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LINGUISTIC RESEARCH

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  • : 1229-1374
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1979)~38권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 612
언어연구
38권3호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Arrangements of conversational implicature diagnostics

저자 : William Salmon

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 425-444 (20 pages)

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The question of properties and diagnostics for Gricean (1975) conversational implicature is a complex one, and it has been the subject of ongoing debate since the 1970s. At present, there is often a tendency for researchers to assume that the question has been answered decidedly and to move forward in further analyses without acknowledgment that it is in fact very much still an open debate. In a recent article, for example, entitled “Manner Implicatures and How to Spot Them” (Rett 2020), it is assumed with very little discussion that conversational implicatures of Manner are distinguishable with the following set of diagnostics: calculability, reinforceability, discourse sensitivity to the 'Question under Discussion,' and embeddability. The article goes on to assume as well that this set of properties can pick out all conversational implicatures in general. In this present paper, I show that this assumption is not justified and that there are serious problems with the proposed diagnostic arrangement. It is suggested at the very least that the arrangement should be presented as a tentative or exploratory one―rather than a settled one―before then going on to make larger claims about the conversational implicature category. (University of North Texas)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Fragment questions: A direct interpretation approach

저자 : Jong-bok Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 445-468 (24 pages)

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Ellipsis typically occurs in declarative sentences, but can also appear in questions including fragment questions (FQs) like What about Mimi? in English or Mimi-nun 'Mimi-TOP?' in Korean. These fragment questions also have some understood materials unexpressed, but induce a full sentential question meaning. This paper reviews some key properties of such FQs in Korean, and then discusses possible arguments for a move-and-delete sentential approach. After reviewing challenging issues for the sentential approach, the paper then offers a direct interpretation (DI) approach, which refers to no sentential sources but to discourse structure. It suggests that this DI approach is a more feasible direction for the analysis of FQs in Korean. (Kyung Hee University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

3Semantic inflation and pronoun avoidance

저자 : Jae-hak Yoon

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 469-490 (22 pages)

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Word meanings tend to weaken over time with exposure to more listeners and lose some of their original power. This process of semantic inflation will be motivated in this paper as a major linguistic force that systematically triggers semantic change. Then, it will be illustrated that this process is widespread, being attested in various domains such as metaphor, superlatives, terms of address, and swear words. In particular, we will show how it is responsible for the phenomenon of pronoun avoidance, the fact that Korean and some other East and Southeast Asian languages do not possess a polite form of second person pronouns in their pronominal paradigm and have to rely on an honorific term of address in their places. (Kyung Hee University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

4Decomposing -(e)ci and bare inchoatives in Korean

저자 : Myung Hye Yoo

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 491-535 (45 pages)

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Korean deadjectival verbs have two forms. First, there are predicates that do not require additional morphemes from their stative forms to mean a change of state, hereafter referred to as bare inchoatives. The other type of inchoatives must combine with the morpheme -(e)ci- after the root form to contain the meaning of the change of state. The bare inchoatives reach the absolute standard of degree achievements as a result of the change of the state, while -(e)ci denotes the event where the degree property of an entity becomes greater than the previous one. This -(e)ci morpheme has been traditionally considered as a BECOME operator. This paper, however, proposes an alternative semantic analysis of -(e)ci morpheme and its syntactic structure by adopting the concept of the measure of change function. The bare inchoatives have one degree phrase (DP), while the -(e)ci inchoatives are decomposed into two degree phrases. Furthermore, the -(e)ci morpheme is assumed to be the realization of a typical functional degree head. (University of Delaware)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

5A pragmatic account of using and realising irony in public service announcements: A relevance-theoretic approach

저자 : Dae-young Kim

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 537-565 (29 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to make a pragmatic account of irony; particularly both sarcastic/non-sarcastic irony used and realised in public service announcements (i.e., PSAs) within a relevance-theoretic framework. As pointed out in Huang (2015: 163), traditionally irony has been known as 'a figure of speech in which one thing is said but the opposite is meant by the speaker'. With reference to this point, by using sarcastic irony, the speaker may reprimand or sneer at other's fault, bad attitude or wrong way of thinking in an indirect way; sometimes, deplore an irrecoverable situation which he/she cannot accept (Sperber and Wilson 1995). On the other hand, however, the speaker may also use (non-sarcastic) irony in order to humorously praise or encourage other person's merit or achievement (Gibbs 1986; Barbe 1995; Kreuz 1996; Lee 2002). Besides these points, beyond blaming/ridiculing other's fault or praising other's merit/achievement, irony can also be used in another way: enlightening or educating the public particularly in PSAs. Irony used in PSAs makes a contribution to guiding people to practise or not to practise the specific values, behaviours and so on. Focusing on this point, by analysing the real cases of irony use shown in PSAs, this paper verifies that all kinds of irony can effectively be explained by a single principle of relevance, instead of other pragmatic approaches (e.g., Grice 1975; Leech 1983), which require to mobilise various maxims. By doing that, this approach may pursue a linguistic economy and contribute to explanatory extendability of relevance theory. (Gyeongsang National University)

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6L2 learners' processing of English articles: An eye-tracking study

저자 : Ji-hyun Park

발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소 간행물 : 언어연구 38권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 567-592 (26 pages)

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Adult language learners' difficulties with second language (L2) articles are well attested in the literature. Ionin et al. (2004, 2009) argued that L2 learners whose native language lacks articles have access to both possible semantic universals of the article system, namely, definiteness and specificity. The fluctuation between the two options may result in learners' misuse of the articles. This study investigates their claim using both online and offline measures of learners' linguistic knowledge. Twenty-two Korean learners and 22 native speakers of English read pairs of sentences that included (un)grammatical articles twice, first with a focus on meaning while their eye movements were recorded, and then to make grammaticality judgments. The learners' performances are discussed in terms of the grammaticality of the article use and the semantic contexts in which the target articles were used in comparison to native English speakers' performance on the same tasks. The online task produced mixed results for the L2 learners, while the offline task relied on the right option for English. (Gyeongin National University of Education)

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