoka type virus. Thus, it seems that there might be no relation between genotype and pathogenicity within IHNV J genotypes. This is contrary to previous studies where reported a higher pathogenicity of J-Shizuoka type virus than J-Nagano type virus in rainbow trout. Further examination will be required to clarify this since only one J-Shizuoka type virus was analyzed in this study.

KCI등재

저자 : 김영철 ( Young Chul Kim ) , 정현도 ( Hyun Do Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 133-140 (8 pages)

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With the recent isolation of a new betanodavirus in shellfish, Korean Shellfish Nervous Necrosis Virus (KSNNV), it has also been identified the reassortant KSNNV of two RNA segments, in which one segment is KSNNV genotype but the other one is known genotype. In this study, we confirmed that the ressortant KSNNVs obtained in previous screening study of our laboratory for betanodaviruses in shellfish were KS/RGNNV and RG/KSNNV type by performing two consecutive multiplex RT-PCR on each RNA1 and RNA2 segment (R1- and R2-discriminative multiplex two-step RT-PCR, respectively) to determine the genotype of each segment based on the size of amplicon. In the pathogenicity analysis, none of the reassortants induced specific external symptoms or mortality of VNN, but viruses of 2 × 104~105 copies/mg or more were detected at 14 days after injection (107 copies/fish) in brain tissues of 4 species except for crucian carp and common carp among the 6 species of juvenile fish used. In addition, the histopathological features of weak but distinct vacuole formation were also found in the brain of these infected fish, but no difference was found between the two reassortants KS/RGNNV-KG and RG/KSNNV-CM.

KCI등재

저자 : 최소원 ( So Won Choi ) , 백은진 ( Eun Jin Baek ) , 최지영 ( Ji Yeong Choi ) , 태원준 ( Won Jun Tae ) , 김형순 ( Hyoung Soon Kim ) , 박우성 ( Woo Seong Park ) , 김민재 ( Min Jae Kim ) , 김광일 ( Kwang Il Kim )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-147 (7 pages)

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본 연구에서는 주요 새우 생산 국가에서 2017년 7월부터 2020년 11월 사이 생산되어 국내로 수입된 냉동 새우(29개 그룹)를 대상으로 흰반점바이러스(WSSV), covert mortality nodavirus (CMNV) 및 decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV-1)의 검출여부를 조사하였다. 각 바이러스에 대한 nested PCR 결과, WSSV는 9개 그룹(9/29)에서 검출되었으며 CMNV와 DIV-1은 검출되지 않았다. Nested PCR에서 WSSV 양성으로 확인된 시료를 대상으로 WSSV genome variable loci로 알려진 VR 14/15 region에 대해 참조 서열들과 삽입/결손(insertion and deletion) 서열 비교 및 근연관계를 분석하였다. WSSV 양성 시료 중 1개 시료(20-CH-1 isolate, 2020년 10월 중국 생산)에서만 VR 14/15에 대한 PCR amplicon이 생성되었으며 염기서열 분석 결과, 20-CH-1 isolate는 2005년 인도에서 보고된 WSSV-IN-05-01 과 99.84%의 상동성을 보였다. 이는 과거 알려진 바와 같이 새우의 교역을 통한 국가 간 WSSV가 확산되었음을 뒷받침해주는 결과이다.


In this study, of the imported shrimps between 2017 and 2020, we investigated white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), covert mortality nodavirus (CMNV) and decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV-1). Of the imported shrimps (a total of 29 groups), WSSV was detected as 31% (9/29) by nested PCR assay. And CMNV and DIV-1 were not identified in this study. To investigate the genetic relatedness of WSSV identified from imported shrimp, VR 14/15 region showed WSSV genomic variable loci was compared with reference isolates. Among the nine WSSV-positive samples, VR 14/15 region was amplified in only a sample (20-CH-1 isolate, imported from China in 2020). And the 20-CH-1 isolate showed 99.8% identity with WSSV-IN-05-01 which was reported in India in 2005, suggesting that those of WSSV have been spread from India to China. Furthermore, although the pathogenicity of WSSV identified from frozen shrimp was not evaluated, the international trade of diseased frozen shrimps could be led to the potential risk of virus transmission.

KCI등재

저자 : Ye Jin Jeong , Young Chul Kim , Joon Gyu Min , Min A Jeong , Kwang Il Kim

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 149-159 (11 pages)

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Genus Megalocytivirus cause red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) and scale drop disease (SDD). Based on the phylogeny of the major capsid protein (MCP) and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) genes, megalocytiviruses except for SDD virus (SDDV) could be three different genotypes, red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV), infectious spleen and kidney necrosis (ISKNV), and turbot reddish body iridovirus (TRBIV). In this study, primary cells derived from the caudal fin of rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus) grew at 25℃ in Leibovitz's medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum and primocin (100 μg/mL). Rock bream fin (RBF) cells exhibited susceptibility to infections by different genotypes of megalocytiviruses (RSIV, ISKNV and TRBIV) with the appearance of cytopathic effects with an increase in the viral genome copy number. Furthermore, compared to grunt fin (GF) cells, even though 10 times lower number of RSIV genome copies were inoculated in RBF cells, viral genome copy number produced on RBF cells were 44 times higher than that of GF cells at 7 d post-inoculation. As the isolated RBF cells are sensitive to different genotypes of megalocytiviruses (RSIV, ISKNV and TRBIV), they can be used for future studies regarding in vitro viral infection and subsequent diagnosis.

KCI등재

저자 : 이영준 ( Young Juhn Lee ) , 전려진 ( Lyu Jin Jun ) , 김예지 ( Ye Ji Kim ) , 한지은 ( Ji Eun Han ) , 이응준 ( Eung Jun Lee ) , 정준범 ( Joon Bum Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 161-168 (8 pages)

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Quantitative analysis of myxosporean parasites (Enteromyxum leei and Parvicapsula anisocaudata) were performed using real-time PCR on the internal organs (head kidney, body kidney, intestine, spleen, brain, liver, heart, muscle, blood, and eye) of emaciated Paralichthys olivaceus from farm-A. The highest DNA copy number of E. leei was shown in the intestine (1.3 × 108 copies/mg tissue) of emaciatied P. olivaceus and DNA copy number in the other internal organs (1.3 × 103~4.6 × 105 copies/mg tissue) showed lower than in intestine. From the result of real-time PCR for P. anisocaudata, it was considered mildly infected, due to the low DNA copy numbers of the head kidney (1.3 × 103 copies/mg tissue) and body kidney (9.1 × 103 copies/mg tissue). In order to investigate whether myxosporean parasites can be detected in a non-invasive way, quantitative analysis of E. leei and P. anisocaudata from rearing water of three farms were performed by real-time PCR. The DNA copy number of E. leei from rearing water of farm-A and farm-B were 8 × 104 and 5 × 105 copies/L, respectively. However, it was not detected in farm-C. For P. anisocaudata from rearing water, farm-A, farm-B and farm-C showed 0, 2.0 × 106 and 5.1 × 106 copies/L, respectively.

KCI등재

저자 : Mehrdad Asgharnia , Mohaddes Ghasemi

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 169-176 (8 pages)

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Parasitic infection is among the most common problems for carp cultivation. They are also important for the principal entrance of other hazardous infections as well. This study was carried out for determining of parasitic fauna of two major carp known as silver and grass carp with the comparison of prevalence value and intensity rate of parasites among them, alongside the relationship between the biometric characteristics and host sex with the infection level. For this purpose, a total of 94 fish samples were caught randomly using a fishing net, from Guilan ponds during spring and summer of the year 2018 and transported alive to the laboratory. Upon arriving, the biometric characteristics and genus of each carp were measured individually. Specimens were then acquired from the skin, gills, and eyes of the carp and examined according to standard parasitology methods. Recovered parasites were observed under a light microscope and then fixed for identification. As the result, the occurrence and intensity in the higher length group were comparatively greater than the lower one. Also, the prevalence and intensity of total parasites in male carp were higher than in females. In this research, Dactylogyrus hypophthalmichthys and Dactylogyrus aristhichtys were observed in silver carp and Dactylogyrus lamellatus was detected in grass carp. In the paper below, we found that the host specificity varies in different species of Dactylogyrus isolated from grass carp and silver carp.

KCI등재

저자 : Jeong In Yang , Min Sun Kim , Ki Hong Kim

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 177-184 (8 pages)

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Vaccines based on single-cycle viruses that are replication-incompetent due to knockout of replication- related structural gene(s) are more immunogenic than inactivated or subunit vaccines and can be used as delivery vehicles for foreign antigens without concerns on the reverting to virulent forms. The aim of this study was to develop a delivery vehicle for nervous necrosis virus (NNV)-like particles (VLPs) using G gene deleted single-cycle VHSV (rVHSV-ΔG). Recombinant single-cycle VHSVs carrying NNV capsid protein gene between N and P gene of rVHSV-ΔG genome (rVHSV-ΔG-NNVCap) were rescued by reverse genetic technology. The successful expression of NNV capsid protein in cells infected with rVHSV-ΔG-NNVCap was demonstrated by Western blot analysis, and the production of NNV VLPs in infected cells was confirmed using an electron microscopy. The results suggest that single-cycle VHSVs can be used as a safe delivery vehicle for NNV VLPs, and can be extended to other pathogens for the development of prophylactic vaccines.

KCI등재

저자 : Fatma M. M. Korni , Al Shimaa A. Sleim , Jehan I. Abdellatief , Rehab A. Abd-elaziz

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 185-199 (15 pages)

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Vibriosis is an important septicemic bacterial disease that affects a variety of commercial fish species, including cultured Dicentrarchus labrax. Nanotechnology has become an important modern tool for fish diseases prevention. Furthermore, nanomaterials have the ability to prevent and treat fish diseases. The current study was aimed to identify the causative agent of massive mortality of D. labrax commercial farm in Alexandria, Egypt. Experimental infection and the median lethal dose (LD50) of pathogenic isolate were assessed. Also, the effect of ginger nanoparticles (GNPs) and Sacchromyces cerevisiae as feed additives for prevention of vibriosis in D. labrax was carried out. Similarly, the tissue immunstimulant genes, IL-1β and TLR2 were measured in the spleen of feeding groups. The clinical signs of naturally diseased D. labrax showed corneal opacity and paleness of gills with excessive mucous secretion. The post-mortem abnormalities were severe hemorrhage and adhesion of internal organs. After bacteriological isolation and identification, the causative agent of mortality in the current study was Vibrio alginolyticus. The LD50 of V. alginolyticus was 1.5×105.4 CFU/ml. The experimentally infected D. labrax showed ulceration, exophthalmia and skin hemorrhages. The post-mortem findings of the experimentally infected D. labrax revealed internal hemorrhage, spleen darkness and paleness of liver. There is no mortality and 100% RPS in groups fed GNPs then injected with V. alginolyticus, in those fed a combination of GNPs and S. cerevisiae and a group fed normal diet then injected with physiological saline (control negative), respectively. Contrarily, there was 10% mortality and 87.5 RPS in the group fed S. cerevisae then injected with V. alginolyticus. On the other hand, the control positive group showed 79% mortality. The spleen IL-1β and TLR2 immunostimulant genes were significantly increased in groups of fish fed GNNP, S. cerevisiae and a combination of GNPs and S. cerevisiae, respectively compared to control group. The highest stimulation of those immunostimulant genes was found in the group fed a combination of GNPs and S. cerevisiae, while fish fed S. cerevisiae had the lowest level. Dietary combination of GNPs and S. cerevisiae was shown to be efficient in preventing of vibriosis, with greatest stimulation of spleen IL-1β and TLR2 immunostimulant genes.

KCI등재

저자 : 홍수민 ( Su-min Hong ) , 조아현 ( A-hyun Jo ) , 김다은 ( Da-eun Kim ) , 박연숙 ( Yeon-sook Park ) , 이혜성 ( Hye-sung Lee ) , 전유현 ( Yu-hyeon Jeon ) , 김석렬 ( Seok-ryel Kim ) , 김대희 ( Dae-hee Kim ) , 강예재 ( Yue Jai Kang ) , 김준환 ( Jun-hwan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 201-212 (12 pages)

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Olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) (Weight 110.9±17.1 g, length 22.3±1.2 cm) were exposed to waterborne nitrite at 0, 30, 60, 120, 240, 480 and 960 mg NO2 -/L according to water temperature at 20℃ and 25℃ for 96 hours. The lethal concentration 50 (LC50) of olive flounder, P. olivaceus exposed to waterborne nitrite was 513.87 mg NO2 -/L at 20℃ and 208.35 mg NO2 -/L at 25℃, which means a significant difference in LC50 by the water temperature. Hemoglobin and hematocrit were significantly decreased by waterborne nitrite exposure. The inorganic component, plasma calcium, was significantly decreased, and the organic components such as plasma glucose and cholesterol were significantly decreased showing a similar tendency with calcium. In enzymatic components, the AST and ALP were also significantly decreased by nitrite exposure. The results of this study indicate that exposure to nitrite can affect the survival and hematological physiology of P. olivaceus, and the effect of exposure to nitrite had a significant effect on nitrite toxicity depending on the water temperature.

KCI등재

저자 : 김흥윤 ( Heung-yun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국어병학회 간행물 : 한국어병학회지 34권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 213-224 (12 pages)

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본 연구는 수온 15, 20 및 25℃에서 조피볼락(Sebastes schlegeli)을 점진적인 저산소 조건에 노출시켜 호흡 대사율이 표준대사율(SMR) 이하로 감소하는 산소포화도, Scrit를 평가하고, 수온별 Scrit에 4시간 노출 후 혈액 성상의 변화를 조사하기 위하여 실시하였다. 수온 15, 20, 25℃에서 normoxic SMR은 각각 116.5±5.5, 188.6±4.2 및 237.4±6.8 mg O2/kg/hr이었고, 호흡계수(Q10)는 15-20℃ 구간에서는 2.62, 20-25℃에서는 1.58, 그리고 전 수온 범위의 15-25℃에서는 2.04였다. 수온 15, 20 및 25℃에서 Scrit는 각각 22.1±1.2, 30.6±1.5 및 41.9±1.4%였다. 수온별 Scrit에 4시간 노출 후 혈액 Ht와 Hb 및 혈장 cortisol, glucose, 전해질(Na+, K+, Cl-)과 삼투질 농도는 모든 수온에서 normoxic water의 대조구에 비하여 유의하게 높았다. 수온 15, 20, 25℃의 normoxic water에서는 Ht, Hb 및 혈장 glucose 농도는 15℃에 비하여 20℃와 25℃에서, 혈장 cortisol, 전해질 및 삼투질 농도는 25℃에서 유의하게 높았다. 수온별 Scrit의 저산소에 노출된 조피볼락은 수온이 높을수록 저산소에 의한 어체의 생리적 스트레스는 가중되는 것으로 나타났다.


Experiments were performed to investigate changes in metabolic rate (MO2), critical oxygen saturation (Scrit) and hematological parameters of black rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli exposed to hypoxia at 15, 20 and 25℃. The MO2 was measured at an interval of 10 min using intermittent-flow respirometry. The normoxic standard metabolic rate (SMR) was 116.5±5.5, 188.6±4.2 and 237.4±6.8 mg O2/kg/hr, and Scrit was 22.1±1.2, 30.6±1.5 and 41.9±1.4% air saturation at 15, 20 and 25℃, respectively. Q10 values were 2.62 between 15 and 20℃, 1.58 between 20 and 25℃, and 2.04 over the full temperature range. In the investigation of blood (hematocrit and hemoglobin) and biochemical parameters (plasma cortisol, glucose, electrolyte and osmolality), the rockfish were subjected to Scrit for each temperature during 4 hr. All of hematological parameters of the rockfish exposed to hypoxic water were significantly higher than those of normoxic control. Moreover, blood and biochemical parameters of the rockfish maintained to normoxic water showed the tendency of increase with temperature, and were significantly higher at 25C. As a result of this experiment, it was found that physiological stress due to hypoxia increased at high temperature.

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