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KOREAN JOURNAL OF THE MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1980)~41권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 755
한국중동학회논총
41권3호(2021년 02월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1민중시위와 시민사회의 성장 -알제리 히라크를 중심으로-

저자 : 김은비 ( Kim Eunbee )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-31 (31 pages)

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Hirak (the People's Resistance Movement), a massive anti-government demonstration in Algeria, has been going on for more than two year since it started in February 2019. Hirak developed on a larger scale by utilizing peaceful means and embracing participants from various backgrounds, thereby allowing Algerian civil society to have legitimacy, representation, and capacity. In the end, Hirak succeeded in getting President Bouteflika out of office, who planned for his fifth term, and further matured the civil society of Algeria.
The government, which had suppressed protesters, is trying to rationalize the suppression in the wake of the COVID-19 that began in late 2019. But Algeria's civil society has not yielded to this and has decided to voluntarily suspend demonstrations internally to protect their health, and is sustaining the momentum of protests by bringing them online. It is also gaining greater support, adding strength to what is beyond the government's capabilities. Algeria's mature civil society is expected to play an important role in reforming the political system as well as democratizing Algeria in the future.

KCI등재

2이라크 민병대와 대리전 양상 연구

저자 : 남옥정 ( Nam Ok-jeong )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 33-57 (25 pages)

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PMF, an coalition of Iraq's major militias was formed under the Iraq's security system with legitimacy to protect the country and the lives of the people on behalf of Iraqi Security forces that already had been collapsed when ISIS occupied Mosul in 2014. Major militias which participated with PMF are mainly Shi'ite Islamist groups such as Kata'ib Hezbollah, Asa'ib Ahl al Haq, Badr organization as the most powerful Iranian linked militias, and al Sistani group, so called Shrine Mobilization. In this context, US regarded PMF as Iran's proxies which would harmed to US and regional security. Iraq seldom stabilized since the 2003 Iraq War, and this vulnerability provided an environment in which external forces could easily intervene in it. Therefore, it has been referred Iraq has aspect to be battlefield of proxy warfare.
Nevertheless, this paper points out that it should be cautious because there is a limit to explaining Iraq in the framework of a proxy warfare based on the followings. 1. The possibility that the threaten of Iraqi militia was exaggerated, 2. Overlooking that Iraq as a sovereign state pursues a power balance through an alliance with the United States and Iran, 3. and also the possibility of Iraqi militias follow their own interests rather than acting as Iranian proxies.

KCI등재

3호르무즈 해협의 물류 안정성과 국제패권의 분석

저자 : 김중관 ( Kim Joong-kwan )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 59-98 (40 pages)

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This study analyzes the Hormuz Strait's logistics stability in the Gulf, as Korea within other Asian economies relies on in-depth Middle Eastern oil. The paper conducts a survey on the political status and economic situation of Gulf countries to explores strategies for future proper cooperation with Middle Eastern countries. The international oil market and develop specific guidelines to approach optimal energy issues, including corporate activities under the hypothesis of the direct impact of transport logistics disruption in the Hormuz Strait. To assess the impact of logistical stability on energy security of the Hormuz, the study identifies the causality of military confrontation and conducted optimal discussions through fusion analysis. Predicting short-term international oil prices, assessing the logistical stability issues in the Strait of Hormuz, and looking for policy alternatives. Also, policy choices between major hegemonic groups such as the United States and the European Union were analyzed in a multi-layered way to determine Korea's optimal energy security conditions.

KCI등재

4장애에 대한 이슬람의 이해 연구

저자 : 김주은 ( Kim Jooeun ) , 안정국 ( Ahn Jung-kook )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-129 (31 pages)

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There are influences of religion directly or indirectly on people with disabilities in history. The purpose of this study is to find verses of Qur'an, and Hadith that record disability and people with disability. In addition, The researcher would like to examine Islam's position on the topic of 'Is Disability the Result of Sin?' and 'Is Abortion Possible for the Disabled?'. For this purpose, the researcher actively used the scriptures of Islam.
By examining the Qur'an, Islamic scriptures and the Hadith which recorded the words of the Prophet Muhammad, The researcher was able to derive Islam's stance on these two themes.
Islam emphasizes that disability is normal because Allah made everyone diverse when he created the world. However, the Qur'an shows that disability was used as a curse on unbelievers.
Islam is a religion that has developed religious laws, and has found a number of legal views on abortion in children with disabilities. In summary, they adhere to the ban on abortion, but there are legal schools that allow abortion depending on the duration of pregnancy and the severity of the disability. As such, this study is meaningful in Islamic understandings of disability.

KCI등재

5걸프지역 COVID-19 사례로 본 수니 무슬림의 반시아 종파주의 담론 분석

저자 : 엄익란 ( Eum Ikran )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 131-159 (29 pages)

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This study analyzes Sunni Muslims' anti-Shia hatred sentiment under COVID-19 conditions. COVID-19 has emerged as a new fomenting element of sectarian conflict between Sunni and Shia in the Middle East. Since the WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic in March 2020, the virus has spread indiscriminately worldwide regardless of class, gender, age, and religion. Exploiting the 'infodemic' phenomenon, COVID-19 surpasses unfound fears toward other groups and amplifies hatred toward otherness. In the Middle Eastern region, the COVID-19 pandemic has restructured Sunni Muslim's anti-Shia prejudice and hatred to a new level. Sectarianism, before COVID-19 was shaped by actual conflicts and violence that occurred on the front lines between Saudi supported Sunni groups and Iran supported Shia groups. The current sectarianism occurs in the online space, reinforcing 'civilization and science' vs. 'barbarism and superstition' discourse and 'Islamic' and 'non-Islamic' theological dimensions, regarding COVID-19 as God's punishment. In addition, COVID-19 further deepened sectarianism at the grassroots level. This study is distinguished from previous studies as it highlights sectarianism in the Middle East from the perspective of the pandemic that threatens the security and stability of the region.

KCI등재

6터키에서 정치 이슬람과 히잡 착용 관계 연구; 에르도안 대통령 선출 이후, 여성운동가들의 의견을 중심으로

저자 : 한하은 ( Han Ha-eun )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 161-194 (34 pages)

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Due to the long term ruling by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan from AKP, a pro-Islamic political party, the Turkish society became conservative and the population of hijab-worn women increased significantly. However, the ban on the hijab wearing in public places which originated from the secular constitution, rather prevented hijab-wearing women from education opportunities and led to an impediment to women's entry into society. Consequently, a critical public opinion was enormously obtained that the social status of women deteriorated and a social conservatism rapidly developed. Taking a big step from the past when people viewed hijab as an icon of Islamism and Secularism conflict, now, women in various fields including the military are free to wear hijabs while working as a result of endeavor and agreement of society in order to liberalize the right to wear hijab in the public.
The united determination and actions by Islam feminists and secular ones together who justified advancement of Turkish women regardless of their ideology, changed the hijab policy. In a process of resolving hijab issue in Turkish society, which is separated by Secularism and Islamism, a forward step towards democracy was taken.
Nevertheless, female activists and average citizens as well need to see to it that the hijab, simply an Islamic garment cannot be exploited as a political issue either by Islamists or by Secularists and thus to enhance democracy in Turkey. Besides, it is needless to say that the freedom to wear hijab itself does not guarantee the augmentation of the Turkish women's rights.

KCI등재

7페르시아어 친족어 변화 고찰

저자 : 곽새라 ( Kwak Saera ) , 강은지 ( Kang Eunji )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 195-214 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the morphological-semantic changes of Persian kinship terms from a diachronic point of view, and also to analyze cultural characteristics of Persian society which are revealed in Persian kinship terms. To examine those features, we sort out the kinship terms from version B and C of Hui-hui-guan-yi-yu, which are assumed to be published between 15th century and 17th century, and compare these terms with the terms in Iranian and Dari Persian. By doing so, we found the morphological changes as well as semantic changes. Moreover, we concluded that the paternal-centered vocabulary list reflects the paternal-centered culture of Persian-speaking societies, and that the family-centered culture influenced the diversity of Persian kinship terms.

KCI등재

8알자지라와 알아라비야의 프레임 전쟁과 연합뉴스의 리프레임: “걸프 위기” 관련 뉴스 텍스트를 중심으로

저자 : 양희정 ( Yang Hee-jung )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 41권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 215-248 (34 pages)

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This study analyzed a news framing confrontation between Qatar's media and Saudi Arabian media, along with Korean media's subsequent reframing. The study also analyzed citation and translation issues from recontextualization, that is, from the reframing perspective. The research method was classification of news texts by Al-Jazeera, Al-'Arabiyya, and Yonhap News―all related to Gulf Crisis―into three time points: the incident's beginning, its crisis, and its current. The study then analyzed differences and changes in news frames among media and according to the time points. Results showed significant differences and changes. Al-Jazeera and Al-'Arabiyya viewed the incident from their respective countries' viewpoints and constructed news frames representing their respective countries' positions. Yonhap News reinterpreted the incident from a third-party perspective, reconstructing news frames to focus on the impact on their country and on their readers' interest.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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