간행물

농촌경제 update

Journal of Rural Development

  • : 한국농촌경제연구원
  • : 농학분야  >  농경제
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
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  • : 1229-8263
  • : 2713-9506
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1978)~44권2호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 1,508
농촌경제
44권2호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1경기변동과 농업 고용: 자영농을 중심으로

저자 : 임동근 , 정진화 , 임지은

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : 농촌경제 44권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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This paper investigates the causal relationship between economic fluctuations and changes in the number of self-employed farmers in Korea, using the time-series data from January 1990 to July 2020. To achieve its goal, it uses the Vector Error-Correction Model (VECM) with three endogenous variables, including (1) the Composite Leading Indicator (CLI) as a proxy variable for economic fluctuations, the increase rate of self-employed farmers, and (3) the increase rate of the employed in non-agricultural industries. Our empirical results confirm the substantial inflow of workers from non-agricultural sectors (mostly wage workers in the manufacturing and construction industries) to agriculture in recession, implying that the agricultural sector partially absorbs employment shock hit by recession. However, as indicated by the impulse response function, this unemployment- alleviating effect of agriculture is short-lasting, as its impact is primarily noteworthy in several months after the shock.

KCI등재

2식품제조업체 총요소생산성 요소별 기여도 분석

저자 : 최순 , 김한호

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : 농촌경제 44권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 23-49 (27 pages)

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This study aims to identify major contributors to the change in total factor productivity of food manufacturers by decomposing it into four factors: technological progress, scale efficiency, technological efficiency, and allocation efficiency. Using the “Mining and Manufacturing Survey” data provided by the Statistics Korea, it classifies food manufacturing industries into seven sub-categories to estimate stochastic frontier production functions. The results show that the increase in output is mainly driven by an input increase in food manufacturing. In addition, technical progress is found to be the most significant contributor to the total factor productivity of the food manufacturing industry. On the other hand, it is found that the contribution of technical efficiency shows a negative sign, negatively affecting the productivity increase. The result indicates that R&D investment to improve the technology frontier is essential in increasing the productivity of the food industry. On top of that, support policies to spread and disseminate the leading technologies to other companies are also necessary to enhance technical efficiency throughout the industry.

KCI등재

3농업기계 임대사업의 생산비 절감 효과 실증분석

저자 : 남경수 , 서대석 , 안병일

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : 농촌경제 44권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 51-78 (28 pages)

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In recent years, agriculture has been suffering from a severe shortage of labor. Accordingly, the government is striving to increase the agricultural mechanization rate to solve the labor shortage and improve agricultural productivity. The most representative policy is the implementation of agricultural machinery rental system. In the dry-field farming, however, the mechanization rate is still low. Therefore, the government is looking for a way to improve the rate. This study proposes an improvement of the agricultural mechanization rate indicators. In addition, a method of analyzing production cost reduction according to the agricultural machinery rental policy is presented in this study.
As a result of the analysis, the mechanization rate of dry-field farming is estimated to be 50.1 to 58.9 percent. The average production cost reduction due to the policy is estimated to be from 520,000 to 530,000 won per hectare. Pepper is found to be the largest cost-reduction commodity as much as about 880,000 to 930,000 won, followed by potato (about 660,000 to 700,000 won) and cabbage (about 610,000 to 630,000 won).

KCI등재

4농업부문 미등록 외국인 근로자 고용실태와 과제

저자 : 엄진영

발행기관 : 한국농촌경제연구원 간행물 : 농촌경제 44권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-104 (26 pages)

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In agricultural fields, unregistered foreign workers who illegally reside in Korea with illegal work status takes a larger portion than registered foreign workers. This paper conducts quantitative and qualitative surveys and analyses on the scale of unregistered foreign workers in the agricultural sector and how they are employed. It presents the results and their implications on how to improve related policies and systems. Then, it suggests measures to improve the problem of unregistered foreign workers. First, it is necessary to establish a statistical basis for the agricultural labor force. Second, it is essential to identify the causes for the employment of unregistered foreign workers and improve the system accordingly. Third, there is a need to prepare a plan to move the organized and systemized supply channels of unregistered foreign workers to the institutional sphere.

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