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KOREAN JOURNAL OF THE MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1980)~43권1호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 782
한국중동학회논총
43권1호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 이주한 ( Lee Joo-han )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-31 (31 pages)

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This study adopted poststructuralism based on constitutive epistemology. From a poststructuralist perspective, language is not a neutral medium of communication. Rather, language produces meaning. Poststructuralists hold that language plays an important role in understanding global politics.
This study explored Korea's foreign policy discourses on Iran based on poststructuralist epistemology. Particularly, the study divided the foreign policy discourses of the Park Geun-Hye and Moon Jae-In governments into three broad categories: politics, economy and culture. In addition, the study analyzed Korea's foreign policy discourses in the context of diplomatic conflicts with Iran by dealing with the Iranian detention of a Korean-flagged tanker. The results of this study are as follows. First, the Park Geun-Hye and Moon Jae-In governments sought to maintain friendly relations with Iran by using various diplomatic discourses. Second, the Moon Jae-In government showed diplomatic efforts to resolve conflicts between both countries such as Iran's Korean-flagged oil tanker seizure.

KCI등재

저자 : 건하산 ( Geon Hassan )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-62 (30 pages)

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This paper investigates the reasons behind Egyptians abandoning their support for democracy in 2013, only two years after staging major protests demanding regime change in 'Tahrir Square' in 2011. The article's basic argument is based on the notions of bounded rationality as well as recent breakthroughs in the field of cognitive heuristics. Then shows how several cues created by domestic and regional events induced stronger security and stability demands.
This paper attempts to identify a significant causal relationship between the perception of threat among Egyptians during the transition period and the withdrawal of support for democracy using six Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) models. In particular, this article helps the readers understand the significant change in Egyptian public opinion in the time of democratic opening following the removal of Mubarak and the removal of Morsi. The research demonstrates this argument via public opinion polls done by Arab Barometer and Pew center to measure public opinion about democracy.
The study shows how the public paid close attention to powerful and intense occurrences, which prompted a preference for the strong man model system of government. Fear of Islamists pushed the public masses to update their preferences and seek the help of the old regime alliances, then reintroduce authoritarianism. Support for democracy has fallen and conditional support for anti-democratic leaders has risen significantly. With these overall shifts, one can also see important changes in the bases of democratic support.

KCI등재

저자 : 장세원 ( Chang Se-won ) , 홍미정 ( Hong Mi-jung )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 63-99 (37 pages)

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Saudi Arabia and China are strengthening their comprehensive and strategic partnership with significant expansion of cooperation in the fields of trade, investment, energy, security and arms manufacturing.
This paper analyzes the development of Saudi-China relations, focusing on the policies of three Saudi kings who lead Saudi politics, diplomacy, and military affairs since 1980s, King Fahd, who began arms trade between Saudi Arabia and China; King Abdullah, who strengthened multilateral cooperation with China as a stable oil market; and King Salman, who changed relations between Saudi Arabia and China under the One Belt, One Road and Saudi Vision 2030.

KCI등재

저자 : 황의현 ( Hwang Yuihyun )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 101-129 (29 pages)

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This research discusses the relations between Muslims and Jews during the Medinan period, focusing on the reliability of historical sources which are used to reconstruct the early history of the Muslim community. The subject of Muhammad's relations with Jews in Medina has been the center of polemical debates regarding characteristics of Islam. Instead of verifying whether Muhammad and his followers were hostile to Jews or not, this research introduces various interpretations on the Constitution of Medina, the clashes between Muhammad and the three Jewish tribes, and traditions on the expulsion of Jews, proposing that the relations between Muslims and Jews in the Medinan period should be considered in the context of debates on the reliability of Muslim sources on the early period.

KCI등재

저자 : 신성윤 ( Shin Seoung-yun )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 131-154 (24 pages)

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The diaspora and return of the Jews to their homeland are examined by focusing on the Hebrew lexical terms used in the Old Testament. It turns out to be that Galut was the worst punishment and curse given to the Jewish people when they broke the covenant relationship with their God. The Old Testament texts suggest that the primary meaning of the Biblical Hebrew root galo (גלה) 'uncover' derives from the noun form of the basic verb (that is, galut), implying that the diaspora becomes an opportunity for God to be revealed to Jewish people. The texts also show that the promise of Aliyah is given for those who recognize God through Galut. Before the Babylonian exile, Aliyah meant a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to worship God. The Old Testament texts show that Aliyah in the post-exile period means not only a pilgrimage to Jerusalem but also a return to the land of Israel. The noun `ola(עולה), derived from the same root of Aliyah, shows that going up to Jerusalem for a pilgrimage was ultimately and specifically to offer a sacrifice to God. According to these contexts, the Aliyah movement of Jews in the modern diaspora is ultimately defined as an act of Jewish beliefs. Galut is also a phenomenon that must be interpreted in the light of their beliefs.

KCI등재

저자 : 최중화 ( Choi Junghwa )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 155-173 (19 pages)

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AD 70 is one of the most important turning points in Jewish history. The Jerusalem temple was destroyed by the Romans, and the center of Jewish existence moved into Yavneh. Yavneh is an important the place where Rabbinic Judaism began to take shape. The rabbis at Yavneh are called 'tannaim,' and they started shaping the Rabbinic Judaism. The period of tannaim is roughly between AD 70 and 200. This paper aims at examining the reasons for different division of generations of tannaim. Ibn Daud, Strack-Stemberger, Safrai's approaches will be compared and analyzed. Diagram will be reconstructed to understand the generational development of tannaim.

KCI등재

저자 : 신양섭 ( Shin Yang-sup )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 175-210 (36 pages)

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Iranian films have won many awards at international film festivals and are attracting attention from the global film industry. However, behind this glory lies the history of suffering and hardship and such situation is still ongoing. Although the Pahlavi monarchy and the Islamic Republic had different policies and ideologies to pursue, both used films as propaganda tools for them and implemented strict censorship policies. The censorship policies of the two eras are generally similar, but there are significant differences in practice. Also, depending on the censorship policies the two regimes focused on, there are differences in the way Iranian filmmakers choose to respond. Therefore, in this paper, the history of censorship policies implemented during the Pahlavi monarchy and the Islamic Republic period and its changes are first analyzed and then the resistance trend of Iranian filmmakers who responded to it will be analyzed by subject.

KCI등재

저자 : Abdollahi Parsa Tahere , Ghapandari Bidgoli Fahime

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 211-230 (20 pages)

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Reading and comprehension skill as one of the four main language skills is a complex process that can be facilitated by learning strategies. The utilization of learning strategies in reading leads to a better and deeper understanding of language by learners. Researches show that the usage of learning strategies impacts on reading and comprehension to a great extent, but so far It has not been done on Persian learners with different languages and dialects. As it seems necessary to pay attention to this field, the present study investigates the learning strategies used by foreign learners of Persian and its effect on reading comprehension. For this purpose, the reading texts of Parfa book (intermediate level) have been used. Applicants (40) are randomly divided into the control group (20) and the experimental group (20). The experimental group received the reading texts using Oxford (1990) language strategies and the control group received them through the traditional method. They were taught online through the Adobe Connect platform within ten hours. At first a pre-test was conducted for both control and experimental group and after ten-hour training a post-test was taken. Statistical analysis and the t-test results shows the experimental group outperformed the control group and the learning strategies are efficient. Also, to determine the most effective strategies in reading and comprehension among foreign learners of Persian, interviews were conducted with their lecturers and it was found that metacognitive strategies are more effectual than other strategies.

KCI등재

저자 : 이난아 ( Lee Nan-a )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 231-256 (26 pages)

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Despite the fact that Turkey adopted modernization and westernization as the Republic's ideology after its establishment and has undergone various social changes, the perception of women's purity has not changed significantly. It regards purity as a valuable treasure that must be preserved prior to marriage, and this perception clearly demonstrates gender discrimination and oppression that only applies to women.
Among all of Orhan Pamuk's works published to date, The Museum of Innocence is a novel in which women's issues are addressed seriously in the vast subject of love. This work reveals the contradiction between discrimination and women's perceptions experienced by Turkish women in the 1970s, and it reflects an era in which women are not recognized as autonomous and independent by living individual lives or actively participating in society, and are faithful to husband and child rearing in a compliant and patriarchal society.
The conventional wisdom that women who have sex with men without mentioning marriage or hope were also prevalent in the novel's background. Men who are afraid that women will experience pleasure and cling to it as premarital relationships, and women who have premarital relationships but have not married their partners, are chastised as defamed, pitiful women who have been abandoned. Women's premarital sex is accepted as a religious constraint or moral defect, men, on the other hand, are relatively tolerant of having sex before marriage or meeting other women after marriage.
Despite various legal facts in Turkey, women continue to face discrimination in Turkish society as a result of their lack of awareness of women's issues, as well as inhumane old customs and narrow-minded thinking. It could be argued that blaming only women is unjust in Turkey, where honor killings are still carried out on women who have lost their purity or spirit. The problem of discrimination against women in Turkey will have to be improved in the future, recognizing the problems of bad habits and patriarchal society, and only when incorrect customs disappear will men and women be able to live together in an equal society.

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