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EWHA SAHAK YEONGU (A Bulletin of the Ewha Historical Institutions)

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수록범위 : 1권0호(1966)~64권0호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 676
이화사학연구
64권0호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 김수태 ( Kim Soo-tae )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-32 (32 pages)

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This article deals King Taejo's Yesan-jin royal message which was issued in 934 with a new perspective. Although this royal message has been frequently mentioned, a full-scale review of its entire contents has not been made.
This royal message, which was issued right before the battle with the Later Baekje, was more than economic policy regarding the Chungcheong-do region. Rather, unlike what Taejo had pursued before, it was a seminal data revealing how Goryeo implemented new economic policies after unifying the Later Three Kingdoms.
Above all, on the basis of strengthened king's authority, Taejo promoted a new policy that effectively protected the peasants from not only taxes but also from the burden of labor. This can be seen in the fact that Taejo even allowed the peasants to have the right to sue for defending themselves from excessive burden.
This shows that Goryeo was changing to a nation that focus more on the tax revenues based on the land productivity while reducing the direct control over the peasants' labor. In this regard, it can be said that Taejo's Yesan-jin royal message is Goryeo's practical turning point from the Ancient period to the Medieval period.

KCI등재

저자 : 안명옥 ( Ahn Myoung Ock )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-107 (75 pages)

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Throughout the human history, emerging infectious diseases have had huge impact on human life as a result of human-environment interactions. Ecologic change including climate change is likely to modulate the burden of infectious diseases profoundly as well. Also increased global travel leads to new health problems in other areas in the world. The COVID-19(coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2 virus) pandemic has lasted more than 2 years. It has already affected hundreds of millions of people's lives, and we have to move on to the next normal soon. This article views to increase resilience to our upcoming emerging infectious diseases by improving systemic capacity to absorb disturbance and re-organize a fully functioning system as well as to advance the state through learning from 2015 MERS(Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, MERS-CoV) response in Korea.
The lessons learned from 2015 MERS epidemics in Korea would have increased resilience of Korea to the COVID-19 pandemic at the beginning. Scientific advancements and health policy based on MERS experience, especially the governance at the National Medical Center, allowed for rapid progress in our understanding of the MERS response. If social learning from the previous experience occurs, there will be a greater likelihood that mitigation and preparedness will be improved despite threatening outbreak of the emerging infectious diseases in the future. Coordination, control and cooperation as well as collaboration with the public-private partnership also will play an important role for the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery of the (bio)disaster for the good governance.

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저자 : 정혜중 ( Chung Hyejung )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 109-145 (37 pages)

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This study analyzes Chinese understanding of opium by examining the inflow, distribution of opium, and its prohibition in China before the Opium War. Through the examination of the selected materials from the Song Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, this paper focuses on how opium was perceived by the Chinese society and how the perception changed throughout the time. During the Song Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty, opium-poppy(罌粟) had been used as a medicinal ingredient and its utilization with medicinal purposes had expanded. However, during this time, Chinese had not recognized its danger or the possibility of addiction based on the analysis of Zhenglei Bencao(證類本草) and Bencao Gangmu/Compendium of Materia Medica(本草綱目).
However, in Qing Dynasty, even before the Opium War, Su Mingliang(蘇明良), a military officer of Guangzhou, already sensed the harmful effects of opium. Through the analysis of Su's Memorial to the Yougzheng Emperor(1727), this paper traces his observation of the route of opium into China, inhalation methods, the fate of smokers, and the social consequences caused by opium. Also, with the Opium Prohibition Act in Jiaqing-Daoguang period(嘉慶道光年間), opium was no longer a medicinal product. During this period, the Qing government discussed countermeasures against the silver leakage invoked by the opium trade. Although public welfare and health issue was not a main focus, the scope of punishment imposed on opium smokers expanded in Jiaquing period and, even in Daoguang period, the limit of punishment furthered to death. Also, the imperial commissioner, Lin Zexu(林則徐), and the famous doctor, He Qiwei(何其偉), initiated the treatment for opium poisoning during this time.

KCI등재

저자 : 배소연 ( Bae So Yeon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 147-196 (50 pages)

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The aim of this paper is to challenge the entrenched belief that the emperor Domitian claimed divinity during his lifetime. It has been largely unquestioned in scholarship that Domitian asked to be addressed as dominus et deus noster, a title that epitomizes his autocracy. However, more recently, the authenticity of this claim has been questioned by scholars focusing on the constituents of tyranny in ancient Greek and Roman historiography. In this process, dominus, which has been misconstrued as indicating that Domitian perceived the relationship between the emperor and the Romans to be that of master and slave, has been reexamined. Yet the word deus, which lent validity to the belief that Domitian wished to be regarded as a god by others while alive, has not received enough attention in this context.
In this paper I examine extant archaeological and philological evidence of the Templum Gentis Flaviae, which Domitian built during his reign, to identify any hint of Domitian's claim to divinity during his lifetime. The Templum Gentis Flaviae served as both a temple to commemorate the deified members of the Flavian Dynasty and a tomb where their ashes were enshrined. The remnants of the Templum Gentis Flaviae show that the focus of the temple was on the deified members of Domitian's family, not Domitian himself. Those who visited this temple might have admired Domitian's pietas in dedicating such a monumental building to the divi and divae of his family. However, they might not have interpreted any outright message about Domitian's divinity during his lifetime from the temple.
Yet Domitian neither refused to be deified after his death nor only looked to the past when building the Templum Gentis Flaviae. Around the time the temple was completed, Domitian adopted his cousin's two sons as his successors. Domitian seems to have been confident that he would be deified by his adoptive sons and join the members of his family in the Templum Gentis Flaviae upon his death. Unfortunately, expectations of both his posthumous deification and the perpetuation of the Flavian Dynasty were cut short by his assassination in 96 C.E. With the memory of the last Flavian emperor obliterated by the order of the Senate, the Templum Gentis Flaviae also faded into oblivion.

KCI등재

저자 : 이남희 ( Namhee Lee )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 197-224 (28 pages)

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This study delves into the novel concept of control in the era of the therapeutic culture. In the 1960s, American cultural theorist, Philip Rieff diagnosed that American society experienced a fundamental transition in its cultural mechanism. Throughout the history of the West, the cultural mechanism had evolved around the relation between community and its constituent. Based on Rieff's profound analysis on Sigmund Freud, a founder of psychoanalysis, this article traces the moment that begins a new mode of control. This paper argues that Rieff unwittingly suggested the subtle balance of various modes, modus vivendi, as a new concept of control. By looking into the major concepts and theory that Rieff had left, this provides an opportunity to demonstrate how new culture had activated new mechanism of control.

KCI등재

저자 : 이효진

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 225-238 (14 pages)

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