간행물

대한체육학회> 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지)

대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) update

Journal of Converging Sport and Exercise Sciences

  • : 대한체육학회
  • : 예체능분야  >  체육학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-5477
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  • : 한국유산소운동과학회지(~2020) → 대한스포츠융합학회지(2020~)

수록정보
18권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 29
간행물 제목
20권1호(2022년 05월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 백운효 ( Baek Unhyo ) , 이경렬 ( Lee Kyoungyul )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-10 (10 pages)

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This study conducted walking exercise and play exercise (traditional play, catching game, ball play) for 12 weeks targeting obese female students of elementary school, and as a result of investigating changes in metabolic syndrome risk factors and growth hormone, the following conclusions were obtained.
First, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on waist circumference, body fat percentage, triglyceride, and blood sugar among the metabolic syndrome risk factors of obese girls in elementary school, but had no effect on blood pressure and HDL-C. Second, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on growth hormone in obese elementary school girls.
Considering the above results, it proves that walking and play-type exercise for 12 weeks is effective in improving metabolic syndrome factors and growth hormone, and it is judged to be a method that can mediate the prevention and management of obesity in children and adolescents. It is thought that play-type exercise that includes interest and fun can help children and adolescents form exercise habits, and can be provided as basic data for improving school physical education and nurturing physical education leaders.

KCI등재

저자 : 신이수 ( Shin Leesoo ) , 박인혜 ( Park Inhye ) , 원유미 ( Won Yumi )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 11-27 (17 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to identify the structural relationships among the perception of teaching behaviors, self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence of middle school students in physical education classes. A convenience sampling was performed to analyze data collected from 446 students in four middle schools in the Seoul metropolitan area. As a result of the study, first, the autonomous teaching behavior of teachers was found to have a significant impact on the self-monitoring, competence, and persistent task performance of students. Second, controlling teaching behavior among teaching behaviors had no significant impact on students' self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence. Third, self-monitoring was found to have a significant impact on the students' cognition of competence and task persistence. Fourth, competence did not have a significant impact on predicting task persistence. Lastly, in the relationship between teaching behaviors and task persistence, self-monitoring and competence had mediating effects on teachers' autonomous teaching behavior and students' task persistence. In short, compared to the controlling teaching behavior, teachers with greater autonomy in teaching were more effective in improving students' academic achievement. Meanwhile, self-monitoring and competency also improved with autonomous teaching behavior, which hence had a significant correlation with persistent task performance. These findings highlight the need for teachers to place greater emphasis on autonomous teaching behavior than on controlling teaching behavior. In addition, students' improved self-monitoring based on their tendency for cognitive academic achievement and competence related to the perception of functional enhancement may also be effective in their persistent task performance. Therefore, the results of this study are expected to provide useful information to understand students' learning behaviors.

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in subjective health, body type recognition, mental health status and recovery from sleep fatigue according to the physical activity levels of Korean adolescents before and after COVID-19. A total of 112,251 subjects were used for the final analysis through Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey data. To achieve the purpose of the study, the collected data were analyzed through the SPSS 25.0 version program with Chi-Square and independent t-test. As a result, first the perception of overweight increased in subjective body type recognition before and after COVID-19, and physical activity level decreased. On the other had, the levels of strength training, mental health and sleep fatigue recovery were found to increase, and there was no statistically significant difference in subjective health. Second we found that the higher physical activity and muscle strength training level, the more sufficient the adolescents' sleep fatigue recovery. In addition, we found that sufficient sleep fatigue recovery had a positive effect on mental health and sadness and despair status. Through the results of this study, we found that physical activity types and levels preferred by adolescents during the COVID-19 period were changed. Therefore, we considered that it is necessary to present a physical activity program that can be applied to the COVID-19 situation for the purpose of promoting the physical and mental health of adolescents.

KCI등재

저자 : 이재용 ( Lee Jaeyong ) , 최영철 ( Choi Youngchyul ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 41-52 (12 pages)

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As the proportion of personal Pilates studios has increased as the size of the Pilates market grows in the current market, the provision of enhanced service quality that meets the needs of consumers is considered the best strategy for Pilates operators and revitalization of the Pilates industry. To this end, this study drew the following conclusion through the IPA technique with respect to the satisfaction and importance of the servicescape to provide information to suggest the direction of service quality of the Pilates studio.
First, satisfaction and importance are perceived differently as there is a significant difference between satisfaction-importance in 19 of 25 questions about the servicescape of the Pilates studio. And in the ranking comparison by average, Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 8(appropriateness of arrangement of equipment), and Question 14(atmosphere of exercise by scent) had the highest ranking, and Question 17(atmosphere of exercise by lighting) had the lowest ranking. Second, as a result of the IPA analysis, Question 8(appropriateness of Pilates equipment arrangement), Question 20(space of entrance and movement path), Question 24(manners and friendliness of staff), Question 16(psychological stability by lighting), etc., were evaluated as good satisfaction. Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 11(Pilates atmosphere caused by noise), Question 9(exercise atmosphere), etc. were found to be directed toward concentration of effort. Question 25(stability by staff), Question 19(showing the location of toilet and emergency exits), Question 23(staff's neatness), etc. were found to be of low priority. And, Question 22(staff's appearance), Question 6(performance of Pilates equipment), and Question 12(benefits of exercise by noise) were found to be over-effort types.

KCI등재

저자 : 탁암 ( Zhuo Yan ) , 윤성현 ( Youn Seonghyun ) , 이병찬 ( Lee Byungchan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-60 (8 pages)

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This study investigated the relationship between the Media experience of Winter Olypic Games and Winter Sports participation. To achieve the goal, a total of 278 samples were used for analysis from to winter sports participants in Sichuan, China with frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 24.0 ver. for windows. The conclusions are as follows.
First, both challenge and interest were confirmed to have a relationship between pleasure and influence among winter sports participation experiences, so it can be said that the Megasport event also confirmed the role of a top-down to expand the base. Second, the challenge is confirmed to have a relationship with technology achievement among winter sports participation experiences, and it is judged that athletes' high-level performance motivates participants in daily sports to improve their skills. Third, interest has affected health conditions, which is presumed to be because the general public often participates in sports with strong leisure sports characteristics. Fourth, as interest and relationship were confirmed in external display, the development of equipment such as action cameras and the role of SNS using them is very important.

KCI등재

저자 : 심승보 ( Sim Seungbo ) , 김하영 ( Kim Hayoung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-70 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to suggest the direction for future physical education(PE) classes by exploring effective smart physical education classes based on the experiences of teachers who conducted online physical education classes in middle school and students who learned them. For the purpose of this study, 7 PE teachers using the convenient sampling method were selected and in-depth interviews were conducted. The results are as follows.
First, various obstacles occurred in the actual field of online physical education classes. The environmental problem that students can participate in online classes was the biggest factor. And the spatial limitation of participating in class differs according to each student's home environment. It has been shown to act as a major obstacle for teachers conducting classes.
Second, there was a lack of content and platforms for online classes and video materials that could have a direct impact on classes. To overcome this, it was an opportunity to create high-quality physical education classes by conducting cooperative classes.
Third, the necessity and importance of establishing a comprehensive system of online classes and smart classes were revealed through the online physical education class experience. It was found that it has no choice but to use it naturally over time. In addition, it was found that the development of science continues from the past to the present, and education must also change in the process.

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This study was focused on exploring the stress factors of the owners and masters who run the Taekwondo gym in the field out of concerns that the status and position of Taekwondo, Korea's representative traditional sports, could deteriorate in the wake of the pandemic era caused by COVID-19. Based on the quantitative method by questionnaire, SPSS factor analysis, reliability test, regression analysis, and process macro statistics were used.
Main results are as follows. The two moderating variables of self-efficacy and social support were found to reduce self-esteem based on interaction with living stress in the case of the master group, but there was no effect on the owner. The Pandemic situation caused considerable living stress in the lives of Taekwondo leaders, and such living stress seems to have worked by a psychological mechanism to resolve cognitive dissonance by causing higher psychological conflicts among masters than owners.

KCI등재

저자 : 정현수 ( Jeong Hyunsu ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 83-98 (16 pages)

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This study defined the relationship between golfers' stress and their resilience. And by checking whether there is a difference according to the level of performance in the path where the relationship is relevant, the examination put focus on the significance of the instructional direction for each golfing level. To this end, a total of 216 golfers were gathered from Chungnam and Daejeon through purposive sampling to be comprised of 125 general golfers and 91 professional golfers. A pre-testing was given to them to create a survey tool, which was used to collect the survey data. Therefore the following conclusions were drawn.
First, in terms of the golfer's stress, there was some difference in companion rudeness and economic burden factors according to individual characteristics. In terms of the golfer's resilience, there was some difference in relational and situational factors according to individual characteristics. Second, in the relationship between the stress and resilience of golfers, companion rudeness, economic burden, and game performance factors are related to the resilience. This indicates that some of the stress can be reduced by boosting the golfer's resilience. Third, in terms of the relationship between the golfer's stress and resilience, in the difference of performance level, there was a significant difference in the relationship between the stress from companion rudeness and the resilience. It was found that amateur golfers place more importance on the courtesy of their companions because such relationship in amateurs was relatively higher than that in professionals.

KCI등재

저자 : 장덕진 ( Jang Deokjin ) , 고화섭 ( Ko Hwaseop ) , 오경록 ( Oh Khungrok ) , 이준희 ( Lee Junhee )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-106 (8 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to provide basic literature data by analyzing the difference in post-traumatic stress according to the characteristics of exercise participation of police officers. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted on 154 police Officers, and conclusions were drawn through results and discussions. First, there was a difference in post-traumatic stress according to the exercise participation time of police Officers. It was found that the group who exercised less than 1 hour had a lower level of post-traumatic stress than the group who participated in exercise for more than 3 hours. Forceful exercise after work can rather act as a factor that can further increase stress. It is believed that it will be helpful to relieve mental stress along with physical health through an appropriate exercise time of less than 1 hour. Second, there was no significant difference in exercise participation, exercise type, and exercise item. The data collection of this study was collected from December 1, 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic situation was severe, to February 20, 2021, and it is believed that external activities were limited due to social and environmental restrictions, which lacked relief from post-traumatic stress and mental stress. On the other hand, in this study, due to social and environmental restrictions, there were limitations in the study depending on whether police officers participated in exercise, types of exercise and exercise intensity. In this regard, it is believed that follow-up research is needed to find an objective solution to post-traumatic stress disorder of police officers through periodic and appropriate intensity direct exercise participation experiments in a controlled experimental environment.

KCI등재

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Youngmi ) , 김태현 ( Kim Taehyon ) , 이미선 ( Yi Misun ) , 박희정 ( Park Hijung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 107-118 (12 pages)

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This study aims at figuring out the current status of sports welfare projects realizing the goals and conducting to improve socio-cultural adjustment on the adolescents from multicultural facilities, necessity of the projects, and their problems and suggestions. The study also aims at deducing specific solutions and how to invigorate them. For this, the qualitative research method was chosen and then, the research data were collected by the related literature reviews, in-depth interviews with the research participants, and expert meetings.
The reasons needing to sports welfare for adolescents from multicultural families include improving their self-confidence through sports activity experiences which they barely experienced in their daily life and driving force for their school life, and so, it is necessary to pursue to promote and run the programs positively. For the problems of sports welfare programs for adolescents from multicultural families, first, there are few persons in charge of programs in provinces and cities and from groups by genre. Second, various sports activity programs are too lacking.
For the specific solutions for sports welfare of adolescents from multicultural facilities as well as for invigorating it, the conclusions are as follows: First, it is necessary to develop various programs and use positively diverse class strategies and solutions. Second, it is required to invigorate various training programs for changing perception of teachers and coaches. Third, it is required to introduce sports boucher. Fourth, it is necessary to seek linking with sports clubs by genre. Fifth, it is necessary to consider and support the multicultural families with migration background in mid- and long-term perspectives.
For the future studies, the suggestions are made as follows: It is necessary to link the school and after-school programs for adolescents from multicultural families with migration background.

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KCI등재

저자 : 이상종 ( Lee Sang-jong ) , 김옥자 ( Kim Ok-ja )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-12 (12 pages)

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This study aims to investigate the effects of self-esteem of disabled people with cerebral palsy who participate in sports activities on social support and life satisfaction, and to help activate sports activities of people with cerebral palsy, leading to a healthy life through continuous physical activity. The purpose of this study is to provide the ultimate solutions that can lead to enjoyable social lifestyle to people with cerebral palsy who participate in sports. In order to carry out this study, 253 of the disabled with cerebral palsy who live in the country over the age of 18 and attended 2019 national competition were selected. The data was analyzed using SPSS 20.0, which included frequencyanalysis, Cronbach's alpha, reliability analysis, descriptive analysis, t-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The conclusion through this study is as follow. Firstly, there was significant difference between self-esteem, social support, life satisfaction and education level, participation period, degree of participation according to the general characteristics of disabled people with cerebral palsy. Also, there was no significant difference in gender and age. Secondly, it was found that self-esteem had a positive effect on social support. Thirdly, self-esteem had a positive effect on life satisfaction. Fourthly, it was found that social support had a positive effect on life satisfaction.

KCI등재

저자 : 남진 ( Lan Jin ) , 이병찬 ( Lee Byung-chan ) , 황국원 ( Huang Guo Yuan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 13-21 (9 pages)

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The purpose of this research was to verify the relationship between indoor climbing service quality and exercise adherence. To achieve the purpose, a total of 169 questionnaires were distributed to indoor climbing participants in Chongqing, China. Analyzed with frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 24.0 ver. for windows. The results are as follows. First, physical environment of indoor climbing service quality effect on confidence factor of exercise adherence. Second, physical environment and human resources factor of indoor climbing service quality effect on goal achievement of exercise adherence. Third, program and human resources factor of indoor climbing service quality effect on encouragement factor of exercise adherence.

KCI등재

저자 : 지유선 ( Ji You-sun )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 23-36 (14 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to exploratively highlight the effectiveness of the leadership frame of the Taekwondo gym workers, the director and the master focused on the leadership model advocated by Bolman and Deal.
To attain this purpose, the author developed necessary questionnaire items based on his own experience as an operator of his gym. Main constructs comprised variables such as leadership frames, stressors, leadership effectiveness, individual and job resources. As a result of the verification about four research questions using 153 questionnaires data, author found that the only human resource frame among the four leadership frames had a significant impact on the trust and respect, effective achievement of goals, and also on the self-esteem as added dependent variable.
Despite these results, the study found that the quantitative method of questionnaire has limitations, and that even the leadership theory and model proven through repeated research by general business firms can produce heterogeneous results when applied to the special situation of Taekwondo Gym.
Therefore, it is necessary to promote generalization by conducting research on applying the leadership frame model to more diverse situations, including Taekwondo practitioners and related organizations.

KCI등재

저자 : 유인애 ( Yoo In-ae )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 37-46 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of body image perception on psychological happiness and self-efficacy by examining the body image of college students majoring in dance. To achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted on 447 college students majoring in dance. The collected data was analyzed through frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 18.0 program. The results derived from this process are as follows. First, as a result of the correlation analysis, it was found that there was a correlation in all factors except for a part related to task difficulty of self-efficacy. Second, among the body images of college students majoring in dance, weight and appearance had an effect on happiness and satisfaction, which are sub-factors of psychological well-being. In addition, among body images, health, weight, and appearance influenced self-efficacy, which are sub-factors of self-efficacy, and only health and weight influenced the task difficulty factor. In conclusion, the body image of college students majoring in dance was acting as a major variable influencing psychological happiness and self-efficacy.

KCI등재

저자 : 박은희 ( Park Eun-hee ) , 양윤권 ( Yang Yoon-kwon )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 47-56 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of low temperature immersion on stress hormones after exercise in 20 male Taekwondo athletes enrolled in university. For data processing, using SPSS ver. 21.0 statistical program, the mean(M) and standard deviation(SD) of each subject and each variable were calculated, and an independent sample T-test was conducted to examine the significant difference between group. All statistical significance levels were set to .05, and the following results were obtained. The results obtained according to the research method are as follows. first, there was no difference in the concentration of norepinephrine and cortisol among stress hormone variables in low-temperature immersion decreased in the concentration of epinephrine among the stress hormone variables. In conclusion, post-exercise low-temperature immersion increases the homeostasis of metabolism, which seeks to recover quickly after exercise and exercise, and thus, it is considered that better performance can be improved. Therefore, it is judged that a follow-up study that expanded and applied the variable in the future id necessary.

KCI등재

저자 : 강선옥 ( Kang Sun-ok )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 57-70 (14 pages)

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In recent years, the number of people participating in skiing and snowboarding has declined. Therefore, it is necessary to check the desired factors of winter sports participants. The purpose of this study is to increase the winter sports population by analyzing the participation psychology of skier and snowboarder participants in order to eliminate the circle where the ski resort population continues to decrease. A total of 328 sheets were used for the analysis. SPSS 25.0 program was used to analyze the validity, reliability, and MANOVA. As a result of MANOVA analysis, snowboard class participants showed higher levels of enjoyment, sense of achievement, physical condition, social excitement, cognitive commitment during sports immersion, and continuous participation intention than participants in ski classes. Based on the results of this study, the ski manager must provide a suitable structure for snowboard participants to enjoy, and a place to practice the trail technique, and create a photo zone for various performances and memories. Furthermore, if these structures are provided, the satisfaction of ski participants is also expected to increase.

KCI등재

저자 : 김한울 ( Kim Han-wool ) , 서영환 ( Seo Young-hwan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 71-77 (7 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to find out how stress indicators that impede the function of exercise and functional physical strength, which have the characteristics of sports climbing events, affect sports climbing athletes through intensive core exercise. It consisted of a total of 8 weeks, 4 times a week, 80 minutes a day, and the intensity of exercise was divided into 1 to 4 weeks and 5 to 8 weeks to set the intensity. The data processing was conducted by 8 elite sports climbing athletes registered in the Korea Sports Association, and the following conclusions were drawn from the contents of the results measured before and after exercise. There were statistically significant differences in muscle strength, muscular endurance, and quickness in the functional fitness factors of sports climbing athletes. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in the change of the stress index of the exercise group of sports climbing athletes. Putting the above results together, as a result of intensively performing core exercise on sports climbing athletes, it was shown that the result of physically reducing stress indicators and increasing functional physical strength. If you set an appropriate period during the rest period, training period, competition period, and recovery period, it will be an exercise program that can help improve performance by obtaining better results.

KCI등재

저자 : 정기홍 ( Joung Ki-hong ) , 이병찬 ( Lee Byung-chan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 79-87 (9 pages)

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The purpose of this research is to verify the relationship the effect between enjoyment and commitment of university physical education class. To achieve the goal, A total of 283 samples were used for a data analysis with frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 21.0 ver. statistical program. The results are as follows.
The physical and psychological health, social cultivation, experience of achievement, and low burden of class of the enjoyment factors of university physical education class were found to have a significant impact on cognitive and behavioral commitment of exercise immersion. Experiencing enjoyment in class will influence for active participation in class activities and promote exercise immersion.

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저자 : 김재현 ( Kim Jae-hyun ) , 최현호 ( Choi Huun-ho )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 89-98 (10 pages)

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The purpose of In this study, 20 soccer club students were selected from a M University in Gyeonggi province to participate in VIPR (Vitality, Performance, Re-conditioning) compound training across 8 consecutive weeks. 10 participants were randomly allocated to the experimental group and 10 participants were randomly allocated to the control group.
The aim of this study was to investigate and proved a more effective training method for athletes by exploring their changes in technical and functional abilities through functional motion tests. This included examining participants' maximum strength, endurance, flexibility, agility, power and athletic equilibrium.
Both the control and experimental group were subjected to an exercise program that they were required to complete twice a week, 50 minutes each session. Each exercise session included front lunges with upper cuts, lunge to single leg balance, push ups, front squats with shoulder press, ice skaters, side lunges and single leg reaches. For the experimental group, aspects from VIPR compound training were further added to each session including lat pull downs, front raises, deadlifts, lateral raises, barbell rows and bent over lateral raises.
In conclusion, considering the sport characteristics of soccer, we perform the training for each compatible position, It is considered that it is better to perform the complex training that combined the viper training to improve dynamic strength and technical fitness needed during the game.

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저자 : 백승희 ( Baek Seung-hui ) , 신지은 ( Shin Ji-eun )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 18권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 99-111 (13 pages)

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The research analyzed data of male and female adults and seniors to identify how physical activities (non-smoking, non-drinking, normal body weight, adequate amount of sleep, breakfast, regular exercise) affect muscular strength based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and the result was as follows:
First, seniors were more engaged in physical activities than their counterparts, where females showed higher figures than males. In particular, for adults, females were less smoking, drinking alcohol, and maintained normal body weight than males, while males were having more breakfasts and workouts regularly. For seniors, females showed fewer behaviors regarding smoking and drinking alcohol and had more breakfasts, while males showed higher figures for normal body weight, adequate sleep, and regular exercise.
Second, for each health behavior's relationship with grip strength, male adults with normal body weight and females adults with normal body weight, sufficient sleep, and regular exercise exhibited significantly high grip strength. In terms of seniors, both males and females with normal body weight and regular exercise showed significantly high grip strength than those who did not.
Third, both males and females, regardless of age (adults and seniors) that engaged in the overall physical activities, showed significantly higher grip strength than their non-physically-active counterparts.
As a result, adults and seniors of both genders showed high grip strength when having normal body weight and conducting regular exercise among health behaviors. Also, engaging in the overall health activities was also linked to high grip strength in all groups. Hence, it is considered that health behaviors on top of workouts can positively affect muscular strength. Also, further research on multiple ways to boost engagement in health activities is needed, with an identification of relevant factors of both genders. Furthermore, this research suggests identifying intermediary and regulatory factors such as the demographical characteristic and more in-depth stage-wise analysis of health behaviors.

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