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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1991)~32권11호(2022) |수록논문 수 : 5,927
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
32권11호(2022년 11월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Sujeong Je , Yasuyo Yamaoka

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1357-1372 (16 pages)

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Heavy reliance on fossil fuels has been associated with increased climate disasters. As an alternative, microalgae have been proposed as an effective agent for biomass production. Several advantages of microalgae include faster growth, usage of non-arable land, recovery of nutrients from wastewater, efficient CO2 capture, and high amount of biomolecules that are valuable for humans. Microalgae Chlorella spp. are a large group of eukaryotic, photosynthetic, unicellular microorganisms with high adaptability to environmental variations. Over the past decades, Chlorella has been used for the large-scale production of biomass. In addition, Chlorella has been actively used in various food industries for improving human health because of its antioxidant, antidiabetic, and immunomodulatory functions. However, the major restrictions in microalgal biofuel technology are the cost-consuming cultivation, processing, and lipid extraction processes. Therefore, various trials have been performed to enhance the biomass productivity and the lipid contents of Chlorella cells. This study provides a comprehensive review of lipid enhancement strategies mainly published in the last five years and aimed at regulating carbon sources, nutrients, stresses, and expression of exogenous genes to improve biomass production and lipid synthesis.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Hyunjun Ko , Bong Hyun Sung , Mi-jin Kim , Jung-hoon Sohn , Jung-hoon Bae

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1373-1381 (9 pages)

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Fructan is a polysaccharide composed of fructose and can be classified into several types, such as inulin, levan, and fructo-oligosaccharides, based on their linkage patterns and degree of polymerization. Owing to its structural and functional diversity, fructan has been used in various fields including prebiotics, foods and beverages, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical applications. With increasing interest in fructans, efficient and straightforward production methods have been explored. Since the 1990s, yeast cells have been employed as producers of recombinant enzymes for enzymatic conversion of fructans including fructosyltransferases derived from various microbes and plants. More recently, yeast cell factories are highlighted as efficient workhorses for fructan production by direct fermentation. In this review, recent advances and strategies for fructan biosynthesis by yeast cell factories are discussed.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Soo-jin Oh , Ji-ye Park , Bada Won , Yong-taek Oh , Seung-chan Yang , Ok Sarah Shin

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1382-1389 (8 pages)

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Asterias pectinifera, a species of starfish and cause of concern in the aquaculture industry, was recently identified as a source of non-toxic and highly water-soluble collagen peptides. In this study, we investigated the antioxidant and anti-photoaging functions of compounds formulated using collagen peptides from extracts of Asterias pectinifera and Halocynthia roretzi (AH). Our results showed that AH compounds have various skin protective functions, including antioxidant effects, determined by measuring the scavenging activity of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals, as well as anti-melanogenic effects, determined by measuring tyrosinase inhibition activity. To determine whether ethosome-encapsulated AH compounds (E(AH)) exert ultraviolet (UV)-protective effects, human dermal fibroblasts or keratinocytes were incubated with E(AH) before and after exposure to UVA or UVB. E(AH) treatment led to inhibition of photoaging-induced secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-1 and interleukin-6 and -8, which are associated with inflammatory responses during UV irradiation. Finally, the antibacterial effects of AH and E(AH) were confirmed against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Our results indicate that E(AH) has the potential for use in the development of cosmetics with a range of skin protective functions.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Hwan Ju Hwang , Jong-eun Kim , Ki Won Lee

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1390-1395 (6 pages)

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Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland attached to the hair follicles. Cutibacterium acnes is a major cause of inflammation caused by acne. It is well known that C. acnes secretes a lipolytic enzyme to break down lipids in sebum, and free fatty acids produced at this time accelerate the inflammatory reaction. There are several drugs used to treat acne; however, each one has various side effects. According to previous studies, sulforaphene (SFEN) has several functions associated with lipid metabolism, brain function, and antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we examined the effects of SFEN on bacterial growth and inflammatory cytokine production induced by C. acnes. The results revealed that SFEN reduced the growth of C. acnes and inhibited proinflammatory cytokines in C. acnes-treated HaCaT keratinocytes through inhibiting NF-κB-related pathways. In addition, SFEN regulated the expression level of IL-1α, a representative pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed in co-cultured HaCaT keratinocytes and THP-1 monocytes induced by C. acnes. In conclusion, SFEN showed antibacterial activity against C. acnes and controlled the inflammatory response on keratinocytes and monocytes. This finding means that SFEN has potential as both a cosmetic material for acne prevention and a pharmaceutical material for acne treatment.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Eun Jin Kim , Jonghyun Bae , Young-jun Ju , Do-bin Ju , Donghyun Lee , Seonghyeon Son , Hunseok Choi , Thandavarayan Ramamurthy , Cheol-heui Yun , Dong Wook Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1396-1405 (10 pages)

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Cholera remains a major global public health problem, for which oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) being a valuable strategy. Patients, who have recovered from cholera, develop antibody responses against LPS, cholera toxin (CT), toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) major subunit A (TcpA) and other antigens; thus, these responses are potentially important contributors to immunity against Vibrio cholerae infection. However, assessments of the efficacy of current OCVs, especially inactivated OCVs, have focused primarily on O-antigen-specific antibody responses, suggesting that more sophisticated strategies are required for inactivated OCVs to induce immune responses against TCP, CT, and other antigens. Previously, we have shown that the toxT-139F allele enables V. cholerae strains to produce CT and TCP under simple laboratory culture conditions. Thus, we hypothesized that V. cholerae strains that express TCP via the toxT-139F allele induce TCP-specific antibody responses. As anticipated, V. cholerae strains that expressed TCP through the toxT-139F allele elicited antibody responses against TCP when the inactivated bacteria were delivered via a mouse model. We have further developed TCP-expressing V. cholerae strains that have been used in inactivated OCVs and shown that they effect an antibody response against TcpA in vivo, suggesting that V. cholerae strains with the toxT-139F allele are excellent candidates for cholera vaccines.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Zhengyao Qian , Jianping Zhao

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1406-1415 (10 pages)

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The formation of macrophage foam cells stimulated by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is deemed an important cause of atherosclerosis. Transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1), which is a universally expressed multifunctional protein, is closely related to cell metabolism disorders such as lipid metabolism, sugar metabolism, and bile acid metabolism. However, whether YY1 is involved in macrophage inflammation and lipid accumulation still remains unknown. After mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells were induced by ox-LDL, YY1 and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) expressions were found to be increased while low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) expression was lowly expressed. Subsequently, through reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Western blot analysis, Oil Red O staining and cholesterol quantification, it turned out that silencing of YY1 attenuated the inflammatory response and lipid accumulation in RAW264.7 cells caused by ox-LDL. Moreover, results from the JASPAR database, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, luciferase reporter assay and Western blot analysis suggested that YY1 activated PCSK9 by binding to PCSK9 promoter and modulated the expression of LDLR in the downstream of PCSK9. In addition, the results of functional experiments demonstrated that the inhibitory effects of YY1 interference on ox-LDL-mediated macrophage inflammation and lipid accumulation were reversed by PCSK9 overexpression. To sum up, YY1 depletion inhibited its activation of PCSK9, thereby reducing cellular inflammatory response, cholesterol homeostasis imbalance, and lipid accumulation caused by ox-LDL.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Sungmin Hwang , Jun Hyeok Yang , Ho Seok Sim , Sung Ho Choi , Byounghee Lee , Woo Young Bang , Ki Hwan Moon

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1416-1426 (11 pages)

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The need to discover new types of antimicrobial agents has grown since the emergence of antibioticresistant pathogens that threaten human health. The world's oceans, comprising complex niches of biodiversity, are a promising environment from which to extract new antibiotics-like compounds. In this study, we newly isolated Pseudomonas sp. NIBR-H-19 from the gut of the sea roach Ligia exotica and present both phenotypes and genomic information consisting of 6,184,379 bp in a single chromosome possessing a total of 5,644 protein-coding genes. Genomic analysis of the isolated species revealed that numerous genes involved in antimicrobial secondary metabolites are predicted throughout the whole genome. Moreover, our analysis showed that among twenty-five pathogenic bacteria, the growth of three pathogens, including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus hominis and Rhodococcus equi, was significantly inhibited by the culture of Pseudomonas sp. NIBR-H- 19. The characterization of marine microorganisms with biochemical assays and genomics tools will help uncover the biosynthesis and action mechanism of antimicrobial metabolites for development as antagonistic probiotics against fish pathogens in an aquatic culture system.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Jung-yun Lee , Dong-hun Kim

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1427-1434 (8 pages)

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Two novel, halotolerant strains of Martelella soudanensis, NC18T and NC20, were isolated from deep subsurface sediment, deeply sequenced, and comparatively analyzed with related strains. Based on a phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences, the two strains grouped with members of the genus Martelella. Here, we sequenced the complete genomes of NC18T and NC20 to understand the mechanisms of their halotolerance. The genome sizes and G+C content of the strains were 6.1 Mb and 61.8 mol%, respectively. Moreover, NC18T and NC20 were predicted to contain 5,849 and 5,830 genes, and 5,502 and 5,585 protein-coding genes, respectively. Both strains contain the identically predicted 6 rRNAs and 48 tRNAs. The harboring of halotolerant-associated genes revealed that strains NC18T and NC20 might tolerate high salinity through the accumulation of potassium ions in a “salt-in” strategy induced by K+ uptake protein (kup) and the K+ transport system (trkAH and kdpFABC). These two strains also use the ectoine transport system (dctPQM), the glycine betaine transport system (proVWX), and glycine betaine uptake protein (opu) to accumulate “compatible solutes,” such as ectoine and glycine betaine, to protect cells from salt stress. This study reveals the halotolerance mechanism of strains NC18T and NC20 in high salt environments and suggests potential applications for these halotolerant and halophilic strains in environmental biotechnology.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Chanwit Suriyachadkun , Orawan Chunhachart , Moltira Srithaworn , Rungnapa Tangchitcharoenkhul , Janpen Tangjitjareonkun

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1435-1446 (12 pages)

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Zinc-solubilizing bacteria can convert the insoluble form of zinc into soluble forms available to plants. This study was conducted to isolate and screen zinc-solubilizing actinobacteria from rhizosphere soils and to assess their effect on vegetable soybean growth. In total, 200 actinobacteria strains belonging to 10 genera were isolated from rhizosphere soil samples. Among these isolates, four showed zinc solubilization with solubilizing index values ranging from 3.11 to 3.78 on Bunt and Rovira agar supplemented with 0.1% zinc oxide. For the quantitative assay, in broth culture, strains CME34 and EX51 solubilized maximum available zinc contents of 529.71 and 243.58 μg/ml. Furthermore, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and ammonia were produced by these two strains, the strain CME34 produced the highest amount of IAA 4.62 μg/ml and the strain EX51 produced the highest amount of ammonia 361.04 μg/ml. In addition, the phosphate-solubilizing abilities in Pikovskaya's medium of CME34 and EX51 were 64.67 and 115.67 μg/ml. Based on morphological and biochemical characterization and 16S rDNA sequencing, the strains CME34 and EX51 were closely related to the genus Streptomyces. In a greenhouse experiment, single-strain inoculation of Streptomyces sp. CME34 or EX51 significantly increased the shoot length, root length, plant dry weight, number of pods per plant and number of seeds per plant of vegetable soybean plants compared to the uninoculated control. These findings facilitated the conclusion that the two Streptomyces strains have potential as zinc solubilizers and can be suggested as bioinoculants to promote the growth and yield of soybean.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

저자 : Eunhye Cho , Soohan Jung , Jina Kim , Kwang Suk Ko

발행기관 : 한국미생물생명공학회 간행물 : Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 32권 11호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1447-1453 (7 pages)

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Prohibitin 1 (Phb1) is a pleiotropic protein, located mainly in the mitochondrial inner membrane and involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and the stabilization of mitochondrial protein. Acetaminophen (APAP) is one of the most commonly used over-the-counter analgesics worldwide. However, at high dose, the accumulation of N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI) can lead to APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, we sought to understand the regulation of mRNA expression in relation to APAP and GSH metabolism by Phb1 in normal mouse AML12 hepatocytes. We used two different Phb1 silencing levels: high-efficiency (HE, >90%) and low-efficiency (LE, 50- 60%). In addition, the siRNA-transfected cells were further pretreated with 0.5 mM of Sadenosylmethionine (SAMe) for 24 h before treatment with APAP at different doses (1-2 mM) for 24 h. The expression of APAP metabolism-related and antioxidant genes such as Cyp2e1 and Ugt1a1 were increased during SAMe pretreatment. Moreover, SAMe increased intracellular GSH concentration and it was maintained after APAP treatment. To sum up, Phb1 silencing and APAP treatment impaired the metabolism of APAP in hepatocytes, and SAMe exerted a protective effect against hepatotoxicity by upregulating antioxidant genes.

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