간행물

한국물환경학회지 update

Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment

  • : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회)
  • : 공학분야  >  환경공학
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  • : 2289-098X
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1985)~37권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 2,354
한국물환경학회지
37권3호(2021년 05월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1GIS 기반 불투수율 산정방법론을 활용한 강우유출수 부담금 모의산정 방안 연구

저자 : 유재현 ( Jae Hyun Yoo ) , 김계현 ( Kye Hyun Kim ) , 최지용 ( Ji Yong Choi ) , 이철용 ( Chol Young Lee )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 157-167 (11 pages)

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Korea needs to develop a rational system to separate stormwater utility fee from current sewerage fee. In this study, the scenario for calculating stormwater utility fee of Bupyeong-gu was suggested and the results were considered. For this purpose, the application of stormwater utility fee overseas and current domestic system were analyzed. A three step calculating scenario considering suitable domestic situation and impervious surface area was suggested. Water, sewerage usage, and hydrant data were collected. The total amount of water and sewerage fees for land use were calculated. The sewerage fee of Bupyeong-gu for the year 2014 was 21,685,446,578 won. Assuming that 40% of this amount was the cost associated to stormwater, the result showed that the fees for residential area in third step decreased by 0.77% compared to that of the first step. For commercial area, the stormwater utility fee decreased by 36.87%. For industrial area, although the consumption of water was similar to that of commercial area, the stormwater utility fee increased by 8.35%. For green area, the fee increased by 37.46%. This study demonstrated that the calculation of actual stormwater utility fee using impervious surface map and impervious Surface Ratio Estimation Methodology developed in previous studies is feasible.

KCI등재

2CFD를 활용한 수처리공정 대형관에서 압력수 혼합공정 평가

저자 : 조영만 ( Young-man Cho ) , 유현철 ( Hyun-chul Yu ) , 장경혁 ( Gyeong-hyuk Jang ) , 정용준 ( Yong-jun Jung )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 168-174 (7 pages)

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Mixing is a very important unit in water treatment process. A mechanical stirring method is generally used for mixing, but recently, the use of pressurized water mixing method (pump diffusion flash mixer) has gained interest because it is more advantageous in terms of mixing time, noise, energy consumption, and maintenance. The following conclusions were obtained from the study of pressurized water mixing method by Computational Fluid Dynamics. Firstly, the mixing degree in the pipe increased as the density of water increased. Secondly, even if the relative velocity between flow rate in the pipe and the pressurized water was constant, the mixing degree decreased as the flow velocity in the pipe increased. Thirdly, the stronger the injection energy the higher the mixing degree. It was also found that the mixing degree was greatly affected by the injection velocity as compared to the injection flow amount. Finally, the required energy to achieve 95% mixing degree at the distance of 10 times diameter in big pipes of 500 mm to 3000 mm was 0.3 to 4.5 kJ. The result of this study could be used in the process design of injection with water purification chemicals, such as, ozone, chlorine, and coagulant.

KCI등재

3부하지속곡선을 이용한 삽교호수계 지류하천의 오염원인 분석

저자 : 최정호 ( Jeongho Choi ) , 김홍수 ( Hongsu Kim ) , 조병욱 ( Byunguk Cho ) , 박상현 ( Sanghyun Park ) , 이무규 ( Mukyu Lee ) , 이병구 ( Byeonggu Lee )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 175-189 (15 pages)

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In this study, 48 streams in the Sapgyo Watershed were selected, and the Load Duration Curves (LDC) were drawn up for each stream using water quality and flow monitoring over the last three years (2018-2020), and it was evaluated whether the target water quality was achieved for each flow section. As a result of evaluating whether or not the target water quality exceeded according to the LDC, it was found that 22 rivers exceeded the target water quality. Five rivers exceeded the target water quality due to point pollutant sources, 13 rivers exceeded the target water quality due to non-point pollutant sources, and 4 rivers exceeded the target water quality due to both point and non-point pollutant sources. Among the rivers that exceeded the target water quality due to point pollutant sources, which included domestic sewage of the untreated population, there is a need to reduce the influx of polluted loads by the untreated population. The use of eco-friendly fertilizers is recommended for rivers with a relatively high farmland ratio among rivers exceeding the target water quality due to non-point pollutant sources, and installation of boiling point reduction facilities that can reduce the amount of polluted load introduced during rainfall or manage water shores. In rivers with a large number of livestock breeding heads, the livestock houses located in these rivers need to be preferentially transferred to livestock manure treatment plants. Due to the high ratio of land area because of urbanization, initial rainwater treatment facilities are required to reduce the amount of pollutant load flowing into the river through the impermeable layer during rainfall.

KCI등재

4하수처리수 방류 하천의 물환경과 저서성 대형무척추동물 군집 생태 연구

저자 : 손정원 ( Jung-won Son ) , 곽진숙 ( Jin-suk Kwag ) , 조갑제 ( Gab-je Cho ) , 류동춘 ( Dong-choon Ryou )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 190-203 (14 pages)

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Water quality, benthic macroinvertebrate communities, and other factors were investigated to explore the effects of the effluent discharge from a sewage treatment plant into Jwagwang stream in Busan in 2019. During the study period, the flow rate of this stream was in the range of 10,400 ㎥/day to 52,200 ㎥/day except for the discharge of about 24,000 ㎥/day of the effluent. After discharge, the flow velocity increased by about 65% and the water depth increased by about 40%. At sites downstream of the discharge point, BOD, COD, TOC, T-N, T-P, and other water quality values were worse than those of the upstream sites. The periphytic algal chlorophyll-a concentrations in the natural substrata were higher than those of the upstream sites, especially in May and August. However, at sites downstream of the discharge point, the individual numbers of Annelida were decreased and individual numbers of the insecta of arthropoda were increased. Also, species numbers and the diversity and dominance indexes were improved in the sites downstream of the discharge point. The functional feeding groups (FFGs) of collector-filterers were increased and the habitat orientation groups (HOGs) of sprawlers, burrowers, and clingers were especially increased at the sites with additional reclaimed wastewater effluent flow. Regardless of the effluent discharge, BMI, an indicator of ecological stream health using benthic macroinvertebrate species, did not show large gaps between the study points. Although the water quality of the sites downstream of the discharge point was much worse than those upstream, their ecosystem soundness was better than those of the upstream sites from an ecological perspective.

KCI등재

5낙동강 유역에서 하천 TP 농도의 공간적 변동성에 영향을 미치는 주요 유역특성

저자 : 서지유 ( Jiyu Seo ) , 원정은 ( Jeongeun Won ) , 최정현 ( Jeonghyeon Choi ) , 김상단 ( Sangdan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 204-216 (13 pages)

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It is important to understand the factors influencing the temporal and spatial variability of water quality in order to establish an effective customized management strategy for contaminated aquatic ecosystems. In this study, the spatial diversity of the 5-year (2015 - 2019) average total phosphorus (TP) concentration observed in 40 Total Maximum Daily Loads unit-basins in the Nakdong River watershed was analyzed using 50 predictive variables of watershed characteristics, climate characteristics, land use characteristics, and soil characteristics. Cross-correlation analysis, a two-stage exhaustive search approach, and Bayesian inference were applied to identify predictors that best matched the time-averaged TP. The predictors that were finally identified included watershed altitude, precipitation in fall, precipitation in winter, residential area, public facilities area, paddy field, soil available phosphate, soil magnesium, soil available silicic acid, and soil potassium. Among them, it was found that the most influential factors for the spatial difference of TP were watershed altitude in watershed characteristics, public facilities area in land use characteristics, and soil available silicic acid in soil characteristics. This means that artificial factors have a great influence on the spatial variability of TP. It is expected that the proposed statistical modeling approach can be applied to the identification of major factors affecting the spatial variability of the temporal average state of various water quality parameters.

KCI등재

6생물서식지 적합성 평가를 위한 Delft3D와 HABITAT 모델의 연계 적용

저자 : 임혜정 ( Hyejung Lim ) , 나은혜 ( Eun Hye Na ) , 전형철 ( Hyeong Cheol Jeon ) , 송호진 ( Hojin Song ) , 유호준 ( Hojun Yoo ) , 황순홍 ( Soon Hong Hwang ) , 류희성 ( Hui-seong Ryu )

발행기관 : 한국물환경학회(구 한국수질보전학회) 간행물 : 한국물환경학회지 37권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 217-228 (12 pages)

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This paper discusses a methodology where an integrated modelling framework is used to quantify the risk derived from anthropic activities on habitats and species. To achieve this purpose, a tool comprising the Delft3D and HABITAT model, was applied in the Yeongsan river. Delft3D effectively simulated the operational condition and flow of weirs in river. In accuracy evaluation of the Delft3D-FLOW, the Bias, Pbias, Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE), and Index of Agreement (IOA) were used, and the result was evaluated as grade above 'Satisfactory'. The HABITAT calculated Habitat Suitability Value (HSV) for the following eight species: mammal, fish, aquatic plant, and benthic macroinvertebrate. An Area was defined as a suitable habitat if the HSV was larger than 0.5. HABITAT was judged accurately by measuring the Correct Classification rate (CCR) and the area under the ROC curve (AUC). For benthic macroinvertebrate, the CCR and AUC were 77% and 0.834, respectively, at thresholds of 0.017 and 4 inds/㎡ for HSV and individuals per unit area. This meant that the HABITAT model accurately predicted the appearance of the benthic macroinvertebrates by approximately 77% and that the probability of false alarms was also very low. As a result of evaluating the suitability of habitats, in the Yeongsan river, if the annual “lowest level” (Seungchon weir: 2.5 EL.m/ Juksan weir: -1.35 EL.m) was maintained, the average habitat improvement effect of 6.5%P compared to the 'reference' scenario was predicted. Consequently, it was demonstrated that the integrated modelling framework for habitat suitability assessment is able to support the remedy aquatic ecological management.

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