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KOREAN JOURNAL OF THE MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1980)~43권2호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 793
한국중동학회논총
43권2호(2022년 10월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 안소연 ( Ahn Soyeon )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-33 (33 pages)

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This study highlights authoritarian elections' role in changing politics in Arab countries. Although many scholars have contributed to developing the literature on how authoritarian elections lead to democratization or authoritarian consolidation, there has been a lack of studies regarding the role and effect of elections in Arab authoritarian regimes. From this perspective, this study explores how elections in Arab countries show meaningful political changes by analyzing three recent Arab countries' elections in Morocco, Iraq and Lebanon. This study discovers some similar trends in the recent Arab elections. Because of the elections, there have been changes in the balance of power in parliaments. Some major political parties suffered losses. Furthermore, new electoral laws were introduced to encourage the new parties or candidates' participation and to constrain sectarian politics. Finally, some new political parties that were born from civil society or protest movements emerged and won several seats in parliaments. Therefore, this study contributes to finding meaningful changes in political landscapes through having elections in Arab countries.

KCI등재

저자 : 이수진 ( Lee Soojin ) , 이주성 ( Lee Joosong )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 35-61 (27 pages)

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This study attempts to explain the diversification and de-Americanization of security strategies in major Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia and the UAE, resulting from the changes in the geopolitical environments of Gulf countries.
In particular, in the formation of a new environment where Gulf countries can put not only the United States but also Russia as an option for the security guarantor, the perception of Saudi Arabia and the UAE to security policy has changed. In this paper, several cases are reviewed to explain the deterioration of the relationship between the US and major Gulf countries. Namely, the US' lukewarm responses to the Houthis' drone attack on UAE precipitating the repetition of oil resources weaponization, as we can witness form OPEC's rejection. Moreover, Russia's enhanced influence as well as the UAE's restoration of relations with the Assad Regime and its Pro-Russian aspects will be dealt with.

KCI등재

저자 : 최준영 ( Choi Junyoung ) , 김은비 ( Kim Eunbee )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 63-88 (26 pages)

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The prolonged civil war in Yemen is causing the most serious humanitarian crisis. However, changes in the structure of the conflict are also being observed. This paper examined the causes of conflict and cooperation revealed in Yemen's civil war by applying the change in 'interests' pursued by major actors to Udalov's theory of interest balance.
Yemen's civil war stems from a clash of interests between the Yemeni government and the Houthi rebels, Saudi Arabia, and the Southern Separatist Forces over political power. However, the complex conflict structure by the intervention of various actors was changed by adjusting the interests pursued by each actor. Although the interests sought by the actors can shift depending on the environment and conditions, it cannot be said that some of the cooperation observed in the Yemeni civil war leads to a permanent end. Nevertheless, changes in the relationship between actors pursuing interests ultimately affect changes in the conflict structure. This is why it is necessary to focus more on actors' interests to predict the direction of civil wars.

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저자 : Mona Farouk M. Ahmed

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 89-118 (30 pages)

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Jerusalem with its significant importance for the major Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) faced different processes influencing its religious identity throughout history including Judaization, Christianization, and Islamization. Regarding Judaization, Jerusalem gives a unique example of this process, as the process is still ongoing at present due to the continuity of the Israeli occupation which is based on the concept of “the Jewish national home” excluding others whether Muslims or Christians.
This research paper focuses on the Judaization of Jerusalem since the declaration of the Israeli State in 1948 until the present, which is witnessing an intensifying of that process as Israel considers this holy city its capital. Thus, many measures and proceedings of Judaization including replacing Palestinians with Jews through expanding Jewish settlements and demolishing Arab neighborhoods continued to maintain a status of a Jewish majority in Jerusalem and to prove its Jewish identity. This study examined the development and impacts of this Judaization process while describing the various measures applied in Jerusalem to achieve this goal of Judaization until the present, which showed that despite the intensified and continuous Judaization efforts asserted by the Israeli authorities, Jerusalem is still persisting on its non-Jewish elements to preserve its diverse demography and cultural identity.

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저자 : 최두영 ( Choi Dooyoung ) , 백승훈 ( Paik Seunghoon )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 119-144 (26 pages)

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Post-Arab Spring civil uprisings occurred mainly in Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, and Egypt. Unemployment and job insecurity were the main reasons. Protests have often turned into serious security concerns. Still, ironically, in GCC countries, where low-wage migrant workers come in large numbers every year, with the exception of Bahrain, workers' protests have not escalated into national security issues. This was because 30 million migrant workers were placed in the secondary labour market, which reduced the dissatisfaction of GCC citizens who were engaged in the primary labour market.
This unique dual labour market structure of GCC countries is at the crossroads of major changes. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are bringing the automation of the labour market to an unavoidable reality. However, there is still insufficient discussion and preparation in the international community regarding changes in the labour market structure of GCC countries and the Kafala system, which will significantly impact the labour markets of non-oil-producing countries in the Middle East. Thus, this paper focuses on labour migration and the kafala system to examine the GCC's dual structure of labour markets in the automation process.

KCI등재

저자 : 김효정 ( Kim Hyojung )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 145-171 (27 pages)

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Tunisia, like other Islamic countries, is characterized by strong religious influences on its social system. At the same time, however, elitist political forces in the country have been leading social reforms. The coexistence of these two characteristics has led to constant social debate and conflict between the religious ideals of Islam and the secularist values of the women's reform movement in Tunisia. In Tunisia, the Arab Spring was a consequential time of crisis that would dictate the tide of women's reform. Depending on the religious orientation of the new regime and its policy direction, women's reform, and by extension, societal reform, could have gone in any direction. This paper will examine the changes in the flow of secularism in the country, focusing on the role of civil society in the constitutional process of the Constituent Assembly of Tunisia in 2014 and the subsequent revision of the law in relation to women.

KCI등재

저자 : 양민지 ( Yang Minji )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 173-202 (30 pages)

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The Ottoman Empire, which was a multicultural society, promulgated a dress code law to effectively manage cultural hybridity within the empire and to discriminate between Muslims and non-Muslims. Accordingly, the subjects were able to distinguish social class and status through clothing. In the 17th and 18th centuries, as the economic power of the subjects improved and the distinction between statuses became blurred, the Ottoman Empire could no longer manage this multiculturalism even with strong clothing regulation laws. In particular, it was closely connected with the regional, religious and ethnic specifics of Jerusalem.

KCI등재

저자 : 주동근 ( Joo Dong-keun )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 203-228 (26 pages)

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The purpose of this research is to see the meanings of religious tolerance in modern society by considering a comparative study on religious tolerance as a Social Integration Policy based on case of Umayyad Dynasty and 'Umayyad Dynasty of Córdova'. Previous researches related to religious tolerance in medieval times were mainly discussed in terms of religious function. But by studying religious tolerance as a social integration policy this research attempts to understand how religious tolerance integrated the society of Umayyad Dynasty and 'Umayyad Dynasty of Cordova' in the medieval times. Specially, by comparing domestic and foreign situations of islamic countries in the medieval times, this research tries to understand the substance more clearly through analysis of territorial expansion, new vanquished, and social conflicts. In other words, this research attempts to analysis how religious tolerance as a social integration policy was possible in the medieval times.

KCI등재

저자 : 이양희 ( Lee Yanghee )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 229-255 (27 pages)

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This study examines the aspect of semantic extension in Turkish expressions including hand (el) and foot (ayak) within cognitive semantic approaches. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the cognitive mechanisms encoded in Turkish expressions such as hand (el) and foot (ayak), as well as how they affect semantic extension throughout the conceptualization process. These body-part terms are motivated by cognitive mechanisms such as conceptual metonymy and metaphor based on embodiment. The functional features of the hand and foot were the most commonly utilized in the conceptualization of these physical parts, with metonymy being the primary cognitive mechanism in both languages. Common concepts such as PHYSIOLOGICAL/BEHAVIORAL RESPONSE, ACTIVITY, ABILITY, and PERSONALITY, which are reflected in metonymic expressions. In case of the metonymy-based metaphors, CONTROL, INTEREST, COOPERATION, and HELP are related to actions of hands; BEING RELATED, HAVING POWER, VALUABLE and DISABLED are related to actions of feet. These findings demonstrate how metonymy and metaphor are used to semantically extend the basic meanings of each bodily part. Cognitive mechanisms based on specific conventional knowledge generate Turkish expressions such as hand and foot, which are semantically extended from body-part terms to more abstract conceptual domains.These body-part terms are used in HUMAN, ANIMAL, PLANT, OBJECT, ACTIVITY, SPACE, TIME and abstract conceptual domains.

KCI등재

저자 : 장주영 ( Jang Juyeong )

발행기관 : 한국중동학회 간행물 : 한국중동학회논총 43권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 257-275 (19 pages)

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This paper briefly reviews the phenomenon of locative alternation in modern Turkish, along with a semantic analysis of the Turkish verb doldur-. Referring to the previous study, five verbs that allow locative alternation in Turkish were selected. Among these verbs, the transitive verb doldur-, which was formed by combining the derivative affixes, was selected to examine the argument structure characteristics and semantic characteristics. In addition, the semantic characteristics were confirmed along with the argument structure analysis of the intransitive verb dol-, which is the verb stem of doldur-, and doldurul- to be filled with the derivation affix -İl to doldur-.

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