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한국전기전자재료학회> 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)

전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) update

Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers

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  • : 공학분야  >  전기공학
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  • : 전기전자재료학회지(~1997)→전기전자재료학회논문지

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수록범위 : 1권1호(1988)~35권5호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 4,661
전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)
35권5호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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저자 : 민유호 ( Yuho Min )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 419-430 (12 pages)

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Defects in solids play a vital role on thermoelectric properties through the direct impacts of electronic band structure and electron/phonon transports, which can improve the electronic and thermal properties of a given thermoelectric semiconductor. Defects in semiconductors can be divided into four different types depending on their geometric dimensions, and thus understanding the effects on thermoelectric properties of each type is of a vital importance. This paper reviews the recent advances in the various thermoelectric semiconductors through defect engineering focusing on the charge carrier and phonon behaviors. First, we clarify and summarize each type of defects in thermoelectric semiconductors. Then, we review the recent achievements in thermoelectric properties by applying defect engineering when introducing defects into semiconductor lattices. This paper ends with a brief discussion on the challenges and future directions of defect engineering in the thermoelectric field.

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저자 : 최진산 ( Jin San Choi ) , 김태헌 ( Tae Heon Kim ) , 안창원 ( Chang Won Ahn )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 431-438 (8 pages)

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기능성 소재연구에서 in situ 분석 기법은 외부 자극 (전기장, 자기장, 빛, 등) 또는 주변 환경 (온도, 습도, 압력, 등)과 같이 주어진 자극에 의해 소재의 물리적 특성이 어떻게 활성화/진화되는지 분석하는데 있어서 매우 중요하다. 특히, 전기장 인가에 따른 in situ X-선 회절(XRD) 실험은 다양한 강유전체, 압전체, 전왜 재료의 외부 전기장 인가에 따른 전기-기계적 반응의 기본 원리를 이해하기 위해 광범위하게 활용되었다. 본 튜토리얼 논문에서는 일반 실험실 규모의 XRD 장비를 이용하여 전기장 인가에 따른 in situ XRD 분석의 기본 원리/핵심 개념을 간략하게 소개한다. In situ XRD 측정법은 외부 전기장을 인가하여 구동되는 다양한 전기-기계 재료의 구조적 변형을 체계적으로 식별/모니터링하는 데 매우 유용할 것으로 기대한다.


In functional materials, in situ experimental techniques as a function of external stimulus (e.g., electric field, magnetic field, light, etc.) or changes in ambient environments (e.g., temperature, humidity, pressure, etc.) are highly essential for analyzing how the physical properties of target materials are activated/evolved by the given stimulation. In particular, in situ electric-field-dependent X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements have been extensively utilized for understanding the underlying mechanisms of the emerging electromechanical responses to external electric field in various ferroelectric, piezoelectric, and electrostrictive materials. This tutorial article briefly introduces basic principles/key concepts of in situ electric-field-dependent XRD analysis using a lab-scale XRD machine. We anticipate that the in situ XRD method provides a practical tool to systematically identify/monitor a structural modification of various electromechanical materials driven by applying an external electric field.

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저자 : 황윤식 ( Yun Sik Hwang ) , 남의연 ( Ui Yeon Nam ) , 김연욱 ( Yeon Uk Kim ) , 우유미 ( Yu Mi Woo ) , 허재찬 ( Jae Chan Heo ) , 박정환 ( Jung Hwan Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 439-444 (6 pages)

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Laser-induced plasmonic sintering of metal nanoparticles (NPs) is a promising technology to fabricate flexible conducting electrodes, since it provides instantaneous, simple, and scalable manufacturing strategies without requiring costly facilities and complex processes. However, the metal NPs are quite expensive because complicated synthesis procedures are needed to achieve long-term reliability with regard to chemical deterioration and NP aggregation. Herein, we report laser-induced Ag NP self-generation and sequential sintering process based on low-cost Ag organometallic material for demonstrating highquality microelectrodes. Upon the irradiation of laser with 532 nm wavelength, pre-baked Ag organometallic film coated on a transparent polyimide substrate was transformed into a high-performance Ag conductor (resistivity of 2.2 × 10-4 Ω·cm). To verify the practical usefulness of the technology, we successfully demonstrated a wearable transparent heater by using Ag-mesh transparent electrodes, which exhibited a high transmittance of 80% and low sheet resistance of 7 Ω/square.

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저자 : 서인태 ( Intae Seo ) , 최용수 ( Yongsu Choi ) , 조유리 ( Yuri Cho ) , 강형원 ( Hyung-won Kang ) , 김강산 ( Kang San Kim ) , 천채일 ( Chae Il Cheon ) , 한승호 ( Seung Ho Han )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 445-451 (7 pages)

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Ultrasonic sensor is suitable as a next-generation autonomous driving assist device because its lower price compared to that of other sensors and its sensing stability in the external environment. Although Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 (PZT)-relaxor ferroelectric system has excellent piezoelectric properties, the change in capacitance is large in the daily operating temperature range due to the low phase transition temperature. Recently, many studies have been conducted to improve the temperature stability of ferroelectric ceramics by controlling the grain size and crystal structure, so it is necessary to study the effect of the grain size on the piezoelectric properties and the temperature stability of PZT-relaxor ferroelectric system. In this study, the piezoelectric properties, phase transition temperature, and temperature coefficient of capacitance (TCC) of 0.9 Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3-0.1 Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PZTx-PZN) ceramics with various grain sizes were investigated. PZTx-PZN ceramics with larger grain size showed higher piezoelectric properties and temperature stability, and are expected to be suitable for ultrasonic devices in the future.

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저자 : 김유정 ( You-jeong Kim ) , 이승은 ( Seung-eun Lee ) , 이광선 ( Khwang-sun Lee ) , 박준영 ( Jun-young Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 452-458 (7 pages)

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The electro-thermal erasing (ETE) configuration utilizes Joule heating intentionally generated at word-line (WL). The elevated temperature by heat physically removes stored electrons permanently within a very short time. Though the ETE configuration is a promising next generation NAND flash memory candidate, a consideration of power efficiency and erasing speed with respect to device structure and its scaling has not yet been demonstrated. In this context, based on 3-dimensional (3-D) thermal simulations, this paper discusses the impact of device structure and scaling on ETE efficiency. The results are used to produce guidelines for ETEs that will have lower power consumption and faster speed.

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저자 : 김경헌 ( Kyeong Heon Kim ) , 김희동 ( Hee-dong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 459-465 (7 pages)

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This paper reports a method to use a wireless sensor network deployed in the field to real-time monitor soil moisture, warning when the moisture level reaches a specific value, and wirelessly controlling an additional device (LED or water supply system, etc.). In addition, we report all processes related to wireless irrigation system, including field deployment of sensors, real-time monitoring using a smartphone, data calibration, and control of additional devices deployed in the field by smartphone. A commercially available open-source Internet of Things (IoT) platform, NodeMCU, was used, which was combined with a 9V battery, LED and soil humidity sensor to be integrated into a portable prototype. The IoT-based soil humidity sensor prototype deployed in the field was installed next to a tree for on-site demonstration for the measurement of soil humidity in real-time for about 30 hours, and the measured data was successfully transmitted to a smartphone via Wifi. The measurement data were automatically transmitted via e-mail in the form of a text file, stored on the web, followed by analyses and calibrations. The user can check the humidity of the soil real-time through a personal smartphone. When the humidity of a soil reached a specific value, an additional device, an LED device, placed in the field was successfully controlled through the smartphone. This LED can be easily replaced by other electronic devices such as water supplies, which can also be controlled by smartphones. These results show that farmers can not only monitor the condition of the field real-time through a sensor monitoring system manufactured simply at a low cost but also control additional devices such as irrigation facilities from a distance, thereby reducing unnecessary energy consumption and helping improve agricultural productivity.

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저자 : 이동원 ( Dong Won Lee ) , 안호명 ( Ho-myoung Ahn ) , 김병철 ( Byungcheul Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 466-470 (5 pages)

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In order to widely disseminate LED lighting, LED lighting technology that directly uses AC commercial power has been recently introduced. AC powered LED lighting technology has a problem in that the light brightness of the LED changes because the voltage applied to the LED and the current flowing through the LED continuously change. In this study, when the LED current is greater than the design current, the current control signal generated by the controller is supplied to the current source to supply only the design current to the LED by increasing the voltage drop at the current source. If it is smaller than the design current, the controller is adjusted so that the current is supplied only to the LED without a voltage drop in the current source. It can be seen that the higher the maximum rectified voltage, the faster the lighting time of the LED light emitting block is, so that the power factor of the LED lighting is improved. The LED lighting technology proposed in this study enables LED lighting with constant light brightness, reduced power consumption, and long lifetime.

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저자 : 신호용 ( Ho-yong Shin ) , 이호용 ( Ho-yong Lee ) , 홍일곡 ( Il-gok Hong ) , 김종호 ( Jong-ho Kim ) , 임종인 ( Jong-in Im )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 471-479 (9 pages)

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Recently, piezoelectric devices, such as ultrasonic surgery, ultrasonic atomizer, and ultrasonic speaker, are analyzed and designed by finite element simulation methods. However, the discrepancy between the design and the experiment results of the device typically occurs due to the inaccuracy of the piezoelectric material properties. To improve the simulation accuracy, the material properties of the PZT ceramics were better refined using parameter estimation method. The material parameters are elastic stiffness cEij and piezoelectric constant eij of PZT ceramics. The impedance curve characteristics for the LTE mode of PZT ceramics were calculated. The mismatch between the simulation and the experimental data were compared and minimized by a least square method. Finally, the simulated impedance data were compared with the experimental data for the various vibration modes of PZT ceramics and the optimized material properties of PZT ceramics were verified. To further verify the accuracy, this method was also applied to piezoelectric PMN-PT single crystals.

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저자 : 차영광 ( Young-kwang Cha ) , 이일회 ( Il-hoi Lee ) , 전기범 ( Ki-beom Jeon ) , 장지훈 ( Ji-hoon Jang ) , 주흥진 ( Heung-jin Ju )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 480-487 (8 pages)

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As a process to improve the insulation performance of VIs (Vacuum Interrupters), AC voltage conditioning is generally adopted by many manufacturers. Although the insulation performance is enhanced easily with AC Voltage conditioning, it has limitations when high recovery voltage is required due to high voltage rate or capacitive current switching. In particular, impurities such as oxides segregated on the electrode surface can be removed not by the energy level of the voltage conditioning but by the higher energy level achieved by the current conditioning process In this article, the current conditioning was carried out in various conditions and its validity was examined. The current conditioning was processed by changing the amplitude of applied current, arc time, the number of tests, and frequency. The insulation performance and the status of contact surface were checked as well. We concluded that as the applied charge quantity and the conditioning coverage area increase, the conditioning effect is much higher.

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저자 : 최영철 ( Young-chul Choi ) , 박용섭 ( Yong Seob Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 488-493 (6 pages)

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Generally, diamond-like carbon films (a-C:H, DLC) have been shown to have a low coefficient of friction, a high hardness and a low wear rate. Pd-doped C thin film was fabricated using a dual magnetron sputtering with two targets of graphite and palladium. Graphite target RF power was fixed and palladium target RF power was varied. The structural, physical, and surface properties of the deposited thin film were investigated, and the correlation among these properties was examined. The doping ratio of Pd increased as the RF power increased, and the surface roughness of the thin film decreased somewhat as the RF power increased. In addition, the hardness value of the thin film increased, and the adhesive strength was improved. It was confirmed that the value of the contact angle indicating the surface energy increases as the RF power increases. It was concluded that the increase in RF power contributed to the improvement of the physical properties of Pd-doped C thin film.

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