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한국이슬람학회 논총 update

Journal of The Korean Association of The Islamic Studies

  • : 한국이슬람학회
  • : 인문과학분야  >  종교학
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2811
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수록정보
30권2호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 6
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31권3호(2021년 10월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1이슬람보험의 계약적 형태와 샤리아 아비트리지: 이슬람적 증여와 공유 개념을 중심으로

저자 : 오명석 ( Oh Myung-seok )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-47 (47 pages)

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Islamic insurance or Takaful has been developed as an alternative to conventional commercial insurance since the 1980s. As Islamic jurists(ulama) have resolved that conventional insurance should not be permitted because of excessive gharar(uncertainty) inherent in the sale of risk characteristic of insurantial contract between the insurer and the insured, they have attempted to formulate a shariah-compliant insurance based on the principles of gift(tabarru or hibah) and cooperation(taawun), which makes Islamic insurance similar to mutual insurance or cooperative insurance in its contractual form.
This paper analyzes the legalistic logic adopted by Islamic jurists in order to apply the Islamic concepts of gift and sharing to insurance. In evaluating this process, I will base my analysis on the notion of shariah arbitrage, which means to negotiate and arbiter differences and gaps between shariah regulations and the lived realities. I am particularly interested in the phenomena that shariah arbitrage which seems to be successful creates a new difficulty and contradiction, and needs further shariah arbitrages, while the opinions of Islamic jurists have divided on what is proper shariah arbitrage for authentic Islamic insurance. This phenomena is clearly evident in the shariah arbitrages employing diverse notions of Islamic gift, such as gift promise(iltizam tabarru), gift with rewards(hibah thawab), and conditional gift(hibah muallaqa) to legitimize the tabarru model of Takaful. Conscious of logical contradictions difficult to be solved in the tabarru model, there has been a recent trend among Islamic jurists to establish Takaful on the principle of cooperation(taawun) or sharing(nihd) rather than on the principle of gift.
This formulation makes Takaful closer to mutual insurance or cooperative insurance, and involves less shariah controversies. However, it occurs that the principle of taawun mainly remains in terms of the form of contract, but hardly reflects in the operational governance of takaful where takaful participants have little say in the management of takaful operators who are corporate companies much like conventional insurance companies. This shows another gap between shariah arbitrage and structural reality prevalent in the dual insurantial system adopted by most Muslim countries where Takaful has been introduced.

KCI등재

2쿠웨이트의 왕권승계 연구(1915-2021)

저자 : 최영철 ( Choe Young-chol )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-81 (33 pages)

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In Kuwait's succession to the throne, it had proceeded smoothly until 2006 that the Crown Prince automatically ascended to the throne upon the death of the former King (Amir). And the decision on the succession in Kuwait to the throne had been made within the al-Sabah ruling royal family by agreement without an interference of outside actors. Successions to the throne in 1965 and 1977 proceeded smoothly according to this rule. However, after the death of former King Sheikh Jabir al-Sabah on January 15, 2006, a serious crisis arose over the succession to the throne. On 24 January 2006, the Kuwait's parliament voted the new King, Sheikh Saad al-Abdullah al-Sabah, out of office for health problems. The rules of game on succession to the throne were changed, and the parliament became an actor in the decision-making process of succession. It is a structural change.
This study examines the succession process of Kuwait from 1915 to 2021. Variables applied to this study are: First, variables related to the leadership and blood ties, as suggested by Ibn Khaldun, and Second, the ruler's material and power resources. Third, the ability of alliance-building with members of the ruling royal family and with domestic and foreign political and social forces, and Fourth, the experience of powerful key positions in the Cabinet and the ability to manage state affairs.

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3탈레반, 미진한 국민국가 형성, 그리고 아프가니스탄의 정치 불안정

저자 : 서정민 ( Seo Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 83-109 (27 pages)

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While acknowledging the negative impact of Islamism, this paper is based on hypothesis that Afghanistan's inherent problems, especially the deficient nation-state building, have a greater impact on political instability. To test this hypothesis, this study identified perspectives that explain various variables for political instability and evaluated the degree of Afghan nation-state formation. Furthermore, in order to determine which of the two independent variables, Islamism and nation-state building, had a more adverse effect on Afghan political instability, a quantitative analysis of books, articles, and reports related to instability of Afghanistan inside 'Google Scholar' was conducted to find the more appropriate independent variable The results of the analysis shows that academia also found that the incomplete nation-state formation is more influential on instability in Afghanistan than Islamism. In addition, a simple and straight-forward survey to understand the perspectives of local Afghan people revealed that the majority of locals also view that the deficient nation-state building has contributed more to ongoing instability than extreme Islamism.

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4심연국가(Deep State)와 이집트 아랍민주공화국: 아랍의 봄 이후 이집트 군부의 지대추구체제 연구

저자 : 백승훈 ( Seunghoon Paik )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 111-138 (28 pages)

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After the Arab Spring, the Egyptian Armed Forces(EAF) emerged as an actor that surpassed the influence of the previous military in the political and economic aspects of Egyptian society.
Egypt's military currently dominates a key sector of the informal economy called the shadow economy or parallel economy. The Egyptian military has been involved in not only daily necessities such as food, diary products and flour, but also raw material industries such as cement, fertilizer, oil, mineral, and social overhead capital(SOC) projects such as ports, piers, roads, water supply and sewerage, electricity, and telecommunications.
Therefore, in this paper, theoretical framework of deep state and rentierism will be applied to examine the role of Egyptian military not only in El-Sisi government but as a whole history of Arab republic of Egypt.

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5『바부르나마』의 현대 우즈벡어 및 위구르어 번역 비교 연구 - 어휘의미론적 관점에서

저자 : 송호림 ( Song Ho-lim ) , 후사무딘투이군 ( Hussamuddin Tuyghun )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 31권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 139-175 (37 pages)

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The goal of this research is to make a comparative study on the two translations of the Bāburnāma originally written in Classical Chagatāi: the version of Modern Uzbek language by Toshqin Bahoiy (Tāšqīn Bahāʼī, 2020) and that of Modern Uyghur Language by Hemit Tömür (1991). The two dialects are recognized as identical twins developed from dissimilar backgrounds. As the both languages evolved into modern times, therefore, we ought to examine and demonstrate the differences from Chagatāi period through comparing various manuscripts. For this purpose, I attempted a brief and lexical-semantic analysis of the two texts first. In addition, I utilized Bombay Persian manuscript (1891) translated by ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Ḵān-i Ḵānān, which is known to the oldest of the manuscripts containing the original literary style of Babur's era, and used Mano Eiji's Chagatāi critical edition that is also recognized as the best manuscript from a textual perspective.
As for translation of the two versions, that of Toshqin Bahoiy is a complete Afghani-Uzbek Arabic transcription of the 2008 Uzbek-Cyrillic translation of Vohob Rahmonov and Karomat Mullaxoʻjaeva. In other words, it shows a tendency to maintain a particular structure of Modern Uzbek - heavily persianized Turkic - and the use of much Arabic loanwords and disregarding phonological rules also remain the similar in Chagatāi manuscripts.
On the other hand, Hemit Tömür uses relatively more Turkic lexicons based on the Uyghur usage, a colloquial style, without damaging the meaning of the original context of Chagatāi. It also has a strong tendency of choosing concise Arabic-Persian loanwords that Uyghur readers can easily understand. But it often shows weakness in the translation of some complex meaning that require prior knowledge of Classical Persian adjectives.

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KCI등재

1트럼프 대통령의 '평화 · 번영 정책'과 세속주의 기반 PA와 샤리아 기반 하마스의 공동 대응

저자 : 정상률 ( Jung¸ Sang-ryul )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 1-29 (29 pages)

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'미국 우선주의' 외교정책을 기조로 하고 있는 트럼프 미국 대통령은 2020년 1월 28일 '번영을 위한 평화: 팔레스타인과 이스라엘 국민의 삶을 개선하기 위한 비젼'이라는 중동 평화정책을 발표했다. '평화 · 번영 정책'의 핵심 내용은 미국과 이스라엘이 준수해야 한다고 결정한 몇 가지 조건 하에 1947년 유엔이 결의한 두 국가안, 즉 '생존 가능한 팔레스타인 국가'로 가는 길인 '현실적인 두 국가 해결책'이다. 그러나 전체적인 내용으로 보아 '평화 · 번영 정책'은 '이스라엘 편향성'을 띠고 있다.
본 논문은 트럼프 대통령의 '평화 · 번영 정책'의 주요 내용과 이에 대한 PA와 하마스의 공동 대응에 대해 논하고 있다.
아랍연맹 회원국 중 사우디아라비아, UAE 등 주요 아랍국가들이 '평화 · 번영 정책'을 지지함으로써 팔레스타인인들은 외로운 반 이스라엘 독립국 건설 투쟁을 하고 있다. '경쟁과 협력' 관계에 있는 PA와 하마스는 공동으로 대 이스라엘 투쟁을 하기로 했으나 아직까지 특별한 무장 테러는 없다. 트럼프 대통령은 '평화 · 번영 정책' 비젼이라고 했지만 팔레스타인인들에게는 '비젼'이 아니라 악몽이 될 것으로 보인다.

KCI등재

2정치 체제와 정권생존: 아랍의 봄 기간 중 걸프 왕정의 사례를 중심으로 (2011-2014)

저자 : 이수진 ( Lee Soo Jin )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 31-52 (22 pages)

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The Arab Spring has various implications on the Middle Eastern regime survival. The Jasmin revolution that has influx from Tunis to Yemen brought the subversion of regimes and the civil uprising. Although Gulf monarchies have shown its resilience in several events such as the wave of Pan-Arabism and the Iranian revolution of 1979 as well as Iran-Iraqi war in 1981, the Arab Spring and people's demand for democracy was a huge threat to the Gulf monarchy system. This research argues the similarity of regime type plays a critical role in creating a strong alliance of Gulf monarchies which has become the strong shield of the wave. Thus, this research aims to evaluate what kind of conventional elements has been discussed to affect the monarchies' resilience against internal and external threat. Moreover, for the accurate assessment, this research limits the time period from the 2011 to 2014 since the regime change occurred predominantly during these 4 years through election or upheaval.
Based on the alliance theories of International relations, the main variants that has dealt in precedent research on Gulf monarchies regime security was analyzed. Rentierism, legitimacy of its government, tribalism as political and regional culture and institutional differences. Add to this point, the formation of the alliance and ideological solidarity which represented as the establishment of Gulf Cooperation Council and Peninsula Shield Forces, and military intervention with Saudi Arabia and PSF to Bahrain was brought as case study to this research. Through these case studies, the importance on similarity of regime type in regime survival of Gulf monarchies was studied.
The regime type and ideological solidarity were the key factor that the gulf monarchies have successfully formed its alliance during the Arab Spring. Therefore, understanding of relationship between two variants will help us understanding the regime survival of Gulf monarchies, while giving us further insight into the same types of regime's survival in other region.

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3이스라엘 천연가스 수출을 위한 협력: 이스라엘, 아랍국가들, 유럽국가들, 미국

저자 : 홍미정 ( Hong¸ Mi-jung )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 53-92 (40 pages)

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Why has Israel recently been active in strengthening cooperation with Arab countries led by the UAE, especially the Khalifa Haftar forces in eastern Libya? One of the key reasons is to build hubs for exporting the natural gas produced in Eastern Mediterranean gas fields of Israel's offshore, including the Leviathan and Tamar gas fields, and to secure a safety net for export gas pipelines to Europe.
But Israel's gas exports and reserves are not high compared to other countries in the region. Thus, in the long run, Israel appears to dream of the hub of regional gas pipeline passages beyond its neighbors.
The cooperation and struggle of the countries to export Israeli natural gas produced in the Eastern Mediterranean will provide an important clue to understand the complex political landscape of the Middle East as a whole. This paper is to identify the complex political landscape in the Middle East, which is activated around inter-state cooperation for Israel's natural gas exports.

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4حركةا لمركب ا.تسفهامايل تصوري لواعقدل افا صلة

저자 : تشوجينيونغ ( Choi¸ Jin Young )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 93-107 (15 pages)

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The aim of this paper is to analyze WH-movement and specify the bounding nodes. The bounding nodes are one of the local constraints which are related to subjacency condition. According to subjacency condition, the bounding nodes play a role of constraint on the transformations in the sentence. It means that the bounding nodes prohibit the long-distant movement of the sentential constituents. In other words, the sentential constituents are not accepted to move from a source place to a destination place over two bounding nodes. To accomplish the aim, this paper specifies the bounding nodes in WHmovement. The bounding nodes are different from language to language. Also, some nodes in a language do not play a role of constraint according to the syntactical information of the verb. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is focused on the confirmation of the universal properties of subjacency condition in Arabic sentence, and the specification of the parameters of the bounding nodes in Arabic sentence.

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5'알 자지라(al-Jazīrah)'와 '알 아라비야(al-'Arabiyyah)' 뉴스 텍스트의 언어학적 특징 비교 연구

저자 : 윤은경 ( Yun Eun-kyeong )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 109-140 (32 pages)

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This research aims to analyze the linguistic features of the news texts of al-Jazīrah and al-'Arabiyyah in terms of phonology, syntax, semantics, vocabulary, vocabulary coinage as a typical standard language of modern Arab society. Generally speaking, the media is divided into two categories: written media and spoken media, while written media refers to newspapers and magazines, spoken media refers to television and radio broadcast etc. Considering this importance, we will analyze the linguistic features of news Arabic focusing on al-Jazīrah and al- 'Arabiyyah, which are regarded as the representative spoken media in the Arab world. Al-Jazīrah is the largest Arab satellite news broadcaster since its foundation in November 1996 and is called CNN in the Middle East. Al-'Arabiyyah is located in Dubai, and is the news channel established in March 2003, broadcast in modern standard Arabic to a pan-Arab audience. In this research we will look at the overview of al-Jazīrah and al-'Arabiyyah and analyze the linguistic features of the news texts of the two medias in terms of phonology, syntax, semantics, vocabulary, and coinage. And also we will study the effects of these linguistic features on the development of modern standard Arabic.

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6안달루스 시인 이븐 카파자의 시에 대한 연구 - '알까씨다 알바이야'를 중심으로-

저자 : 이종화 ( Lee¸ Jong-wha )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 30권 2호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 141-162 (22 pages)

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Ibn Khafāja, who became the natural poet by singing the most poems about nature among the Andalusian poets, sang the beauty of Andalus until his life. He was heavily influenced by the Arab traditional poem 'Al-Qasīḍah' and tried to follow the traditions of previous poets. Along with this, he tried to build a poem with a structure and meaning different from that of Arab traditional poems, and unlike traditional poems with a spatial background called desert, his spatial background was Andalus with a beautiful natural environment. Ibn Khapāja sang the beauty of Andalus nature in his poems, the love of lovers, the friendship of friends, and the joy of drinking wine. However, as he grows older, he also writes poems contemplating his own life approaching death, the loneliness he feels after letting go of his friends and feelings of passing away.
In particular, in 'Al-qasīḍah Al-bā`iyah', one of his representative works, he concentrates on the traditional theme of 'Raḥīl' and sings a description of the mountain. For Ibn Khafāja, this mountain is personified and is a mountain that protects oneself by talking to one another. He sings of hope and sings of a life of traveling alone to a new destination. This tendency is characteristic of the poems of Ibn Khapāja, which is quite different from the traditional Arab poetry.

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