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한국이슬람학회 논총 update

Journal of The Korean Association of The Islamic Studies

  • : 한국이슬람학회
  • : 인문과학분야  >  종교학
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  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2811
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수록정보
30권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 6
간행물 제목
32권2호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

저자 : 박제남 ( Park Jeanam ) , 남호영 ( Nam Hoyoung )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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In this paper, we analyzed how the subject content, theory of knowledge, and international mindedness dealt with in the IB DP mathematics course < Mathematics: analysis and approaches > accept Islamic culture. We claim that IB mathematics (1) minimizes or omits the achievements of Islamic mathematicians, and (2) ignores ancient Egyptian and Old Babylonian mathematics, the roots of modern mathematics. IB Mathematics refers to Chinese, Japanese, Indian, or European mathematicians, ignoring the roles of great mathematicians such as al-Khowarizmi, al-Karaji, Ibn al-Haytham, Omar Khayyam, and al-Kashi. IB mathematics education gives deep mathematical and cultural values to ancient Greece from the point of view of the axial age, and attributes the calculus values of ancient Babylonia and Fatimid Dynasty to Newton and Leibniz in Europe. We discussed how it is desirable to accept Middle East and Islamic mathematical culture from a critical point of view.

KCI등재

저자 : 홍미정 ( Hong Mi Jung )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-79 (49 pages)

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It is generally known that in the wake of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi's pro-Israel policy abruptly changed to Khomeini's anti-Israel policy.
Shortly after the Islamic Revolution, two-thirds of Iranian Jews reportedly left their homeland and moved to Israel, the United States and Europe. Are these refugees forcibly deported by the anti-Zionist policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran? Are they voluntary migrants in search of a better living conditions?
Officially, the Islamic Republic of Iran has severed diplomatic and commercial relations with Israel and does not recognize Israel as a legitimate state. However, Israel sided with Iran in the Iran/Iraq War, which lasted for nearly eight years from 1980 to 1988, including arms support. Weapons are an essential element for maintaining and strengthening the regime, and arms trade is a key driving force and symbol of alliances between countries.
Eventually, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Israel use the religious and ideological political rhetorics to subdue the internal opposition and to mobilize and support the external allies. In the process, the two countries may go one way or the other by case in the short term, but in the long term, it seems that they are an invisible and hidden strategic alliance for division and domination in the regional politics.

KCI등재

저자 : 백승훈 ( Paik Seunghoon )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-103 (23 pages)

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The impact that Islamic State(IS) had on the international community was huge. As if denying the achievements of the “War on Terror” led by the United States, a more sophisticated violent extremist force such as IS emerged after the Arab Spring. Although IS lost its base and was annihilated in Syria and Iraq, the collapse of IS does not mean the end of violent extremism which abused the ideology of political Islam.
In deed, some of the Muslim groups have been using the concept of 'Umma' as a counter ideology from European imperialism in the late 19th century to the some of the current US Middle East policy. However, being a member of the Muslim 'Umma' did not mean exclusion from other social affiliations, such as tribes or ethnicities, nor did it create conflicts with other identities. In this context, the 'Umma' should not be viewed as part of any rigid hierarchical identity. Thus, this study deconstructs the one-sided interpretation of 'Dawah' used by violent extremist and seeks a possibility of it as a social integration mechanism.

KCI등재

저자 : Robert Lawrence

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 105-130 (26 pages)

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최근 100 년 이상 경쟁적으로 일어나고 있는 쿠르드 민족주의 운동은 적어도 4 개 국가에서는 중동 정치 분야의 필요 불가결한 부분이 되었다. 그러나 학자들 사이에서 쿠르드 민족주의에 대한 기원이나 중요성, 전개 양상에 대한 의견은 일치되지 않고 있는 상황이다. 이 논문은 이론상 혼란스러운 부분으로 남겨져 잘못 해석될 수 있는 이분법적 "구성주의 대원시주의" 패러다임을 넘어, 자주 언급됨에도 불구하고 간과되었던 전근대적인 쿠르드 민족의식에 대해 이야기해 보고자 한다. 이 현상을 다루는 대부분의 학자들은 쿠르드 민족의식이 16 세기 후반과 17 세기의 문헌에서 시작되었다고 주장하면서 동시에 쿠르드의 협동적인 정치 발전에서 가장 중요한 이정표를 간과하고 있다. 이 논문은 앤서니 스미스(Anthony Smith)의 에스니(ethnie) 개념을 사용하여 원하는 정치적 성과를 얻기 위해 칼디란(Chaldiran) 전투에서 그들의 활동을 조정하기로 한 쿠르드에미르(emir)의 결정이 전근대적 쿠르드 정치 조직의 기원을 보여준다고 주장한다.


Competing Kurdish nationalist movements have been an integral part of Middle Eastern politics in at least four states for over a century now. Yet, scholars disagree on the origins, significance, and development of Kurdish nationalism. Moving beyond the misleadingly binary “constructivism vs primordialism” paradigm that has left the field theoretically perplexed, this paper scrutinizes the often-mentioned, but glossed over pre-modern Kurdish consciousness. Most scholars who address this phenomenon argue that it began with the literature of the late-16th and 17th centuries, but in doing so they ignore a paramount milestone in Kurdish cooperative political development. By employing Anthony Smith's concept of ethnie, this paper argues that the Kurdish emirs' decision to coordinate their efforts in the Battle of Chaldiran in attaining their desired political outcome marks the origin of pre-modern Kurdish political organization.

KCI등재

저자 : 이수진 ( Lee Soo Jin )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 131-149 (19 pages)

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Qatar has played a vital role in mediation between the US, international society, and the Taliban since the US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2021.
Over the last decade, Qatar's foreign policy made trouble with its neighboring countries and it leads to even cut diplomatic ties with them. Though this foreign policy threats the regime itself, its policy impact increases regional influence due to changes in the regional security order in the Middle East.
This study is based on the hypothesis that Qatar's hedging policy to Iran, non-state actors(Taliban), and the US impact on Qatar's recent role in United States' Afghanistan withdrawal. In particular, this study analyzes Qatar's foreign policy, which maintained friendly relations with both the US and the Taliban creating an opportunity for Qatar to act as a mediator to prevent chaos in the region as a trusted ally of the US.
To test this hypothesis, this study examines several cases including Qatar's foreign policy to Iran (as well as nuclear negotiation) and the US, and Qatar diplomatic crisis in 2017 from the perspective of hedging strategy.

KCI등재

저자 : 정혜선 ( Jung Hye-sun )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 151-180 (30 pages)

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The bilateral relationship between Qatar and Turkey began as a political and military partnership and expanded to the economic sector. As a result, the trade volume between the two countries has grown and foreign direct investment has also increased. The bilateral trade volume was about $1.87 billion in 2020, which was 69 times higher than in 2000, 20 years ago, and 1.8 times higher than in 2010, 10 years ago. Meanwhile, Turkey is currently facing an economic crisis as the value of the Turkish Lira has continued to decline due to President Erdogan's unprecedented monetary policy. Nevertheless, Qatar continues its economic cooperation by extending the currency swap agreement with Turkey. This study discusses the limits of economic cooperation between the two countries based on the background and achievements to answer the question of whether Qatar-Turkey economic cooperation can be expanded in the future.

KCI등재

저자 : 김수완 ( Kim Suwan )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 181-204 (24 pages)

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The aim of this study is to investigate legal regulations and religious controls by researching media controls and censorship cases and attempting to understand the Middle East's media sector and presence. Despite state-led backing and the establishment of media infrastructure such as Media City, the research shows that media freedom in the Middle East has not improved in recent decades.
Also, according to the research, religious constraints and legislative laws are the foundation of media control and have been employed to keep the ruling regime in place. Censorship and media control have been strengthened in major countries such as Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, based on legal grounds such as the Media Act, the Anti-Terrorism Act, and the Cyber-Terrorism Act, with Shariah as the foundation. It is applied to the media as a higher-level notion of the law to govern freedom and expression since Islamic religious principles and norms must not be breached.

KCI등재

저자 : 이경수 ( Kyungsoo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 205-232 (28 pages)

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The right to education of Syrian refugee children living in Lebanon is one of the fundamental human rights, especially in the crisis. Ten years after the Syrian crisis, 58% of Syrian refugee children living in Lebanon do not have the right to education. This study pointed out these problems and described the limitations of the RACE(Reaching All Children with Education) program, one of the efforts of the Lebanese government to solve it, as follows. First, the Lebanese government and UNHCR established policies without researching the current status of Syrian refugees or the educational environment of Lebanon and Syria. Second, the Lebanese government's unwillingness to accept Syrians as refugees and its strict regulations against them since 2014 negatively affect the Education of Syrian refugee children. However, this study tries to point out that Lebanon's refugee policy should be understood through the history of Palestinian refugees and the Syrian army in Lebanese territory.

KCI등재

저자 : 허세문 ( Semoon Hoe ) , 곽새라 ( Saera Kwak )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 233-266 (34 pages)

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This paper investigates (verbal) mood choice in complement clauses in Persian. It is widely accepted that in various languages, doxastic predicates select an indicative complement while bouletic predicates select a subjunctive complement. Departing from this, however, it is pointed out that various predicates in Persian do not follow such a general tendency; hence an alternative syntactic based approach should be pursued. Given this tension, this paper put forth an idea to show how exceptional properties of verbal choice in Persian can be explained in terms of generally motivated semantic approaches. By doing so, several novel data are presented considering various discourse factors as well as the semantics of doxastic predicates and their complement types. Taken together, it is also briefly discussed how the syntactic based approach can be developed to cover a new pair of data.

KCI등재

저자 : 이동은 ( Lee Dong-eun )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 267-290 (24 pages)

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This is a comparative study of Kalīlah wa Dimnah, an Arabic classic literature and Baekyoo-Kyung, one of Buddhist scriptures according to narrative elements focusing on two couple of same plot stories and five couple of similar plot stories. Kalīlah wa Dimnah shows the common morals and Baekyoo-Kyung shows the teachings of Buddhism whether the plots are same or similar. In the aspect of narrative devices, Kalīlah wa Dimnah includes the teachings in frame stories while Baekyoo-Kyung includes the teachings in two leveled structure. This study investigates the features of settlement of Indian fables in each different cultural and religious background.

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KCI등재

저자 : 정상률 ( Jung¸ Sang-ryul )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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'미국 우선주의' 외교정책을 기조로 하고 있는 트럼프 미국 대통령은 2020년 1월 28일 '번영을 위한 평화: 팔레스타인과 이스라엘 국민의 삶을 개선하기 위한 비젼'이라는 중동 평화정책을 발표했다. '평화 · 번영 정책'의 핵심 내용은 미국과 이스라엘이 준수해야 한다고 결정한 몇 가지 조건 하에 1947년 유엔이 결의한 두 국가안, 즉 '생존 가능한 팔레스타인 국가'로 가는 길인 '현실적인 두 국가 해결책'이다. 그러나 전체적인 내용으로 보아 '평화 · 번영 정책'은 '이스라엘 편향성'을 띠고 있다.
본 논문은 트럼프 대통령의 '평화 · 번영 정책'의 주요 내용과 이에 대한 PA와 하마스의 공동 대응에 대해 논하고 있다.
아랍연맹 회원국 중 사우디아라비아, UAE 등 주요 아랍국가들이 '평화 · 번영 정책'을 지지함으로써 팔레스타인인들은 외로운 반 이스라엘 독립국 건설 투쟁을 하고 있다. '경쟁과 협력' 관계에 있는 PA와 하마스는 공동으로 대 이스라엘 투쟁을 하기로 했으나 아직까지 특별한 무장 테러는 없다. 트럼프 대통령은 '평화 · 번영 정책' 비젼이라고 했지만 팔레스타인인들에게는 '비젼'이 아니라 악몽이 될 것으로 보인다.

KCI등재

저자 : 이수진 ( Lee Soo Jin )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 31-52 (22 pages)

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The Arab Spring has various implications on the Middle Eastern regime survival. The Jasmin revolution that has influx from Tunis to Yemen brought the subversion of regimes and the civil uprising. Although Gulf monarchies have shown its resilience in several events such as the wave of Pan-Arabism and the Iranian revolution of 1979 as well as Iran-Iraqi war in 1981, the Arab Spring and people's demand for democracy was a huge threat to the Gulf monarchy system. This research argues the similarity of regime type plays a critical role in creating a strong alliance of Gulf monarchies which has become the strong shield of the wave. Thus, this research aims to evaluate what kind of conventional elements has been discussed to affect the monarchies' resilience against internal and external threat. Moreover, for the accurate assessment, this research limits the time period from the 2011 to 2014 since the regime change occurred predominantly during these 4 years through election or upheaval.
Based on the alliance theories of International relations, the main variants that has dealt in precedent research on Gulf monarchies regime security was analyzed. Rentierism, legitimacy of its government, tribalism as political and regional culture and institutional differences. Add to this point, the formation of the alliance and ideological solidarity which represented as the establishment of Gulf Cooperation Council and Peninsula Shield Forces, and military intervention with Saudi Arabia and PSF to Bahrain was brought as case study to this research. Through these case studies, the importance on similarity of regime type in regime survival of Gulf monarchies was studied.
The regime type and ideological solidarity were the key factor that the gulf monarchies have successfully formed its alliance during the Arab Spring. Therefore, understanding of relationship between two variants will help us understanding the regime survival of Gulf monarchies, while giving us further insight into the same types of regime's survival in other region.

KCI등재

저자 : 홍미정 ( Hong¸ Mi-jung )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 53-92 (40 pages)

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Why has Israel recently been active in strengthening cooperation with Arab countries led by the UAE, especially the Khalifa Haftar forces in eastern Libya? One of the key reasons is to build hubs for exporting the natural gas produced in Eastern Mediterranean gas fields of Israel's offshore, including the Leviathan and Tamar gas fields, and to secure a safety net for export gas pipelines to Europe.
But Israel's gas exports and reserves are not high compared to other countries in the region. Thus, in the long run, Israel appears to dream of the hub of regional gas pipeline passages beyond its neighbors.
The cooperation and struggle of the countries to export Israeli natural gas produced in the Eastern Mediterranean will provide an important clue to understand the complex political landscape of the Middle East as a whole. This paper is to identify the complex political landscape in the Middle East, which is activated around inter-state cooperation for Israel's natural gas exports.

KCI등재

저자 : تشوجينيونغ ( Choi¸ Jin Young )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 93-107 (15 pages)

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The aim of this paper is to analyze WH-movement and specify the bounding nodes. The bounding nodes are one of the local constraints which are related to subjacency condition. According to subjacency condition, the bounding nodes play a role of constraint on the transformations in the sentence. It means that the bounding nodes prohibit the long-distant movement of the sentential constituents. In other words, the sentential constituents are not accepted to move from a source place to a destination place over two bounding nodes. To accomplish the aim, this paper specifies the bounding nodes in WHmovement. The bounding nodes are different from language to language. Also, some nodes in a language do not play a role of constraint according to the syntactical information of the verb. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is focused on the confirmation of the universal properties of subjacency condition in Arabic sentence, and the specification of the parameters of the bounding nodes in Arabic sentence.

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저자 : 윤은경 ( Yun Eun-kyeong )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 109-140 (32 pages)

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This research aims to analyze the linguistic features of the news texts of al-Jazīrah and al-'Arabiyyah in terms of phonology, syntax, semantics, vocabulary, vocabulary coinage as a typical standard language of modern Arab society. Generally speaking, the media is divided into two categories: written media and spoken media, while written media refers to newspapers and magazines, spoken media refers to television and radio broadcast etc. Considering this importance, we will analyze the linguistic features of news Arabic focusing on al-Jazīrah and al- 'Arabiyyah, which are regarded as the representative spoken media in the Arab world. Al-Jazīrah is the largest Arab satellite news broadcaster since its foundation in November 1996 and is called CNN in the Middle East. Al-'Arabiyyah is located in Dubai, and is the news channel established in March 2003, broadcast in modern standard Arabic to a pan-Arab audience. In this research we will look at the overview of al-Jazīrah and al-'Arabiyyah and analyze the linguistic features of the news texts of the two medias in terms of phonology, syntax, semantics, vocabulary, and coinage. And also we will study the effects of these linguistic features on the development of modern standard Arabic.

KCI등재

저자 : 이종화 ( Lee¸ Jong-wha )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 141-162 (22 pages)

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Ibn Khafāja, who became the natural poet by singing the most poems about nature among the Andalusian poets, sang the beauty of Andalus until his life. He was heavily influenced by the Arab traditional poem 'Al-Qasīḍah' and tried to follow the traditions of previous poets. Along with this, he tried to build a poem with a structure and meaning different from that of Arab traditional poems, and unlike traditional poems with a spatial background called desert, his spatial background was Andalus with a beautiful natural environment. Ibn Khapāja sang the beauty of Andalus nature in his poems, the love of lovers, the friendship of friends, and the joy of drinking wine. However, as he grows older, he also writes poems contemplating his own life approaching death, the loneliness he feels after letting go of his friends and feelings of passing away.
In particular, in 'Al-qasīḍah Al-bā`iyah', one of his representative works, he concentrates on the traditional theme of 'Raḥīl' and sings a description of the mountain. For Ibn Khafāja, this mountain is personified and is a mountain that protects oneself by talking to one another. He sings of hope and sings of a life of traveling alone to a new destination. This tendency is characteristic of the poems of Ibn Khapāja, which is quite different from the traditional Arab poetry.

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