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대한산부인과학회> Obstetrics & Gynecology Science

Obstetrics & Gynecology Science update

  • : 대한산부인과학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  산부인과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 격월
  • : 2287-8572
  • : 2287-8580
  • : 대한산부인과학회지(~2011) → Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology(2011~) → Obstetrics & Gynecology Science (2013~)

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1958)~65권5호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 11,141
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
65권5호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Young Min Hur , Jiwon Choi , Sunwha Park , Sarah Soyeon Oh , Young Ju Kim

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 385-394 (10 pages)

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Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a developmental and congenital disorder characterized by neurocognitive impairment, structural defects, and growth restriction due to prenatal alcohol exposure. The estimated global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy is 9.8%, and the estimated prevalence of FAS in the general population is 14.6 per 10,000 people. In Korea, the estimated prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy is 16%, and the prevalence of FAS is 18-51 per 10,000 women, which is higher than the global prevalence. Women's alcohol consumption rates have increased, especially in women of childbearing age. This could increase the incidence of FAS, leading to higher medical expenses and burden on society. Alcohol is the single most important teratogen that causes FAS, and there is no safe trimester to drink alcohol and no known safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Thus, physicians should assess women's drinking patterns in detail and provide education on FAS to women by understanding its pathophysiology. Moreover, the prevention of FAS requires long-term care with a multidisciplinary approach.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Yoo-na Kim , Young Tae Kim

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 395-405 (11 pages)

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Endometrial cancer is the second most common gynecological malignancy worldwide, with an overall favorable prognosis. However, a subgroup of patients has a high risk of recurrence and poor prognosis. This review summarizes recently published articles that examined sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in patients with high-risk endometrial cancer. We focused on the performance and outcomes of SLN biopsy, and examined potential methods for improving the management of this high-risk subset. Few studies have examined the long-term outcomes of SLN in patients with high-risk endometrial cancer. Thus, we reviewed recently published retrospective studies that have adopted statistical techniques, such as inverse probability weighting or propensity score matching, to examine the outcome of SLN biopsy compared to conventional lymphadenectomy. Potential avenues for future research to fine-tune decision making for this patient subgroup were also discussed.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Ahmed Abu-zaid , Saeed Baradwan , Ehab Badghish , Rayan Alsghan , Ahmed Ghazi , Bayan Albouq , Khalid Khadawardi , Nora F Alnaim , Latifa F Alnaim , Meshael Fodaneel , Fatimah Shakir Abualsaud , Mohammed Ziad J

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 406-419 (14 pages)

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To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of prophylactic tranexamic acid (TXA) versus a control (placebo or no treatment) during hysterectomy for benign conditions. Six databases were screened from inception to January 23, 2022. Eligible studies were assessed for risk of bias. Outcomes were summarized as weighted mean differences and risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals in a random-effects model. Five studies, comprising six arms and 911 patients were included in the study. Two and three studies had an overall unclear and low risk of bias, respectively. Estimated intraoperative blood loss, requirement for postoperative blood transfusion, and requirement for intraoperative topical hemostatic agents were significantly reduced in a prophylactic TXA group when compared with a control group. Moreover, postoperative hemoglobin level was significantly higher in the prophylactic TXA group than in the control group. Conversely, the frequency of self-limiting nausea and vomiting was significantly higher in the prophylactic TXA group than in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of surgery duration, hospital stay, and diarrhea rate. All the RCTs reported no incidence of major adverse events in either group, such as mortality, thromboembolic events, visual disturbances, or seizures. There was no publication bias for any outcome, and leave-one-out sensitivity analyses demonstrated stability of the findings. Among patients who underwent hysterectomy for benign conditions, prophylactic TXA appeared largely safe and correlated with substantial reductions in estimated intraoperative blood loss and related morbidities.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Sin Ae Kim , Eun-hwan Cha , Kyoung-chul Chun , Young Ah Kim , Jae-whoan Koh , Jung Yeol Han , Jong Hee Hwang

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 420-429 (10 pages)

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Objective
The external cephalic version (ECV) has been shown to lower the likelihood of cesarean section requirements among pregnant women with breech presentations. In the current study, we investigated the effectiveness and safety of ritodrine as a tocolytic for ECV.
Methods
A total of 407 pregnant women with breech presentations, who had no contraindications for ECV, were enrolled in this study. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to assess the impact of ritodrine use on the safety and efficacy of ECV.
Results
The overall success rate was 67.6%, and ritodrine use was associated with significantly higher odds of successful ECV after adjusting for confounders. Moreover, using ritodrine did not increase the risk of adverse effects, including temporary changes in fetal heart rate, need for elective or emergency cesarean section due to fetal distress during ECV, low Apgar scores, and perinatal mortality.
Conclusion
Our results suggest that using ritodrine as a tocolytic during ECV may increase the likelihood of ECV success and may not increase adverse perinatal outcomes.

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Objective
To determine the value of endometrial thickness (ET) and Doppler indices of uterine artery (UtA) as sonographic markers in predicting endometrial cancer (EC) among postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) women in low-resource settings as Vietnam.
Methods
This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Hue University Hospital and Hue Central Hospital between June 2016 and June 2019. The study enrolled all women who complained of PMB and were followed by transvaginal Doppler ultrasound. Their definitive histopathological examination was the gold standard for comparison.
Results
The UtA Doppler indices, including resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI), and peak systolic velocity (PSV), were significantly lower in the malignant group than in the benign group. The threshold values of the UtA, RI ≤0.73 and PI ≤1.42, were found with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.85-0.88, and the sensitivity and specificity were 91.3% and 83.3%, respectively. Unlike PSV, the diagnostic value was the lowest, with an AUC of 0.72. ET was a good predictor for the diagnosis of EC, with an AUC of 0.89. In women with PMB, when using the cutoff value of EC more than 12.5 mm, the sensitivity and specificity were 93.8% and 77.8%, respectively. In addition, the higher the stage of EC, the lower the RI and PI and the greater the EC.
Conclusion
ET, and RI, PI, and PSV of the UtA could help in differentiating malignant from benign endometrial changes. Pulsed ultrasonic Doppler velocimetry seems to play a role in predicting the higher stages of EC. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Seyedeh-zeynab Hosseinnejad , Forouzan Elyasi , Seyed-nouraddin Mousavinasab , Zohreh Shahhosseini

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 441-450 (10 pages)

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Objective
This study aimed to determine the effect of a support program on burden of spouses caring for their partners with breast cancer.
Methods
This randomized controlled trial was conducted among spouses of women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy at a referral chemotherapy center in Iran. They were assigned to intervention (n=40) and control (n=40) groups using permuted block randomization. Three small group sessions lasted 45-60 minutes, followed by three telephone-based sessions, lasting 15-20 minutes (twice a week). The intervention sessions included defining stress management strategies in different situations: strengthening creativity, optimism, and management in planning, and defining the role of the caregiver. Primary outcome was care burden, and secondary outcomes were spouses' stress, satisfaction with intervention, and partners' quality of life (QOL). The caregiver burden inventory, depression anxiety stress questionnaire, World Health Organization QOL brief version, and client satisfaction questionnaire were completed before and after the intervention and at a 6-week follow-up.
Results
Thirty-eight participants in each group with a mean age of 44.24±9.01 years completed the study. Repeated measures analysis of variance showed a significant difference in the care burden (P<0.05; effect size, 0.70), stress (P<0.05; effect size, 0.64), and women's QOL (P<0.05; effect size, 0.67) before and after the intervention.
Conclusion
The results of this study can be used to develop interventions, targeting the care burden and stress of spouses of women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Thamawoot Phoblap , Amornrat Temtanakitpaisan , Apiwat Aue-angkul , Pilaiwan Kleebkaow , Bandit Chumworathayi , Sanguanchoke Luanratanakorn , Yuwadee Itarat

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 451-458 (8 pages)

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Objective
To evaluate the performance of “Smartscopy” in diagnosing preinvasive cervical lesions among patients with abnormal cervical cancer screening results obtained during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Methods
This diagnostic study enrolled non-pregnant women with abnormal cervical cancer screening results obtained at the colposcopy clinic at Srinagarind Hospital (Khon Kaen, Thailand) between September 2020 and March 2021. Two colposcopists independently evaluated the uterine cervix using a smartphone and colposcopy. Cervical biopsies and endocervical curettage were performed in accordance with standard procedures. The diagnostic performance of a smartphone in detecting low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or worse plus (LSIL+) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions plus (HSIL+) was assessed.
Results
In total, 247 patients were included. There was high agreement between the two colposcopists (κ=0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82-0.93). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of the smartphone to detect LSIL+ were 96.6% (95% CI, 91.6-99.1), 12.9% (95% CI, 8.06-19.2), 46.2% (95% CI, 39.7-52.4), 83.3% (95% CI, 62.6-95.3), and 0.49% (95% CI, 0.43-0.55), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of smartscopy in diagnosing HSIL+ were 67.6% (95% CI, 55.2- 78.5), 85.4% (95% CI, 79.9-90.0), 60.5% (95% CI, 48.6-71.6), 88.9% (95% CI, 83.7-92.9), and 81.0% (95% CI, 0.75-0.85), respectively.
Conclusion
Smartscopy demonstrated a remarkable correlation with colposcopy and a high diagnostic performance value for the detection of preinvasive cervical lesions. Therefore, smartscopy may be an alternative tool for detecting abnormal cervical lesions in low to medium medical resource settings. Smartscopy may be applied in telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Panarat Orachum , Amornrat Temtanakitpaisan , Pilaiwan Kleebkaow , Bandit Chumworathayi , Sanguanchoke Luanratanakorn , Apiwat Aue-angkul , Yuwadee Itarat

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 459-467 (9 pages)

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Objective
To investigate the prevalence of p53 mutations and associated factors between immunohistochemistry (IHC) and p53 staining patterns among patients with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC).
Methods
This study is a retrospective review. A total of 62 patients with HGSOC underwent surgery at Srinagarind Hospital between January 2016 and December 2020. Histological examination was performed based on a combination of morphology and IHC staining with p53. The p53 immunostaining pattern was interpreted as a missense mutation, nonsense mutation, or a wild-type pattern. Missense (p53 overexpression pattern) and nonsense (null expression p53 pattern) mutations were considered p53 mutations. A wild-type pattern was defined as a p53 non-mutation.
Results
p53 mutations were identified in 93.6% of the patients. Subgroup analysis of the p53 mutation group between the p53 overexpression pattern and the p53 null expression pattern in terms of clinicopathological characteristics and initial treatment was performed. Patients with the p53 overexpression pattern had significantly more omental metastases than those with the p53 null expression pattern (87.8% vs. 64.7%, P=0.042). There were no statistically significant differences in median progression-free survival (PFS) (9 vs. 10 months, P=0.813) or median overall survival (OS) (12 vs. 17 months, P=0.526) between the two groups.
Conclusion
The prevalence of p53 mutations in HGSOC patients in this study was 93.6%. Omental metastasis is a significant pathological factor in predicting overexpression p53 pattern in HGSC. However, IHC analysis of the p53 staining pattern did not affect OS or PFS among patients with HGSOC.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Sae Mi Lee , Ki-jin Ryu , Serhim Son , Yeon Ju Lee , Hyuntae Park , Tak Kim

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 468-476 (9 pages)

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Objective
To evaluate menopause-related changes in body fat distribution and their relationship with insulin resistance in middleaged Korean women.
Methods
We analyzed women aged 40-60 years using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2008 to 2011. Body fat was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Insulin resistance was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).
Results
Among 3,468 participants, menopausal women (n=1,489) had a higher body mass index (BMI) and higher trunk, arm, and head fat percentages than premenopausal women (n=1,979). However, no significant difference was found in the leg fat percentage according to menopausal status. Multivariable regression analysis for HOMA-IR showed that trunk fat percentage, BMI, and waist circumference positively correlated with insulin resistance and leg fat percentage negatively correlated after adjusting for several confounding factors, whereas menopausal status was not associated with HOMA-IR.
Conclusion
Middle-aged women not only have different body weights and BMI but also have different body fat distributions according to menopausal status. Each fat percentage change in the trunk and leg is differently associated with metabolic health, particularly insulin resistance. To evaluate the metabolic health of middle-aged women, BMI is generally noted; however, body fat distribution, which can be easily assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, should also be considered.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Soohyun Oh , Seung Joo Chon , Seung Ho Lee , Jin Woo Shin

발행기관 : 대한산부인과학회 간행물 : Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 65권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 477-482 (6 pages)

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Objective
Infected pelvic hematoma is a serious complication of hysterectomies. Pelvic drainage can help reduce complications. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of vaginal vault drainage in patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecological diseases.
Methods
Patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic drain insertion for benign gynecological diseases between January 2008 and December 2015 were enrolled retrospectively in the study. They were grouped according to drain insertion sites, that is, through the abdomen (group 1) and vaginal vault (group 2). The postoperative outcomes were compared between the two groups.
Results
A total of 504 women were included. No significant differences were observed in the prevalence of postoperative fever, readmission, and reoperation between the two groups.
Conclusion
Given the discomfort associated with holding and removing the abdominal drain, inserting a closed pelvic gravity drain through the vaginal vault appears to be a feasible alternative to an abdominal drain.

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