간행물

언어연구 update

LINGUISTIC RESEARCH

  • : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소
  • : 어문학분야  >  언어학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-1374
  • :
  • :

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1979)~39권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 620
언어연구
39권1호(2022년 03월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
| | | |

KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Reconciling phonological generalizations in syllable-final position: A study of obstruent neutralization in Korean

저자 : Sechang Lee

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article aims to show how a Harmonic Serialism conception of optimality-theoretic phonology reconciles some of the generalizations in treating syllable-final obstruent neutralization in Korean. We shed some light on the derivational property of obstruent neutralization phenomenon in general, and also provide insights into the workings of the serial derivation in question. Previous treatments of obstruent neutralization in Korean assumes the crucial role of language-specific rule ordering or simultaneous delinking of multiple features. With the introduction of Harmonic Serialism, our intuition about neutralization as a weakening process is maintained, with the added benefit of avoiding simultaneous operations of delinking multiple features. Each step of derivation is shown to be harmonically improving and the whole range of relevant data can be nicely explained. It thus breathes a new life into Iverson and Kim's (1987) original insight into the obstruent neutralization itself. (Sookmyung Women's University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2On how to use anaphoric definites in Korean

저자 : Myung-kwan Park

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 25-54 (30 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper investigates the anaphoric definite use of bare NPs in Korean, especially responding to Kim's (2021a, b) recent proposed analysis for bare NPs and demonstratives (i.e., demonstrative ku plus NPs) in certain structural environments. Specifically, Kim (ibid.) claims that continuing topics prefer to be expressed by demonstratives rather than bare NPs, and that likewise, the Nominative Case-marked subjects of verbs are more likely expressed not by bare NPs but demonstratives than those of adjectives. Kim suggests a cartography-cum-optimality approach in accounting for the two forms of anaphoric definites in Korean, but this syntactic approach is grounded on the unmotivated assumption that bare and demonstrative NPs belong to the same category and compete with each other to encode anaphoric definiteness in Korean. We take a different tack from Kim's, proposing that the preference for demonstratives rather than bare NPs as a (continuing) topic is attributed to the fact that NUN as a topic marker increases the discourse salience of the NP with it, and that the demonstrative ku encoding familiarity serves as a reinforcing device to do so. On the other hand, the tendency for Nominative anaphoric definite subject NPs of verbal predicates to come with the demonstrative follows from the information structure-theoretic dynamics. While Nominative subject NPs of verbs can enter into thetic (vs. categorical) interpretation in Spec,VP, they may be construed as indefinites. But when they come with the demonstrative, they can surely undergo proper interpretation as anaphoric definites. (Dongguk University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3A corpus-based analysis of conceptual metaphors with BITE and CHEW in English and Korean

저자 : Jungsoo Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 55-93 (39 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this research is to examine conceptual metaphors with BITE and CHEW in two typologically different languages, English and Korean (BITE and CHEW in English and MWUL- 'BITE' and SSIP- 'CHEW' in Korean). There has been some research on conceptual metaphors with EAT and other words that depict general eating processes; however, little attention has been paid to conceptual metaphors with words that describe specific processes of eating events. This study first discusses key grammatical properties of BITE and CHEW and their conceptual metaphors in English and Korean based on an analysis of authentic corpus data. This study then shows that although the two verbs BITE and CHEW in each language can license some metaphors in common, overall they are more different than similar in terms of metaphor types, frequency distribution patterns, and preferred syntactic and semantic properties. This study further shows that although the pairs of the English verb and its Korean counterpart (i.e., BITE in English vs. MWUL- 'BITE' in Korean and CHEW in English vs. SSIP- 'CHEW' in Korean) can induce some conceptual metaphors in the same manner, their conceptual metaphors are also more different than similar with respect to metaphor types, frequency distribution patterns, and strong collocates. Taken together, the findings suggest that it is crucial to explore authentic uses of conceptual metaphors with specific verbs involved in eating processes in more detail across different languages, making use of attested corpus data, and that in this way we can make a significant contribution to the body of literature on conceptual metaphors. (Kyung Hee University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4A corpus study of the reversed causality

저자 : Hye-kyung Lee

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 95-126 (32 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study analyzes the sentence-final causal connective -nikka in Korean. Based on corpus data, several meanings or functions of sentence-final -nikka clauses are identified, including epistemic causality, speech-act causality, and discourse marking, each with several subcategories. The findings corroborate earlier research that identified the first two meanings. The construction under discussion can serve as a discourse marker mainly modulating the impact of an assertion or speech act, since presenting a cause or reason for a situation is one of the most accessible means to express politeness. This study reports cases in which the conventional time sequence between a cause and a consequence is transposed while providing a cause for a speech act depicted in a main clause. Additionally, this study suggests that sentence-final -nikka clauses can stand alone without any deleted or preposed main clauses to impart circumstantial or additional information inferable from the context. To represent the various senses of the construction, a continuum model is proposed for both theoretical and practical reasons, wherein the core underlying meaning is argued to be causality, which is fleshed out in a specific context. (Ajou University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5Active nature of dependency formation: The online processing of tough-constructions

저자 : Jeongho Lew , Nayoun Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 127-153 (27 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Previous research has demonstrated that filler-gap dependency formation is an active process in which gap filling occurs at the earliest possible gap site, in advance of identifying the location of the actual gap (Crain and Fodor 1985; Frazier 1987; Frazier and Clifton 1989; Frazier and Flores d'Arcais 1989; Omaki et al. 2015; Stowe 1986). In this study, we investigated whether this active gap filling is at work in the processing of tough-constructions. In tough-constructions, the matrix subject has to be associated with a gap in the embedded clause (Chomsky 1977; Keine and Poole 2017; Lasnik and Fiengo 1974; Rezac 2006). However, unlike a wh-phrase in wh-questions or relative clause constructions, the matrix subject in tough-constructions does not guarantee the presence of a gap. The results of a self-paced reading experiment indicated that active gap filling is nonetheless operative in the processing of tough-constructions, providing further evidence for the active nature of dependency formation. (Sungkyunkwan University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6Interpretive possibilities of role shift in Korean Sign Language

저자 : Yeonwoo Kim , Junmo Cho

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 155-183 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper investigates properties of role shift in Korean Sign Language (KSL) in contrast to those of “regular” indexical shifts induced by attitude predicates which are also available in the language. It is observed that there are complex interpretive possibilities of indexicals when these two kinds of shifts come together. Those interpretive possibilities include parallel vs. non-parallel shifts as well as all vs. mixed shifts. Parallel shifts are those where a 1st person pronoun in a complement clause shifts its interpretation to the reported author whereas non-parallel shifts are those where the 1st person pronoun surprisingly shifts its interpretation to the reported addressee. The 'all shift' interpretation obtains when all indexicals in a given clause shift together while the 'mixed shift' interpretation refers to those instances where only a subset of indexials shift. We propose that KSL has two kinds of shifty operators. One is 'role shift operator' which overwrites the context parameter with the locus mapping onto each individual. The other kind is a series of 'attitude shifty operators' in line with Deal (2020) which overwrite the context parameter with the intensional index. We demonstrate that the proposed relative hierarchy of these two kinds of shifty operators successfully accounts for the seemingly complex interpretive possibilities observed in KSL indexicals. (Korea University · Handong Global University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Two types of classifier reduplications in Mandarin

저자 : Yanyang Zheng , Kyumin Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 185-211 (27 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Reduplication is a word formation process, which has been widely attested across languages. Mandarin is a language that shows extensive range of reduplication across different categories such as a classifier. However, despite its widespread use of classifier reduplication, the syntax of reduplicated classifiers has not been well understood in the current literature. This paper addresses the syntax of reduplicated classifiers by focusing on the two issues: (i) the category of a reduplicated classifier, and (ii) the syntactic derivation of classifier reduplication. As for issue (i), we propose that classifier reduplication creates two different syntactic categories, namely D(eterminer) and A(djective), building on novel empirical evidence not provided in the previous studies. Regarding issue (ii), building on head movement analysis of Travis (2003) on reduplication, we propose that a CL head undergoes head movement which results in the proposed categorial status of reduplication, i.e., D and A. This paper not only contributes to the understanding of syntax of classifier reduplication in Mandarin, but also provides support for the current view that reduplication can be motivated by syntax (Basciano and Melloni 2017; Kimper 2008; Travis 2003). (Nanyang Institute of Technology · Chungbuk National University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8The production of tone 3 by advanced Korean learners of Mandarin

저자 : Yuping Fu , Yong-cheol Lee

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 39권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 213-233 (21 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study examined the differences in tone 3 productions between advanced Korean learners and native speakers of Mandarin by implementing three analyses: acoustic, frequency, and distance metric analyses. Based on the acoustic analyses, the advanced learners exerted more articulatory effort in producing tone 3, regardless of the syllable positions within disyllabic words. Compared to the native speakers, the production of tone 3 by the learners was longer in duration, more intense, and displayed steeper falling and rising pitch movements―these are all salient cues for tone 3 as a dipping pitch contour. The native speakers, however, economized articulatory effort in their tone 3 productions. They did not lower the pitch target of tone 3, nor did they employ the steep falling and rising pitch movements to the same extent as the advanced learners. According to the frequency analyses, the native speakers yielded more variants of half-T3 than the advanced learners in both syllables of the disyllabic words. Finally, the distance metric analyses revealed that the advanced learners' pitch contours were more different from those of the native speakers in syllable 2 than in syllable 1. Consistent with previous work, our results emphasize that the learners' dipping pitch contour for tone 3 stems from the widespread second language pedagogy of Mandarin tones, where tone 3 is predominately described as a dipping tone. Learners, therefore, must understand and become competent using varied tone 3 patterns before attaining native-like or near-native competence. (Hainan Tropical Ocean University · Cheongju University)

1
권호별 보기

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기